An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15475 entries, 13329 authors and 1903 subjects. Updated: November 30, 2021

Browse by Publication Year 1890–1899

823 entries
  • 4577

On the symptomatology of total transverse lesions of the spinal cord, with special reference to the condition of the various reflexes.

Med.-chir. Trans., 73, 151-217, 1890.

“Bastian’s law”, transverse lesion of the cord above the lumbar enlargement results in the abolition of the tendon reflexes of the lower extremities.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 636

Les lois de la fatigue étudiées dans les muscles de l’homme.

Arch. ital. Biol., 13, 123-86, 1890.

Mosso invented the ergograph from the study of voluntary contraction. The description of the instrument is on pages 124-41 of the above article.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Italy, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4667

En epidemi af infantil paralysi.

Hygiea, 52, 657-68, 1890.

The epidemic character of poliomyelitis was first noted by Medin. The disease is also known as “Heine–Medin disease” from the descriptions given by these two writers (see also No. 4664). German version in Verh. X. Int. Med. Kongr., 1890, 2, Abt. 6, 37-47, 1891. English translation in Bick, Classics of orthopaedics, 116-23.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Poliomyelitis
  • 884

Nouvelle théorie chimique de la coagulation du sang.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 5 ser., 2, 739-46, 1890.

First demonstration of the essential role of calcium in the mechanism of blood coagulation.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Coagulation , WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 885

Der Hämatokrit, ein neuer Apparat zur Untersuchung des Blutes.

Skand. Arch. Physiol., 2, 134-40, 18901891.

Hedin’s hematocrit. He first briefly described it in Upsala läkPören. Förh., 1889, 24, 440. 



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 886

The life history of the formed elements of the blood, especially the red blood corpuscles.

J. Morph., 4, 57-116, 18901891.

Includes description of “Howell’s bodies” seen in mature erythrocytes and called also “Howell–Jolly bodies” after the later description by J. M. J. Jolly.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 715

Ueber den Einfluss der Alkalien auf den menschlichen Stoffwechsel.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1890.


Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 4786

Die Therapie atactischer Bewegungsstörungen.

Münch. med. Wschr., 37, 917-20, 1890.

Frenkel devised certain muscular exercises for use in the treatment of tabes dorsalis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 1627

Description of the Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Baltimore, MD: I. Friedenwald, 1890.

Billings was responsible for the designing of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore. “It marked a new departure in hospital construction…It was the most perfect and best equipped institution of its time” (Kelly & Burrage).



Subjects: HOSPITALS, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 125

Der Heliotropismus der Thiere und seine Uebereinstimmung mit dem Heliotropismus der Pflanzen.

Würzburg: G. Hertz, 1890.

Loeb founded the theory of “tropisms” as the basis of the psychology of the lower forms of life. English translation in Loeb’s Studies in general physiology, Vol. 1, 1-88. Chicago, 1905.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, BOTANY
  • 1420

Ueber ein abnormes Faserbündel der menschlichen Medulla oblongata.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 21, 636-40, 1890.

“Pick’s bundle” of nerve fibres in the medulla oblongata.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 126

Die Elementarorganismen und ihre Beziehungen zu den Zellen.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1890.

Mitochondria described, p. 145.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology
  • 1650

Gesundheitspflege im Mittelalter.

Hamburg & Leipzig: L. Voss, 1890.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health
  • 1650

English sanitary institutions, reviewed in their course of development, and in some of their political and social relations.

London: Cassell & Co., 1890.

Simon "viewed the state as provider of the basic conditions needed for subsistence (without interfering in the iron law of wages) through sanitary reform of the environment, prevention of epidemic diseases, and the regulation of unadulterated food and drugs" (Dorothy Porter, Doctors, the state, and the ethics of political medical practice [2007]).  

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), POLICY, HEALTH, PUBLIC HEALTH, PUBLIC HEALTH › History of Public Health, Social or Sociopolitical Histories of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 1282

Ueber den Nachweis der Unermüdlichkeit des Säugethiernerven.

Arch. Anat. Physiol., Physiol. Abt., 505-08, 1890.

Bowditch demonstrated the indefatigability of nerve (“Bowditch’s law”).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses, Neurophysiology
  • 1284

Photographic determination of the time-relations of the changes which take place in muscle during the period of so-called ‘latent stimulation.’

Proc. roy, Soc. (Lond.), 48, 14-19, 1890.

Measurement by means of photography, of the speed of the nervous impulse.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1471

Ueber die galvanischen Erscheinungen in der Haut des Menschen bei Reizungen der Sinnesorgane und bei verschiedenen Formen der psychischen Thätigkeit.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 46, 46-55, 1890.

Psycho-galvanic reflex described.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 1885

Strophanthus hispidus; its natural history, chemistry, and pharmacology.

Trans. roy. Soc. Edinb., 35, 955-1027; 36, 343-457, 1890, 1892.

Introduction of Strophanthus hispidus.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Strophanthus hispidus
  • 2332
  • 2544.1

Weitere Mittheilungen über ein Heilmittel gegen Tuberkulose.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 16, 1029-32; 17, 101-102, 1189-92, 1890, 1891.

In 1890, Koch announced the discovery of tuberculin, a substance derived from tubercle bacilli, which he thought was capable of arresting bacterial development in-vitro and in animals. This news gave rise to tremendous hope throughout the world, which was soon replaced by disillusionment when the product turned out to be an ineffective therapeutic agent. In this paper Koch provided his definitive expression of "Koch's Postulates."

The second paper described “Koch’s phenomenon”, and tuberculin skin test. Koch showed that tuberculin injected intradermally would elicit a severe local inflammatory reaction in tuberculous patients. This was the first diagnostic skin test. Abbreviated English translation of second paper in Bibel, Milestones of immunology (1988).



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › GENERAL PRINCIPLES of Infection by Microorganisms, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, Laboratory Medicine › Diagnostic Skin Tests
  • 2622

An address on a characteristic organism of cancer.

Brit. med. J. 2, 1356-60, 1890.

“Russell’s bodies.”



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 184

The golden bough. 2 vols.

London: Macmillan, 1890.

Frazer’s theoretical evolutionary sequence of magical, religious, and scientific thought is no longer accepted, and his broad general psychological theory has proved unsatisfactory; however it enabled him to compare and synthesize (in the 3rd edition, 12 vols., 1911-15) a wider range of information and religious and magical practices than was achieved by any other single anthropologist. New abridgement, 1959.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Cultural Anthropology
  • 2680

The pulse.

London: Cassell & Co., 1890.


Subjects: PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS
  • 2544
  • 5060
  • 5150

Ueber das Zustandekommen der Diphtherie-Immunität und der Tetanus-Immunität bei Thieren.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 16, 1113-14, 1890.

Antitoxins and their immunizing powers were discovered when Behring and Kitasato published their paper dealing with immunity to tetanus and diphtheria. This work laid the foundation of all future treatment with antitoxins, and was the basis of serotherapy. The paper was reprinted in the same journal, 1940, 66, 1348-49. Part 2, which deals with diphtheria, is by Behring alone. Behring was the first recipient (1901) of the Nobel Prize for Medicine. English translation in Bibel, Milestones in immunology (1988).

 



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Toxin-Antitoxin, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tetanus
  • 203.4

Grundzüge einer systematischen Kraniometrie. Methodische Anleitung zur kraniometrischen Analyse der Schädelform für die Zwecke der physischen Anthropologie, der vergleichenden Anatomie sowie für die Zwecke der medizinischen Disziplinen (Pyschiatrie, Okulistik, Zahnheilkunde, Geburtshilfe, gerichtliche Medizin) und der bildenden Künste (plastische Anatomie) ein Handbuch fürs Laboratorium.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1890.

Török made an exhaustive study of craniometry as applied to an unusually wide range of fields in medicine, and art, and proposed 5,000 different measurements of a single skull. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Craniology
  • 3069

Die Gelenkerkrankungen bei Blutern mit Berücksichtigung der Diagnose.

Samml. klin. Vortr., Chir., N.F., Nr. 11, 233-42, 1890.

König gave a detailed description of joint involvement in hemophilia.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Blood Disorders › Hemophilia, HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders
  • 3497

Diagnostik und Therapie der Magenkrankheiten. 2 pts.

Leipzig: G. Thieme, 18901893.

Boas, who devised the test breakfast, became the foremost gastroenterologist in Europe. He founded the Archivfür Verdauungskrankheiten, the first journal devoted to the subject of gastroenterology.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3131.1

Ueber die Fehler der Blutkörperchenbildung bei der perniciösen Anämie.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 121, 176-81, 1890.

Rindfleisch made the first clear statement of the bone marrow changes in pernicious anemia.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3570.1

Surgical treatment of typhlitis.

Bgham. med. Rev., 27, 26-34, 76-89, 1890.

Lawson Tait was the first British surgeon to diagnose acute appendicitis and to treat it by removal of the appendix (May 1880). See J. A. Shepherd, Lawson Tait. The rebellious surgeon. Lawrence, Kansas, Coronado Press, 1980.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3177.1

Die Behandlung der Empyeme.

Verh. Dtsch. Congr. inn. Med., 9, 41-100, 1890.

Schede introduced the method of extensive rib resection for the treatment of empyema.



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Thoracic Surgery, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 3741

Polyneuritis bij hoenders.

Geneesk. T. nederl. Indië, 30, 295; 32, 353; 1896, 36, 214, 1890, 1893.

Eijkman produced beriberi experimentally in fowls; from this he was led to conclude that a diet of over-milled rice was the chief cause, both in fowls and humans. Thus his work was of great importance in determining the aetiology of beriberi, and he further had the distinction of being the first to produce experimentally a disease of dietary deficiency origin. He shared a Nobel Prize with F. G. Hopkins in 1929. German translation in Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 1897, 148, 523-32.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Beriberi
  • 3837

Transplantation du corps thyroïde sur l’homme.

Bull. méd., 4, 225, 1890.

First thyroid transplantation (for treatment of cretinism).



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid , TRANSPLANTATION
  • 3393

Indicationen, betreffend die Excision von Hammer und Amboss.

Verh. X. int. med. Congr. Berlin, 4, xi Abt., 43-46, 1890.

Stacke introduced the operation of excision of the ossicles.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3950

Diabetes mellitus nach Pankreasextirpation.

Arch. exp. Path. Pharmak., 26, 371-87, 1890.

Minkowski produced experimental diabetes by removing the pancreas of a dog. This proof of the role of the pancreas in diabetes was of the first importance; previous experiments on similar lines had attracted attention. Partial English translation in No. 2241. Preliminary report in Centralblatt für Klinische Medizin (June 8, 1889) 393-394.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4262

Ueber radicale Behandlung der auf Hypertrophie der Prostata beruhenden Ischurie.

Verh. X. int. med. Congr., Berlin, 3, 7Abt., 90-97, 1890, 1891.

Bottini’s Operation for hypertrophy of the prostate.



Subjects: UROLOGY › Prostate
  • 2997

Ueber die Unterbindung der Vena saphena magna bei Unterschenkelvaricen.

Beitr. klin. Chir., 7, 195-210, 1890.

“Trendelenburg’s operation” – ligation of the great saphenous vein for the treatment of varicose veins in the leg. Reprinted, with translation, in Med. Classics, 1940, 4,989-1023. The paper also describes his test for insuffiency of the valves, a procedure previously described by Brodie (No. 2995).



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY
  • 4102

Acanthosis nigricans. In: Int. Atlas seltener Hautkrankheiten, Heft 4, plates x-xi

Hamburg, 1890.

First description of acanthosis nigricans.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4103

Ueber einen Fall von kongenitalem Adenoma sebaceum.

Mh. prakt. Derm. 10, 197-211, 1890.

Sebaceous adenoma, type Pringle.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4863

Removal of the gasserian ganglion for severe neuralgia.

Lancet, 2, 914-15, 1890.

Gasserian ganglionectomy for trigeminal neuralgia; the patient lived for at least two years.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Trigeminal Neuralgia, NEUROSURGERY, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 4108

Ueber eine eigenartige Form von Atrophia maculosa cutis.

Verh. dtsch. derm. Ges., 2-3, 342-58, 18901892.

“Jadassohn’s disease” – maculo-papular erythrodermia; Anetoderma erythematosum of Jadassohn.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 3687

The micro-organisms of the human mouth.

Philadelphia: S. S. White Dental Mfg. Co., 1890.

In 1884 Miller became professor of dentistry at the University of Berlin, the first foreigner ever to receive a professorial appointment at a German University. Inspired by study of bacteriology under Robert Koch, Miller argued that “carbohydrates trapped around the teeth were fermented by bacterial components of the normal oral flora and the resulting acids decalcified the tooth enamel; other bacteria then entered the tooth through the initial defect and destroyed the underlying dentine” (Ring). His book first appeared in a German edition in 1889. Reprint of English edition, Basel, Karger, 1973



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, DENTISTRY › Dental Pathology › Tooth Decay
  • 4352

Exostoses multiples.

Mém. C. R. Soc. Sci. Méd. Lyon, (1889), 29, 2: 12, 1890.

“Ollier’s disease”. He described a form of dyschondroplasia.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4353

Treatise on orthopedic surgery.

New York: W. Wood & Co., 1890.

Includes a description of the “Bradford frame”, used in the treatment of spinal disorders.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Spine
  • 4354

De l’ostéo-arthropathie hypertrophiante pneumonique.

Rev. Méd., 10, 1-36, 1890.

Original description of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, sometimes called “Bamberger–Marie disease”.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4355

Zur operativen Behandlung der angeborenen Hüftgelenksverrenkungen.

Verh. dtsch. Ges. Chir., 19, 44-53, 1890.

Hoffa’s method of operative treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip-joint.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases , ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Hip
  • 5060.1

Immunisirungsversuche bei Diphtherie.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 27, 1133-35, 1890.

Artificial immunity to diphtheria produced in guinea-pigs by injection of attenuated cultures of the bacillus. Fraenkel's account appeared one day before the  paper of Behring and Kitasato. Behring, Die Geschichte der Diphtherie, recounts the history.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 4222
  • 6091

Ueber Blasenscheidenfisteloperationen und über Beckenhochlagerung bei Operationen in der Bauchhöhle.

Samml. klin. Vortr., Nr. 355 (Chir., Nr. 109), 3373-92, 1890.

Includes an account of his attempt, 1886, to cure hydronephrosis by a plastic operation – the first recorded surgical intervention for the relief of this condition.

Includes description of the “Trendelenburg position”. Reprinted with translation, in Med. Classics, 1940, 4, 936-88. The first description of Trendelenburg’s elevated pelvic position was given by one of his students, W. Meyer, in Arch. klin. Chir., 1885, 31, 494-525.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 5187

Amoebic dysentery.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Rep., 2, 395-548, 18901891.

These workers introduced the term “amoebic dysentery” in their important investigation of the condition.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Amoebiasis
  • 4977.2

The principles of psychology. 2 vols.

New York: Henry Holt, 1890.

The foundation of the American school of experimental psychology. Under the influence of Wundt, James viewed psychology as an experimental science based on physiology. He founded the earliest laboratory for the study of experimental psychology in America.



Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY › Biological, PSYCHOLOGY › Experimental
  • 5513

Untersuchungen über die Aktinomykose des Menschen.

Beitr. path. Anat., 9, 1-240, 1890.

Isolation of Actinomyces graminis from human actinomycosis, and staining method for Actinomyces.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Actinomyces, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Actinomycosis
  • 5776

The treatment of wounds with especial reference to the value of the blood clot in the management of dead spaces.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Rep., 2, 255-314, 18901891.

Halsted showed that optimum wound healing was most easily obtained by avoiding hematoma formation. Contains description of Halsted’s method of radical mastectomy – one of the greatest contributions ever made to the treatment of mammary cancer. This paper also contains the first mention of the use of rubber gloves (a Halsted invention) in an operating room. This paper and No. 5777 contain the first illustrations published by Max Brödel after he moved to Johns Hopkins Hospital.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Diseases of the Breast, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 5798

The annals of the Barber-Surgeons of London, compiled from their records and other sources

London: Blades, East & Blades, 1890.

 Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), SURGERY: General › Barber Surgeons, Manuals for, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5681

Ueber Cocainanasthesie.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 16, 287-89, 1890.

Maximilian Oberst’s method of conduction anesthesia was first reported by Pernice, his pupil.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, ANESTHESIA › Cocaine
  • 6089

Ueber die Pseudomucine der cystischen Ovariengeschwülste.

Leipzig: A. T. Engelhardt, 1890.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6090

Pus in the pelvis and how to deal with it.

Trans sth. surg. gynec. Ass., (1889), 2, 102-12, 1890.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 5240.1

Études sur l’infection malarique. Sur la variété parasitaire des corps en croissant de Laveran et sur les fièvres palustres qui en dérivent.

Arch. ital. Biol., 13, 262-86, 1890.

Canalis demonstrated and clearly differentiated Plasmodium falciparum from the species vivax and malariae.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 6245

An address on the surgical aspect of impacted labour.

Brit. med. J., 1, 657-61, 1890.

The Tait–Porro operation, by which Tait performed Caesarean section in cases of placenta previa.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Caesarian Section
  • 6392

Hauptmomente in der älteren Geschichte der medicinischen Klinik.

Copenhagen: A.F. Host, 1890.

Reprinted Hildesheim, G. Olms, 1966.



Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 4632

Klinische und anatomische Beiträge zur Pathologie des Gehirns. 8 pts. in 10 vols.

Almquist & Wiksell (vols. 1-4); Nordiska (vols. 5-6); the author (vols. 7-8), Uppsala, Sweden, 18901930.

An important summary of the knowledge concerning aphasia appears in vols. 5-7.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4754

Étude clinique sur la maladie de Thomsen (myotonie congénitale).

Paris: Octave Doin, 1890.

First description of dystrophia myotonica (“Déléage’s disease”).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 6999

La grande chirurgie de Guy de Chauliac...composée en l'an 1363, revue et collationnée sur les manuscrits et imprimes Latins et Français, ornée de gravures avec des notes, une introduction sur le moyen age, sur la vie et les oeuvres de Guy de Chauliac, un glossaire et une table alphabétique by E. Nicaise.

Paris: Germer Baillière, 1890.

The standard edition in French includes a very extensive bibliography of both manuscript and printed versions. English translation of sections on wounds and fractures, Chicago, 1923.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › France, SURGERY: General
  • 7212

Referat über die durch das moderne chirurgische Experiment gewonnen positive Resultate, betreffend die Naht und den Ersatz von Defecten.

Verh. Dtsch. Ges. Chir., 19, 101-111, 316-382, 1890.

The first total joint replacements: Gluck replaced the tuberculous knee joint of a 17 year old woman with a hinged ivory prosthesis on May 20, 1890, followed by a total wrist replacement in another patient three weeks later. His joint arthroplasties were remarkably successful in the short term, but all ultimately failed because of chronic infection. "A report of five cases was published, all tuberculous joints. Three prostheses were subsequently removed, but one knee and one wrist replacement were left in situ despite fistula formation. Gluck, a rigid follower of asepsis, later realised that prior joint infection was a contraindication to joint replacement. Sadly, because of the opposition of his colleagues, Gluck stopped this work altogether...." (Eynon-Lewis, N. J.; Ferry, D.; Pearse, M. F., "Themistocles Gluck: an unreognized genius," Brit. Med. J., 305 (1992) 1535-1536.)



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices › Joint Replacement, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Hand / Wrist, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Knee
  • 7229

The deaf soldier: A brief synopsis of one hundred and two cases of deafness. Prepared for the consideration of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States.

Indianapolis, IN: William B. Burford, 1890.

One of the earliest accounts of the recognition of loss of hearing due to firearms and explosions during war. Foster, secretary and treasurer of the Silent Army of Deaf Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, presented 100 cases of hearing loss and associated symptoms of tinnitus and vertigo in Civil War veterans. Compensation to veterans for hearing loss did not occur until after World War iI.



Subjects: LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences › Workmen's Compensation, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, OTOLOGY › Deafness, OTOLOGY › Vestibular System › Vertigo
  • 8287

Reisebilder aus Liberia: Resultate geographischer, naturwissenschaftlicher und ethnographischer untersuchungen während der jahre 1879-1882 und 1886-1887. 2 vols.

Leiden: Brill, 1890.

The first comprehensive monograph on the Republic of Liberia, published 50 years after its colonization by freed American slaves and their descendents. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link. Translated into English and edited by Henk Dop and Phillip T. Robinson as Travel Sketches from Liberia. Johann Büttikofer's 19th century rainforest explorations in West Africa. (Leiden: Brill, 2013).



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Liberia, NATURAL HISTORY, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 9246

Pharmacographia indica: A history of the principal drugs of vegetable origin, met with in British India. 3 vols.

London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co & Bombay: Education Society's Press, Byculla, 18901893.

On the title page Dymock is identified as "Brigade Surgeon, Bombay Army, Principal Medical Storekeeper to Government." Warden is identified as "Surgeon-Major, Bengal Army, Professor of Chemistry in the Calcutta Medical College." Hooper is identified as "Quinologist to the Government of Madras, Ootacamund." Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: INDIA, Practice of Medicine in, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 10600

Anatomie artistique: Decription des formes extérieures du corps human au repos et dans les principaux mouvements. Avec 100 planches renfermant plus de 300 figures dessinées par l'auteur. 2 vols.

Paris: E. Plon, 1890.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Anatomy for Artists, ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 11449

The antiquity of man in South Africa, and evolution.

Kimberly, South Africa: C. H. Hartley and Son, 1890.

The first separately published work on human origins published in the continent of Africa. Hillier's text was read on his behalf before the Eastern Province Literary and Scientific Society in Grahamstown, Eastern Cape, South Africa, and published in the Grahamstown Journal  on 23 and 25 November 1886. It was reprinted in the 1887 New Year edition of the East London Dispatch, a newspaper also published in the South African province of Eastern Cape. 

In his Descent of man (1871) Darwin postulated that the ancestors of humanity would eventually be found in Africa, based on the extensive primate populations there. However, during the 19th and early 20th centuries, with the exception of Alfred Hillier and Langham Dale, paleoanthropologists focused their researches in Europe and Asia rather than Africa. This focus only very gradually began to change after Raymond Dart discovered Australopithecus africanus in 1924.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › South Africa, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 11561

Sketch of the history & progress of district nursing, from its commencement in the year 1859 to the present date, including the foundation by the "Queen Victoria Jubilee Institute" for nursing the poor in their own home. By William Rathbone VI. Introduction by Florence Nightingale.

London: Macmillan & Co., 1890.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: NURSING, NURSING › History of Nursing
  • 12303

Sur les organisms de la nitrification.

Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, 110, 1013-1016, 1890.

In his research on nitrifying bacteria Winogradsky discovered the first known form of chemoautotrophy in which organisms obtain energy by oxidation of electron donors in their environments without the intervention of light energy. This was a key discovery in the nitrogen cycle.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment, MICROBIOLOGY › Environmental Microbiology
  • 13188

Medical education in the United States: A guide to information sources.

New York: Gale Research Company, 1890.

"2364 references to bibliographies, journal articles, books, dictionaries, directories, histories, biographical accounts, and miscellaneous literature. Intended to provide the basic references from which the development of American medicine can be traced. Entries give bibliographical information. Miscellaneous appendixes. Author, title, subject indexes" (publisher).



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession
  • 13386

Neue Forschungen auf dem Gebiet der Psychopathia sexualis. Ein medicinisch-psychologische Studie.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1890.

Among other things, Krafft-Ebing introduced the terms sadism and masochism in this work. Digital facsimile from wellcomecollection.org at this link.



Subjects: SEXUALITY / Sexology, SEXUALITY / Sexology › BDSM (Bondage, Discipline Sadomasochism)
  • 13587

Rare medical books. Remarks made by Dr. John S. Billings at the meeting of the Johns Hopkins Hospital Medical Society, December 16th, 1889.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 1, 29-31, 1890.

This three page paper is primarily a detailed bibliographical listing of a selection of rare books that Billings brought from the Army Medical Library for exhibition at Johns Hopkins Hospital. This was probably the first exhibition of rare medical books in the United States for which a catalogue was published. Billings preceded the catalogue with general observations on the nature of the market for rare medical books, including remarks on how different categories of rare medical books were priced. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link
 .



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics
  • 534.68

Human monstrosities. 4 vols.

Philadelphia: Lea Brothers, 18911893.

The first large work on the subject illustrated primarily by photographs of specimens, and one of the last to use to the term "monster" as a medical descriptor. Digital facsimile of the 4 volumes from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , TERATOLOGY
  • 4577.1

Ueber Veränderungen des Kleinhirns infolge von Hydrocephalie des Grosshirns.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 17, 1172-75, 1891.

Charii I malformation. See No. 4581.1. See also Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 1896, 63, 71-116.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 637

Die Bewegungen des Kniegelenkes.

Abh. math.-phys. Cl. k. sächs. Ges. Wiss. Leipzig, 17, 78-150, 1891.

Investigation of the mechanics of motion of the knee joint on mathematical lines. See also No. 645.



Subjects: Biomechanics, PHYSIOLOGY › Biophysics
  • 638

Le travail musculaire et l’énergie qu’il représente.

Paris: Asselin & Houzeau, 1891.

Important studies on thermodynamics of muscular work.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism, Biomechanics, PHYSIOLOGY › Biophysics
  • 639

La fatica.

Milan: frat. Treves, 1891.

Mosso investigated muscular fatigue with the ergograph of his invention. He showed fatigue to be due to a toxin produced by muscular contraction. English translation, 1906.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments
  • 4627.1

Zur Auffassung der Aphasien.

Leipzig: Deuticke, 1891.

Freud refuted the Wernicke–Lichtheim doctrine (Nos. 4623 & 4626) that the losses of function in aphasia were due to lesions to anatomically circumscribed centers corresponding to the various functions involved in language. He distinguished between defects in naming objects, which he called asymbolic aphasia, and defects in recognizing objects, for which he introduced the term “agnosia”. English translation, London, 1953.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 1018.1

Quelques points de l’anatomie et de la chirurgie des voies biliaires.

Bull. Soc. anat. Paris, 5 sér., 5, 480-500., 1891.

“Hartmann’s pouch”, a dilatation of the neck of the gall-bladder.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 3069.1
  • 887

Farbenanalytische Untersuchungen zur Histologie und Klinik des Blutes.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1891.

Extension of Ehrlich’s work on the differential blood count. By means of his methods of staining blood cells Ehrlich differentiated two types of leukemia, lymphatic and myelogenous.

 

 

 



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Leukemia
  • 716

Der Abbau der Eiweissstoffe.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. Abt., 248-78, 1891.

Drechsel discovered that the protein molecule contains both mono and di-amino acids.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 717

The behaviour of saccharine matter in the blood.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 12, 391-408, 1891.

Destruction of sugar in the blood.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism, HEMATOLOGY
  • 4706.1

Ueber acute Ataxie.

Z. klin. Med., 18, 576-87, 1891.

“Leyden’s (acute) ataxia”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 1130

Sur les fonctions du corps thyroïde.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 43, 841-47, 1891.

Gley re-discovered the parathyroids and later came across Sandström’s description (see No. 1127). Gley seems to have been the first to understand their real significance; his work showed the necessity of the parathyroids for the maintenance of life.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Thyroid, Parathyroids
  • 4755

Zwei frühinfantile hereditäre Fälle von progressiver Muskelatrophie unter dem Bilde der Dystrophie, aber auf neurotischer Grundlage.

Arch. Psychiat. Nervenkr., 22, 437-80, 1891.

“Werdnig-Hoffmann muscular atrophy”, an infantile familial form of progressive muscular atrophy. Hoffmann independently described it (see No. 4756).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, PEDIATRICS
  • 4756

Ueber chronische spinale Muskelatrophie im Kindesalter, auf familiärer Basis.

Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk., 1, 95-120; 3, 427-70, 18911893.

“Hoffmann’s muscular atrophy” – independently described by Werdnig (No. 4755).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies, PEDIATRICS
  • 507

A theory of the structure of the placenta.

Anat. Anz., 6, 125-31, 1891.


Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 517.1

Untersuchungen über den ersten Entwicklungsvorgänge in den Eiern der Insekten. II. Ueber Spermatogenese und deren Beziehung zur Eientwicklung bei Pyrrhocoris apterus.

L. Z. wiss. Zool., 51, 685-736, 1891.

In his study of the testicles of the firebug (Pyrrhocoris) Henking noticed that one chromosome did not take part in meiosis. He named this X element because its strange behavior made him unsure whether it was genuinely a chromosome. After it was established that the "X element" was indeed a chromosome it became known as the X chromosome.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Reproduction, EMBRYOLOGY
  • 1178

On spermin.

J. Russk. fis.-chim. Obsh., 23,151-55, 1891.

Isolation of spermin from the testis.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Gonads: Sex Hormones
  • 4819

Die Myoclonie.

Vienna: Franz Deuticke, 1891.

First description of “Unverricht’s disease” – familial myoclonus epilepsy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy
  • 1369

Ueber einige neuere Forschungen im Gebiete der Anatomie des Centralnervensystems.

Dtsch. med. Wschr. 17, 1213-18, 1244-46, 1287-89, 1331-32, 1352-56, 1891.

A statement of the neuron theory, to which Waldeyer gave the name.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 1628

Hospitals and asylums of the world. 4 vols. and atlas.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 18911893.

This great work deals with the history, administration, and planning of hospitals, and includes a bibliography. The author was an English financier and philanthropist rather than a professional historian or hospital administrator. He devoted most of his philanthropic work to hospitals and nursing facilities.



Subjects: HOSPITALS, HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1420.1

On the mammalian nervous system, its functions, and their localisation determined by an electrical method.

Phil. Trans. B, 182, 267-526, 1891.

Gotch and Horsley showed that electric currents are produced in the mammalian brain, and they recorded them with the string galvanometer of the capillary electrometer. Their work led eventually to the development of the electroencephalograph.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 1421

Il cervelletto. Nuovi studi di fisiologia normale e patologica.

Florence: Le Monnier, 1891.

Luciani succeeded in keeping dogs alive after total extirpation of the cerebellum, and initiated the modern study of cerebellar function. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, Neurophysiology
  • 1680

A history of epidemics in Britain. Vol. 1: From A. D. 664 to the extinction of plague. Vol. 2: From the extinction of plague to the present time.

Cambridge, England: University Press, 18911894.

A classical contribution to modern epidemiology, of which Creighton may be said to have been the founder. Reprinted with new introductory material, 1965. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › History of Demography, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans) › Plague, History of
  • 2422

Syphilis today and among the ancients. 2 vols.

Philadelphia: F. A. Davis, 18911895.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis › History of Syphilis
  • 2622.1

Inoculation en série d’une tumeur épithéliale de la souris blanche.

C. R. Soc. Biol. 43, 289-90, 1891.

In 1889 Morau transferred epitheliomata in mice and by 1893 had carried his experiments through 17 generations, the first systematic survey of tumor-host relationships from a purely biological viewpoint.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Dermatopathology, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 2506.1

Ueber Wasserfiltration durch Filter aus gebrannter Infusorienerde.

Z. Hyg. InfektKr., 10, 145-54, 1891.


Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriology, Laboratory techniques in, Laboratory Medicine, MICROBIOLOGY, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 185

Schönheit und Fehler der menschlichen Gestalt.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1891.


Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY
  • 4834

Die Tetanie.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1891.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Tetany
  • 3498

Ueber Magensyphilis.

Int. Beitr. wiss. Med., Festschr. R. Virchow, Berlin, 2, 295-321, 1891.

Important study of gastric syphilis.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 3499

A method of performing inguinal colotomy, with cases.

Brit. med. J., 2, 118, 1891.

Paul’s tube introduced.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 3500

Ueber eine neue Untersuchungsmethode der Verdauungsorgane und einige Resultate derselben.

KorrespBl. Schweiz. Aerzte, 21, 65-74, 1891.

Sahli’s test for estimating the functional activity of the stomach.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 3178

Versuche über Immunisirung und Heilung bei der Pneumokokkeninfection.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 28, 833-35, 869-75, 1891.

Old antipneumococcal serum.



Subjects: RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 3303

Klinische Beiträge zur halbseitigen Kehlkopflähmungen.

Berl. Klinik, Heft 40, 1-26, 1891.

“Avellis’s syndrome”, recurrent paralysis of the soft palate.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3304

Various forms of disease of the ethmoid cells.

N.Y. med. J., 54, 505-07, 1891.


Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3633

Der Icterus und seine verschiedenen Formen.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1891.


Subjects: HEPATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Hepatitis
  • 3791

Ueber eine Geschwulst der sogen. Glandula carotica oder des Nodulus caroticus. In Festschrift Rudolf Virchow, 1, 547-54.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1891.

First account of the pathology of carotid body tumors.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 3838

Note on the treatment of myxoedema by hypodermic injections of an extract of the thyroid gland of a sheep.

Brit. med. J., 2, 796-97, 1891.

Murray injected thyroid extract subcutaneously in the treatment of myxedema with highly successful results.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 2908.1

Ein Beitrag zur Lehre von der Gefässnaht.

Arch. klin. Chir., 42, 816-41, 1891.

Jassinowsky experimented with arterial sutures on animals. His thesis, Die Arteriennaht: Eine experimentell-chirurgische Studie, Dorpat, 1889, was an experimental-surgical study of the subject.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, VASCULAR SURGERY
  • 2965

A treatise on the ligation of the great arteries in continuity.

London: Macmillan, 1891.

Includes Ballance’s scale of measurement of calibre of arteries.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 4104

Infective angeioma or naevus-lupus.

Arch. Surg. (Lond.), 3, 166-68, 18911892.

Angioma serpiginosum.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4105

L’angiocheratoma.

G. ital. Mal. vener., 26, 159-80, 260-76, 1891.

Mibelli gave the name to angiokeratoma although it had already been described by Cottle in 1877. It is also called “Mibelli’s disease”.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4106

Vier Fälle von Elephantiasis congenita hereditaria.

Virchow’s Arch. path. Anat., 125, 189-96, 1891.

First description of hereditary oedema of the legs, generally known as “Milroy’s disease” or as “Meige’s disease” (No. 4129).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4864

Ueber Rindenexcisionen, als Beitrag zur operativen Therapie der Psychosen.

Allg. Z. Psychiat., 47, 463-548, 1891.

Burckhardt, physician at a Swiss mental hospital, performed frontal lobotomy on four patients in 1890, with good results in some cases. Digital facsimile from Universitätsbibliothek Bern at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Psychosurgery
  • 4865

Remarks on the various surgical procedures devised for the relief or cure of trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux).

Brit. med. J., 2, 1139-43, 1191-93, 1249-52, 1891.

Horsley, with J. Taylor and W. S. Coleman, devised an operation for treatment of trigeminal neuralgia in which the Gasserian ganglion was removed by a temporal approach.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Trigeminal Neuralgia, NEUROSURGERY, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 4866

Linear craniotomy (miscalled craniectomy) for microcephalus.

Am. J. med. Sci., 101, 549-55, 1891.

Keen was a pioneer in linear craniotomy and one of the first successfully to operate for meningioma. He was Professor of Surgery at Jefferson Medical College.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY
  • 4867

A new operation for spasmodic wry neck, namely, division or exsection of the nerves supplying the posterior rotator muscles of the head.

Ann. Surg., 13, 44-47, 1891.

Spastic torticollis treated by division of spinal accessory nerve and posterior roots of first, second, and third spinal nerves.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Spine
  • 4868

Four cases of tubercular meningitis in which paracentesis of the theca vertebralis was performed for the relief of fluid pressure.

Lancet, 1, 981-82, 1891.

Lumbar puncture. Reprinted in Middx. Hosp. J., 1951, 51, 147.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, NEUROSURGERY
  • 4869

Die Lumbalpunction des Hydrocephalus.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 28, 929-33, 965-68, 1891.

Quincke popularized lumbar puncture, which he had introduced independently of Wynter and others. He used it both for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. He first presented his method at the German Congress of Internal Medicine (Verb. Congr. inn. Med., 1891, 10, 321-31).



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Spine
  • 4356

Lehrbuch der orthopädischen Chirurgie .

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1891.

Hoffa, a leading German orthopedist, made important contributions to the subject and founded the Zeitschrift für orthopädische Chirurgie.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments
  • 4358

Die fibröse oder deformirende Ostitis, die Osteomalacie und die osteoplastische Carcinose in ihren gegenseitigen Beziehungen. In: Festschrift R. Virchow.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 1891.

Recklinghausen gave an important description of generalized osteitis fibrosa. His reference to the earlier case reported by Engel (see No. 4335) has led to this condition being sometimes referred to as “Engel–Recklinghausen disease” or “von Recklinghausen’s disease of bone”.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4359
  • 4427

Die angeborene Verschiebung des Schulterblattes nach oben.

Arch. klin. Chir., 42, 545-49, 1891.

Classic description of “Sprengel’s deformity”, a congenital upward displacement of the scapula.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases , ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Shoulder
  • 4359.1

Wiring of the vertebrae as a means of immobilization in fracture and Pott’s disease.

Med. Times Reg., 22, 423-425, 1891.

“In a case of fracture-dislocation of the cervical spine (C 6-7) he [Hadra] performed open reduction, twisting metal wires around the spinous processes to stabilize the injured sector” (Bick). This is the first report of any type of spinal surgical immobilization being planned and successfully carried out.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis › Tuberculous Spondylitis (Pott's Disease), ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Spine
  • 4359.2

Wiring the spinal processes in Pott’s disease.

Trans. Amer. Orthop. Ass., 4, 206-08, 1891.

First spinal fusion.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis › Tuberculous Spondylitis (Pott's Disease), ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Spine
  • 5061

The histological changes in experimental diphtheria.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 2, 107-10; 3, 17-18, 1891, 1892.

An account of the pathological changes brought about by experimental inoculation of diphtheria toxins.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 4184.1

Über Blasenekstirpation.

Wien. med. Wschr., 41, 1814-6, 1891.

First successful total cystectomy.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4185

Les tumeurs de la vessie.

Paris: G. Steinheil, 1891.

Includes description of “Albarran’s glands”, subtrigonal glands in the bladder. He introduced a classification based on embryological origin. See also No. 4195.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 5158

Observations sur la morve.

Arch. Méd. exp. Anat. path., 3, 619-45, 1891.

Mallein reaction for the diagnosis of glanders.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Glanders, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5513.1

Ueber eine neue, pathogene Cladothrix und eine durch sie hervorgerufene Pseudotuberculosis (cladothrichica).

Beitr. path. Anat., 9, 287-328, 1891.

Eppinger isolated Cladothrix (Nocardia) asteroides in a patient suffering from pseudotuberculosis with brain abscesses and meningitis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Actinomycosis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis
  • 5514

Ueber Reincultur des Actinomyces und seine Uebertragbarkeit auf Thiere.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 126, 11-59, 1891.

Isolation of Actinomyces bovis, later called Actinomyces israelii.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Actinomyces, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Actinomycosis, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 4998

Thérapeutique suggestive.

Paris: Octave Doin, 1891.


Subjects: PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis
  • 5754.5

The correction of angular deformities of the nose by a subcutaneous operation.

Med. Rec., 40, 57-59, 1891.

The first reduction rhinoplasty to enhance the appearance of a patient. See No. 5755.3.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty
  • 5937

Colour-blindness and colour-perception.

London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co, 1891.

Includes (p. 262 et seq.) description of Edridge-Green’s lantern test for color-blindness. This was officially adopted in Great Britain in 1915 in place of the Holmgren test.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Color-Blindness, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 6092

Contributions to the histogenesis of the papillary cystoma of the ovary.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 2, 149-57, Baltimore, MD, 1891.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 5241

Malariaparasiten in den Vögeln.

Zbl. Bakt., 1891, 9, 403-09, 429-33, 461-67, 1891.

Confirmation of the work of Laveran.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 5241.1

Ueber die Wirkung des Methylenblau bei Malaria.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 28, 953-56, 1891.

Guttmann and Ehrlich demonstrated methylene blue to be lethal in vitro for the malaria parasite – the beginning of Ehrlich’s work on chemotherapy.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi, PHARMACOLOGY › Chemotherapy
  • 5242

K voprosu o parazitologii i terapii bolotnoi likhoradki. [Parasitology and treatment of malarial fever.]

St. Petersburg, Russia: I. N. Skovokhodoff, 1891.

Romanovsky made important studies of the malaria parasite and introduced a special stain for its demonstration. German version in St. Petersburger med. Wschr., 1891, 8, 297-302, 306-15. English translation in Kean (No. 2268.1).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 234

Amphimixis, oder die Vermischung der Individuen.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1891.

By “amphimixis” Weismann meant the union of the two parent germs, which he considered the principal source of heritable variation in evolution by natural selection. English translation in Weismann’s Essays upon Heredity, Vol. 2, Oxford, 1892.



Subjects: EVOLUTION, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 5272

Étude sur les parasites du sang chez les paludiques.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 43, 39-50, 1891.

Nepveu, whilst in Algeria, was the first to see trypanosomes in human blood.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Algeria, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Triatomine Bug-Borne Diseases › Chagas Disease (American Trypanosomiasis) , PARASITOLOGY › Trypanosoma, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 7243

Entsefalometriya mozga cheloveka v otnoshenii k polu, vozrastu i cherepnomu ukazatelyu [in Cyrillic].

Moscow: Izdatelstvo Moscovskogo Universiteta, 1891.

In 1889, nearly 20 years before Horsley and Clarke published their paper on the use of stereotaxy to examine the brain, Dmitrii Zernov, a professor of anatomy at Moscow University, invented the first prototype of a stereotaxic instrument, an arc-based device for cerebral mapping that he called an encephalometer. Zernov briefly described this device in  preliminary communication published in the Russian journal Trudy Fiziko-meditsynskogo Obshestva Moscovskogo Universiteta (Vol. 2 [1889]: 70-80).

Two years later Zernov’s student Nikolai Altukhov provided a complete description of the encephalomete, including six detailed projection maps based on 40 post-mortem examinations. “Projections of anterior and posterior parts of the corpus callosum, insula and some basal ganglia (thalamus, nucleus lenticularis and caput nuclei caudate) were localized on the surface of the head. [Altukhov] also noted similarity in female and pediatric brains and concluded that the former are underdeveloped” (Lichterman, p. 3). Since both Zernov and Altukhov’s papers were published only in Russian, Western scientists did not learn of Zernov’s encephalometer until much later. Lichterman, “The first instrument for cerebral mapping: Zernov’s encephalometer and its modifications,” Kopf Carrier no. 61 (April 2005): 1-5.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, Cartography, Medical & Biological, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Surgical Instruments › Stereotactic Surgery, NEUROSURGERY › Stereotactic Neurosurgery
  • 9888

Scatologic rites of all nations. A dissertation upon the employment of excrementitious remedial agents in religion, therapeutics, divination, witchcraft, love-philters, etc., in all parts of the globe. Based upon original notes and person observation, and upon compilation from over one thousand authorities. Not for general perusal.

Washington, DC: W. H. Lowdermilk & Co., 1891.

Digital facsimile of the 1891 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.

Translated in to German as: Der Unrat in Sitte, Brauch, Glauben und Gewohnheitrecht der Völker, von John Gregory Bourke. Verdeutscht und neubearbeitet von Friedrich S. Krauss und H. Ihm. Mit einem Geleitwort von Prof. Dr. Sigmund Freud. (Leipzig: Ethnologischer Verlag, 1913).



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Cultural Anthropology, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 10152

A manual of saddles and collars, sore backs and sore shoulders.

London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1891.

"The subject of saddles and sore backs [of horses] is such an important one that I have considered the lectures delivered by me on the subject, in this school, might be of more permanent value if printed.

"Every officer, non-commissioned officer and man, should be instructed in saddle-fitting, to recognise the various causes of injury, and how to remedy them.

"I have divided my subject under four heads:-

"The Anatomy and Physiology of the Back.

"The Saddle

"Fitting the Saddle

"Sore Backs, how they are caused, prevented and remedied." (Introduction).

Through at least World War I horses were so strategic for the British Army that the author, Sir Frederick Smith, reached the rank of Major General as head of the veterinary corps.

Digital facsimile the 1897 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 10365

Descriptive catalogue of the Pathological Museum of St. Mary's Hospital.

London: Morton & Burt Printers, 1891.

Based on manuscript catalogue begun by Charles Murchison in 1855 and continued by subsequent curators, including Dr. Broadbent.--Preface, p. [3. ]Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 10587

Regional anatomy in its relation to medicine and surgery. 2 vols.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 18911892.

Includes 97 beautiful chromolithographed plates dissected, photographed, and colored from nature by McClellan. Digital facsimile of the 2nd edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century
  • 10598

A practical treatise on diseases of the skin. By Henry G. Piffard assisted by Robert M. Fuller.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1891.

The first systematic treatise on dermatology published in America. Piffard was a pioneer of "indoor" magnesium flashlight photography, and took most of the 50 photographs reproduced in this book by this technique. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 11124

History of circumcision from the earliest times to the present. Moral and physical reasons for its performance with a history of eunuchism, hermaphrodism, etc., and of the different operations practiced upon the prepuce.

Philadelphia: F. A. Davis, 1891.

Digital edition from Gutenberg.org at this link.



Subjects: RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences, SEXUALITY / Sexology › History of Sexuality / Sexology, UROLOGY › History of Urology
  • 11633

Notes on the practice of medicine.

Montréal: [Privately Printed], 1891.

This was Howard's only book. Osler, in his anonymous obituary of his mentor R. Palmer Howard (1823-1889), wrote, "As a teacher of medicine for thirty-three years, Dr. Howard enjoyed a unique reputation in his own country. To him was due, in great part, the development of that admirable and systematic plan of clinical instruction which has prevailed for so long in the Montreal General Hospital." (Osler, "Robert Palmer Howard," Med. News. 1889, 54, 419). (Quoted by W. Bruce Fye).



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession, Medicine: General Works
  • 11911

The opening of the Johns Hopkins Medical School to women. Reprinted from Open Letters in the Century Magazine for February 1891.

1891.

A collection of articles by various experts supporting the opening of the planned Johns Hopkins Medical School to women. Contributors included Cardinal Gibbons, Mary Putnam Jacobi, Josephine Lowell, C. F. Folsom, Carey M. Thomas, and Osler. "In light of the experience in Switzerland, Dr. Osler expressed himself as entirely in favor of the admission of women on a co-educational basis." When it opened in 1893 The Johns Hopkins Medical School accepted a limited number of women students.

Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 13172

Suggestions to the medical witness.

Cambridge, MA: Printed at the Riverside Press, 1891.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine)
  • 13573

Catalogue of works on alchemy and chemistry. Exhibited at The Grolier Club, 29 East 32d St. New York, Jan. 16th to Jan. 26th, 1891.

New York: [Privately Printed], 1891.

This appears to be the second catalogue of a U.S. exhibition of rare books on any scientific subject, following John Shaw Billing's catalogue of his exhibition of books from the Army Medical Library at Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1899. (See GM 13587.) Bolton's briefly annotated catalogue records a selection of 110 highlights from what was presumably Bolton's much larger private library. For Bolton's "select" bibliography of chemistry and the history of chemistry, containing 12,031 entries, see No. 11425.

Digital facsimile of Bolton's 1891 exhibition catalogue from historyofscience.com at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Chemistry / Biochemistry, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 355

Index-catalogue of medical and veterinary zoology.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 18921982.

An index to the world's literature on parasites and parasitisms of man, of domestic animals, and of wild animals whose parasites may be transmitted to man and domestic animals. It also contains references to fur-bearing animals, wild life, and to free-living and plant parasitic nematodes or roundworms, which impact food or forage crops. The index eventually extended to about 100 volumes, and around 20,000 pages, in about 30 languages.

The Texas A&M University Medical Sciences Library and the Oklahoma State University Libraries partnered to digitize the Index-Catalogue of Medical and Veterinary Zoology (ICVMZ), and made it available online at this link.

 



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Periodicals, PARASITOLOGY, TROPICAL Medicine , VETERINARY MEDICINE, ZOOLOGY › Arthropoda › Entomology
  • 834

Pulsation in the veins, with the description of a method for graphically recording them.

J. Path. Bact., 1, 53-89, 1892.

The phlebograph, which developed into the polygraph. With it Mackenzie obtained simultaneous tracings of the pulsations of the jugular vein and radial artery.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Polygraph, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • 835

Contributions to the physiology and pathology of the mammalian heart.

Phil. Trans., ser. B., 183, 199-298, 1892.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4578

Casuistische Beiträge zur Nervenpathologie. II. Doppelseitige Accessoriuslähmung bei Syringomyelie.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 18, 606-08, 1892.

“Schmidt’s syndrome” – a hemiplegia affecting the vocal cord, palate, trapezius, and sternocleidomastoid muscles, due to lesion of the nucleus ambiguus and nucleus accessorius.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4579
  • 4948

Gesammelte Abhandlungen, edited by A. Westphal. 2 vols.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1892.

Westphal was Professor of Psychiatry at Berlin; at this time was common for physicians to practice both psychiatry and neurology. Vol. 1: psychiatry; Vol. 2: neurology.



Subjects: Collected Works: Opera Omnia, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, PSYCHIATRY
  • 641

Das Gesetz der Transformation der Knochen.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1892.

“Wolff’s law” stated that every change in form and function of a bone, or in its function alone, is followed by certain definite changes in its internal architecture and equally definite secondary alterations in its mathematical laws. English translation by P. Maquet and R. Furlong as The law of bone remodelling. Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1986.



Subjects: Biomechanics, ORTHOPEDICS › Muskuloskeletal System › Physiology of Bone Formation, PHYSIOLOGY › Biophysics
  • 888

Zur Blutlehre.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1892.

Schmidt established several new facts regarding blood coagulation.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, HEMATOLOGY › Coagulation
  • 718

On the estimation of uric acid in the urine: a new process by means of saturation with ammonium chloride.

Proc. Roy. Soc., 52, 93-98, 1892.

Hopkins’s method of estimating uric acid in urine.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOCHEMISTRY › Clinical Chemistry
  • 429

Dissections illustrated.

London: Whittaker & Co., 18921895.

“Brodie’s ligament”, the transverse humoral ligament, described.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century
  • 4707

Ueber die Beziehungen der senilen Hirnatrophie zur Aphasie.

Prag. med. Wschr., 17, 165-67, 1892.

“Pick’s disease” – circumscribed atrophy of the brain with the development of aphasia and presenile dementia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4708

A case of complete athetosis with post-mortem.

J. nerv. ment. Dis., n.s. 17, 124-26, 1892.

One of the earliest accounts of bilateral athetosis (“Vogt syndrome”, No. 4720).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 1157

Sulla distruzione della ghiandola pituitaria.

Riv. sper. Freniat., 18, 525-61, 1892.

Vassale and Sacchi showed water and mineral metabolism to be affected by hypophysectomy.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pituitary
  • 509

Entwicklungsmechanische Studien. I. Der Werth der beiden ersten Furchungszellen in der Echinodermentwicklung. Experimentelle Erzeugen von Theil-und Doppelbildung. II. Ueber die Beziehungen des Lichtes zur ersten Etappe der thierischen Formbildung.

Z. wiss. Zool. 53, 160-84, 1892.

In the spring of 1891 Driesch succeeded in separating the blastomeres of the cleaving sea urchin egg. English translation in No. 534.3.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 4788

Ueber syphilitische Spinalparalyse.

Neurol. Zbl., 11, 161-68, 1892.

Erb’s classic description of syphilitic spinal paralysis, sometimes called “Erb’s disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4789

Die Aetiologieder Tabes.

Samml. klin. Vortr., N.F., Nr. 53. (Inn. Med. Nr. 18), 515-42, 1892.

English translation, 1900.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 510

The cell-lineage of Nereis.

J. Morph., 6, 361-480, 1892.

Wilson traced the development of Nereis in minute detail from fertilized egg to the free-swimming larval stage, a pioneer study of cell-lineage.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 1370

Der Hund ohne Grosshirn.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol. 51, 570-614, 1892.

Goltz was able to keep dogs alive for eight months after he had performed subtotal decerebration. He found them incapable of purposive movements but able to walk with adequate co-ordination. Frontal decortication caused restlessness; from his experiments Goltz concluded that the site of integration of pseudo-affective mechanisms is subcortical.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 785

Der Einfluss der Systems der Vena portae auf die Vertheilung des Blutes.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. Abt., 409-53, 1892.

Translated into English as "The contraction of the vena portae and its influence upon the circulation," Johns Hopkins Hospital Reports, I (1896) 111-157. Digital facsimile of the English translation from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Anatomy of the Heart & Circulatory System, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System
  • 1999

Recherches d’électrothérapie: la voltaisation sinusoïdale.

Arch Physiol, norm. path., 5 sér., 4, 69-80., 1892.

Introduction of high-frequency currents in electrotherapy.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Medical Electricity / Electrotherapy
  • 1629

A treatise on hygiene and public health. Edited by T. Stevenson and S. F. Murphy. 3 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 18921894.


Subjects: Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1286

Ueber die Veranderungen der Ganglienzellen am Fascialiskern des Kaninchens nach Ausreissung der Nerven.

Allg. Z. Psychiat., 48, 197-98, 1892.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1287

Nuevo concepto de la histologia de los centros nerviosos.

Rev. Cienc. méd. Barcelona, 18, 457-76, 1892.

Ramón y Cajal, son of a struggling Aragonese doctor, lived to become one of the greatest of all histologists. He devised many staining methods for nervous tissue and did work of fundamental importance to neuroanatomy. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology with Golgi in 1906. By this and later work Cajal provided evidence to support the neuron doctrine. French translation including 2 additional papers, Paris, 1894. Translated into English by Neely Swanson and Larry W. Swanson as New ideas on the structure of the nervous system in man and vertebrates (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990).



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1288

Notes on the arrangement of some motor fibres in the lumbo-sacral plexus.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 13, 621-772, 1892.

An analysis of the distribution of the ventral nerve roots. Sherrington showed the association of the lateral horn cells with the sympathetic outflow.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1472

Physiologische Untersuchungen über das Endorgan des Nervus octavus.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1892.

Ewald clarified the function of the eighth cranial nerve.



Subjects: Neurophysiology
  • 1473

Persistence of vision.

Amer. J. Sci., 3 ser. 44, 192-207, 1892.

Ferry modified Weber’s law on the relationship between stimulus and sensation. Following the work of Porter, Proc. roy. Soc. (Lond.), 1898, 63, 347; 1902, 70, 313, the term “Ferry–Porter Law” came into being.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision, PSYCHOLOGY › Psychophysics, PSYCHOLOGY › Sensation / Perception
  • 2307

Leçons sur la pathologie comparée de l'inflammation, faites à l'institut Pasteur en Avril et Mai 1891.

Paris: G. Masson, 1892.

Metchnikoff delivered his classic lectures on inflammation in French at the Pasteur Institute. They were translated into Russian as Lektsii o sravnitelnoi patologii vospaleniy, and published in St. Petersburg by K. L. Rikker in 1892. The lectures were translated into English from the French by F.A. Starling and E. H. Starling as Lectures on the comparative pathology of inflammation, and published in London in 1893, Digital facsimile of the original French edition from the Internet Archive at this link. Digital facsimile of the English translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, PATHOLOGY
  • 2506.2

Ueber die Mosaikkrankheit der Tabakspflanze.

Bull. Acad. imp. Sci. St. Petersburg, 3, 67-70, 1892.

The Russian botanist Ivanovski demonstrated that the agent responsible for tobacco mosaic disease could pass through the finest filter then available. This was the starting point of research into the etiology of virus diseases. An English version is in Phytopathological Classics (American Phytopathological Society), No. 7, pp. 25-30, Ithaca, N.Y., 1942. See No. 2503.1.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Tobacco, VIROLOGY, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Virgaviridae, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Virgaviridae › Tobacco Mosaic Virus
  • 2507

Ueber Epidemieen unter den im hygienischen Institute zu Greifswald gehaltenen Mäusen und über die Bekämpfung der Feldmausplage.

Zbl. Bakt., 11, 129-41, 1892.

Isolation of Salm. typhi-murium.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Salmonella, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever
  • 2508

A gas-producing bacillus (Bacillus aërogenes capsulatus nov. spec.) capable of rapid development in the blood-vessels after death.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 3, 81-91, 1892.

Discovery of the gas gangrene bacillus (Welch bacillus) Cl. perfringens. Reprinted in Medical Classics, 1941, 5, 852-85.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Clostridium
  • 2509

A manual of bacteriology.

New York: W. Wood & Co., 1892.

Sternberg, U. S. Surgeon General 1893-1902, was a pioneer bacteriologist. Independently of Pasteur he discovered the pneumococcus and was first in America to photograph the tubercle bacillus. He sent Walter Reed off to make his great discoveries regarding yellow fever.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY
  • 186

Finger prints.

London: Macmillan, 1892.

The use of fingerprints as identification marks was known to the Chinese, but Galton was among the first to explain their possibilities in the identification of criminals. “Galton’s delta” is a triangular area of papillary ridges on the distal pads of the digits.



Subjects: Criminology & Medical Criminology, DERMATOLOGY
  • 2545.1

Practical results of bacteriological researches.

Trans. Ass. Amer. Phycns., 7, 68-86, 1892.

Sternberg demonstrated that the serum of an animal recovered from vaccinia possesses the property of neutralizing the activity of the causative virus. His test was readily adaptable for use in various host-systems.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, Laboratory Medicine › Blood Tests, VIROLOGY
  • 2682.5

The early history of instrumental precision in medicine.

New Haven, CT: Tuttle, Moorehouse & Taylor, 1892.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation
  • 203.5

Crania ethnica Americana. Sammlung auserlesener Amerikanischer Schädeltypen. Herausgegeben von R. Virchow.

Berlin: A. Asher, 1892.


Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Craniology
  • 3070

Sur une forme spéciale de cyanose s’accompagnant d’hyperglobulie excessive et persistante.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 44, 384-88, 1892.

Vaquez first described polycythemia vera (erythremia). Osler’s paper on the subject (No. 3073) made it generally known in the English-speaking world, and the condition has since been named “Vaquez–Osler disease”. For translation, see Major, Classic descriptions of disease, 3rd ed., 1945, p. 497.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders
  • 1973

An introduction to modern therapeutics, being the Croonian Lectures on the relationship between chemical structure and physiological action.

London: Macmillan, 1892.

One of the best known of Lauder Brunton’s works.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS
  • 2231

The principles and practice of medicine.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1892.

Osler’s textbook was the best English work on medicine of its time. He became Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford in 1904. Besides being one of the greatest of all clinicians, he was possessed of a fine literary style and an extensive knowledge of medical bibliography. Garrison has written of him: “When he came to die, Osler was, in a very real sense, the greatest physician of our time … Good looks, distinction, blithe, benignant manners, a sunbright personality, radiant with kind feeling and good will toward his fellow men, an Apollonian poise, swiftness and surety of thought and speech, every gift of the gods was his; and to these were added careful training, unsurpassed clinical ability, the widest knowledge of his subject, the deepest interest in everything human, and a serene hold upon his fellows that was as a seal set upon them”.

For Osler’s own account of the preparation of his textbook, see the Bibliotheca Osleriana (No. 6772), item 3544. See also Richard L. Golden & Charles G. Roland, Sir William Osler: An annotated bibliography with illustrations, San Francisco, 1988, and Harvey Cushing’s Life of Sir William Osler, 2 vols., Oxford, 1925. Also see Harvey & McKusick, eds., Osler's textbook revisited (New York, 1967) and  Richard L. Golden, A history of William Osler's Principles and Practice of medicine (Montreal, 2004). 

Copies of the first issue of the first edition have the title of Plato's Socratic dialogue Gorgias misspelled "Georgias" (on the verso of the third leaf), and the publisher's advertisements dated November 1891. The advertisements in later copies of the first printing are dated March 1892. 3000 copies of the first printing were sold within two months. The second printing, with "Georgias" corrected to "Gorgias," was published in April 1892. 



Subjects: Medicine: General Works
  • 3501

Intestinal anastomosis and suturing.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 41, 365-70, 1892.

Abbe, a New York surgeon, introduced catgut rings for intestinal suturing. See also Med. News (Phila.), 1889, 54, 589-92.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3502

Om extra-abdominal Behandlung af cancer intestinalis (rectum derfra undtaget) med en Fremstilling af de for denne Sygdom foretagne Operationer og deres Resultater.

Nord. med. Ark., N.F. 2, 1 Heft, 1-76; 2 Heft, 1-10, 1892.

Bloch was first to employ the two-stage (Mikulicz) operation for cancer of the colon. See also No. 3527.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 3503

On achylia gastrica.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 41, 650-54, 1892.

Einhorn introduced the concept of achylia gastrica, to indicate a primary nervous functional disorder of the gastric secretion.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System
  • 3504

De la gastro-duodénostomie.

Arch. prov. Chir. (Paris), 1, 551-54, 1892.

Introduction of gastroduodenostomy.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3505

Ein Fall von einem frei in die Bauchhöhle perforirten Magengeschwür; Laparotomie; Naht der Perforationsstelle; Heilung.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 29, 1244-47, 1280-84, 1892.

In 1892 Ludwig Heusner (1846-1916) successfully sutured a perforated gastric ulcer, the first successful case on record. It was reported by H. Kriege.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer, SURGERY: General
  • 3506

Ueber eine eigenartige symmetrische Erkrankung der Thränen- und Mundspeicheldrüsen.

In: Beiträge zur Chirurgie. Festschrift gewid. T. Billroth, Stuttgart, 610-30, 1892.

First description of the syndrome of symmetrical inflammation of the lacrymal and salivary glands (“Mikulicz’s disease”). English translation in Medical Classics, 1937, 2, 165-86.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3507

Cholecysto-intestinal, gastro-intestinal, entero-intestinal anastomosis, and approximation without sutures.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 42, 665-76, 1892.

“Murphy’s button” introduced.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3600

Zur Radicalcur der Hernien.

KorrespBl. Schweiz. Aerzte, 22, 561-76, 1892.

Kocher’s hernia operation.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3601

The anatomy and surgical treatment of hernia.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1892.

Marcy wrote a great deal on hernia, describing high ligation of the sac, transplantion of the spermatic cord, and careful reconstruction of the inguinal canal. This work, illustrated with 66 full-page plates, is one of the most spectacular of 19th century American surgical monographs. See No. 3594.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3634

Klinik der Cholelithiasis.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1892.

Naunyn produced a classic monograph on gall-stones, devising an accurate chemical classification. He was one of Frerichs’s best pupils and became Professor of Clinical Medicine successively at Dorpat, Berne, Königsberg, and Strasburg. English translation, London, 1896.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Gallbladder, Biliary Tract, & Pancreas › Gallstones
  • 3772

Clinical lecture on acute Hodgkin’s disease

Brit. med. J., , 1, 893-96., 1892.

Dreschfeld preceded Kundrat in differentiating Hodgkin’s disease and lymphosarcoma.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Lymphoma, Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 3856

Lieber erfolgreiche Einheilung der Katzenschilddrüse in die Bauchdecke und Auftreten von Tetanie nach deren Exstirpation.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 5, 81-85, 1892.

Experimental production of tetany by excision of the thyroid of a cat, previously successfully transplanted into the abdomen.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Parathyroids
  • 2966

Ligation of the first portion of the left subclavian artery and excision of a subclavio-axillary aneurism.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 3, 93-94, Baltimore, MD, 1892.

First successful ligation of the left subclavian artery. This was the first “successful ligation of the first part of either subclavian artery and the first one of complete extirpation of such an aneurysm” (MacCallum). "Of his numerous publications on vascular surgery, Halsted's most scholarly and interesting." Wangensteen 263. This exhaustive monograph has a series of 8 photographs of the preoperative and postoperative appearance of a 29-year-old black man on whom Halsted operated.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 3394

Weitere Mittheilungen über die operative Freilegung der Mittelohrräume nach Ablösung der Ohrmuschel.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 29, 68-71, Berlin, 1892.

Stacke did much to improve the surgery of the middle ear. He made important modifications in the radical mastoidectomy operation of Küster and von Bergmann.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3394.1

Sui caratteri clinici offerti dalle lesioni del nervo acustico.

Gazz. Osp. Clin., 13, 1126, 1892.

Gradenigo’s test for tone decay. Translation in Arch. Otol. (N.Y.), 1893, 22, 213-15.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests
  • 3394.2

Antrectomy as a treatment for chronic purulent otitis media.

Arch. Otol. (N.Y.), 21, 118-24, 1892.

Mastoidectomy for the efficient drainage of the results of middle ear suppuration.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 4107

Première note et observations préliminaires pour servir d’introduction à l’étude des prurigos diathésiques (dermites multiformes prurigineuses chroniques exacerbantes et paroxystiques, du type du prurigo de Hebra).

Ann. Derm. Syph. (Paris), 3 sér., 3, 634-48, 1892.

“Besnier’s prurigo”.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4109

An undescribed variety of hereditary oedema.

N.Y. med. J., 56, 505-08, 1892.

Independently of Nonne (No. 4106) Milroy described congenital edema of the legs; it has been given the eponym “Milroy’s disease”.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4110

Drei Favusarten.

Mh. prakt. Derm., 14, 1-16, 1892.

Unna described the different fungi of favus. He founded the above-mentioned journal, and he is one of the most eminent figures in modern dermatology.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4870

Intracranial neurectomy of the second and third divisions of the fifth nerve.

N.Y. med. J., 55, 317-19, 1892.

Hartley originated the operation of intracranial neurectomy for trigeminal neuralgia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Trigeminal Neuralgia, NEUROSURGERY, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 4871

Resection des Trigeminus innerhalb der Schädelhöhle.

Arch. klin. Chir., 44, 821-32, 1892.

Hartley–Krause operation for relief of trigeminal neuralgia (see also No. 4870).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Chronic Pain › Trigeminal Neuralgia, NEUROSURGERY, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 4357

Traumatische rarefizierende Ostitis.

Verh. Ges. Dtsch. Naturf. Aerzte, (1891), 282-85, 1892.

“Kümmell’s disease”. He described a form of traumatic spondylitis.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4360

Oderevenielost pozvonochnika s iskrivleniyem yevo, kak osobaya forma zabolievaniya. [Ankylosis of the spine with curvature as a special form of disease.]

Vrach, 13, 899-903, 1892.

Bechterev’s disease – ankylosing spondylitis, previously described by Strümpell. A German translation of the paper is in Neurol. Zbl., 1893, 12, 426-34.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 4361

Untersuchungen über die sogenannte foetale Rachitis (Chondrodystrophia foetalis).

Berlin: Reimer, 1892.

First study of the cartilage changes in achondroplasia.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases
  • 4362

De la pseudo-paralysie générale arthritique.

Rev. Méd., 12, 280-85, 1892.

First description of “Klippel’s disease”, arthritic general pseudoparalysis.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 4363

A new operation for paralytic talipes valgus, and the enunciation of a new surgical principle.

N.Y. med. J., 56, 402-03, 1892.

First successful tendon transplantation.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Foot / Ankle, Podiatry, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5109

Le choléra asiatique chez le cobaye.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 44, 635-37, 671, 1892.

Haffkine’s vaccine against cholera was the first to meet with any success.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera
  • 4947

A dictionary of psychological medicine. 2 vols.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1892.


Subjects: PSYCHIATRY
  • 4223

Ein Fall von Resektion des Harnleiters.

Zbl. Chir., 19, Suppl., 110-11, 1892.

First successful plastic operation for the relief of hydronephrosis.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery
  • 5490

Vorläufige Mittheilungen über die Erregerder Influenza.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 18, 28, 1892.

Pfeiffer discovered a bacillus, Haemophilus influenzae, “Pfeiffer’s bacillus”, which he believed to be the causal organism of influenza.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Haemophilus, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Influenza
  • 5754.6

On restoring sunken noses without scarring the face.

N. Y. med. J., 56, 449-54, 1892.

Reduction rhinoplasty by the endonasal approach. “The beginnings of the logical step-by-step rhinoplasty in use today” (McDowell).



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty
  • 5528.1

Un nuovo caso de micosis fungoides con psorospermias.

An Circ. med. argent., 15, 585-97, 1892.

As an intern in Buenos Aires, Posadas described an Argentine soldier who had a dermatological problem since 1889. Posadas had seen the patient while a medical student in 1891, and skin biopsies revealed organisms resembling the protozoan Coccidia. See No. 5528.2.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Argentina, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Mycosis › Coccidioidomycosis
  • 5528.2

Pentastomas.

Rev. Asoc. med. argent., 1, 186-89, 1892.

Posadas (No. 5528.1) and Wernicke, a professor pathology in Buenos Aires, were the first to report cases of coccidioidomycosis. German translation of Wernicke’s paper in Zbl. Bakt., 1892, 12, 859-61.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Argentina, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Mycosis › Coccidioidomycosis
  • 5775

Das Cystadenom der Mamma.

Arch. klin. Chir., 44, 117-34, 1892.

“Schimmelbusch’s disease”.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Diseases of the Breast
  • 5554

Die Chirurgie des Heinrich de Mondeville. Hrsg. von Julius Leopold Pagel.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1892.

Henri de Mondeville was the teacher of Guy de Chauliac; he belonged to the School of Montpellier. His work was first printed as above; French translations by E. Nicaise, 1893, and A. Bos, 1897; the latter was reprinted in 1965.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › France, SURGERY: General
  • 5621

Conditions underlying the infection of wounds.

Trans. Congr. Amer. Phys. Surg., 2, 1-28, 1892.

Discovery of Staph. epidermidis (albus) and its relation to the infection of wounds.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Staphylococcus, SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 5683

Infiltrationsanästhesie (locale Anästhesie) und ihr Verhältniss zur allgemeinen Narcose (Inhalationsanästhesie).

Verh. Dtsch. Ges. Chir., 21, 121-7, 1892.

Infiltration anesthesia was developed by Schleich after pioneer work by Halsted (No. 5679) Schleich published a paper in English on the subject in Int. Clin., 1895, 5 ser., 2, 177-92.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA
  • 5439.1

Das Auftreten von Varizellen unter eigentümlichen Verhältnissen.

Magy. orv. Arch., (Nov. 3), 1892.

Bokay was the first to suggest an etiological relationship between varicella and herpes zoster. See also his paper in Wien. klin. Wschr., 1909, 22, 1323-26.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Chickenpox, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Herpes › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Herpesviridae › Varicella zoster virus
  • 6093

Supravaginal hysterectomy without ligature of the cervix, in operation for uterine fibroids; a new method.

Amer J. Obstet. Dis. Wom., 26, 489-504, 1892.

Baer’s operation.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy
  • 6093.1

On the occurrence of pleural effusion in association with disease of the abdomen.

Med.-chir. Trans., 75, 109-18, 1892.

Lawson Tait was apparently the first to describe what is now known as Meigs’s syndrome (ovarian fibroma combined with pleural effusion).



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6095

Vaginal hysterectomy in bilateral peri-uterine suppuration.

Amer. J. Obstet. Dis. Wom., 26, 448-60, 1892.

Henrotin’s method of removing the uterus.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy
  • 6201

Sulla provocazione artificiale del parto e sul parto forzato col mezzo della dilatazione meccanica del collouterino.

Ann. Ostet. Ginec., 14, 881-928, 1892.

Bossi originated the method of induction of premature labour by means of forced dilatation of the cervix.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6202

Das tuberöse subchoriale Hämatom der Decidua. Eine typische Form der Molenschwangerschaft.

Leipzig & Vienna: Franz Deuticke, 1892.

Tuberous (“Breus”) mole first described.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6203

Tubo peritoneal ectopic gestation.

Edinburgh: Young J. Pentland, 1892.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6452.1

The medicine-men of the Apache.

Ann. Rep. Bur. Amer. Ethnol., 9, 451-603, 1892.

Bourke, a U.S. Army officer with experience on the American Indian frontier, was a pioneer student of native American medicine and anthropology. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Southwest, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 5243

Azione della chinina sui parasite malarici e sui corrispondente accessi febbrili.

Gazz. med. Pavia, 1, 34, 79, 106, 1892.

French translation in Arch. ital. Biol., 1892, 17, 456-71.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cinchona Bark › Quinine
  • 5244

Sulle febbre malariche estivo-autumnali.

Rome: E. Loescher, 1892.

A summary of the Italian work on malaria. English translation, 1894.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria
  • 6279

Das Scheidensekret und seine Bedeutung für das Puerperalfieber.

Leipzig: Eduard Besold, 1892.

Döderlein's study of the vaginal secretion in relation to puerperal fever includes the first description of “Döderlein’s bacillus” (Lactobacillus). Döderlein introduced the concept of normal body bacteria or "normal body flora" --what would much later be named the microbiome. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Lactobacillus , MICROBIOLOGY › Microbiome, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6532

Les médecins et les chirurgiens de Flandre avant 1789.

Lille: Danel, 1892.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Belgium
  • 6764.1

Homeopathic bibliography of the United States, from the year 1825 to the year 1891.

Philadelphia: Boericke & Tafel, 1892.

Of particular value for researching homeopathic literature, societies and institutions in America from 1825 to 1891. Digital facsimile from the Hathitrust at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy › History of Homeopathy, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects
  • 235

Aufsätze über Vererbung und verwandte biologische Fragen.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1892.

Weismann produced experimental evidence that acquired characters are not transmitted.



Subjects: EVOLUTION, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 236

Das Keimplasma.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1892.

Weismann elaborated the theory of the continuity of the germ plasm. English edition, 1893.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 7496

A biographical history of Guy's Hospital.

London: Ward, Lock. Bowden & Co., 1892.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals
  • 7614

The hygiene, diseases, and mortality of occupations.

London: Percival & Co., 1892.

Remarkably comprehensive discussion, with an innovative classification, of a very wide range of occupations. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Hygiene, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 8377

"A copy of the earliest known Weekly Bill of Mortality. British Museum. Egerton MSS. 2603, f.4." IN: An inquiry into the trustworthiness of the old bills of mortality.

J. Roy. Stat. Soc., 55, 437-460, 1892.

On p. 452 of his paper Ogle reproduces in type "A copy of the earliest known Weekly Bill of Mortality. British Museum. Egerton MSS. 2603, f.4." Ogle states that Creighton attributed this manuscript bill of mortality to the year 1532, "in which year an Order of Council was issued calling on the mayor [of London] to furnish a bill of the deaths from plague." Bills of Mortality were not printed until 1603. Digital facsimile of Ogle's paper from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics › History of Demography
  • 9725

The yellow wall-paper.

The New England Magazine, n.s. 5, 647-656., Boston, MA, 1892.

This 6,000-word short story by is regarded as an important early work of American feminist literature, illustrating and critiquing 19th century attitudes toward women's health, both physical and mental. Digital facsimile from the U. S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Fiction, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 10438

Mineral springs and health resorts of California: With a complete chemical analysis of every important mineral water in the world... A Prize Essay; Annual Prize of the Medical Society of the State of California, Awarded April 20, 1889.

San Francisco, CA: The Bancroft Company, 1892.

The first half of the book concerns mineral springs and health resorts in California and how to use them; the second half mostly concerns mineral springs and other health resorts in North America and Europe. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Societies and Associations, Medical, THERAPEUTICS › Balneotherapy, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › California
  • 10568

Researches in female pelvic anatomy.

Edinburgh & London: Young J. Pentland & Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1892.

The first cross-sectional anatomy of the pelvic anatomy during the puerperium, the period of about six weeks after childbirth during which the mother's reproductive organs return to their original non-pregnant condition. Webster reproduces in color cross-sectional anatomies of women who died of diseases on the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 6th, and 15th days of the puerperium. The final chapter describes and illustrates with cross-sectional images "the femal pelvis in the beginning of the fifth month of pregnancy." Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Cross-Sectional, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 10621

Atlas of clinical medicine. 3 vols.

Edinburgh: T. & A. Constable, 18921896.

Published at the end of the 19th century, and employing the wide variety of illustration technologies then available, including color lithography, lithography, and photography, this work testifies to the breadth and depth of Bramwell’s medical knowledge; it illustrates, with extensive accompanying text for each image, a wide range of disorders including Addison’s disease, smallpox, cancer, hemiplegia, muscular dystrophy and the various stages of syphilis. Also included is a remarkable series of portraits of the insane, depicting patients suffering from “melancholia,” “melancholia with fear,” “melancholia with strong suicidal tendency,” “hilarious mania” and “mania.” As a contribution to the artistic depiction of disease this work is unsurpassed.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, DERMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis, NEUROLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration, PSYCHIATRY › Bipolar Disorder, PSYCHIATRY › Depression
  • 11634

Gynaecological technique: A brief summary of the principles involved, as well as the technique involved in the gynæcological operations performed in the Johns Hopkins Hospital: The significance of the operation and its technical surroundings to gynaecological practice.

N. Y. J. Gyn & Obs., 2, 667-674, 1892.

Includes 14 photographic illustrations showing Kelly's gynecological operating room, antiseptic and aseptic apparatus, and his assistants preparing for surgery. The text includes descriptions of the apparatus and techniques for antiseptic and aseptic surgery.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 12647

Bestimmung der Trägheitsmomente des menschlichen Körpers und seiner Glieder.

Leipzig: S. Hirzel Verlag, 1892.

Translated into English by P. Maquet and R. Furlong as Determination of the moments of intertia of the human body and its limbs. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1988.



Subjects: Biomechanics, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Kinesiology
  • 12786

The collected papers of Sir W. Bowman. Edited by J. Burdon-Sanderson and J. W. Hulke. 2 vols.

London: Harrison & Sons, 1892.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 12885

The orchid album, Comprising colored figures and descriptions of new, rare, and beautiful orchidaceous plants. Conducted by Robert Warner and Benjamin Samuel Williams. The botanical descriptions by Thomas Moore. The coloured figures by John Nugent Fitch. 11 vols.

London: B. S. Williams, at the Victoria and paradise Nurseries, 18921897.

This set includes 528 chromolithographed and hand-colored plates by John Nugent Fitch on 527 sheets. It was published periodically by B. S. Williams from his nurseries in Holloway, London, from 1882 until his death in 1890. The set includes the obituary of B. S. Williams in vol. 9. His son, Henry Williams, continued the publication through to its conclusion in 1897. These dates are important as they mark the period when the last significant new varieties of orchids were discovered in the wild. This work therefore, with its selection based largely on the discoveries made during the nineteenth century, offers an unparalleled record of all the best orchid varieties before the impact of the 'captive-bred' hybrids. 

The Orchid Album was published at the height of the 'Orchidelirium' which had been building in Britain for some decades, but which seized the imaginations of late Victorian horticulturists in the same way that the tulip craze inflamed the minds of collectors in Golden Age Holland. "Some of the grander Victorian growers, such as the Duke of Devonshire at Chatsworth in Derbyshire and the Duke of Northumberland at Syon House in Middlesex, employed their own collectors, but orchid fanciers like John Day acquired their best treasures at auction. Nurserymen such as Veitch, Conrad Loddiges and Benjamin Samuel Williams of the Victoria and Paradise Nurseries in Upper Holloway, regularly sent consignments of orchids to be auctioned by Messrs Stevens of King St, Covent Garden. It was in their sale room that, after an epic battle with a fellow enthusiast, Sir Trevor Lawrence, a contemporary of Day's, acquired the one single plant of Aerides lawrenciae imported by Frederick Sander from the Philippines," (Anna Pavord, review of A Very Victorian Passion The Orchid Paintings of John Day, Independent, 29 May 2004).

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, BOTANY › Botanical Illustration
  • 13199

Helen Brent, M. D. A social study.

New York: Cassell Publishing Company, 1892.

A short, memorable novel about a woman who faces the agonizing choice between career and marriage, and chooses medicine. Among her achievements, Meyer was a founder of Barnard College. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Fiction, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by
  • 13498

Catalogo systematico da bibliotheca da Faculdade de Medicina do Rio de Janeiro organisado pelo Carlos Costa.

Rio de Janeiro: Imprensa Nacional, 1892.

Digital facsimile from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Institutional Medical Libraries, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Brazil
  • 93

Leonardo da Vinci: Codice sul volo degli uccelli e varie altre materie. Pubblicato da Teodoro Sabachnikoff. Transcrizione e note di Giovanni Piumati; traduzione francese di Carlo Ravaisson-Mollien.

Paris: Edoardo Rouveyre, 1893.

The scientific study of the mechanics of flight begins with Leonardo’s investigations on birds, undertaken during his attempts to build a flying machine. At the time of publication Sabachnikoff owned the manuscript. After publishing this facsimile he donated the original to Umberto I, who turned it over to the Royal Library of Torino. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, Biomechanics, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 4502.1

Ein Beitrag zur Arthritis blennorrhoica.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 6, 736-38, 1893.

Gonococci isolated from an arthritic joint.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection, RHEUMATOLOGY › Arthritis
  • 556

Die Zelle und die Gewebe.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 18931898.

Part 1 was translated as The cell: outlines of general anatomy and physiology, London, 1895.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology
  • 557

Der Formaldehyd als Härtungsmittel. Vorläufige Mittheilung.

Z. wiss. Mikr., 10, 314-15, 1893.

Formalin first used for tissue fixation.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology)
  • 4580

Sur la névrite interstitielle hypertrophique et progressive de l’enfance.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 45, 63-96, 1893.

First description of hypertrophic progressive interstitial neuritis. “Dejerine–Sottas disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 642

Ueber den Ursprung der Muskelkraft.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1893.


Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY
  • 837

Researches on the structure and function of the mammalian heart.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 14, 233-54, 1893.

Kent also discovered the atrioventricular bundle (“bundle of Kent”), a narrow band of muscle between the auricles and ventricles of the heart. Its purpose is to act as a bridge for contractile impulses between the auricles and ventricles.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Anatomy of the Heart & Circulatory System, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • 836

Die Thätigkeit des embryonalen Herzens und deren Bedeutung für die Lehre von der Herzbewegung beim Erwachsenen.

Arb. med. Klin. Leipzig, 14-50, 1893.

His described the atrioventricular bundle which was later named after him. English translation in F. A. Willius and T. E. Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, p. 695.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Anatomy of the Heart & Circulatory System, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology
  • 431

Atlas of head sections. Fifty-three engraved copperplates of frozen sections of the head, and fifty-three key plates with descriptive texts.

Glasgow: J. Maclehose, 1893.

Intended to supplement and illustrate Macewen’s neurosurgical textbook published the same year (No. 4872). Includes coronal, sagittal and horizontal sections with commentary on each.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Cross-Sectional, ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSURGERY
  • 719

Ueber die Nucleinsaure.

Arch. Anat. Physiol., Physiol. Abt., 157-64; 194-203, 1893, 1894.

See No. 702.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Nucleic Acids
  • 4708.1

Sur l’hérédo-ataxie cérébelleuse.

Sem. méd. (Paris), 13, 444-47, 1893.

Original description of hereditary cerebellar ataxia.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Hereditary Ataxias, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4757

Ueber einen scheinbar heilbaren bulbärparalytischen Symptomen-complex mit Betheiligung der Extremitäten.

Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk., 4, 312-52, 1893.

Myasthenia pseudoparalytica (Erb–Goldflam symptom complex). See No. 4746.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 786

On the results of ligation of the coronary arteries.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 15, 121-38, 1893.

“Following coronary ligation Porter noted that the procedure frequently resulted in fibrillary contractions of the heart and sudden death. However, death did not always occur and this led him to conclude that Cohnheim’s (1881) consistently fatal results were due to operative trauma and that the coronary arteries were not end arteries” (Willius & Dry).
Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.

Continued with his "Further researches on the closure of the coronary arteries," J. exp. Med., 1 (1896) 46-70. Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System
  • 787

Lehrbuch der Physiologie des Kreislaufes.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1893.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 640

Beiträge zur Lehre von Stoffwechsel. I. Grundriss einer Methodik der Stoffwechsel-Untersuchungen.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1893.


Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism
  • 1288.1

Further experimental note on the correlation of antagonistic muscles.

Proc. roy. Soc. (Lond.), 53, 407-20, 1893.

The first of Sherrington’s papers investigating reciprocal innervation of muscles.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1522

Eine neue Theorie der Licht-Empfindung.

Z. Psychol. Physiol. Sinnesorg., 4, 211-21, 1893.

Ladd-Franklin theory of vision.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 1750

Forensic medicine and toxicology.

London: C. Griffin & Co, 1893.


Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), TOXICOLOGY
  • 2623
  • 3773

Ueber Lympho-Sarkomatosis.

Wien. klin. Wschr. 6, 211-13, 234-39, 1893.

Kundrat separated lymphosarcoma (“Kundrat’s disease”) from other malignant tumors involving the lymphatic system.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 2799

Die Krankheiten des Herzens und ihre Behandlung.

Vienna & Leipzig: Urban & Schwarzenberg, 18931897.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2545

Gesammelte Abhandlungen zur ätiologischen Therapie von ansteckenden Krankheiten. 2 vols.

Leipzig: G. Thieme, 18931915.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Collected Works: Opera Omnia, IMMUNOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization
  • 3508

Eine neue Methode der Gastrostomie bei Carcinoma oesophagi.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 6, 231-34, 1893.

See No. 3512.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3509

De la gastrostomie par la méthode de la valvule ou du plissement de la muqueuse stomacale.

Arch. prov. Chir. (Paris), 2, 284-93, 1893.

Pénières of Toulouse conceived the idea of the valvular method of gastrostomy.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3510

On diseases of the duodenum.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 50, 171-308, 1893.

A careful examination of the records of post mortems carried out at Guy’s Hospital, 1826-92, was made by Perry and Shaw, who showed that of 70 reports of duodenal ulcer, ten occurred in cases of severe burns.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 3511

Enterorrhaphy; its history, technique and present status.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 21, 215-35, 1893.

Senn, Professor of Surgery at Chicago, was one of the first to investigate experimentally the subject of gastro-intestinal anastomosis.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3512

Über die Anlegung einer röhrenformigen Magenfistel bei Verengerungen der Speiseröhre.

Zbl. Chir., 20, 862, 1893.

Ssabanejew and Frank independently developed a new method of gastrostomy, the Ssabanejew-Frank operation. The above is an abstract of the original, which appeared in Khirurgitscheski Vestnik, June 1893.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3179

A case of thoracoplasty for the removal of a large cicatricial fibrous growth from the interior of the chest, the result of an old empyema.

Med. Rec. (N. Y), 44, 838-39, 1893.

First thoracoplasty.



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Thoracic Surgery, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 3305

Diseases of the accessory sinuses of the nose, and an improved method of treatment of suppuration of the maxillary antrum.

N.Y. med. J., 58, 526-28, 1893.

Caldwell–Luc operation (see also No. 3301). Scanes Spicer independently devised a similar operation (Brit. med. J., 1894, 2, 1359-60).



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3306

Die Lehre von den Naseneiterungen.

Munich & Leipzig: J. F. Lehmann, 1893.

Grünwald was the first to attempt the surgical treatment of nasal suppuration and disease involving the ethmoid and sphenoid bones. English translation, 1900.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 2709

Ueber Akroparästhesie.

Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk.3, 300-18, 1893.

“Schultze’s acroparaesthesia.” Schultze described the simple form of acroparesthesia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY
  • 3602

Nuovo metodo operativo per la cura radicale dell’ ernia crurale.

Padua: Draghi, 1893.

Bassini’s operation for femoral hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3603

Resection of the intestine and immediate suture in gangrenous hernia.

Brit. med. J., 1, 696, 1893.

Franks finally demonstrated the advantages of primary resection for gangrenous gut in strangulated hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3604

The radical cure of femoral and inguinal hernia.

Lancet 2, 1297-1302, 1893.

Lockwood’s operation for femoral hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 25

Anonymi Londinensis ex Aristotelis iatricis Menoniis et aliis medicis eclogae editit Hermannus Diels.

Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1893.

Written about 100 CE, On Medicine (Ιατρικα) is partially preserved in a papyrus in the British Library (PBrLibr inv. 137 = P.Lit.Lond. 165). It is the most important surviving ancient Greek medical papyrus, a key source of information about the history of ancient Greek medical thought. 

"While only fragments survive of some portions of the text, the papyrus containing the work of Anonymus Londinensis is exceptionally well preserved, with 3.5 meters of the roll largely intact, containing almost 2,000 lines of text in 39 columns. It seems to be an unfinished draft (breaking off in mid-column) in the hand of the author, who compiled, digested, and manipulated various sources as he wrote, so that we may even observe the process of his thinking as he writes. The text consists of three parts: a series of definitions related to the affections of the body and soul (cols. 1-4), a doxographical part (cols. 4-20), and a physiological part (cols. 21-39)" (Wikipedia article on Anonymus Londonensis, accessed 06-02-2015).

It contains extracts from a lost collection of the opinions of earlier Greek physicians. It was found in 1891 and first described by Sir Frederick Kenyon in 1892, with the Greek text first edited and published by Hermann Diels. It was first translated into German by Heinrich Beckh and Franz Spät as Anonymus Londinensis. Auszüge eines unbekannten aus Aristoteles-Menons Handbuch der Medizin und aus Werken anderer älterer Aerzte. (Berlin, 1896). Digital facsimile of the 1893 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1896 edition in German from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Late Antiquity, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Medical Papyri
  • 3839

Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Basedow’schen Krankheit.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 51, 335-412, 1893.

Müller demonstrated that an increased metabolism accompanies exophthalmic goitre.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3886

Notes on a case of acromegaly treated by operation.

Brit. Med. J., 2, 1421-23, 1893.

First attempt (unsuccessful) to treat acromegaly operatively. Decompression was performed to relieve cranial pressure.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Pituitary
  • 3227

A case of pneumonectomy.

Brit. med. J., 1, 1152-54, 1893.

Partial lobectomy in pulmonary tuberculosis.



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis, PULMONOLOGY › Thoracic Surgery
  • 4084

Hidrocystoma.

Trans. Amer. derm. Ass., 1884, 14-16; J. cutan. gen.-urin. Dis., 11, 293-303, 1893.

Robinson wrote an excellent textbook on dermatology in 1884, the year in which he published the first description of hydrocystoma (“Robinson’s disease”).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4113

Dystrophie papillaire et pigmentaire.

Ann. Derm. Syph. (Paris), 3 sér., 4, 865-75, 1893.

Acanthosis nigricans.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4114

Contributo allo studio della ipercheratosi dei canali sudoriferi (porokeratosis).

G. ital. Mal. vener. 28, 313-55, 1893.

Mibelli is sometimes credited with the original description of porokeratosis (“Mibélli’s disease”), but Neumann described it in 1875 under the name of “dermatitis circumscripta herpetiformis”. See No. 4068.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4115

Di una ipercheratosi non ancora descritta.

G. ital. Mal. vener. 28, 356-86, 1893.

First description of hyperkeratosis excentrica, porokeratosis.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4872

Pyogenic infective diseases of the brain and spinal cord.

Glasgow: J. Maclehose & Sons, 1893.

Macewen’s greatest work was in connection with the surgery of the brain. In the above book he included extensive case reports of 65 patients under his care, with details of operative procedures. A biography of Macewen was written by A. K. Bowman, London, 1942. See No. 431.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY
  • 4364

Achillodynie.

Wien. med. Presse, 34, 41-43, 1893.

Tendo Achilles bursitis, “Albert’s disease”.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Foot / Ankle
  • 5062

Die Behandlung der Diphtherie mit Diphtherieheilserum.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 19, 543-47; 20, 645-46, 1893, 1894.

In 1890 Behring and Kitasato discovered the diphtheria and tetanus antitoxins (see No. 5060). The above papers deal more fully with the use of the diphtheria antitoxin.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Toxin-Antitoxin, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 5080.1

Sur la pathogénie de la scarlatine.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 45, 1012-14, 1893.

Bergé stated all the essential facts concerning the aetiology of scarlet fever, and definitely attributed its cause to a streptococcus. He published a thesis on the subject in 1895.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Scarlet Fever
  • 4185.1

Catheterization of the male ureters. A preliminary report.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 4, 73-74, 1893.

First catheterization of male ureters.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4186

The surgery of the ureters. A clinical, literary, and experimental research.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 21, 911-16, 965-73, 1893.

Uretero-ureterostomy. Van Hook originated modern methods of ureteral repair.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4187

The examination of the female bladder and the catheterization of the ureters under direct inspection.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 4, 101-02, 1893.

Kelly introduced aeroscopic examination of the bladder and catheterization of the ureters. See also Ann. Surg., 1898, 27, 475-86.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4224

Movable kidney; with a report of twelve cases treated by nephrorrhaphy.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 105, 247-59, 417-32, 1893.

In his nephropexy operation Edebohls utilized flaps of the capsule of the kidney. He believed that decapsulation improved the renal blood supply.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery
  • 5188

Ueber Amöben-Enteritis.

Berl. Klin. Wschr., 30, 1089-94, 1893.

Entamoeba histolytica distinguished from Entamoeba coli. English translation in Kean (No. 2268.1).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Amoebiasis
  • 4977.3

Über den psychischen Mechanismus hysterischer Phänomene. (Vorläufige Mittheilung.)

Neur. Centralbl., 12, 4-10, 43-47, 1893.

The preliminary announcement of the results of the collaboration that was the starting point of psychoanalysis. It described work begun several years previously. See No. 4978.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Hysteria, Psychoanalysis
  • 5004

Gedenktage der Psychiatrie und ihrer Hülfsdisciplinen in allen Ländern. 4te. Aufl.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 1893.

A history of the subject, arranged in calendar form.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry
  • 5755

Ueber die Transplantation grosser ungestielter Hautlappen.

Verh. dtsch. Ges. Chir., 22, pt. 2, 46-51, 1893.

Krause popularized the use of whole thickness skin grafts. English translation in No. 5768.2.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Skin Grafting, TRANSPLANTATION › Skin Grafting
  • 5529

Investigations into the nature, causation and prevention of Texas or Southern cattle fever.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1893.

U.S. Bureau of Animal Industry, Bulletin No. 1. Discovery of the parasite of Texas cattle fever, Pyrosoma bigeminum, and proof that its transmission is due to the cattle tick, Boöphilus bovis. This was the first demonstration of arthropod transmission of disease. Pyrosoma bigeminum is now known as Babesia bigemina, and Boöphilus bovis as B. annulatus.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Tick-Borne Diseases › Texas Cattle Fever, PARASITOLOGY, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Texas, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5360

A case of ankylostomiasis.

Med. News (Philad.), 63, 662-63, 1893.

First recognition of ankylostomiasis in America. It had previously been reported and described under various names.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES › Hookworm Disease
  • 5428

Ricerche sulla patogenesi ed etiologia dell’ infezione vaccinica e vaiolosa.

Arch. Sci. méd., 16, 403-24, 1893.

Guamieri described bodies found in the specific lesions of smallpox. Cytorrhyctes variolae guarnieri, which he believed to be the causative organism of the disease. Guarnieri bodies are found in all poxvirus infections and their presence is diagnostic.[4] 



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Smallpox , VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Variola and Vaccinia
  • 5682

Anaesthetics and their administration.

London: C. Griffin & Co, 1893.

Hewitt, anesthetist to Edward VII, did much to develop the use of ether, and advanced our knowledge of the pharmacology of anesthetics. In 1892 he introduced the first practical gas and oxygen apparatus.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, ANESTHESIA › Ether
  • 6094

Ueber Sarcoma uteri deciduo-cellulare und andere deciduale Geschwülste.

Arch. Gynäk., 44, 89-148, 1893.

A detailed classification of “deciduomata”, chorionic neoplasms, and a review of the literature.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 6453

Die Medicin der Naturvölker. Ethnologische Beiträge zur Urgeschichte der Medicin.

Leipzig: Th. Grieben's Verlag (L. Fernau), 1893.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 6765

Die hebräischen Uebersetzungen des Mittelalters. 2 vols.

Berlin, 1893.

Reprinted, 1956.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › 15th Century (Incunabula) & Medieval, Jews and Medicine › History of Jews and Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 6558

Geschichte der medicinischen Wissenschaften in Deutschland.

Munich: Oldenbourg, 1893.

Reprinted, Hildesheim, 1966.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Germany
  • 6361

Polyuria and tuberculosis.

Proc. path. Soc. Philad., 16, 282-84; Arch. Pediat., 10, 673-75, 1893, 1893.

“Hand–Schüller–Christian syndrome”, which Hand called polyuria and tuberculosis.



Subjects: Conditions & Syndromes Not Classified Elsewhere, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 4581

On disturbances of sensation with especial reference to the pain of visceral disease.

Brain, 16, 1-133; 17, 339-480; 19, 153-276., 1893, 18941896.

“Head’s areas”, zones of hyperalgesia of skin, associated with visceral disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 6834

The Bower manuscript; Facsimile leaves, Nagari transcript, Romanised transliteration and English translation with notes.

Calcutta: Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing India, 18931897.

Dated to the Gupta era, between the 4th and the 6th century CE, the Bower Manuscript, preserved at the Bodleian Library, Oxford, was written on birch bark in Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit using the Late Brahmi script or Gupta script. The manuscript preserves one of the earliest treatises on Indian medicine (Ayurveda). The medical parts (I-III) may be based on similar types of medical writings antedating the composition of the saṃhitās of CharakaSuÅ›ruta, and thus rank with the earliest surviving texts on Indian tradition medicine, or Ayurveda. A Sanskrit Index was published in 1908, and a revised translation of the medical portions (I,II,and III) in 1909; the Introduction appeared in 1912. For further information on this manuscript see HistoryofInformation.com at this link. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India
  • 7019

Kanyaku maou seibun kenkyuu seiseki (zoku).

Yakugaku Zasshi, 127, 832–860, 1893.

Nagai synthesized methamphetamine from ephedrine.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › Methamphetamine
  • 8094

La photographie médicale: Application aux sciences médicales et physiologiques.

Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1893.

The first book on medical photography. Digital facsimile from http://jubilotheque.upmc.fr at this link.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 8400

Herophilus and Erasistratus: A bibliographical demonstration in the library in the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow, 16th March 1893. Reprinted from the Glasgow Medical Journal for May, 1893.

Glasgow: Printed by Alex. Macdougall, 1893.


Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Hellenistic
  • 8581

Die pharmakologischen Grundsätze (Liber fundamentorum pharmacologiae) des Abu Mansur Muwaffak bin Ali Harawi zum estern Male nach dem Urtex übersetzt und mit Erklärungen versehen von Abdul-Chalig Achundow aus Baku. (aus Bd. 3 (1893) der Historischen Studien aus dem pharmakologischen Institute der Kaiserlichen Universität Dorpat). 2 vols.

Halle: Tausch & Grosse, 1893.

First translation into a modern language.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Persian Islamic Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY
  • 9540

Centenaire de la fondation de Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 10 juin 1793 - 10 juin 1893. Volume commemoratif publiée par les professeurs du muséum.

Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1893.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, MUSEUMS › History of Museums, MUSEUMS › Natural History Museums / Wunderkammern, NATURAL HISTORY › History of Natural History
  • 9637

Brain surgery.

New York: William Wood & Company, 1893.

The first American book on neurosurgery, published the same year as Macewen's pioneering neurosurgical classic (No. 4872). Digital facsimile from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY
  • 10367

Descriptive catalogue of the anatomical and pathological specimens in the museum of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. 3 Vols. Vols. 1 & 2 by Charles W. Cathcart; Vol. 3 by Theodore Shennan. Vol. 1.- The skeleton and organs of motion.

Edinburgh: James Thin, 18931903.

Digital facsimile of vol. 1 from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Scotland, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , PATHOLOGY
  • 10717

Catalogue of the exhibits in the Museum of Hygiene. Medical Department of the United States Navy.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1893.


Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Navy, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 11292

An account of Bellevue Hospital with a catalogue of the medical and surgical staff from 1736 to 1894. Edited by Robert J. Carlisle.

New York: Published by the Society of the Alumni of Bellevue Hospital, 1893.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals
  • 11425

A select bibliography of chemistry 1492-1892.

Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1893.

Bolton, a chemist, was the earliest American bibliographer of chemistry. His first edition, which atempted to list "the principal books on chemistry published in Europe and America from the rise of the literature to the close of the year 1892," included 12,031 titles. A second edition, covering the literature to 1904, and completed posthumously, listed over 14,000 titles.

Digital facsimile of the 1893 edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, Chemistry › History of Chemistry
  • 11810

The Great Barrier Reef of Australia; Its products and potentialities, containing an account, with copious coloured and photographic illustrations (the latter here produced for the first time), of the corals and coral reefs, pearl and pearl-shell, bêche-de-mer, other fishing Industries, and the marine fauna of the Australian Great Barrier region.

London: W. H. Allen & Co., 1893.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage LIbrary at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Australia, ZOOLOGY › Anthozoology
  • 15

Hippocrates Opera. Recensuit H. Kuehlewein. 2 vols.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 18941902.

This Greek edition, originally planned to include the whole collection in seven volumes, was abandoned in 1907 with the founding of the Corpus Medicorum Graecorum series.  Both editions employ manuscripts and methods unknown to Littré to achieve a decisive improvement on his text.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, Medicine: General Works
  • 4472

La désarticulation interilio-abdominale.

Lyon méd., 75, 507-10, 1894.

Interilio-abdominal amputation first described.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 949

Neue Versuche zur Bestimmung der Sauerstoffcapacität des Blutfarbstoffs.

Arch. Anat. Physiol., Physiol. Abt., 130-76, 1894.

Hüfner showed that 1 gm. hemoglobin combines with 1.34 cc oxygen.



Subjects: RESPIRATION
  • 4581.1

Myelocyste, Transposition von Gewebskeimen und Sympodie.

Beitr. path. Anat., 16, 1-28, 1894.

Amold-Chiari malformation (Chiari II malformation). (see No. 4577.1).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4582

Lehrbuch der Nervenkrankheiten.

Berlin: S. Karger, 1894.

The best edition is the English translation of the 5th German edn., 2 vols., London, 1911.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 643

Le mouvement.

Paris: G. Masson, 1894.

Marey, like Muybridge (No. 650-51), was a pioneer in the use of serial pictures as a method of studying the mechanics of locomotion. English translation, 1895.



Subjects: Biomechanics, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 1019

Neue Versuche liber die Aufsaugung im Dunndarm.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 56, 579-631, 1894.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 1112

The influence of mechanical factors on lymph production.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 16, 224-67, 1894.


Subjects: Lymphatic System
  • 1567

Die Lehren von den Funktionen der einzelnen Theile des Ohrlabyrinths.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1894.

Stein studied the functions of separate parts of the labyrinth. This is a translation from the Russian.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 1568

Zur Physiologie des Labyrinths. 3. Mittheilung. Das Hören der labyrinthlosen Tauben.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 59, 258-75, 1894.


Subjects: OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 511

Ueber die Grenzen der Theilbarkeit der Eisubstanz.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol, 59, 379-94, 18941895.

English translation in Loeb’s Studies in general physiology, Vol.l., Chicago, 1905.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 4800

Les affections parasyphilitiques.

Paris: Rueff & Cie, 1894.

Fournier, great French venereologist, introduced the concept of “parasyphilis”. He showed statistically the causal relationship of syphilis to paresis and tabes.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis, NEUROLOGY › Paralysis
  • 4820

Osobyj vid kortikal’noj epilepsii.

Med. Obozrenie, 42, 9-118, 1894.

“Koževnikov’s epilepsy”, an atypical form of cortical origin. German translation by H. Heintel and H. Müller-Dietz, Hamburg, 1974.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy
  • 1372

Atlas des menschlichen Gehirns und des Faserverlaufes.

Berlin: Karger, 1894.

Flatau’s law—“the greater the length of the fibers in the spinal cord the closer they are situated to the periphery”.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 1422

Ueber den sogenannten Granula der Nervenzellen.

Neurol. Zbl., 13, 676-85, 781-89, 810-14, 1894.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1289

Beiträge zur Histologie des Nervensystems und der Sinnesorgane.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1894.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1290

On reflex action from sympathetic ganglia.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 16, 410-40, 1894.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1291

Ueber eine neue Untersuchungsmethode des Centralorgans speciell zur Feststellung der Localisation der Nervenzellen.

Neurol. Zbl., 13, 507-08, 1894.

Nissl’s stain.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1886

The physiological action of the nitrites of the paraffin series, considered in connection with their chemical constitution.

Phil. Trans. B, (1893), 184, 505-639, 1894.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY
  • 1887

The chemistry of ipecacuanha.

Pharm. J., 54, 111-15, 373-74, 690-92, 18941895.

Emetine first obtained in pure form.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Ipecacuanha
  • 2107

Contribution à l’étude du vénin des serpents.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 8, 275-91; 9, 225-51; 1898, 12, 343-47, 1894, 1895.

Calmette carried out extensive investigations on the immunization of animals to venoms. He obtained antivenom sera with therapeutic properties.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 187

Man and woman.

London: W. Scott, 1894.

A study of the constitutional differences between man and woman.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 2546
  • 5110

Ueber die specifische Bedeutung der Choleraimmunität (Bakteriolyse).

Z. Hyg. InfektKr., 17, 355-400; 18, 1-16, 1894, 1895.

Pfeiffer and Isayev recorded the occurrence of bacteriolysis in cholera vibrios under certain conditions: immune bacteriolysis, “Pfeiffer’s phenomenon”. Abridged English translation of second part in Bibel, Milestones in immunology (1988).



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriolysis, IMMUNOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera
  • 1523

Die Retina der Wirbelthiere…In Verbindung mit dem Verfasser zusammengestellt, übersetzt und mit Einleitung versehen von Dr. Richard Greef.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1894.

Classic account of the vertebrate retina. First published in the Belgian review La Cellule, and later translated into German with extensive additions by Ramón y Cajal. Translated into English by Sylvia A. Thorpe and Mitchell Glickstein as The structure of the retina, Springfield: Charles C Thomas, [1972].



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 2232

A collection of the published writings. 2 vols.

London: New Sydenham Society, 18941896.

Gull, one of the best clinicians of his time, spent most of his working life at Guy’s Hospital. He described the spinal lesion of tabes and left an important account of aneurysm. His best works are his description of myxoedema and his original description of arteriolosclerotic atrophy of the kidney.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, Collected Works: Opera Omnia, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 210

Pithecanthropus erectus. Eine menschenähnliche Uebergangsform aus Java.

Batavia (Jakarta), Indonesia: Landesdruckerei, 1894.

Privately issued first report on Homo erectus. In 1891 Dubois discovered remains of what he described as "a species in between humans and apes" at Trinil, Java. He called his finds Pithecanthropus erectus ("ape-human that stands upright") or Java Man. Today, they are classified as Homo erectus ("human that stands upright"). These were the first specimens of early hominid remains found outside of Africa or Europe. Digital facsimile of the 1915 New York facsimile reprint from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Indonesia, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 3513

Eine Methode zur titrimetrischen Bestimmung der hauptsächlichsten Factoren der Magenacidität.

Hoppe-Seyl. Z. physiol. Chem., 19, 104-22, 1894.

Toepfer’s test for hydrochloric acid in gastric juice.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 3180

Nouveau traitement des empyèmes chroniques.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 67, 94-96, 1894.

The procedure of decortication of the lung for treatment of chronic empyema was introduced by Delorme. For his later work on the subject, see Congr. franç. Chir., 1896, 10, 379.



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Thoracic Surgery
  • 3307

Le microbe de l’ozène.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 8, 292-317, 1894.

Loewenberg found a bacillus of the Friedländer group in ozena.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3308

The pathological and clinical features of atrophic rhinitis.

J. Laryng., 8, 96-110, 1894.

Classic paper on atrophic rhinitis (ozena).



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3308.1

Studien zur bacteriellen Diagnostik der Diphtherie und der Anginen.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 20, 920-23, 1894.

“Plaut’s angina” (necrotizing ulcerative gingivostomatitis). He noted the association of fusiform bacilli in ulcerating lesions of the tonsils. Vincent (see No. 3309) gave the first comprehensive description of this condition.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, DENTISTRY › Oral Pathology , OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3774

La splenomegalia con cirrosi del fegato

Sperimentale, , 48, Com. e riv., 447-52; Sez. biol., 407-32., 1894.

“Banti’s syndrome”, Splenomegalic anemia. Reprinted with translation in Med. Classics, 1937, 1, 901-27. (For his earlier work on the subject, see No. 3126.)



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis, Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 4225

Operation for the relief of valve formation and stricture of the ureter in hydro- or pyo-nephrosis.

J. Amer. med. Assoc., 22, 335-43, 1894.

Fenger’s operation for stenosis of the uretero-pelvic junction.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery
  • 4226

A vizelet fagypontjának diagnostikus érteke. [The diagnostic value of the freezing point of urine.]

Budapesti k. orvosegy, iki évokönyve, 74-75., 1894, 1895.

Korányi established cryoscopy of the urine as a kidney function test. See also his later papers in Z. klin. Med., 1897, 33, 1-54; 1898, 34, 1-52. Previously H. Dreser had made experiments on this subject; for these see Arch. exp. Path., 1892, 29, 303-19.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Hungary, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology › Tests for Kidney Function
  • 3999

Les tricophyties humaines.

Paris, 1894.

In his extensive studies of the role of fungi in skin diseases, Sabouraud revived and elaborated the discoveries of Gruby (Nos. 4030, 4034-36), which had remained neglected for half a century. See also No. 4116.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Fungal Skin Infections
  • 4000

Die Histopathologie der Hautkrankheiten.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1894.

This monumental work is a landmark in dermatological history. Sir Norman Walker translated it into English in 1896. Unna, short in stature but a giant among dermatologists, initiated the study of the skin by means of diascopy and gave several original descriptions of affections of the skin. The acne bacillus is described for the first time on p. 357.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Cutibacterium acnes, DERMATOLOGY › Dermatopathology, PATHOLOGY › Histopathology
  • 3022.2

Stab wound of pericardium; resection of rib; suture of pericardium; recovery.

Trans. med. Assoc. (Missouri), 218-23, 1894.

“This was the first report in America and probably world-wide in which there was a successful evacuation of a traumatic hemopericardium and a suture placed in the pericardium. Dalton’s patient was operated on in September, 1891… The patient survived his ordeal and was discharged from the hospital in three and a half months” (Rutkow).



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 4116

La teigne trichophytique et la teigne spéciale de Gruby.

Paris: Rueff & Cie, 1894.


Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4117

Étude sur le parasite du “pied de Madura”.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 8, 129-51, 1894.

Isolation of Streptothrix (Actinomyces) madurae.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Actinomyces, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4364.1

Des moyens prothétiques destinés à obtenir la réparation des parties osseuses.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 67, 289-92, 1894.

Total prosthetic replacement of shoulder (p. 291) using an artificial joint made of hardened rubber and platinum. English translation in Bick, Classics of orthopaedics, 443-46.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices › Joint Replacement, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Shoulder
  • 5063

Contribution à l’étude de la diphtérie (sérum thérapie).

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 8, 609-39, 1894.

Roux and Martin demonstrated the value of Behring’s specific antitoxin in the treatment of human diphtheria, and showed how it could be produced on a large scale.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Toxin-Antitoxin, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 5120

Loimographia. An account of the great plague of London in the year 1665. By William Boghurst. Now first printed from the British Museum Sloane Ms. 349, for the Epidemiological Society of London. Edited by J.F. Payne.

London: Shaw & Sons, 1894.

This work was written in 1666 and first published as above. Boghurst, an apothecary, did good work during the great plague; in his book he differentiated plague from typhus. Payne’s introduction to the book contains some valuable historical data.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Typhus
  • 4188

Uretero-ureteral anastomosis; uretero-ureterostomy.

Ann. Surg., 19, 70-77, 1894.

Kelly’s method of uretero-ureteral anastomosis included the use of the catheter as a temporary ureteral splint.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4188.1

Ueber die Radikaltherapie der Ektopia vesicae urinariae.

Wien. med. Wschr., 44, 1113-5, 1169-72, 1209-10, 1256-8, 1297-1301, 1894.

Maydl’s operation, uretero-intestinal anastomosis.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 5125

La peste bubonique à Hong-Kong.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 8, 662-67, Paris, 1894.

Yersin discovered the plague bacillus Pasteurella (Yersinia) pestis, isolating it from excised buboes. He published the first account of this organism. Preliminary note in C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 1894, 119, 356.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Pasteurella, BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Yersinia pestis, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans)
  • 5126

The plague in the East.

Brit. Med. J., 2, 615-16, 1894.

Rennie appears to be the first seriously to support the theory of transmission of the plague bacillus by rats and to present evidence in support of that theory.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans)
  • 4949

Grundriss der Psychiatrie in klinischen Vorlesungen.

Leipzig: G. Thieme, 18941900.

Wernicke made valuable contributions to the subject of sensory aphasia, mind-blindness, and apraxia. He correlated all psychic action with the function of speech, each perversion being interpreted as showing a minus or plus activity.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY, NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 4429

A method of treating simple oblique fractures of the tibia and fibula more efficient than those in common use.

Trans. clin. Soc. Lond., 27, 167-75, 1894.

Lane’s method of “osteo-synthesis” in the treatment of fractures – the perfect re-apposition of the affected parts by means of operative intervention.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 5938

Ueber die eitrige metastatische Ophthalmie, besonders ihre Aetiologie und prognostische Bedeutung.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 40, Pt. 2, Abt. 4, 103-97, 1894.

Classic account of metastatic ophthalmia. 



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5939

Conjonctivite lacrymale à pneumocoques des nouveau-nés.

Ann. Oculist. (Paris), 112, 369-73, 1894.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis, PEDIATRICS › Neonatology
  • 5639

De l’asepsie et antisepsie en obstétrique.

Paris: G. Steinheil, 1894.

Tarnier was the first to adopt Listerism in obstetrics. In the discussion following a paper in Trans. int. med. Congr., London, 1881, 4, 390-391, he showed that he was the first to employ carbolic acid solution in obstetrics.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis
  • 5640
  • 5777

The results of operations for the cure of cancer of the breast performed at the Johns Hopkins Hospital from June, 1889, to January, 1894.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Rep., 4, 297-350, plate XII, 18941895.

Halsted’s operation invariably excised the pectoralis major muscle in radical mastectomy. His operation, modified by the retention of the pectoral muscles, remains the cornerstone of surgical treatment of carcinoma of the breast. Plate 12 shows the first use of rubber gloves during an operation. See No. 5640. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1938, 3, 441-509.

Depicts the use of rubber gloves during an operation by Halsted. In a later paper (J. Amer. med. Ass., 1913, 60, 1123-24) he gives some account of this, from which it appears that he was responsible for this innovation. In Johns Hopk. Hosp. Rep., 1891, 2, 308-10, he advised the assistant to use rubber gloves while treating wounds. Halsted originally developed rubber gloves to protect the hands of his operating room nurse, who was allergic to the antisepsis chemicals. That nurse later became Mrs. Halsted. Also published in Ann. Surg., 1894, 20, 497-555. See also No. 5777.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Diseases of the Breast
  • 5682.1

Further observations on the use of oxygen with nitrous oxide.

J. Brit. dent. Ass., 15, 380-87, 1894.

Includes description of Hewitt’s nitrous oxide/oxygen stopcock.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Nitrous Oxide, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Anesthetic Apparatus
  • 6204

Taglio lateralizzato del pube, suoi vantaggi, sua technica.

Ann. Obstet. Ginec., 16, 649-67, 1894.

Gigli’s saw, first used for pubiotomy. German translation, Zbl. Chir., 1894, 21, 409-11.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 5245

On the nature and significance of the crescentic and flagellated bodies in malarial blood.

Brit. med. J., 2, 1306-08, 1894.

Manson’s mosquito–malaria hypothesis. See also his Gulstonian Lectures in Lancet, 1896, 1, 695-98, 751-55, 831-33.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 6342.1

The care and feeding of children.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1894.

A commonsense work written for parents and caretakers of children rather than for physicians. This brief book achieved a popular success unrivalled by any previous American medical publication. It was the forerunner of “Dr. Spock” and related works.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS
  • 237

Materials for the study of variation treated with especial regard to discontinuity in the origin of species.

London: Macmillan, 1894.

Bateson was convinced that discontinuity was the more important type of variation among animals and plants “in some unknown way a part of their nature and not directly dependent upon natural selection at all”. He showed that Darwin’s concept of variation needed modification.



Subjects: EVOLUTION, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 6395

Medical history from the earliest times.

London: Scientific Press, 1894.

A classic brief history up to the early 19th century. Reprinted 1964.



Subjects: History of Medicine: General Works
  • 6582

The medical profession in Upper Canada, 1783-1850.

Toronto, Canada: W. Briggs, 1894.

Rescues from oblivion many historical facts and discusses the pioneer medical men of Canada. Biographies of many famous physicians of Canada are included. Reprinted Toronto, 1980.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada
  • 8939

Lanfrank's "Science of Cirurgie." Edited from the Bodeian Ashmole MS. 1396 (ab. 1380 A.D.) and the British Museum Additional MS. 12, 056 (ab. 1420 A.D.) by Robert v. Fleischhacker.

London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co, 1894.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, SURGERY: General
  • 8970

Kystophotographischer Atlas.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 1894.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , UROLOGY
  • 10595

Klinische Abbildungen: Sammlung von Darstellungen der Veränderung der äusseren Körperform bei inneren Krankheiten.

Berlin: Julius Springer, 1894.

Includes 57 fine heliogravure reproductions of artistic photographs of disease, including numerous congenital deformities. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 11121

Les accouchements dans les beaux-arts, dans la littérature et au théatre.

Paris: G. Steinheil, 1894.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 11210

Bibliographia Paracelsica: Besprechung der unter Theophrast v. Hohenheim's Namen 1527-1893 erschienenen Druckschriften. By Karl Sudhoff.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 1894.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors, Chemistry › History of Chemistry
  • 11267

Hospitals dispensaries and nursing. Papers and discussions in the International Congress of Charities, Correction and Philanthropy, Section III, Chicago, June 12th to 17th, 1893. Edited by John S. Billings and Henry M. Hurd.

Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press & London: The Scientific Press, Limited, 1894.

Includes almost 90 articles on all aspects of hospitals and nursing, by luminaries such Henry Burdett, Lavinia Dock, Cardinal Gibbons, Isabel Hampton, Henry Lyman, and Lewis Pilcher, among dozens of others. Florence Nightingale contributed a 20-page chapter on "Sick Nursing and Health Nursing." There are illustrations and floor plans of several hospitals, including 19 relating to the Johns Hopkins Hospital, which had opened just five years earlier. Billings had designed the hospital and Hurd was its superintendent. This book provides valuable insight into the dramatic changes in patient care taking place as hundreds of new hospitals were being built across the United States and in Europe. This was an age when hospitals were becoming a locus for active care, much of which would be delivered by nurses, rather than institutions that housed the poor and dying. The fifth chapter concerns "First Aid to the Injured", and begins with Ueber Blutlose Operationen by Friedrich von Esmarch.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Emergency Medicine, HOSPITALS, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, NURSING
  • 11273

On chorea and choreiform affections.

Philadelphia: F. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1894.

"One year after Charcot's death, Osler published On Chorea and Choreiform Affectations (1894), and in this pithy monograph, Osler offered a particularly useful evaluation of Charcot's neurological contributions. Whereas in most instances, Osler and Charcot agreed, Osler used data from the new fields of genetics and bacteriology to draw a dear distinction between two entities that Charcot had failed to separate, Sydenham's chorea and Huntington's disease. Osler's On Chorea uniquely captures the transition period between the 19th and 20th centuries. With clarity and insight, Osler documents Charcot's important contributions on disease description, differential diagnosis, and treatment. But with equal sobriety, he delineates Charcot's and his generation's limitation, as the 20th century opens toward the search for neurological causes and embraces new laboratory and experimental methodologies" Goetz, "William Osler: On chorea; On Charcot" (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10716267).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY, NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Chorea
  • 11390

Chirurgie opératoire du système nerveux. 2 vols.

Paris: Rueff & Cie, 18941895.

Among the innovations that Chipault made in neurosurgery were the removal of the underyling dura in meningiomas, a new laminectomy technique, development of small clamps for closing a scalp incision, the treatment of hydrocephalus by tapping the venticles through a burr hole. He proposed a scheme of craniectomies for treatment of craniosynostosis, and pioneered the use of wires and steel splints in the stabilization of the spine in trauma and deformities.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

 



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY
  • 11652

Lectures on the diagnosis of abdominal tumors. Reprinted from the New York Medical Journal.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1894.

This 165-page "monograph, based on lectures delivered to the postgraduate class at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1893, includes 67 case reports and 43 illustrations, some of which are photographs that depict patients or autopsy findings. Osler delivered separate lectures on tumors of the stomach, liver, gall bladder, intestines, and kidney. Harvey Cushing explained that these 'carefully prepared lectures on 'The Diagnosis of Abdominal Tumors', [were] subsequently collected and published (1895) in book form....It was evidently his intent to compare, so far as possible, the provisional clinical diagnoses of the cases with the subsequent findings at autopsy or at operation.' Cushing 1:391. It is important to appreciate that Osler's monograph was published before the discovery of X-rays. Maude Abbott claimed, 'These lectures are based on post‑mortem findings with histological studies of the specimens, and thus will always have a permanent value for the clinico‑pathologist.' Abbott (1939) 65." (W. Bruce Fye). 

Digital facsimile from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, PATHOLOGY
  • 11967

Geschichte der Pflanzeneinführungen in die europäischen botanischen Gärten.

Leizpig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1894.

Digital facsimile from publikationsserver.tu-braunschweig.de at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Gardens › History of Botanical Gardens
  • 12087

A contribution to the history of medicine in Southern California. Annual address of the retiring President of the Souther California Medical Society, Delivered at San Diego, August 8, 1894.

[Los Angeles?], circa 1894.

Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › California
  • 12456

Quelques observations expérimentales sur l'influence de l'insomnie absolue.

Arch. Ital. Biol., 21, 322-325, 1894.

The first experimental study of sleep deprivation. Manaseina "performed her experimental investigation on 10 puppies (2, 3, or 4 months old), fed by their mothers, by keeping the animals in constant activity. The experiment came to the straightforward conclusion that "the total absence of sleep is more fatal for the animals than the total absence of food", since the dogs could be rescued after 20-25 days of starvation, but they were "irreparably lost" after a sleep deprivation of 96-120 hours. De Manaceine also noted that older dogs were more resistant to insomnia than younger ones and that body temperature decreased from the second day of sleep deprivation on and was 4,5, or even 5.8°C lower than normal before the animal's death. After the initial decrease of body temperature (0.5-0.9°C), locomotor activity had started becoming "slower and weaker", and red blood cell counts had decreased. The weight loss of the animals before death was relatively mild (5-13%). The "histological study" of body organs (apparently limited, however, to a macroscopic examination) clearly demonstrated that "the brain was the site of predilection of the most severe and most irreparable changes" (the italics are in the original text): "fat degeneration" in many brain "ganglia", abnormalities of blood vessels (probably including perivascular infiltrates), and small hemorrhages. These changes were very different from those De Manaceine had observed in animals that died of starvation, in which the brain was "remarkably spared". She concluded that her findings provided "a proof of the great importance of sleep for the organic life of animals equipped with a cerebral system, and also entitle to consider a bad paradox the strange opinion regarding sleep as a useless, stupid and even noxious habit" (Marina Bentivoglio and Gigliola Grassi-Zucconi,"The history of sleep advances. The pioneering experimental studies on sleep deprivation," Sleep, 20, 570-76).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Sleep Physiology & Medicine, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 12986

Microphotographischer Atlas der normalen Histologie menschliecher Zähne.

Hagen, Germany: Hermann Risel, 1894.

Walkhoff was one of the first to employ microphotography to illustrate dental histology.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Dental Anatomy & Physiology
  • 13235

Des Kindes Sprache und Sprachfehler.

Leipzig: Verlagsbuchhandlung J. J. Weber, 1894.

Hermann Gutzmann Sr. founded phoniatrics as a medical specialty. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 4473

Désarticulation de l’os iliaque pour sarcome.

Congr. franç. Chir., 9, 823-27, 1895.

First successful hind-quarter amputation.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 644

Elektrophysiologie.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1895.

First exhaustive treatise on electrophysiology. English translation, 2 vols., London, 1896-98.



Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 645

Der Gang des Menschen. 1-6 Abt. (All published.)

Abh. math.-phys. Cl. k. sächs. Ges. Wiss. Leipzig, 21, 25-26, 28, 33, 18951904.

Classic study of the human gait. The authors calculated the external and internal forces involved in walking and described the kinematics and kinetics of the movement. Because of Braune's death in 1892 he could only complete his contributions to part 1; the remaining parts were completed and issued by Fischer. English translation of parts 1 and 2 by Paul Maquet & Ronald Furlong as The human gait. Berlin: Springer, 1987.

1. Versuche an unbelasteten und belasteten Menschen (XX1/4 (1895), 154-322 pp.

2. Die Bewegungen des Gesamtschwerpunktes und der äußeren Kräfte (XXV/1 (1899), 4-130 pp.,

3. Betrachtungen über die weiteren Ziele der Untersuchungen und Überblick über die Bewegungen der unteren Extremitäten (XXVI/3 (1900), 88-170 pp.

4. Über die Bewegungen des Fußes und der auf denselben einwirkenden Kräfte ((XXVI/7 (1901):, 472-556 pp.

5. Die Kinematik des Beinschwingens (XXVIII/5 (1903), 322-418 pp. 

6. Über den Einfluss der Schwere auf die Schwingungsbewegungen des Beines (XXVIII/7 (1904), 564-617  pp.

 



Subjects: Biomechanics, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Kinesiology, PHYSIOLOGY › Biophysics
  • 646

Dictionnaire de physiologie. Vols. 1 - 10, pt. 1. (All published).

Paris: Félix Alcan, 18951928.

By Richet, Langlois, Lapique and numerous co-authors. Covers "A" - Moelle épinière only. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: Dictionaries, Biomedical › Lexicography, Biomedical, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4628

Étude sur l’aphasie chez les polyglottes.

Rev. Médecine, 15, 873-99, 1895.

Important account of paraphrasia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 1020

Thierisches Leben ohne Bakterien im Verdauungskanal.

Hoppe-Seyl. Z. physiol. Chem., 21, 109-21; 22, 62-73; 23, 231-35, 18951896, 18961897.

Proof that healthy life and perfect digestion are possible without the presence of bacteria in the digestive tract.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion, MICROBIOLOGY › Microbiome
  • 430

Handatlas der Anatomie des Menschen. 3 vols.

Leipzig: S. Hirzel, 18951903.

16th edition in English, 1967.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › 20th Century
  • 432

Die anatomische Nomenclatur.

Leipzig: Veit & Co., 1895.

His was largely responsible for the Basle Nomina Anatomica, the first attempt to produce a standard anatomical nomenclature. English translation by L.F. Barker, 1907.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century
  • 1569

Zur Physiologie des Labyrinths. 4. Mittheilung. Die Beziehungen des Grosshirns zum Tonuslabyrinth.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 60, 492-508, 1895.


Subjects: OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 1131

Ueber das normale vorkommen von Jod im Thierkörper.

Hoppe-Seyl. Z. physiol. Chem., 21, 319-30, 481-93; 22,1-17, 18951896.

Demonstration of the presence of iodine in organic combination in the thyroid. Baumann isolated an iodine-containing compound (“Thyrojodin”). The biochemical research stimulated by this work led eventually to the discovery of thyroxine. Second paper is written with E. Roos.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Thyroid, Parathyroids, ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 1143

The physiological effects of extracts of the suprarenal capsules.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 18, 230-76, 1895.

These workers demonstrated the existence of a pressor substance (adrenaline) in the adrenal medulla. Preliminary communications regarding the above appeared in the proceedings of the Physiological Society, J. Physiol., 1894,16, p. i-v; 1895,17, p. ix-xiv.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Adrenals
  • 4758

Contribution à l’étude de l’atrophie musculaire progressive type Duchenne–Aran.

Paris: Progrés Médical & Félix Alcan, 1895.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 512

The embryology of the Unionidae. A study in cell-lineage.

J. Morph. 10, 1-100, 1895.


Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 1226

Ueber die Ursachen der normalen und pathologischen Lagen des Uterus.

Arch. Gynäk., 48, 393-421, 1895.

“Mackenrodt’s ligaments”, the uterosacral ligaments.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System
  • 1423

Les centres moteurs corticaux chez l’homme.

Paris: Rueff & Cie, 1895.

Three papers by Charcot and Pitres in 1877, 1878, and 1883 left no doubt as to the existence of cortical motor centres in man. These were later published in book form (above).



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1424

Anatomie des centres nerveux. 2 vols.

Paris: Rueff & Cie, 18951901.

Classic summary of neuroanatomy at the end of the nineteenth century—comprehensive, beautifully illustrated, and scholarly. It is a goldmine of historical information with an outstanding bibliography.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy › History of Neuroanatomy, NEUROLOGY › History of Neurology, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 1425

The growth of the brain.

London: W. Scott, 1895.


Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY › Neuroembryology, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1474

Die Physiologie des Geruchs.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1895.

For his studies on olfaction and olfactometry Zwaardemaker developed the so-called “camera inodorata” (odorless chamber), or olfactometer.  His instrument to check the patency of the nasal passages is still in use.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, PHYSIOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY › Sensation / Perception
  • 1888

Neue Synthese der Harnsäure und ihrer Methylderivate.

Ber. dtsch. chem. Ges., 28, 2473-80, 1895.


Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 2108

On the rendering of animals immune against the venom of the cobra and other serpents; and on the antidotal properties of the blood serum of the immunised animals.

Brit. Med. J., 1, 1309-12, 1895.

Fraser investigated the possibilities of immunization against cobra venom and obtained “antivenene”, an antivenom serum.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2128.1

Blasengeschwülste bei Fuchsin-Arbeitem.

Arch. klin. Chir., 50, 588-600, 1895.

Rehn noted the frequent appearance of papilloma and carcinoma of the bladder among men employed in the aniline dye industry.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 1751

La mort et la mort subite.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1895.

Brouardel was professor of forensic medicine, Paris. He was to a great extent responsible for the development of that subject in France; he instituted courses of practical instruction at the Paris morgue, and wrote several monographs on forensic medicine. English translation, as Death and sudden death, London, 1897.



Subjects: DEATH & DYING › Legal Death, Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine)
  • 2396

Therapeutische Versuche bei Syphilis.

Wien. med. Wschr., 45, 720-21, 1895.

Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction; see also No. 2397.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 2800

An unpublished physical sign.

Lancet 2, 200-01, 1895.

“Broadbent’s sign” – recession of the intercostal spaces as a sign of adherent pericardium.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Pericardial Diseases
  • 2801

Sphygmomanomètre pour mésurer la pression du sang chez l’homme.

Arch. ital. Biol., 23, 177-97, 1895.

A sphygmomanometer for registering the blood-pressure in the finger was invented by Mosso.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Sphygmogram, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Sphygmomanometer
  • 2547

Contribution à l’ étude du sérum chez les animaux vaccinés.

Ann. Soc. roy. Sci. méd. nat. Brux., 4, 455-530, 1895.

Bordet’s classic paper on the properties of the sera of immunized animals. He showed two different substances (now known as sensitizing antibody and complement) to be involved in the phenomenon of bacteriolysis. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1919. English translation in J. Bordet et al., Studies in immunity, New York, 1909, pp. 8-80.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › Bacteriolysis, IMMUNOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization
  • 2548

Sur la destruction extracellulaire des bactéries dans l’organisme.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur; 9, 433-61, 1895.

See No. 2538



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY
  • 3132

Ueber die Eisentherapie.

Verh. Congr. inn. Med., 13, 133-47, 1895.

Bunge was father to the concept of iron-deficiency anemia.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3514

Modified incision for removal of the vermiform appendix.

Brit. med. J., 2, 1360, 1895.

“Battle’s incision”.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 3515

Colectomy.

Brit. med. J., 1, 1136-39, 1895.

Paul’s operation of extra-abdominal resection of the colon.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 2683

Ueber eine neue Art von Strahlen. (Vorläufige Mittheilung.); Eine neue Art von Strahlen. II. Mittheilung.

Sitzber. phys. -med. Ges. Würzburg, 132-41; Ibid, 11-16, 16-19, 1895, 1896.

The discovery of x rays, which Kölliker later renamed “Roentgen rays”; the foundation stone of the science of roentgenology. For his work, Röntgen was awarded the first Nobel Prize for Physics in 1901. English translation in Nature, (February,) 1896, 53, 274 and 377. See also Röntgen’s third paper on the subject: Weitere Beobachtungen über die Eigenschaften der X-Strahlen. Sitzber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss., Ber., Kl. Phys.-Math., 1897, 576-592. Facsimile reprint of all three papers, English translation, and bibliography in H. Klickstein, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen on a new kind of rays. A bibliographical study, 2 vols., 1966.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, RADIOLOGY
  • 2893

Klinisches über Diuretin.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 56, 209-30, 1895.

In 1895 Askanazy proposed diuretin as a remedy for anginal pain.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Angina Pectoris, PAIN / Pain Management, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cardiovascular Medications
  • 3604.1

Imbrication or lap joint method; a plastic operation for hernia.

Chicago. med. Rec., 9, 67-77, 1895.

Described imbrication of flaps in hernia repairs.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3335

Autoskopie des Larynx und der Trachea. (Laryngoscopia directa, Euthyskopie, Besichtigung ohne Spiegel.)

Arch. Laryng. Rhin. (Berl.), 3, 156-64, 1895.

First direct-vision laryngoscope.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Laryngoscope, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology › Laryngoscopy
  • 3635

Sulla puntura del fegato a scopo diagnostico.

Lav. Congr. Med. interna, Milano, 6, 327-29, 1895.

Liver puncture biopsy.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver, HEPATOLOGY › Tests for Liver Function
  • 3840

Ueber den respiratorischen Gaswechsel unter dem Einfluss der Thyreoidea sowie unter verschiedenen pathologischen Zuständen.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 32, 650-52, 1895.

Magnus-Levy demonstrated the increased metabolic rate in toxic goitre, confirming the work of Müller. His experimental investigations laid the foundation for the modern conception of thyroid function. See also Z. klin. Med., 1897, 33, 269-314.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3918

Ueber die Pentosurie, eine neue Anomalie des Stoffwechsels.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 32, 364-68, 1895.

Pentosuria first described.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Metabolic Disorders › Pentosuria, Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders
  • 3395

On a peculiar affection of the labyrinthine capsule as a frequent cause of deafness.

Trans. 1st Panamer, med. Congr., (1893), pt. 3, 1607-08, 1895.

First report of otosclerosis as a separate clinical entity.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear
  • 2985.1

Ueber Aortenerkrankung bei Syphilitischen und deren Beziehung zur Aneurysmenbildung.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 55, 190-210, 1895.

Döhle clearly defined a specific syphilitic lesion of the aorta as a prerequisite of aortic aneurysm.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 3951

Die Zuckerkrankheit und ihre Behandlung.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1895.

Noorden’s extensive studies on diabetes greatly advanced our knowledge of the subject. He made many observations regarding metabolism in diabetes.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4263

Six successful and successive cases of prostatectomy.

J. cutan. gen.-urin. Dis., 13, 229-39, 1895.

Fuller was the first to accomplish the removal of both intra-vesical and intra-urethral enlargements of the prostate by the process of suprapubic enucleation.



Subjects: UROLOGY › Prostate
  • 4120

Lichen ruber acuminatus und Lichen ruber planus.

Arch. Derm. Syph. (Wien), 31, 1-32, 1895.


Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4121

On the visceral complication of erythema exudativum multiforme.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 110, 629-46, 1895.


Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4873

Zur klinischen Bedeutung der spinalen Punction.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 32, 272-77, 1895.

Fürbringer demonstrated the diagnostic value of spinal puncture.



Subjects: NEUROSURGERY › Spine
  • 4365

The operative treatment of congenital dislocation of the hip-joint.

Trans. Amer. orthop. Ass., (1894), 7, 99-103, 1895.

Lorenz suggested a bloodless method for closed reduction of congenital dislocation of the hip-joint – the “Hoffa–Lorenz” method.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases , ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Hip
  • 4189

Vessie et urètre surnuméraires.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 3 sér., 33, 542-45, 1895.

Péan was first to operate on diverticula of the bladder.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 5127

La peste bubonique. By Alexandre Yersin with L.C.A. Calmette and A. Borrel.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 9, 589-92, 1895.

Successful inoculation of animals with anti-plague vaccine. 



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans)
  • 5170

Sulla preparazione del siero anti-carbonchioso.

Riv. Ig. San. pubbl., 6, 841-43, 1895.

Specific anti-anthrax serum. German translation in Zbl. Bakt., 1895, 1 Abt., 18, 744-45.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Bacillus › Bacillus anthracis, IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Anthrax, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 4428

Ueber den Gang bei angeborener Hüftgelenksluxation.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 21, 21-24, 1895.

“Trendelenburg’s sign” of congenital dislocation of the hip-joint.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases , ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Hip
  • 4978
  • 4999

Studien über Hysterie.

Leipzig & Vienna: Franz Deuticke, 1895.

The foundation of psychoanalysis. Using what they called the cathartic method, in which hysterical patients were made to describe the manifestations of their symptoms in detail, with or without hypnosis, Breuer and Freud were successful in providing the patients with temporary relief from symptoms. Breuer chose not to continue research on these patients. However, Freud, who had studied hypnosis with Charcot (No. 4995), as well as the psychotherapeutic methods of Liébault (Nos. 4994 & 4998) and Bernheim (No. 4995.1), used this work as the basis for development of the method of free association, and the essential psychoanalytic concepts of the unconscious, repression and transference. Abridged English translation, New York, 1909. First complete translation, London, Hogarth Press, 1956.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Hysteria, PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis, Psychoanalysis
  • 5293.1

Beitrag zum klinischen und bacteriologischen Studium der brasilianischen Framboesie oder “Boubas”.

Arch. Dermat. Syph. (Wien), 33, 3-28, 1895.

“Breda’s disease” – Brazilian yaws. English translation New Sydenham Society, 1897.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Brazil, DERMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Treponematoses › Yaws, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Sandfly-Borne Diseases › Leishmaniasis
  • 5529.1

Ueber parasitäre Zelleinschlüsse und ihre Züchtung.

Dtsch. med. Wscbr., 21, Vereins-Beilage, 14, 1895.

“Busse–Buschke disease” –blastomycosis of the skin due to Cryptococcus neoformans. See also No. 5529.2. Busse first described it in Zbl. Bakt., 1894, 16, 175-80.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Fungal Skin Infections, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Mycosis › Blastomycosis
  • 5529.2

Ueber eine durch Coccidien hervorgerufene Krankheit des Menschen.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 21, Vereine-Beilage, 14, 1895.

See No. 5529.1.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Mycosis
  • 5530

La erupción en la enfermedad de Carrión (verruga peruana).

Monitor méd., 10, 309-11, 1895.

“Carrion’s disease” (Oroya fever) was named by the Peruvian physician Ernesto Odriozola, after Daniel Alcides Carrión Garcia (1859-85), a student. In order to prove or disprove the connection between Oroya fever and verruga peruana Carrión had himself inoculated with blood from a patient suffering from verruga peruana, and later died of the disease.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Bartonella › Bartonella Bacilliformis, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Peru, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Sandfly-Borne Diseases › Oroya Fever
  • 5347.1

Case of Filaria loa in which the parasite was removed from under the conjunctiva.

Trans. ophthal. Soc. U.K., 15, 137-67, 1895.

First detailed description of Loa loa. See also Trans. ophthal. Soc. U.K., 1897, 17, 227-32.

Robertson first briefly mentioned this procedure and the Loa Loa worm in a brief article written for him by the editor of Lancet, entitled "Filaria loa - Tuberculous keratitis - Equatorial rupture of the chorid - Cataract", Lancet, October 27, Vol. 2 for 1894, 977-978. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for the 1894 reference.)

 



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Deer Fly (Mango Fly)-Borne Diseases › Loiasis (African Eye Worm) Disease, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmic Parasitology, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 5799

The history and literature of surgery. IN: System of surgery, edited by Frederic S. Dennis, assisted by John S. Billings. 1, 17-144.

Philadelphia: Lea Brothers & Co., 1895.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5940

Vorstellung eines Patientin mit einem sehr ungewöhnlichen Netzhautbeziehungsweise Aderhautleiden.

Ber. ophthal. Ges. Heidelb., 24, 269, 1895.

First description of angiomatosis of the retina – “Hippel’s disease”.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 6096

Conservative surgical treatment of para- and peri-uterine septic diseases.

Amer. gynaec. obstet. J., 6, 769-83, 1895.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6097

Ueber eine eigenthümliche Form des Ovarial carcinoms.

Zbl. allg. Path., 6, 257-64, 1895.

Granulosa cell tumor first described.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 6097.1

Über die sogenannten “decidualen” Geschwülste im Anschluss an normale Geburt, Abort, Blasenmole und Extrauterinschwangerschaft.

Mschr. Geburtsh., 1, 419-38, 513-62, 1895.

Marchand’s theory of the histogenesis of choriocarcinoma (chorionepithelioma). He considered that such tumors derived from trophoblast and not from decidua.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 6098

Über Exstirpation der Vagina.

Zbl. Gynäk., 19, 1-6, 1895.

The operation of excision of the vagina was introduced by Olshausen.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6099

Ueber Uterus-Gonorrhöe.

Verh. dtsch. Ges. Gynäk., 6, 199-223, 1895.

Wertheim emphasized the importance of latent uterine gonorrhoea.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6100

Deciduoma malignum.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Rep., 4, 461-504, 1895.

First case of choriocarcinoma reported in North America.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 6205

Diagnose der frühesten Schwangerschaftsperiode.

Dtsch. med. Wscbr., 21, 565-67, 1895.

Hegar’s sign – softening of the lower segment of the uterus, an early diagnostic sign of pregnancy. It was first described by his assistant, C. Reinl, in Frag. med. Wscbr., 1884, 9, 253-54.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6617

Medical lore in the older English dramatists and poets exclusive of Shakespeare.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 6, 73-84, 1895.

Fletcher, who was born in Bristol, England, assisted J.S. Billings in the creation of the Index-Catalogue (No. 6763).



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Poetry
  • 6649.92

Pioneer work in opening the medical profession to women; autobiographical sketches.

London & New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1895.

Blackwell led the movement in America to open the medical profession to women.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Autobiography, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 5227

Die Geschichte der venerischen Krankheiten. 2 vols.

Bonn: P. Hanstein, 1895.

Vol. 1. Alterthum und Mittelalter. Vol. 2. Neuzeit.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • 6496.2

Geschichte der jüdischen Ärzte. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Medicin.

Berlin: S. Karger, 1895.


Subjects: Jews and Medicine › History of Jews and Medicine
  • 5273

Preliminary report on the tsetse fly disease or nagana, in Zululand.

Durban, South Africa: Bennett & Davis, 1895.

In 1895 Bruce found that nagana, the tsetse fly disease of Zululand, was due to a trypanosome (T. brucei). He described a hematozoon in the blood of the affected animals that had not been previously described.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › South Africa, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Tsetse Fly-Borne Diseases › Sleeping Sickness (African Trypanosomiasis), TROPICAL Medicine
  • 4679

Middx. Hosp. Rep. med. surg. path. Registrars, (1894), 278, 1895.

First description of the Waterhouse–Friderichsen syndrome (Nos. 4685-86). Abstract of post mortem report, no title.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 7408

Anatomische Forschungen über Johann Sebastian Bach's Gebeine und Anlitz nebst Bemerkungen über dessen Bilder. Abh. Sächs. Ges. Wiss., 22/5.

Leipzig: S. Hirzel, 1895.

To authenticate the remains of Johann Sebastian Bach, Wilhelm His senior performed one of the earliest examples of scientific facial reconstructions, reconstructing the soft tissues onto a plaster cast of the skull using facial tissue measurements recorded from a number of cadavers. He employed a sculptor to produce the three-dimensional facial reconstruction. Tim Valentine & Josh P Davis, Forensic facial identification: Theory and practice of identification (2015) 100.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), Music and Medicine
  • 8482

Des insufflations d'air dans le traitement des péritonites tuberculeuses. Thèse de médecine, Lille.

Lille, 1895.

Describes the earliest experiments with artificial pneumoperitoneum by Mosetig-Moorhof, Duran and Nolen and Folet, which were not published formally. See Jean-Jacques Peumery, "1993: Le centenaire du penumopéritoine artificiel," Histoire des sciences médicales, 28 (3), 1994, 211-216. This paper is available from biusante.parisdescartes.fr at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, PULMONOLOGY, PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  • 8653

An atlas of the fertilization and karyokinesis of the ovum.

New York & London: Macmillan, 1895.

The first atlas of photomicrographs showing fertilization and cellular development during mitosis. The photomicrographs were taken by Leaming. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, EMBRYOLOGY, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 9001

Our army nurses. Interesting sketches, addresses, and photographs of nearly one hundred of the noble women who served in hospitals and on battlefields during our civil war.

Boston, MA: B. Wilkins & Co., 1895.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Civil War Medicine, NURSING › History of Nursing, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 9320

The mental development of the child and the race.

New York: Macmillan, 1895.

A central text in the development of social psychology in North America; now also considered a pioneering study of adaptive learning, and in this sense a precursor to research in artificial intelligence. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine , PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY › Child
  • 9528

Leprosy: In its clinical & pathological aspects. Translated by Norman Walker.

Bristol: John Wright & Sons, 1895.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leprosy
  • 10353

Das Recht auf den Tod. Sociale Studie.

Göttingen: Dieterich'sche Verlags-Buchhandlung, 1895.

This work is considered the starting point for a broad philosophical discussion on euthanasia in the German-speaking world. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: DEATH & DYING › Euthanasia, Ethics, Biomedical
  • 11345

Sur la grotte de la Mouthe (Dordogne).

Assoc. Français pour l'Avancement des Sciences, Compte rendue de la 24me session, 1ère part., 313-314 , 1895.

The first report on the discovery and excavation of La Grotte de la Mouthe. This cave, found in 1894 and excavated by Rivière in 1895, was the fourth paleolithic cave art site discovered, after Altamira, Chabot and Pair-non-Pair, but it was probably the most instrumental in convincing the scientific establishment of the authenticity of cave paintings. Along with the paintings Rivière discovered one of the earliest carved stone oil lamps, dating from about 17,000 years before the present, proving that early man would have had the means to produce enough light to create the cave paintings deep within the interior of caves. The La Mouthe cave paintings, discovered in a cave that had been sealed for centuries, helped to prove the validity of the Altamira paintings and of Paleolithic cave art in general. The La Mouthe cave art consists of over 200 paintings and wall engravings of bison, horses, reindeer, cats and wolves, together with two human hands and a tectiform (rooflike) drawing. 



Subjects: EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 11890

Essentials of vegetable pharmacognosy: A treatise on structural botany, designed especially for pharmaceutical and medical students, pharmacists and physicians. Part 1. The gross structure of plants by Henry H. Rusby. Part 2. The minute structure of plants by Smith Ely Jelliffe.

New York: D. O. Haynes & Co., 1895.

A detailed guide to the way that botanic drugs were identified and produced in America at the end of the 19th century. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 12284

Zur Dynamik des Herzmuskels.

Z. Biol., 32, 370-477, 1895.

"In his postdoctoral work (Habilitationsschrift) Frank investigated the isometric and isotonic contractile behaviour of the heart and it is this work that he is best known for. Frank's work on this topic preceded that of Ernest Starling, but both are usually credited with providing the foundations of what is termed the Frank–Starling law of the heart. This law states that "Within physiological limits, the force of contraction is directly proportional to the initial length of the muscle fiber" (Wikipedia article on Otto Frank, accessed 4-2020).

Translated into English with commentary by Carlton B. Chapman & Eugene Wasserman, "Translators note in relation to a Special Article 'On the Dynamics of Cardiac Muscle' by Otto Frank," American Heart Journal , 58 (1959) 282-317.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Anatomy of the Heart & Circulatory System
  • 12876

La cocaine en chirurgie.

Paris: G. Masson, 1895.

The first French book on local anesthesia.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Cocaine
  • 13330

Psychologie des foules.

Paris: Félix Alcan, 1895.

"Le Bon theorised that the new entity, the "psychological crowd", which emerges from incorporating the assembled population not only forms a new body but also creates a collective "unconsciousness". As a group of people gather together and coalesces to form a crowd, there is a "magnetic influence given out by the crowd" that transmutes every individual's behaviour until it becomes governed by the "group mind". This model treats the crowd as a unit in its composition which robs every individual member of their opinions, values and beliefs; as Le Bon states: "An individual in a crowd is a grain of sand amid other grains of sand, which the wind stirs up at will".

"Le Bon detailed three key processes that create the psychological crowd: i) Anonymity, ii) Contagion and iii) Suggestibility. Anonymity provides to rational individuals a feeling of invincibility and the loss of personal responsibility. An individual becomes primitive, unreasoning, and emotional. This lack of self-restraint allows individuals to "yield to instincts" and to accept the instinctual drives of their "racial unconscious". For Le Bon, the crowd inverts Darwin's law of evolution and becomes atavistic, proving Ernst Haeckel's embryological theory: "ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny". Contagion refers to the spread in the crowd of particular behaviours and individuals sacrifice their personal interest for the collective interest. Suggestibility is the mechanism through which the contagion is achieved; as the crowd coalesces into a singular mind, suggestions made by strong voices in the crowd create a space for the racial unconscious to come to the forefront and guide its behaviour. At this stage, the psychological crowd becomes homogeneous and malleable to suggestions from its strongest members. "The leaders we speak of," says Le Bon, "are usually men of action rather than of words. They are not gifted with keen foresight... They are especially recruited from the ranks of those morbidly nervous excitable half-deranged persons who are bordering on madness" (Wikipedia article on Gustav Le Bon, accessed 7-2021).



Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY › Social Psychology
  • 4503

On a form of chronic joint disease in children.

Med.-chir. Trans., 80, 47-59, 18961897.

“Still’s disease”, chronic articular rheumatism in children. See also Nos. 4499 and 6356.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS, RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 4583

Sur le réflexe cutané plantaire dans certaines affections organiques du système nerveux central.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 48, 207-08, 1896.

Plantar reflex or Babinski response or Babinski sign.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4584

A case of circumscribed unilateral, and elective sensory paralysis.

J. exp. Med., 1, 348-60, 1896.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4585

The physiology and pathology of the cerebral circulation.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1896.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurovascular Disorders, Neurophysiology
  • 647

On the absorption of fluids from the connective tissue spaces.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 19, 312-26, 1896.

Starling discovered the functional significance of the serum proteins.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Clinical Chemistry, HEMATOLOGY
  • 4680

Beobachtungen und Versuche über den Meningokokkus intracellularis (Weichselbaum–Jaeger).

Jb. Kinderheilk., 43, 1-22, 1896.

Heubner was the first to isolate meningococci from the cerebrospinal fluid of living beings.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions › Cerebrospinal Meningitis
  • 433

Handbuch der Anatomie des Menschen. 32 parts.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 18961934.

An important collective work.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 20th Century
  • 444.1

The diary of a resurrectionist 1811-1812, to which are added an account of the resurrection men in London and a short history of the passing of the Anatomy Act.

London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1896.

First-hand account of the activities of the so-called “sack-em-up” men who flourished in England and Scotland until passage in 1832 of the Anatomy Act provided legal means for physicians to obtain cadavers for dissection. The text of this book may be read at Project Gutenberg at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › History of Anatomy, Crimes / Frauds / Hoaxes, LAW and Medicine & the Life Sciences › Legislation, Biomedical
  • 1569.1

Note sur la variation éléctrique (courant d’action) déterminée dans le nerf acoustique par le son.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), 48, 690-92, 1896.

Beauregard and Dupuy recorded the action potential in the auditory nerve of the frog.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 1131.1

The chemistry of the thyroid gland and the nature of its active constituent.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 20, 474-96, 1896.

Isolation of a globulin afterwards named thyroglobulin.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Thyroid, Parathyroids
  • 1178.1

Einige Versuche über Ovarientransplantation bei Kaninchen.

Zbl. Gynäk., 20, 524-28, 1896.

Knauer implanted ovaries into immature or castrated animals, producing development of sexual characteristics, thus demonstrating the existence of an ovarian hormone.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Gonads: Sex Hormones
  • 1179

Ueber die Bildung des Corpus luteum bei der Maus.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 47, 261-308, 1896.


Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Gonads: Sex Hormones
  • 1371

Der Hund mit verkürtzen Rückenmark.

Pflüg. Arch. Ges. Physiol. 63, 362-400, 1896.

Goltz and Ewald succeeded in impregnating a bitch after its spinal cord had been severed.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 2000

Om anvendelse medicinen af koncentrerede kemiske lysstraaler.

Copenhagen: , 1896.

Finsen was the founder of modern phototherapy. He demonstrated the value of invisible light, the actinic or chemical ray, the ultra-violet ray, as therapeutic measures. He received the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1903.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS
  • 1426

Das Menschenhirn. Studien in der makroskopischen Morphologie. 2 vols.

Stockholm: P. A. Norstedt, 1896.

Retzius studied a large series of subprimate, simian, and human brains, and clarified some of the more difficult problems of cerebral morphology.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1889

Ueber das Pyramidon, ein Antipyrinderivat.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 33, 1061-63, 1896.

Filehne was responsible for the introduction of amindopyrine (pyramidon).



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 2109

Le vénin des serpents.

Paris: Soc. d'Editions Sci., 1896.


Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 1932.3

Ricerche batteriologische e chimiche sulle alterazioni del mais; contributo all’etiologia della pellagra.

Riv. Ig. San. pubbl., 7, 825, 869, 961, 1896.

First recorded scientific observations on the action of a penicillin. Gosio produced an antibacterial crystalline substance from Penicillium glaucum.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Antibiotics › Penicillin
  • 1524

Ueber die Funktion der Netzhautstäbchen.

Z. Psychol. Physiol. Sinnesorg., 9, 81-123, 1896.

 On the function of the retinal rods.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 1766.602

Die geschichtliche Entwicklung des ärztlichen Standes und der medicinischen Wissenschaften.

Berlin: Friedrich Wreden, 1896.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession
  • 2802

Practical aids in the diagnosis of pericardial effusion, in connection with the question as to surgical treatment.

Brit. med. J., 1, 717-21, 1896.

Pulmonary collapse at the left base in pericardial effusion – “Ewart’s sign”.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Pericardial Diseases
  • 2803

Ueber chronische unter dem Bilde der Leberzirrhose verlaufende Perikarditis (perikarditische Pseudoleberzirrhose) nebst Bemerkungen über die Zuckergussleber.

Z. klin. Med., 29, 385-410, 1896.

“Pick’s disease” – pericardial pseudocirrhosis of the liver.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver
  • 2804

Un nuovo sfigmomanometro.

Gaz. med. Torino, 47, 981-96, 1001-17, 1896.

Riva-Rocci’s sphygmomanometer marked the end of the search for a simple clinical method of estimating the blood-pressure. Abridged English translation in Ruskin (No. 3160.1).



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Sphygmomanometer
  • 2804.1

A method for more fully determining the outline of the heart by means of the fluoroscope together with other uses of this instrument in medicine.

Boston med. surg. J., 135, 335-337, 1896.

Estimation of heart size by fluoroscope, first application of x rays to cardiology.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, IMAGING › X-ray
  • 2549
  • 5036

Eine neue Methode zur raschen Erkennung des Choleravibrio und des Typhusbacillus.

Münch, med. Wschr., 43, 285-86, 1896.

The discovery of bacterial agglutination. Gruber and Durham discovered the agglutinating action of the serum of typhoid patients upon the typhoid bacillus. First briefly reported by Durham: On a special action of serum of highly immunized animals, and its use for diagnostic and other purposes. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond., 1986, 59, 224-26.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Salmonella › Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi , IMMUNOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever
  • 2550
  • 5037

Recherches de la réaction agglutinante dans le sang et le sérum desséchés des typhiques et dans la sérosité des vesicatoires.

Bull. Mém. Soc. méd. Hôp. Paris, 3 sér., 13, 681-82, 1896.

Developing the work of Gruber and Durham, Widal noted that a patient’s serum could be tested with bacteria of known type and his disease identified by this means. They demonstrated specific agglutinins in the blood of typhoid patients, making possible an agglutination reaction for the diagnosis of typhoid, the“Gruber-Widal test”.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever, Laboratory Medicine › Blood Tests
  • 3516

Zur Anwendung des Röntgenschen Verfahrens in der Medicin.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 22, 202-03, 1896.

Becher introduced a solution of lead into the stomach of a guinea-pig, making it opaque to x rays; he thus showed the possibility of radiological diagnosis of gastric disease.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System, IMAGING › X-ray
  • 3516.1

Ueber Gastroskopie.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 33, 275-78, 298-301, 325-27, 1896.

Rosenheim’s gastroscope.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Gastroscope
  • 2684

The discovery of a bullet lost in the wrist by means of the Roentgen rays.

Lancet, 1, 476-77, 1896.

This was probably the first published report of the clinical use of x rays (February 22).



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, RADIOLOGY
  • 2684.1

The clinical application of the roentgen rays in surgical diagnosis.

Am. J. med. Sci. 111, 256-61, 1896.

First clinical application in America, published in March, 1896.



Subjects: RADIOLOGY
  • 2001
  • 2684.2

Sur les radiations émises par phosphorescence.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 122, 420-21, 1896.

The discovery of radioactivity – research stimulated by Roentgen’s discovery of x rays. Becquerel shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903 with Pierre and Marie Curie.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Radiation (Radiotherapy), RADIOLOGY, Radiation Oncology
  • 2684.3
  • 3689

The x-ray and its application to dentistry.

Dental Cosmos, 38, 478-86, 1896.

First dental radiography in America.



Subjects: DENTISTRY, RADIOLOGY
  • 2685

A few remarks on experiments with Roentgen rays.

Electricity, New York, 10, 68-69, 1896.

Introduction of the intensifying screen.



Subjects: RADIOLOGY
  • 3181

Die Specksteinlunge. Ein Beitrag zur pathologischen Anatomie der Staublungen.

Beitr. path. Anat., 20, 81-101, 1896.

Talcosis of lung reported.



Subjects: RESPIRATION › Respiratory Diseases
  • 2686

Stereoscopic Roentgen pictures.

Electrical World, New York, 27, 280, 1896.

Invention of the Roentgen stereoscope.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, RADIOLOGY
  • 2686.1

A method for more fully determining the outline of the heart by means of the fluorescope together with other uses of this instrument in medicine.

Boston med. surg. J. 135, 335-337, 1896.

Estimation of heart size by fluoroscope, first application of x rays to cardiology.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, IMAGING › X-ray
  • 2710

Epistaxis répété chez un sujet porteur de petits angiomes cutanés et muqueux.

Gaz. Hop. (Paris), 69, 1322-23, 1896.

Rendu’s account of multiple hereditary telangiectasis (“Rendu–Osler–Weber disease”).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiovascular System › Diseases of Cardiovascular System, GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS › Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease
  • 3309

Sur l’étiologie et sur les lésions anatomo-pathologiques de la pourriture d’hôpital.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 10, 488-510, 1896.

Vincent described a fusiform bacillus and a spirillum which, in association, were responsible for hospital gangrene. Later, in Arch. int. Laryng., 1898, 11, 44-48, he showed these two organisms to be present in “Vincent’s angina” (acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis), also known as "trench mouth."



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Spirochetes › Borrelia , DENTISTRY › Oral Pathology , OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3636

Calculs du rein. Calculs de la vésicule biliaire.

Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 35, 410-11, 1896.

Chappuis and Chauvel were the first to study biliary concretions by means of Roentgen rays.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Renal Calculi (Kidney Stones)
  • 3840.1

Deaf-mutism and goitre.

Lancet, 2, 532, 1896.

Pendred syndrome, a genetic disorder leading to congenital bilateral (both sides) sensorineural hearing loss and goitre with euthyroid or mild hypothyroidism (decreased thyroid gland function). 



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid , GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS, OTOLOGY › Deafness
  • 3841

Die chronische, zur Bildung eisenharter Tumoren führende Entzündung der Schilddrüse.

Verh. dtsch. Ges. Chir., 25, 101-05, 1896.

Riedel described a type of chronic inflammation of the thyroid (“Riedel’s disease”).



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3857

Sugli effeti dell’ estirpazione delle ghiandole paratiroidee.

Riv. Patol. nerv. ment., 1, 95-99, 1896.

Demonstration that tetany follows removal of the parathyroids. A French translation of the paper is in Arch. ital. Biol., 1896, 25, 459-64.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Parathyroids
  • 4226.1

Sur un série de quarante opérations pratiquées sur la rein.

Rev. Chir., 16, 882-4, 1896.

First planned nephrostomy.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery
  • 2998

The operative treatment of varicose veins, with especial reference to a modification of Trendelenburg’s operation.

Intercolon. med. J. Aust., 1, 393-407, 1896.

Moore’s operation of high resection of the saphenous vein for treatment of varicosities.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY
  • 4293

Roentgen rays. Photography of renal calculus.

Lancet, 2, 118, 1896.

First radiogram of renal calculus.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray, UROLOGY › Urinary Calculi
  • 3023

Fall von penetrirender Stichverletzung des rechten Ventrikel’s. Herznaht.

Zbl. Chir., 23, 1048-49, 1896.

Rehn was the first successfully to suture a wound of the human heart.



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 3688

The “x” rays in the practice of dental surgery.

J. Brit. dent. Ass., 17, 624-28., 1896.

Harrison was the first to describe a method of making dental radiographs.



Subjects: DENTISTRY, IMAGING › X-ray
  • 4122

Des “tubercules” cutanées.

Ann. Derm. Syph. (Paris), 3 sér., 7, 1431-36, 1896.

Darier grouped together, under the heading “tuberculides”, the skin eruptions associated with tuberculosis.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 4123

A peculiar affection of the mucous membrane of the lips and the oral cavity.

J. cutan, gen.-urin. Dis. 14, 413-19, 1896.

Fordyce, remembered for the description of “Fox–Fordyce disease”, also described a pseudocolloid of the buccal mucosa, which is known as “Fordyce’s disease”.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4125

Sopra una dermatosi telangettode non ancora descritta “Purpura annularis” “Telangectasia follicularis annulata” studio clinico.

G. ital. Mal. vener. 31, 242-43, 1896.

Purpuraannularis telangiectodes (Majocchi) first described.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 5035

Infections paratyphoïdiques.

Bull. Soc. méd Hôp. Paris, 3 sér., 13, 820-33, 1896.

Isolation of Salmonella paratyphi B. First use of the term “paratyphoid fever”.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Paratyphoid Fever, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis
  • 4365.1

Un cas de déformation congénitale des quatre membres, plus prononcée aux extrémités, charactérisée par l’allongement des os avec un certain degré d’amincissement.

Bull. Mém. Soc. méd. Hôp. Paris, 3 sér., 13, 220-26, 1896.

“Marfan syndrome”. Marfan described only the skeletal deformities. He called the condition dolichostenomelia. Later writers recorded bilateral ectopia lentis and cardiovascular complications in this syndrome.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS › Marfan Syndrome, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases
  • 4366

Deformities: A treatise on orthopaedic surgery.

London: Macmillan, 1896.

Includes a valuable discussion of congenital anomalies of the bones and joints from the orthopedic point of view. Greatly expanded second edition, 2 vols., London, 1912.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases , ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments
  • 5088

Der Keuchhusten.

Vienna: A. Hölder, 1896.

An important history of whooping cough.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › History of Infectious Disease, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Whooping Cough
  • 5111

Zur aktiven Immunisierung des Menschen gegen Cholera.

Zbl. Bakt., Abt. I, 19, 97-104, 1896.

Kolle introduced the killed cholera vaccine.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Vaccines, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera
  • 4950

Der psychologische Versuch in der Psychiatrie.

Psychol. Arb., 1, 1-91, 1896.


Subjects: PSYCHIATRY
  • 5491

Influenza und Dengue.

Vienna: A. Hölder, 1896.

Forms Bd. IV, Teil 1 of Nothnagel’s Specielle Pathologie und Therapie.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Influenza
  • 5755.1

Zwei neue Methoden der Rhinoplastik.

Arch. klin. Chir., 53, 255-265, 1896.

First free bone graft to the nose. Abridged English translation in No. 5768.2.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty, TRANSPLANTATION
  • 5530.1

A case of blastomycetic dermatitis in man.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Rep., 1, 269-83, 1896.

Gilchrist’s description of blastomycosis (“Gilchrist’s disease”, “Busse-Buschke disease”, Nos. 5529.1 and 5529.2), is an important contribution to the knowledge of the infectious granulomata involving the skin.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Fungal Skin Infections, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Mycosis › Blastomycosis
  • 5778.1

On the treatment of inoperable cases of carcinoma of the mamma: suggestions for a new method of treatment, with illustrative cases.

Lancet, 2, 104-07, 162-65, 1896.

Öophorectomy in the treatment of breast cancer.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma, SURGERY: General › Diseases of the Breast
  • 5942

Note sur un diplobacille pathogène pour la conjunctiva humaine.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur., 10, 337-45, 1896.

Morax and Axenfeld (No. 5941) independently isolated a diplobacillus which causes a chronic conjunctivitis – the Morax – Axenfeld haemophilus.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Haemophilus, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis
  • 5361

Notizen zur Helminthologie Aegyptens. Die Lebensgeschichte des Anchylostomum duodenale (Dub.).

Zbl. Bakt., I Abt., 20, 865-70; 24, 441-49, 483-88, 1896, 1898.

Looss elucidated the life cycle and mode of transmission of the hookworm. See also No. 5365. English translation in Kean (No. 2268.1).



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Egypt, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES › Hookworm Disease, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Hookworms
  • 5444

The diagnosis of the invasion of measles from a study of the exanthema as it appears on the buccal mucous membrane.

Arch. Pediat., 13, 918-22, 1896.

Koplik, American pediatrician, was the first to note and report on “Koplik’s spots”, the buccal spots which are an important early diagnostic sign in measles.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Measles, PEDIATRICS
  • 6101

Ueber das Fibrosarcoma ovarii mucocellulare (carcinomatodes).

Arch. Gynäk., 50, 287-321, 1896.

Original description of “Krukenberg’s tumor”.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 6102

Ueber den künstlichen Ersatz der Scheide.

Zbl. Gynäk., 20, 546-50, 1896.

Mackenrodt’s operation for the plastic reconstruction of the vagina.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY
  • 6103

Über Blasen-Gonorrhöe.

Z. Geburtsh. Gynäk., 35, 1-10, 1896.

Wertheim demonstrated the gonococcus in acute cystitis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6618

Medicine and kindred arts in the plays of Shakespeare.

Glasgow: J. Maclehose, 1896.


Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Drama › Shakespeare
  • 5205.1

The lupoid form of the so-called “groin ulceration” of this colony.

Brit. Guiana med. Annu., 8, 13-29, 1896.

Granuloma inguinale distinguished from other similar lesions in the genital region.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Guyana, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
  • 5212

Ulcerative endocarditis due to the gonococcus; gonorrheal septicemia.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 7, 57-63, 1896.

Thayer and Blumer found the gonococcus in cases of gonorrheal endocarditis.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Gonorrhoea & Trichomonas Infection
  • 6719

Physicians and surgeons of America. (Illustrated.) A collection of biographical sketches of the regular medical profession.

Concord, NH: Republication Press Association, 1896.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States
  • 6486

A short history of Aryan medical science.

London: Macmillan, 1896.

From the Wikipedia: "Bhagvatsingh Sahib GCSI GCIE was the ruling Maharaja of the princely state of Gondal from 1869 till his death in 1944, in whose reign the state was raised to 11-gun salute state.[1] He was the only Maharaja to take a medical degree and other degrees. Bhagvatsingh was educated at The Rajkumar College, Rajkot[2] followed by the University of Edinburgh in 1892, where he graduated as a medical doctor in 1895 and became a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, the only princely ruler ever to do so. In 1894, he became the President of the Organising Committee of the 8th International Congress of Hygiene and Demography at Budapest. He later rose to become Vice-President of the Indian Medical Association." 2nd ed., Gondal, 1927. Digital facsimile of the 1896 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.    



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India
  • 6562

Medicina popolare siciliana.

Torino: Clausen, 1896.

English translation, Lawrence, Kansas, Coronado Press, 1971.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Italy
  • 238

The cell in development and inheritance.

New York: Macmillan, 1896.

Wilson emphasized the function of cytology in the study of embryology, heredity, evolution and general physiology. The above work has been called the single most influential treatise on cytology of the 20th century. The third edition was extensively revised and enlarged as The cell in development and heredity, 1925. 



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, BIOLOGY › Developmental Biology, EMBRYOLOGY, EVOLUTION
  • 6660

JANUS. Archives Internationales pour l’Histoire de la Médecine, 1-

Amsterdam, 1896.

Subtitle changed to Revue Internationale de l’Histoire des Sciences, de la Médicine, de la Pharmacie, et de la Technique.



Subjects: Periodicals Specializing in the History of Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 8435

De Alcmaeone Crotoniata scripsit Ioannes Wachtler.

Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1896.

Greek texts of the fragments and testimonia with commentary in Latin. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece
  • 9007

Das konträre Geschlechtsgefühl von Havelock Ellis und J. A. Symonds. Deutsche Original-Ausgabe Besorgt unter Mitwirkung von Dr. Hans Kurella.

Leipzig: Georg H. Wigand, 1896.

This work, translated into English as Sexual inversion in 1897, became the first English language medical textbook on homosexuality. It was published as the second volume of Ellis's Studies in the psychology of sex. Digital facsimile of the 1896 edition from Google Books at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1901 second edition in English, with informative prefaces to both the first and second editions in English, from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY, SEXUALITY / Sexology, SEXUALITY / Sexology › Homosexuality
  • 9319

A new factor in evolution.

American Naturalist, 30, 441-451, 536-553., 1896.

The Baldwin effect. "In evolutionary biology, the Baldwin effect describes the effect of learned behavior on evolution. In brief, James Mark Baldwin suggested that an organism's ability to learn new behaviors (e.g. to acclimatise to a new stressor) will affect its reproductive success and will therefore have an effect on the genetic makeup of its species through natural selection. Though this process appears similar to Lamarckian evolution, Lamarck proposed that living things inherited their parents' acquired characteristics. The Baldwin effect has been independently proposed several times, and today it is generally recognized as part of the modern evolutionary synthesis" (Wikipedia article on Baldwin effect, accessed 04-2017). Digital text of the paper from brocku.ca at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION, PSYCHOLOGY
  • 9639

Atlas of nerve cells. With the cooperation of Oliver S. Strong and Edward Leaming.

New York & London: , 1896.

Photomicrographs by Leaming. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 9905

Les asphyxies par les gaz, les vapeurs et les anesthésiques.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1896.


Subjects: ANESTHESIA, Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), TOXICOLOGY
  • 10052

Kehrt zur Natur zurück! Die wahre naturgemäße Heil- und Lebensweise. Wasser, Licht, Luft, Erde, Früchte und wirkliches Christentum.

Jungborn: A. Graf, 1896.

Translated into English from the 4th enlarged German edition and published by the translator, Benedict Lust as: Return to nature! The true natural method of healing and living and the true salvation of the soul. (New York, 1903). Full text from soilandhealth.org at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Naturopathy
  • 10382

Catalogue of the medicinal plants in the Museum of the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain.

London: Printed for the Pharmaceutical Society...., 1896.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 10607

Versuche über Photographie mittelst der Röntgen’schen Strahlen.

Vienna, 1896.

"Eder was the director of an institute for graphic processes and the author of an early history of photography. With the photochemist Valenta, he produced a portfolio in January 1896, less than a month after Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen published his discovery of X-rays. Eder and Valenta’s volume... demonstrated the X-ray’s magical ability to reveal the hidden structure of living things. Human hands and feet, fish, frogs, a snake, a chameleon, a lizard, a rat, and a newborn rabbit are all presented in exquisitely printed photo-gravures, as are carved cameos and an assortment of natural materials. In an era when photography’s ability to accurately depict the visible world had become commonplace, this newfound capacity to record the invisible opened up a host of possibilities, both scientific and aesthetic" (https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/296322, accessed 05-2018).



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , RADIOLOGY
  • 10608

14 Photographien mit Röntgen-strahlen aufgenommen im physikaloschen Verein zu Frankfurt A. M.

Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth, 1896.

This collection of x-ray photographs published within a few months of Röntgen's discovery includes applications in archaeology and anthropology (x-rays of mummies) and forensic medicine (for the investigation of gunshot wounds),



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , IMAGING › X-ray, RADIOLOGY
  • 10793

Anomalies and curiosities of medicine: Being an encyclopedic collection of rare and extraordinary cases, and of the most striking instances of abnormality in all branches of medicine and surgery, derived form an exhaustive research of medical literature from its origin to the present day, abstracted, classified, annotated, and indexed.

Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 1896.

Digital facsimile of the 1900 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ODDITIES & Curiosities, Biomedical, PATHOLOGY, TERATOLOGY
  • 10825

Medical and dental colleges of the west: Historical and biographical.

Chicago, IL: Oxford Publishing Company, 1896.

Covers institutions in Chicago and environs: Augustana Hospital, the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital, Mercy Hospital, Michael Reese Hospital, Northwestern University Medical School, Northwestern University Woman's Medical School, Post-Graduate Medical School and Hospital, Rush Medical College, and St. Luke's Hospital. Also the Battle Creek, Michigan sanitarium. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American Midwest, DENTISTRY, Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Illinois
  • 10836

Biological experimentation: Its function and limits.

London: George Bell & Sons, 1896.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works › Experimental Design, Medicine: General Works › Experimental Design › Vivisection / Antivivisection
  • 11077

Further report on the tsetse fly disease or nagana, in Zululand.

London: Harrison & Sons, 1896.

In this more-detailed follow-up to his "preliminary" paper of 1895 published in Durban, South Africa, Bruce provided definitive proof that the Trypanosoma was the cause of nagana, and the tsetse fly was the vector of transmission. He showed the part of the tsetse fly which took part in causation of nagana, described the trypanosoma, proved the connection between big game and spread of the disease, and provided a treatment for the disease (prophylactic and curative) using arsenic in the animals. 

In this paper Bruce also credited Lady Bruce, a trained laboratory technician, for help with the experiments. Sir David and Lady Bruce comprised the complete team in the "First British Nagana Commission to Zululand." Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

(Thanks to Juan Weiss for this reference and its interpretation.)



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › South Africa, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Tsetse Fly-Borne Diseases › Sleeping Sickness (African Trypanosomiasis), TROPICAL Medicine
  • 11380

L'action bactericide des eaux de la Jumna et du Gange sur le vibrion du cholera.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 10, 511-523, 1896.

Hankin described the antibacterial activity of a then-unknown source in the Ganges and Jumna Rivers in India. He noted that "It is seen that the unboiled water of the Ganges kills the cholera germ in less than 3 hours. The same water, when boiled, does not have the same effect. On the other hand, well water is a good medium for this microbe, whether boiled or filtered." He suggested that this unknown source was responsible for limiting the spread of cholera. Some observers have considered this account an early observation of bacteriophage activity. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera, VIROLOGY › Bacteriophage
  • 11584

Notes on the coronary arteries.

Med. Surg. Reporter (Philad.), 75, 1-6, 1896.

Dock recorded one of the earliest diagnoses of myocardial infaction in a living patient: "The diagnosis was mymalacia folling coronary sclerosis with secondary pericarditis. This was based on the history of increasing dyspnea and heart pain, without evidence of disease in lungs or kidneys, or other (valvular) diseases of the heart. the history of the acute attack indicating infaction, and the acute onset of pericarditis without other cause." As historian Joshua Leibowitz commented, "this concise diagnosis, logically derived, formulated in scientific terms, and made at the bedside, is one of the first clear-cut and definitive modern contributions to our subject [the history of coronary heart disease]" (quoted by W. Bruce Fye).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Myocardial Infarction
  • 11823

Race traits and tendencies of the American Negro.

New York: American Economic Association, 1896.

Hoffman was statistician for the Prudential Insurance Company of America. This work, "Hoffman's first, characterized African Americans as exceptionally disease-prone. The work was motivated by a concern about issues of race, and also the need of insurance companies to justify the higher life insurance premiums charged to African Americans. An 1897 critique of this work by Kelly Miller in occasional papers of the American Negro Academy of Washington, D.C., pointed out sampling problems with the 1890 census, which was the statistical basis of the work, and that there were insufficient adjustments for environmental factors" (Wikipedia article on Frederick Ludwig Hoffman, accessed 2-2020).

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 12454

Le sommeil, tiers de notre vie. Pathologie, physiologie, hygiène, psychologie. Traduit de Russe avec l'autorisation de l'auteur par Ernest Jaubert.

Paris: G. Masson, 1896.

Perhaps the first book on the physiology of sleep. The author examines the physiology, pathology, hygiene, and psychology of sleep, including the differences between the waking and sleeping states, the general phenomena of sleep, reflex movements, the brain during sleep, talking in sleep, attention during sleep, theories of sleep, the fear of darkness, the influence of light, dreams, etc.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link. Translated into English as Sleep: Its physiology, pathology, hygiene, and psychology. London: Walter Scott Ltd., 1897. Digital facsimile of the English translation from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Sleep Physiology & Medicine, PSYCHOLOGY, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 12949

Journal of the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks...during Captain Cook's first voyage in H.M.S. Edeavour in 1766-71 to Terra de Fuego, Otahite, New Zealand, Australia, the Dutch East Indies. Etc. Edited by Sir Joseph D. Hooker.

London: Macmillan & Co., 1896.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Argentina, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Australia, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › French Polynesia, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › New Zealand, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 13046

Ueber den Einfluss des atmosphärischen Kohlensäuregehalts auf die Temperatur der Erdoberfläche.

Bihang Till K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handlingar, 22, 1-102, Stockholm, 1896.

Arrhenius used basic principles of physical chemistry to estimate the extent to which increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide are responsible for the Earth's increasing surface temperature, the "greenhouse effect."



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment › Climate Change
  • 13072

On the pigment of the negro's skin and hair.

J. exp. Med., I, 361- 400, 1896.

"In the present state of our knowledge we can only say that it seems highly probable that the pigment of the negro's hair is not different from the dark pigment found in the hair of the white races, and we may infer that the pigment of the black skin differs only in amount and not in kind from that deposited in the skin of the white man" (p. 400). Digital facsimile from PubMedCentral at this link.



Subjects: AFRICAN AMERICANS & MEDICINE & BIOLOGY, DERMATOLOGY, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 13592

Women in medicine.

Bull. Johns Hopk. Hosp., 7, 50-52, 1896.

Kelly was one of the first influential male physicians in America to advocate for the advancement of women physicians. This presentation was primarily a review of Elizabeth Blackwell's Pioneering work in opening the medical profession to women (1895), presented at the [Johns Hopkins] Hospital Historical Club meeting of January 13, 1896.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 1021

Zur Frage über den Bau des Darmkanals.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 49, 7-35, 1897.

The “cells of Kultschitzky” in the epithelium of the intestine, between the cells which line the gland of Lieberkühn.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 1022

Lektsii o rabotie glavnikh pishtshevaritelnikh zhelyoz. [Lectures on the work of the principal digestive glands.]

St. Petersburg, Russia: I. N. Kushnereff, 1897.

Pavlov made perhaps the greatest contribution to our knowledge of the physiology of digestion. Especially notable was his method of producing gastric and pancreatic fistulae for the purpose of his experiments. The second published edition was a German translation by A. Walther, Wiesbaden, J.F. Bergmann, 1898. The work was translated into English in 1902, with a second edition appearing in 1910. A translation of Pavlov’s description of the stomach pouch devised by him is in J. F. Fulton’s Selected readings in the history of physiology, 2nd ed., 1966, pp. 192-93. Pavlov was awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology in 1904. See also No. 1445.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 719.1

Alkoholische Gärung ohne Hefezellen.

Ber. dtsch. chem. Ges., 30, 117-24, 1110-13, 2668-78, 1897.

Discovery of cell-free fermentation, the turning point in the study of enzymes. Buchner received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1907 for this work. Third paper written with R. Rapp.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 950

Fisiologia dell’uomo sulle Alpi. Studii fatti sul Monte Rosa.

Milan: frat. Treves, 1897.

Mosso made important investigations on respiration at high altitudes. He considered that the respiratory symptoms produced at high altitudes were due to lack of carbon dioxide. English translation, London, 1898.



Subjects: Altitude or Undersea Physiology & Medicine, RESPIRATION
  • 4708.2

Die infantile Cerebrallähmung.

Vienna: A. Hölder, 1897.

Freud gave an excellent description of the various forms of cerebral palsy, with precise classification of the different spastic symptoms; he also mentioned the extra-pyramidal symptoms. This work forms Bd. IX, II Theil, II Abt. of H. Nothnagel’s Specielle Pathologie und Therapie.  Translated into English by Lester A. Russin as Infantile cerebral paralysis (Coral Gables: University of Florida Press, 1968.)



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Child Neurology, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders, NEUROLOGY › Paralysis
  • 1573

A contribution to the history of the respiration of man.

London: J. & A. Churchill, 1897.


Subjects: PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology, PULMONOLOGY
  • 1574

Die historische Entwicklung der experimentellen Gehirn- und Rückenmarksphysiologie vor Flourens.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1897.

Unsurpassed coverage of the experimental physiology of the brain and spinal cord up to the work of Flourens. The best edition is the extensively annotated English translation as The historical development of experimental brain and spinal cord physiology before Flourens  by E. S. Clarke, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 1330

Ueber die Primitivfibrillen in den Ganglienzellen von Menschen und andern Wirbelthieren.

Jena Morphol. Arb. 7, 95-116, 1897.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System
  • 1144

On the blood-pressure-raising constituent of the suprarenal capsule.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 8, 151-57, 1897.

Abel and Crawford further investigated the pressor substance of Oliver and Schäfer calling it “epinephrine”.



Subjects: Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Adrenals
  • 4759

Existe-t-il une atrophie musculaire progressive Aran-Duchenne?

Rev. neurol. (Paris), 5, 686-90, 1897.

Marie disbelieved in the Aran–Duchenne type of muscular progressive atrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 513

Normentafeln zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Wirbelthiere. 16 pts.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 18971938.


Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 514

The development of the frog's egg; an introduction to experimental embryology.

New York: Macmillan, 1897.

First work in English on experimental embryology.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 515

Die frühesten Differenzirungsvorgänge in Centralnervensystem.

Wilhelm Roux Arch. EntwMech. Org., 5, 81-132, 1897.


Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 2002

Demonstration eines mit Röntgenstrahlen behandelten Falles von Naevus pigmentosus pilosus.

Wien. klin. Wschr., 10, 73-74, 1897.

First use of x rays for deep irradiation therapy.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, RADIOLOGY, THERAPEUTICS
  • 1631

The purification of sewage and water.

London: Sanitary Publ. Co, 1897.

Dibdin introduced the bacterial system of sewage purification. Previously he had devised the contact system.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 127

Experimental morphology. 2 pts.

New York: Macmillan, 18971899.


Subjects: BIOLOGY
  • 1427

Atlas des Gehirns. 2 pts.

Wroclaw (Vratislava, Breslau): Schletter, 18971900.


Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 2037

La thérapeutique des vieux maîtres.

Paris: Soc. d'Editions Sci., 1897.


Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › History of Therapeutics
  • 1475

Untersuchungen über die Sinnesfunctionen der menschlichen Haut. I. Druckempfindung und Schmerz.

Abh. k. sächs. Ges. Wiss. (Lpz.), math.-phys. Cl., (1896), 23, 169-266, 1897.

In his investigations on cutaneous sensibility Frey introduced his method of testing the sensitiveness of pressure points by means of bristles mounted in a handle.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Physiology of the Skin, PSYCHOLOGY › Sensation / Perception
  • 1890

Die chemischen Grundlagen der Lehre von der Giftwirkung und Desinfection.

Z. Hyg. InfektKr., 25, 1-112, 1897.

Krönig and Paul described a new method for the quantitative study of disinfection and laid the foundation of modern knowledge of disinfectants.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Disinfectants
  • 1706

The chances of death and other studies in evolution. 2 vols.

London: E. Arnold & Co., 1897.


Subjects: EVOLUTION, Statistics, Biomedical
  • 2308

Adaptation in pathological processes.

Trans. Congr. Amer. Phys. Surg., 4, 284-310; also in Amer. J. med. Sci., 1897, 113, 631-55, 1897.

Reproduced in Bibliotheca Medica Americana, Baltimore, 1937, Vol. 3.



Subjects: PATHOLOGY
  • 2333

Ueber neue Tuberkulinpräparate.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 23, 209-13, 1897.

Koch’s new tuberculin (Tuberculin R).



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 1752

L’infanticide.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1897.


Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine)
  • 1753

La pendaison, la strangulation, la suffocation, la submersion.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1897.


Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine)
  • 1766

Medicinische Deontologie.

Berlin: O. Coblentz, 1897.


Subjects: Ethics, Biomedical
  • 2510

Contribution à l’ètude des intoxications alimentaires. Recherches sur des accidents à caractères botuliniques provoqués par du jambon.

Arch. Pharmacodyn., 3, 213-350, 499-601, 1897.

Cl. botulinum was discovered by van Ermengem in cases of food poisoning.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Clostridium, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Food-Borne Diseases › Botulism, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2395

Les chancres extra-génitaux.

Paris: Rueff & Cie, 1897.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 2805

Heart disease.

London: Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1897.

Chapter 17 includes J. Broadbent’s classic description of adherent pericardium. See Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 712-15, for reproduction of part of this chapter.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Pericardial Diseases
  • 2806

Die angeborenen Defecte der Kammerscheidewand des Herzens.

Z. klin. Med., 32, Suppl.- Heft, 1-28, 1897.

“Riding aorta”, patent interventricular septum and right ventricular enlargement – the “Eisenmenger syndrome”.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 2807

A simple and accurate form of sphygmomanometer or arterial pressure gauge contrived for clinical use.

Brit. med. J., 2, 904, 1897.

Hill and Barnard made an important modification to the Riva-Rocci sphygmomanometer when they substituted a pressure gauge in place of the mercury manometer used for pressure readings.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Sphygmogram, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Sphygmomanometer
  • 2550.1

Über specifische Reactionen im keimfreien Filtraten aus Cholera, Typhus und Pestbouillonculturen, erzeugt durch homologes Serum.

Wien. klin. Woch., 10, 736-38, 1897.

The precipitin reaction, employed for the qualitative identification of antigens and antibodies. English translation in Bibel, Milestones in immunology,(1988) pp. 265-68.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Typhus, Laboratory Medicine › Blood Tests
  • 3228

Chirurgie du poumon en particulier dans les cavernes tuberculeuses et la gangrène pulmonaire.

Paris: Masson & Cie, 1897.

Describes (p. 31) first cure of tuberculosis by removal of lung apex.



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis, PULMONOLOGY › Thoracic Surgery
  • 3517

Ueber Ernährung und Verdauung nach vollständiger Entfernung des Magens, Oesophagoenterostomie, beim Menschen.

Beitr. klin. Chir., 19, 757-76; 23, 589-94, 18971899.

First successful total gastrectomy.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 3518

First removal of the stomach in America.

Amer. J. Surg. Gynec., 109, 157-58, 18971898.

Operation performed by Baldy in 1893. He refers to a claim in J. Amer. med. Ass., 1898, 30, 341-44 giving credit for the first excision of the stomach in America to A. C. Bernays (1854-1907). While Baldy probably deserves priority, the point is moot since neither Baldy’s nor Bernays’ operations were successful.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery
  • 2687

X-ray records for the cinematograph.

Arch. Skiagraphy, 1, 37, 1897.

Macintyre was the first to demonstrate x-ray cinematography.



Subjects: IMAGING › X-ray
  • 3309.1

Photographs of a case of rapid destruction of the nose and face.

J. Laryng., 12, 64-66, 1897.

Malignant granuloma of the nose first described.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Rhinology
  • 3775

Lymphosarkom (Lymphosarkomatose, Pseudoleukämie, Myelom, Chlorom).

Ergebn. allg. Path. path. Anat., (1896), 3, 1 Heft, 652-91., 1897.

“Paltauf-Sternberg disease” (see also No. 3776). On the European Continent the name “Hodgkin-Paltauf-Sternberg disease” is in use.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 3792

On a condition of mixed premature and immature development.

Med.-chir. Trans., , 80, 17-45., 1897.

Hastings Gilford gave progeria its name; it was first fully reported by him in Practitioner, 1904, 73, 188-217.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS
  • 2967

Resection of arteries and veins injured in continuity – end to end suture – experimental and clinical research.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.) 51, 73-88, 1897.

Successful suture of femoral artery, 1896. This was one of the earliest end-to-end anastomoses of arteries ever performed.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 3396

Ueber die funktionelle Prüfung des menschlichen Gehörorgans. 3 vols.

Wiesbaden: J. F. Bergmann, 18971909.

Bezold introduced important tests for audition.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests
  • 3397

Verh, dtsch. otol. Ges., 6, 143, 1897.

First attempt at improving hearing by fenestration. No title; forms part of a paper by R. Passe.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 2986

Multiple aneurysms of the pulmonary artery.

Brit. med. J., 1, 1223, 1897.

Churton was the first to recognize this condition at necropsy.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms
  • 3023.1

Ueber penetrirende Herzwunden und Herznaht.

Arch. klin. Chir., 55, 315-29, 1897.

Before 1896 wounds of the heart had always been regarded as fatal. Rehn’s work marks the begining of cardiac surgery. English translation in Callahan, Keys & Key, Classics of Cardiology, vol. 3, 34-44.  See

See Karel B. Absolon and Mohammad Naficy, First successful cardiac operation in a human 1896: A documentation. The life, the times and the work of Ludwig Rehn (1849-1930). Rockville, MD, 2002.



Subjects: CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 4126

La séborrhée grasse et la pelade.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 11, 134-59, 1897.

Acne bacillus first cultivated.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Cutibacterium acnes, DERMATOLOGY
  • 4367

Ueber eine seltene Form von Erkrankung der Knochen und Gelenke.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 23, 152-55, 1897.

“Bruck’s disease” – deformity of bones, multiple fractures, ankylosis of joints, and muscular atrophy.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases
  • 5064

Die Wertbestimmung des Diphtherieheilserums.

Klin. jb., 6, 299-326, 1897.

Ehrlich improved Behring’s diphtheria antitoxin through quantitative titration and established an international standard for this and other antitoxins. This was the beginning of the concept of biological standardization. The first exposition of Ehrlich’s side-chain theory appeared in this paper. Abridged English translation in Bibel, Milestones in immunology (1988).



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization, IMMUNOLOGY › Toxin-Antitoxin, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Diphtheria
  • 5099

Die Aetiologie des seuchenhaften (“infectiösen”) Verwerfens.

Z. Thiermed., 1, 241-78, 1897.

Discovery of Brucella abortus.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Spirochetes › Borrelia , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Brucellosis
  • 5100

Mediterranean, Malta, or undulant fever.

London: Macmillan, 1897.

An authoritative summary of current knowledge of Malta fever.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Malta, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Brucellosis
  • 5101

On the application of the serum test to the differential diagnosis of typhoid and Malta fever.

Lancet, 1, 656-59, 1897.

Agglutination test for the diagnosis of undulant fever.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Brucellosis
  • 4190

Eine neue Modifikation des Harnleiterkatheters.

Zbl. Krankh. Ham-u. SexOrg., 8, 8-13, 1897.

With Nitze’s operative cystoscope it became possible to excise bladder tumors in situ.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 5128

Ueber die Pestepidemie in Formosa.

Zbl. Bakt., Abt. I, 21, 769-77, 1897.

Ogata considered the flea (principally Xenopsylla cheopis) to be the principal, if not the sole, vector of bubonic plague infection.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans), PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 5941

Beiträge zur Aetiologie der Bindehautenzündungen. Ueber chronische Diplobacillenconjunctivitis.

Ber. ophthal. Ges. Heidelb., (1896), 25, 140-55, 1897.

Description of the diplobacillary form of chronic conjunctivitis.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Conjunctivitis
  • 6105

Sur un nouveau procédé d’hystérectomie abdominale totale; la section médiane de l’utérus.

Presse méd., 5, ii, 237-38, 1897.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy
  • 6106

Bakteriologie des weiblichen Genital-Kanales. 2 vols.

Leipzig: A. Georgi, 1897.


Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY, MICROBIOLOGY › Microbiome, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6206

Een geval van ovariaalzwangerschap (zwangerschap in een Graafschen follikel).

Ned. T. Verlosk. Gynaec., 8, 157-68, 1897.

First description of ovarian pregnancy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6719.1

The pioneers of homoeopathy.

Philadelphia: Boericke & Tafel, 1897.

Brief biographies of about 500 homepathic physicians from all countries who were practitioners prior to 1835. In the first part Bradford docmented the lives of those who assisted Hahnemann. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 5246

On the flagellated form of the malarial parasite.

Lancet, 2, 1240-41, 1897.

MacCallum reported at a meeting of the British Association his observation of the mode of fertilization of the malarial parasite of birds; two months later he announced that he had found the same to hold good for the human parasite.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 5247

On some peculiar pigmented cells found in two mosquitoes fed on malarial blood.

Brit med. J., 2, 1786-88, 1897.

Ross proved that the mosquito was responsible for the transmission of malaria. On 20 August 1897, he found Laveran’s Plasmodium in the stomach of the Anopheles mosquito after it had fed on the blood of malaria patients. See also the earlier paper in the same journal, 1897, 1, 251-55.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, PARASITOLOGY › Plasmodia › P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. knowlesi
  • 6342.2

The diseases of infancy and childhood.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1897.

The first really complete and authoritative American text on the subject.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS
  • 239

The average contribution of each several ancestor to the total heritage of the offspring.

Proc. roy. Soc. Lond., 61, 401-13., 1897.

Galton’s “law of ancestral heredity”.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 4504

Polyarthrite tuberculeuse simulant des lésions rhumatismales chroniques déformantes.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 70, 1219, 1897.

Tuberculous rheumatism (“Poncet’s disease”). See also his later paper in Bull. Acad. Méd. (Paris), 1902, 3 sér., 48, 97-114.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 6867

Repertory of the homoeopathic materia medica.

Lancaster, PA: Examiner Printing House, 1897.

1349 pp. In his Divided Legacy: the Bacteriological Era (1994) Harris Coulter commented, “The most remarkable contribution to Homoeopathic practice since the death of Constantine Hering (1880) was the Repertory of J. T. Kent.”  Digital facsimile of the second, revised edition of 1908 at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy
  • 6954

Autobiography of Andrew T. Still, with a history of the discovery and development of the science of osteopathy. Together with an account of the founding of the . . . . . American School of Osteopathy; and lectures delivered before that institution from time to time during the progress of the discovery.

Kirksville, MO: Published by the Author, 1897.

Still founded osteopathy, and opened the first school of osteopathy, now A.T. Still University, in 1892. He was also an early promoter of preventive medicine and the philosophy that physicians should focus on treating the disease rather than just the symptoms. (American-trained osteopathic physicians (D.O.s) are licensed to practice medicine and surgery throughout the U.S., and are recognized in sixty other countries.) Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Osteopathy
  • 8725

The history of the Pennsylvania Hospital 1751 to 1895. By Thomas G. Morton, assisted by Frank Woodbury.

Philadelphia: Times Printing House, 1897.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Pennsylvania
  • 8881

Fundamentos racionales y condiciones téchnicas de la Investigación biológica.

Madrid: L. Aguado, 1897.

For the second edition (Madrid: Fortanet1899) Ramón y Cajal changed the title to Reglas y consejos sobre investigación cientifica. He added Los tónicos de la voluntad to the fourth ediition (Madrid: Fortanet, 1916). Neely Swanson and Larry W. Swanson translated the fourth edition into English as Advice for a young investigator (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,1999).



Subjects: Medicine: General Works › Experimental Design
  • 9005

The adult: A journal for the advancement of freedom in sexual relationships. 3 vols.

London: The Legitimation League, 18971899.

When I created this entry in February 2017 there was, inexplicably, no digital facsimile of this rare periodical on the web; however, there was an exceptionally excellent and most comprehensive finding aid available from the University of Pennsylvania PACSCL website at this link, the narrative from which I quote:

Biography/History

"The Adult began in June, 1897 as the “organ of the Legitimation League,” a London organization initially dedicated to securing the legal rights of illegitimate children. The Adult ran for twenty monthly issues, surviving a prosecution for obscenity and undergoing a significant change of editorship in the wake of that scandal. Its editor, the Legitimation League’s Honorable Secretary George Bedborough, wrote in the first issue that the journal’s pages would “be open for the discussion of important phases of sex questions which are almost universally ignored elsewhere.”

The Legitimation League was founded in 1893 by Oswald Dawson to advocate for and legally register illegitimate children, who were often unrecognized by their families and had few legal rights. As a legal campaign, the League was closely tied to the larger Personal Rights movement and was easily backed by the late Victorian era’s steadily growing Secularist establishment. Under Dawson’s influence, the League voted in 1895 to expand its agenda to include the promotion of free unions—cohabitation without marriage—and by 1897 it was openly advocating for free love. While free unions and free love were clearly antithetical to conventional Victorian morality, they were also, perhaps less obviously, outside the scope of common Secularist morality. Many freethinkers considered the League’s new positions extreme and rescinded their support of the organization (Royle 253).

The Adult was created in 1897 to serve the Legitimation League’s updated agenda. The first issue of the journal carried the subtitle “A Journal for the Advancement of Freedom in Sexual Relationships;” the second, “A Crusade Against Sex-Enslavement;” and the third, “A Journal for the Free Discussion of Tabooed Topics.” Starting with the fourth issue, the journal’s regular subtitle became “The Journal of Sex.” The shifting subtitles reflect both the kinds of topics covered by the publication and the nature of its content. The journal, and the Legitimation League in general, did indeed promote freedom in sexual relationships and crusade against what they perceived as the sexual enslavement of men and women according to the strict moral codes of the late Victorian period, especially the code attached to marriage. In the eyes of the League's members, the strict control of marriage by the Church and the gender roles assigned to each sex in Victorian marriages kept both men and women from realizing their full potential as human beings and members of society. It also resulted in unhappy families: when parents were unhappily married, their children were also likely to be miserable.

From the beginning, the journal was a forum for the discussion of topics related to sex. The Adult covered subjects ranging from the benefits of legalizing prostitution to the relationship between music, religion and sex. Controversial articles were often answered in subsequent issues by letters to the editor or counter-articles: for example, Victor Martell’s article about the Contagious Diseases Acts in the first issue was answered from a woman’s perspective in the following issue by E. Wardlaw Best. The overall project of  The Adult was to give legitimacy to a radical way of thinking about sex: though its varied contributors rarely held a single opinion regarding any issue discussed in its pages, each author sought to demostrate that his position was moral, logical, and supported by scientific evidence. Producing a journal also allowed the Legitimation League to position itself as part of Britain's larger reformist community, which was busy producing circulating literature: between 1890 and 1910, more than 800 labour and sociaist papers were founded there.

About a year into Bedborough’s editorship of The Adult, an undercover detective named John Sweeney entered Bedborough’s office to buy a copy of Dr. Havelock Ellis’s  Sexual Inversion. Ellis’s book, the first in his six-volume series The Psychology of Sex, was the first scientific study of homosexuality printed in English. Bedborough was subsequently arrested for selling what the police considered obscene material. He was prosecuted on eleven charges: one for selling Sexual Inversion, another for selling Orford Northcote’s pamphlet “The Outcome of Legitimation,” and nine related to material published in The Adult (Humpherys 69). Members of the Legitimation League and their friends quickly formed the Free Press Defence Committee to advocate for Bedborough. The Committee “rallied all sorts of radicals, socialists, freethinkers and progressive intellectuals [including G.B. Shaw and Grant Allen], and united the generations in protest” (Royle 277). Much to their chagrin, Bedborough pleaded guilty to the first two charges and one relating to The Adult (essentially admitting guilt for the other eight), and was released on the condition that he would have nothing more to do with the League or The Adult. He wrote in its pages: “I adhere to my resolution not to excuse myself. I am a coward… I thank Henry Seymour, Mr. Foote, and others with all my heart and soul for their work, which I have requited illy indeed” (December 1898, pp. 331).

Havelock Ellis thought that Bedborough had been targeted as a threat to him and his work, but Ellis was never prosecuted, nor were his publishers. Bedborough's prosecution was instead aimed at the Legitimation League. Before he was arrested, an investigation into The Adult by the Public Prosecutor had found that the content of the magazine was “within the law” and that “there was never any suggestion of indecorous behavior at League meetings.” Even so, police worried that the success of  The Adult and the Legitimation League gave “support and meeting venues for political groups more active and dangerous” and so targeted Bedborough (Humpherys 70).

Upon Bedborough’s incarceration, Henry Seymour, editor of the journal The Anarchist, took control of The Adult. During Bedborough’s prosecution, the journal became a source for news about the trial and a vehicle for the Free Press Defence Commission, and Seymour emblazoned the cover with the headline “Prosecuted for Obscenity!!” in bold type. After Bedborough pleaded guilty, The Adult published his apology to the League, and his former supporters lamented his lack of courage in its pages (December 1898).

After the ordeal was over, Seymour, who was a “free thinker, anarchist and socialist” but not the advocate of sexual freedom that Bedborough was, softened the content of the journal (Royle 254). He changed The Adult’s subtitle to the less controversial “An Unconventional Journal” and filled the issues with “inoffensive” articles and his own fiction (Humpherys 70). He even went so far as to say in the January 1899 issue that the journal had once been “nominally” connected to the Legitimation League but that it had “no connection under the present editorship” (24). The journal only lasted nine months under Seymour’s editorship. In Ann Humphery’s words,"  The Adult floundered for want of a clear and separate identity but mainly lack of funds” (Seymour repeatedly requested financial help from readers in the final issues). Without the Legitimation League and without Bedborough,  The Adult served little purpose and received little support. Though the front cover of the journal proudly announced its prosecution for obscenity during Bedborough's trial, no headline announced  The Adult’s end. The final issue includes no elegy, nor even an announcement that the current issue is the last.

Scope and Contents

The Adult ran for twenty monthly issues: the first appeared in June 1897 and publication became monthly that September....

The Adult’s purpose was to freely discuss “tabooed topics,” mostly related to “sex questions.” The Legitimation League, the organization which founded the journal, promoted free unions (cohabitation outside legal marriage) and free love. In  The Adult, freethinkers discussed the codes of morality and behavior related to sex and marriage that went largely undiscussed in Victorian society and made arguments for the morality of freethinking about sexual relationships. Editor George Bedborough published a range of opinions on varied topics in the journal, from Orford Northcote’s semi-scientific articles about sexual practices to a discussion of the differing effects of sexual liberation on men and women to reviews of the London theatre.

The Adult's content mostly consisted of short articles and letters written to the journal. Bedborough opened each issue with an editorial, usually introducing its contents. Bedborough mainly relied on a regular group of authors, including Orford Northcote, Victor Martell, William Platt, and “Sagittarius,” to contribute the material for the journal. Articles were never illustrated, though Bedborough occasionally published portraits of important members of the Legitimation League. Most issues had a small number of advertisements, either in the front cover, back cover, or both: advertisements were mostly for publications of likely interest to readers, but Bedborough also published a small number of personal advertisements for those interested in the kind of unions promoted by the Legitimation League. For example, from the October 1897 issue: “A middle aged gentleman wishes to correspond with a lady aged 25 to 30 with a view to a permanent union on Ruedebusch’s principles.” Until Bedborough’s trial, many issues of  The Adult updated readers on the Legitimation League’s activity, including a full issue reporting the proceedings of the Legitimation League’s annual meeting (January 1898).

As discussed in the Historical Note above, Bedborough promoted a discursive atmosphere in The Adult’s pages, often publishing replies or counter-articles to pieces that had previously appeared in the journal. He also published the opinion of multiple authors on a single topic as multi-issue series, as in the case of “The Question of Children: A Symposium” (a discussion of what should happen to children who are the product of the free love advocated in The Adult). The series began in July, 1898 with an article by R.B. Kerr and another by Henry Seymour (who would go on to edit  The Adult), and continued with an article from a different author in almost every issue until that November.

After George Bedborough was prosecuted, Henry Seymour became The Adult’s editor. Seymour retained the look of the journal but shifted its content. Rather than writing an editorial article at the front of the journal as Bedborough had, Seymour included several pages of editorial “Memoranda:” short, unrelated paragraphs on current events, the contents of other magazines, and various social and political topics he considered pertinent to readers. Seymour continued to publish articles related to “sex questions,” such as Abdullah Quilliam’s two-part article “Polygamy Considered from a Muslim Standpoint,” but also included poetry and serialized fiction (his own). Seymour filled out  The Adult’s pages with anecdotes, jokes, quotations, and short news items; these are not listed individually in the finding aid. An example from the September 1898 issue: “‘Darling,’ he cried, in tender tones, ‘I never loved but thee!’ ‘Then we must part,’ the maid replied; ‘no amateurs for me!’” The Adult continued to advertise for publications of interest to its readers (including Seymour’s own work), as well as services they might use: Sophie Lepper, “Unitist Free Lover” regularly advertised her services under Seymour’s editorship. Unlike Bedborough, however, Seymour refused to publish personal ads" (http://dla.library.upenn.edu/dla/pacscl/ead.html?q=the%20adult&id=PACSCL_RBCat_RBCatEP85Ad937897a&, accessed 02-2017).



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Periodicals, SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 9015

Krateuas. Von M. Wellmann.

Berlin: Wiedmannsche Buchhandlung, 1897.

Crateuas was the personal physician of Mithridates VI. Of Pontos. He wrote a three-part herbal book describing the medicinal properties of plants. This work, which was illustrated, is the earliest known herbal book to include illustrations. The text was one of the main sources used by Dioscorides. Of Krateuas's work only two papyrus fragments have survived. [2] Digital facsimile of the Wellmann edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 9567

Photographic atlas of diseases of the skin. A series of eighty plates comprising one hundred illustrations photographed from life and colored by hand.

New York: The Willan Company & London: D. Appleton and Company, 1897.

Large folio, issued in 16 parts, each image hand-colored and signed by Fox. This was physically the largest work and presumably the most expensive work issued by Fox.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY
  • 9903

Les explosifs, les explosions au point de vue médico-légal.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1897.


Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine)
  • 9906

Les intoxications.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1897.


Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 10020

Neurologische Wandtafeln zum Gebrauch beim klinischen, anatomischen und physiologischen Unterricht.

Munich: J. F. Lehmann, 1897.

This set of enormous chromolithographed color wall charts contains probably the largest charts of the brain and nervous system ever published. The two largest measure 5 feet 3 inches by 7 feet 2-5/8 inches! The 13 striking charts include illustrations of the motor and sensory fibers; the peripheral nerve system; the arteries of the brain; the visual projection system in its entirety; the spinal segments in relation to the vertebrae, together with the muscles and reflex centers; the cell and myelin architecture of the cerebrum; the intra-uterine development of the brain; the myelin development of the brain and cord in a newborn infant; and the sympathetic innervation of the neck, chest and abdomen.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy › Cytoarchitecture
  • 10296

A catalogue of scientific and technical periodicals, 1665-1895. Together with chronological tables and a library checklist. 2nd edition.

Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1897.

Includes one of the most comprehensive listings of scientific periodicals, including medical, up to the time of publication. The chronological tables show the runs of the various journals within a time frame. There are indices to subjects covered and titles. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Periodicals
  • 10597

Skin diseases of children. With twelve photogravure and chromographic plates, and sixty illustrations in the text.

New York: William Wood & Company, 1897.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , PEDIATRICS
  • 11094

Die histochemischen und physiologischen Arbeiten. 2 vols.

Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1897.

In a letter to his uncle, the embryologist, Wilhelm His, written on December 17, 1892, and first published in this collected edition, Miescher described a kind of genetic code. He remarked how "some of the large molecules encountered in biology, composed of a repetition of a few similar but not identical small chemical pieces, could express all the right variety of the hereditary message, 'just as the words and concepts of all languages can find expression in twenty-four to thirty letters of the alphabet" (Judson, The eighth day of creation. Makers of the revolution in biology, p. 28). Miescher's letter to Wilhelm His was first published in vol. 1, pp. 116-17 of this work.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Genetic Code, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY › Nucleic Acids, Collected Works: Opera Omnia
  • 11127

La foi qui guérit.

Paris: aux bureaux du Progrès médical, F. Alcan, 1897.

As one of his last works Charcot published this 38-page pamphlet on faith healing.



Subjects: PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE › Placebo / Nocebo, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences › Faith Healing
  • 11272

Sporadic cretinism in America.

Am. J. med. Sci., 114, 377-401, 1897.

In 1893 Osler was among the first American physicians to use thyroid extract to treat myxedema or cretinism. He made a special study of the disease, corresponding with physicians across America to try to determine its prevalence. In the 1895 revision of his 1893 text he hailed the results of thyroid feeding as 'unparalleled by anything in the whole range of curative measures. Within six weeks a poor, feeble-minded, toad-like caricature of humanity may be restored to mental and bodily health.' In 1897 he delivered a major paper, 'Sporadic Cretinism in America,' to a Washington Congress of Physicians and Surgeons in which he used stunning before-and-after lantern slides [reproduced as half-tone photographs in the journal article] to show marvelous transformations and 'undreamt-of transfigurations,' and in addition to citing all the medical literature on the subject also referred to descriptions by Milton, Shakespeare, and an instance of 'the brave kiss of the daughter of Hippocrates'" (Bliss, William Osler: A Life in Medicine, 243-244).

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Parathyroids , PEDIATRICS
  • 11651

Lectures on angina pectoris and allied states.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1897.

"This monograph, based on seven lectures Osler delivered at Johns Hopkins, is his longest publication dealing with heart disease. He discusses the history of the recognition of angina, the pathophysiology of coronary artery disease, various types of angina, the epidemiology of angina and what would come to be called cardiac risk factors, angina's various clinical presentations, associated conditions, theories regarding angina, and the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of angina" (W. Bruce Fye).

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Angina Pectoris
  • 11875

The origin of disease, especially of disease resulting from intrinsic as opposed to extrinsic causes. With chapters on diagnosis, prognosis and treatment. With one hundred and thirty-seven original illustrations.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1897.

The most valuable features of this work are the exceptionally fine and delicate histologic illustrations engraved on steel and printed on thick paper to eliminate show-through. Each image is faced with detailed explanatory captions. Of the images the author writes in the preface (p. vi):

"The one hundred and thirty-seven illustrations are all original, and were made by Mr. Hermann Faber and Mr. Erwin F. Faber. It would be impossible to exaggerate the faithfulness and skill with which they have performed their work. All but one of the drawings are by Mr. Erwin F. Faber, and the etchings on steel are partly by one and partly by the other of the artists. The sections of tissues are, with two exceptions, my own preparations. The drawings were made with the camera lucida, the outlines, dimensions and relations of parts being thus kept true to nature. With each picture is a scale, magnified to the same extent as the tissues, which enables anyone to ascertain the enlargement. The method, as concerns the etchings, has probably been seldom if ever previously employed. The reflection of the magnified object was thrown by the camera lucida upon the steel plate and traced directly with the needle by the etcher, thus obviating the necessity for the intermediate sketch which is ordinarily used in etching. For accuracy this method cannot be surpassed."

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link. (Unfortunately, the scan published was done artlessly, and fails to provide high quality reproductions of the very delicate etchings.)



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Cardiovascular Pathology, PATHOLOGY, PATHOLOGY › Pathology Illustration
  • 11935

Les plantes dans l'antiquité et au moyen âge. Histoire, usages et symbolisme. 2 vols.

E. Bouillon, 18971904.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › History of Ancient Medicine & Biology, BOTANY › History of Botany, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 12198

Entwickelungslehre, Geburtshülfe und Gynäkologie in der hippokratischen Schriften.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1897.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece, EMBRYOLOGY › History of Embryology, Hippocratic Tradition, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › History of Obstetrics
  • 12218

Application de la méthode Roentgen à l'examen d'un anéurisme de la crosse aortique. Présentation du malade et de la preuve radiographique.

Bull. et Mém. Soc. Méd. d. Hôp. de Paris., 14, 157–163, 1897.

With the help of Oudin and Barthélemy Béclère established the first laboratory of radiology in Paris. This was among the first applications of x-rays for the diagnosis of aortic disease, and also one of the first papers on the medical application of x-rays published by a Parisian physician.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, RADIOLOGY
  • 12288

Researches on the circulation time in organs and on the influences which affect it.

J. Physiol., 22, 159–183, 1897.

This was a continuation of researches undertaken by Stewart for the Goodsir Prize Essay at the University of Edinburgh (1892). His autograph manuscript for the 1892 essay was digitized by the university at made available at  hdl:1842/24341. Digital facsimile of the 1897 paper from PubMedCentral at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 12608

Standard history of the medical profession of Philadelphia. Edited by Frederick P. Henry, with the collaboration of James M. Anders....

Chicago, IL: Goodspeed Bros., 1897.

"The materials of the first five chapters were collected by an experienced historian in the employ of the publishers"--Pref. 2nd ed; 1977, identifies as Burton Alva Konkle. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession › History of Biomedical Education & Medical Profession, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Pennsylvania
  • 12800

Audubon and his journals by Maria R. Audubon. With zoological and other notes by Elliott Coues. 2 vols.

New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1897.

A biographical study by his grand-daughter, based on previously unpublished letters and journals of John James Audubon. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 13184

Bibliografia malpighiana: Catalogo descrittivo delle opere a stampa di Marcello Malpighi e degli scritti che lo riguardano. By Carlo Frati.

Milan: F. Vallardi, 1897.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors, EMBRYOLOGY › History of Embryology
  • 13232

Principes de la phonétique expérimentale. 2 vols.

Paris: H. Welter, 18971901.

Rousselot is considered the founder of experimental phonetics, both theoretical and applied.



Subjects: Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of
  • 4504.1

Bactériologie du rhumatisme articulaire. Endocardite végétante mitrale provoquée chez le lapin par inoculation intra-veineuse d’un cocco-bacille en points doubles extraits du sang du rhumatisme articulaire aigu de l’homme.

C. R. Soc. Biol., 50, 124-28, 1898.

Isolation of streptococci from patients with acute rheumatism reported.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Streptococcus › Pneumococcus , RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 951

A contribution to the chemistry of haemoglobin and its immediate derivatives.

Physiol. (Lond.), 22, 298-306, 1898.

Potassium ferricyanide method for the determination of oxygen in oxyhemoglobin.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY, RESPIRATION
  • 951.1

Some improved methods of gas analysis.

J. Physiol. (Lond.), 22, 465-80, 1898.

The Haldane apparatus for the analysis of the repiratory gases, which proved a method that could measure oxygen and carbon dioxide to 0.005%. It was the cornerstone of all respiratory gas analysis until P.F. Scholander’s apparatus (No. 971.1).



Subjects: RESPIRATION
  • 4474

Amputazione, disarticulazione et protesi.

Florence: [Privately Printed], 1898.

Vanghetti was the first to suggest the use of the musculature remaining above the amputation stump to form a motor unit for artificial limbs – “kinematization of stumps”.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 364

I manoscritti de Leonardo da Vinci della Reale Biblioteca di Windsor. Pubblicata da Teodoro Sabachnikoff. Transcritti e annotati da Giovanni Piumati. 2 vols.

Paris: E. Rouveyre, 18981901.

Includes folios A & B of his anatomical MSS. Text in French and Italian.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 16th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, ART & Medicine & Biology
  • 4586

Remarks on the relations of different divisions of the central nervous system to one another and to parts of the body.

Brit. med. J., 1, 65-69, 1898.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4586.1

The nervous system and its diseases.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1898.

“The foremost American neurology book of the Nineteenth Century” (McHenry), and the only text of the period to contain a section on the chemistry of the nervous system.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 648

A digest of metabolism experiments in which the balance of income and outgo was determined.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1898.


Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism
  • 838

Ueber Herzbewegung und Herzstoss.

Jena: Gustav Fischer, 1898.

First employment of cinematograph to record the cardiac changes during all phases of heart contraction.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, IMAGING › Cinematography
  • 649

Text-book of physiology. Edited by Edward Schäfer. 2 vols.

Edinburgh: Young J. Pentland, 18981900.

A collective work and a classic textbook of physiology, edited by Schäfer using the original version of his last name. He was a pupil of Sharpey, and when that great man died without any known descendants Schäfer gave the name to his son, in order to perpetuate it. When Schäfer's son was killed in the war of 1914-1918, Schäfer added it to his own, i.e. Sharpey-Schäfer.

"Of particular interest are the four classic chapters by Charles Sherrington, one on the spinal cord, another on the parts of the brain below the cerebral cortex, yet another on cutaneous sensation, and the fourth on the muscular sense. According to Liddell (1960, p. 135), they were 'unique in the literature of physiology on those topics at the time, for width and accuracy of vision, projected from the past into the future. Now today after more than half a century they are still highly regarded for guidance and refreshment.' Also of great interest are chapters by J.N. Langley on the sympathetic or autonomic nervous system, and by Schäfer himself on the nerve cell and on the cerebral cortex" (Larry W. Swanson).



Subjects: Neurophysiology, PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4629

A treatise on aphasia and other speech defects.

London: H. K. Lewis, 1898.

Bastian localized the auditory and visual centers, and he described word-blindness and word-deafness. (See also No. 4622.)



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, PSYCHOLOGY › Cognitive Disorders, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 720

Bedeutung der Stereochemie fur die Physiologie.

Hoppe-Seyl. Z. physiol. Chem., 26, 60-87, 18981899.


Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY
  • 721

Ueber die Eiweissstoffe.

Dtsch. med. Wschr., 24, 581-82, 1898.

Kossel forecast the polypeptide nature of the protein molecule.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOLOGY › MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
  • 446

Histoire d’anatomie plastique: Les maitres, les livres et les écorchés.

Paris: Picard & Kann, 1898.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Anatomy for Artists, ANATOMY › History of Anatomical Illustration
  • 447

Studien zur Geschichte der Anatomie im Mittelalter.

Leipzig: Franz Deuticke, 1898.


Subjects: ANATOMY › History of Anatomy, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 4709

Ueber die Westphal’sche Pseudosklerose und über diffuse Hirnsklerose, insbesondere bei Kindem.

Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk., 12, 115-49, 1898.

“Westphal-Strümpell disease” – pseudosclerosis of the brain. (See also No. 4702.) Probably cases of Kinnier Wilson’s disease.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4791

Augenkrisen bei Tabes dorsalis.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 35, 25-27, 1898.

“Pel’s crises” – the ocular crises in tabes.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 2003

Sur une substance nouvelle radio-active, contenue dans la pechblende.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 127, 175-78, 1215-17, 1898.

The Curies, studying the radioactivity of minerals containing uranium and thorium, isolated from pitchblend a substance which they called radium and which they showed to possess an astonishing degree of radioactivity. They shared the Nobel Prize for Physics with Becquerel in 1903, and Marie Curie received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1911.



Subjects: Nuclear Medicine, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Radiation (Radiotherapy), THERAPEUTICS, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 1236

Niere und Kreislauf.

Skand. Arch. Physiol., 8, 223-71, 1898.

Discovery that a pressor substance (renin) is produced by the kidneys and enters the circulation by the renal veins. Abridged English translation in No. 3160.1.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System › Kidney: Urinary Secretion, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Physiology
  • 2038

Geschichte der Pharmazie.

Leipzig: E. Gunther, 1898.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACY › History of Pharmacy
  • 2039

Die Heilpflanzen der verschiedenen Volker und Zeiten.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke, 1898.


Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › History of Pharmacology & Pharmaceuticals, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, TRADITIONAL, Folk or Indigenous Medicine
  • 1292

Die sensiblen Nervenendigungen im Herzen und in den Blutgefässen der Säugethiere.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 52, 44-70, 1898.

“Dogiel’s end-bulbs” – sensory nerve-endings.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1890.1

Ueber Pellote. Beiträge zur chemischen und pharmakologischen Kenntniss der Cacteen. Zweite Mitteilung.

Arch. exp. Path. Pharmak., 40, 385-429, 1898.

Isolation of mescaline, the active agent in peyote. One of the first scientific investigations of a psychedelic drug.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology › Mescaline
  • 2266

Tropical diseases.

London: Cassell & Co., 1898.

Manson has been called the “father of modern tropical medicine”. He had vast experience of disease in the Tropics and himself made many valuable contributions to the knowledge of this subject. He described tinea nigra and tinea imbricata, found fllaria in elephantiasis and discovered Filaria hominis. In 1898 he founded the London School of Tropical Medicine. The 16th edition of his book, edited by P. H. Manson-Bahr, appeared in 1966.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Lymphatic Filariasis (Elephantiasis), TROPICAL Medicine
  • 2457

Reise-Bericht über Rinderpest, Bubonenpest in Indien und Afrika, Tsetse-oder Surrakrankheit, Texasfieber, tropische Malaria, Schwarzwasserfieber.

Berlin: Julius Springer, 1898.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Africa, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Malaria, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Tick-Borne Diseases › Texas Cattle Fever, VETERINARY MEDICINE › Epizootics
  • 2334

Sur l’obtention de cultures et d’émulsions homogènes du bacille de la tuberculose humaine en milieu liquide et “sur une variété mobile de ce bacille”.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 126, 1319-21, 1898.

Sero-agglutination for the diagnosis of tubercle bacillus.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 2335

A comparative study of bovine tubercle bacilli and of human bacilli from sputum.

J. exp. Med., 3, 451-511, 1898.

First clear differentiation between the bovine and human types of tubercle bacillus.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Mycobacterium › Mycobacterium tuberculosis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 2511

Bericht der Kommission zur Erforschung der Maul-und Klauenseuche bei dem Institut für Infektionskrankheiten.

Zbl. Bakt., I. Abt., 23, 371-91, 1898.

Loeffler and Frosch proved that foot-and-mouth disease is caused by a filter-passing virus; this was the first recognition that a virus causes disease. 



Subjects: VETERINARY MEDICINE › Veterinary Virology, VIROLOGY
  • 2512

Ueber ein Contagium vivum fluidum als Ursache der Fleckenkrankheit der Tabaksblätter.

Verh. k. Acad. Wet. Amst., 65 (2), 3-21, 1898.

Beijerinck confirmed the findings of Ivanovski. He showed that the tobacco mosaic virus would diffuse through agar. "Like Ivanovsky before him and Adolf Mayer, predecessor at Wageningen, Beijerinck could not culture the filterable infectious agent; however, he concluded that the agent can replicate and multiply in living plants. He named the new pathogen virus to indicate its non-bacterial nature. Beijerinck asserted that the virus was somewhat liquid in nature, calling it "contagium vivum fluidum" (contagious living fluid). It was not until the first crystals of the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) obtained by Wendell Stanley in 1935, the first electron micrographs of TMV produced in 1939 and the first X-ray crystallographic analysis of TMV performed in 1941 proved that the virus was particulate" (Wikipedia article on Martinus Beijerinck, accessed 5-2020).

Translation in Phytopathological Classics, 1942, No. 7.



Subjects: VIROLOGY, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Virgaviridae › Tobacco Mosaic Virus
  • 2513

On an epidemic of gastro-enteritis associated with the presence of a variety of the Bacillus enteritidis (Gaertner), and with positive sero-diagnostic evidence (in vivo and in vitro).

Brit. med. J., 2, 600-01, 1898.

Discovery of Salm. Aertrycke in patients suffering from food poisoning.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Salmonella, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Food-Borne Diseases, TOXICOLOGY
  • 2514

Du séro-diagnostic dans les affections gastro-intestinales d’origine alimentaire.

Ann. Soc. Méd. Gand, 77, 281-306, 1898.

Discovery of Salmonella aertrycke, independently of Durham.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Salmonella, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis
  • 2808

Diseases of the heart and the aorta.

Edinburgh: Young J. Pentland, 1898.

Includes among many other valuable descriptions, the description of the "Gibson murmur" also called the "machinery murmur"



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2809

Sulla cardioptosi; primo abbozzo anatomo-clinico.

Arch. Med int. (Palermo), 1, 161-83, 1898.

Rummo drew attention to a downward displacement of the heart – “Rummo’s disease”.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Myocarditis
  • 2551

Sur l’agglutination et la dissolution des globules rouges par le sérum d’animaux injectés de sang défibriné.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 12, 688-95; 13, 225-50, 1898, 1899.

Bordet’s important work on immune hemolysis turned the attention of many investigators towards the subject. English translation in J. Bordet et al., Studies in immunity, New York, 1909, p. 134.



Subjects: IMMUNOLOGY, IMMUNOLOGY › Immunization
  • 2687.1
  • 3519

The movements of the stomach studied by means of the Roentgen rays.

Amer. J. Physiol., 1, 359-82, 1898.

Cannon introduced the bismuth meal. He showed that bismuth, opaque to x rays, could be of great use in conjunction with roentgenology in the investigation of the digestive tract. See No. 1029.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY, RADIOLOGY
  • 3182

Le microbe de la péripneumonie.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 12, 240-62, 1898.

Discovery of the causal organism of bovine pleuropneumonia, also known as lung plague. Nocard and Roux considered it a filterable virus but now known to be a mycoplasma.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Mycoplasma › Mycoplasma Pneumonia, VETERINARY MEDICINE › Epizootics
  • 3604.2

The transplantation of the rectus muscle in certain cases of inguinal hernia in which the conjoined tendon is obliterated.

Johns. Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 29, 96-100, 1898.

Bloodgood’s operation for inguinal hernia. See also Ann. Surg., 1919, 70, 81-88.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3605

Zur Radikaloperation der Schenkelhernien.

Zbl. Chir., 25, 548-50, 1898.

Lotheissen’s operation for femoral hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3336

Ueber directe Bronchoskopie.

Münch. med. Wschr., 45, 844-47, 1898.

Introduction of direct bronchoscopy.



Subjects: PULMONOLOGY › Bronchoscopy
  • 3637

Ueber ein neues Operationsverfahren zur Entfernung von Echinococcus in der Leber und anderen parenchymatösen Bauchorganen.

Arch. klin. Chir., 56, 819-26, 1898.

Important work on surgical treatment of hydatids of the liver. Originally appeared in Russian in Khirurgiya, 1898, 3, 3-9.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver
  • 3638

Ueber die Photographie von Gallensteinen in vivo.

Wien. med. Presse, 39, col. 534-38, 1898.

First x-ray demonstration of gall-stones.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Gallbladder, Biliary Tract, & Pancreas › Gallstones, IMAGING › X-ray
  • 3639

Chirurgische Oeffnung neuer Seitenbahnen für das Blut der Vena portae.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 35, 833-36; 37, 677-81; 41, 893-97, 1898, 19001904.

Talma’s operation for the relief of ascites in cirrhosis of the liver.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver
  • 3776

Ueber eine eigenartige, unter dem Bilde der Pseudoleukämie verlaufende Tuberkulose des lymphatischen Apparates.

Z. Heilk., 19, 21-90., 1898.

In his classic description of lymphadenoma, Sternberg separated it from aleukemic leukemia, with which it had hitherto been included.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 3777

Sur une variété particulière d’ictère chronique splénomégalique.

J. Méd. intern., 2, 116-18., 1898.

“Hayem–Widal disease” –acquired hemolytic anemia (see also No. 3783).



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis, Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 4001

Handatlas der Hautkrankheiten fur Studirende und Arzte. 3 pts.

Vienna & Berlin: W. Braumüller, 18981900.

An extensive and valuable collection of illustrations in dermatology. Includes 377 chromolithographs.

"In publishing this hand atlas of skin diseases, I wish to provide students with an aid to their studies and general practitioners with a means of comparison and verification when diagnosing skin diseases... The hand atlas not only has to contain all common and unusual forms of diseases, it must also show all of the modifications they can assume according to their site, extensiveness, and phase of development or regression. Our dermatology clinic here at Vienna University has a collection of teaching aids, consisting of coloured original water-colour paintings commissioned by Ferdinand Hebra. These paintings now number almost 1000. Most of them are the masterly work of Elfinger and Karl Heitzmann..." (Quoted by Ehring, Skin Diseases: 5 Centuries of Scientific Illustration [1989] p. 180).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY
  • 3952

Der Diabetes mellitus.

Vienna: A. Hölder, 1898.

Naunyn devoted his life to the study of metabolism in diabetes and in diseases of the liver and pancreas. This is his most significant work. He was a co-founder of the Archiv für experimentelle Pathologie.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4874

Zur Technik der temporären Schädelresektion mit meiner Drahtsäge.

Zbl. Chir., 25, 425-28, 1898.

Gigli’s saw adapted for craniotomy. Translation in J. Neurosurg., 1962, 19, 1103.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Surgical Instruments, NEUROSURGERY
  • 4127

On refractory subcutaneous abscesses caused by a fungus possibly related to the sporotricha.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull. 9, 286-90, 1898.

Schenck first described a form of sporotrichosis, due to a pathogenic fungus, which later became known as Sporotrichum beurmanni, after more thorough studies upon it by de Beurmann in 1903.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, Mycology, Medical
  • 5038

On infection with a para-colon bacillus in a case with all the clinical features of typhoid fever.

Johns Hopk. Hosp. Bull., 9, 54-56, 1898.

Isolation of Salmonella paratyphi A.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Salmonella, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Paratyphoid Fever, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis
  • 4368

Sur la Spondylose rhizomélique.

Rev. Méd., 18, 285-315, 1898.

Marie described as “spondylose rhizomélique” the ankylosing spondylitis or spondylitis deformans originally reported by Strümpell and called variously “Strümpell’s disease”, “Bechterev’s disease”, “Marie’s disease”.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton, RHEUMATOLOGY
  • 4369

Sur la dysostose cléido-crânienne héréditaire.

Rev. neurol. (Paris), 6, 835-38, 1898.

In their important description of cleido-cranial dysostosis, Marie and Sainton gave to it its present name. It was first described by Morand (No. 4302.1) in 1760. English translation in Bick, Classics of orthopaedics, 230-32.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Cranialfacial Disorders, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases , PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Cranialfacial Surgery
  • 5091

Ueber den Dysenteriebacillus (Bacillus dysenteriae).

Zbl. Bakt., 1 Abt., 24, 817-28, 870-74, 1898.

Discovery of the dysentery bacillus, Shigella. Preliminary paper in the same journal, 1898, 23, 599-600.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Negative Bacteria › Shigella , INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Bacillary Dysentery
  • 5128.1

La propagation de la peste.

Ann. Inst. Pasteur, 12, 625-87, 1898.

Simond provided substantial evidence to support Ogata that fleas transmitted plague from rat to man.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans), PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 4429.1

Traumatic separation of the epiphyses.

London: Smith, Elder, 1898.

Definitive and exhaustive study of growth plate fractures in children. Poland also published the series of x rays included in the above work as a separate atlas: Skiagraphic atlas showing the development of the bones of the wrist and hand, London, Smith, Elder, 1898.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Hand / Wrist, PEDIATRICS
  • 4429.2

Further observations regarding the use of the bone-clamp in ununited fractures, fractures with malunion, and recent fractures with a tendency to displacement.

Ann. Surg., 27, 553-570, 1898.

Parkhill introduced external fixation for the treatment of fractures.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 5294

On sart sore.

Voenno med. Zhur., 76, 925-41, 1898.

First description of the protozoon later named Leishmania tropica. The paper is in Russian; for a translation, see C. A. Hoare, in Trans. roy. Soc. trop. Med. Hyg., 1938, 32, 78-90.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Sandfly-Borne Diseases › Leishmaniasis, PARASITOLOGY › Protozoa
  • 5755.2

A new plastic operation for the relief of deformity due to double harelip.

Med. Rec. (N.Y), 53, 477-8, 1898.

Abbe’s lip-switch flap, transferring a full-thickness flap from one lip of the oral cavity to fill a defect in the other lip. This is also known eponymically as the Abbe–Estlander operation, crediting Jakob Estlander (1831-1881). 



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Cleft Lip & Palate
  • 5755.3

Über die operative Verkleinerung eine Nase (Rhinomiosis).

Berl. klin. Wschr., 35, 882-5, 1898.

Joseph rhinoplasty, developed independently of Roe (Nos. 5754.4-5) and Weir (No. 5754.6). Translation in Plast. reconstr. Surg., 1970, 46, 178-81.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty
  • 5755.4

Correction, by operation, of some nasal deformities and disfigurements.

Bost. Med. Surg. J., 139, 262-69, 1898.

Monks developed the modern surgical treatment of rhinophyma.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty
  • 5348

Studies on trichinosis, with especial reference to the increase of the eosinophilic cells in the blood and muscle, the origin of these cells and their diagnostic importance.

J. exp. Med., 3, 315-47, 1898.

Brown pointed out the occurrence of eosinophilia in trichinosis. A preliminary communication upon the subject, by W. S. Thayer, was published in C. R. XII Congr. int. Med., Moscou, 1897, 126-31.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Food-Borne Diseases › Trichinosis, PARASITOLOGY › Trichinella
  • 5778

A clinical and histological study of certain adenocarcinomata of the breast, and a brief consideration of the supraclavicular operations for cancer of the breast from 1889 to 1898 at Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Trans. Amer. surg. Ass., 16, 144-81, 1898.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › Diseases of the Breast
  • 5800

Geschichte der Chirurgie und ihrer Ausübung. Volkschirugie - Alterthum - Mittelalter - Renaissance. 3 vols.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1898.

A history of surgery to the end of the 16th century. Includes translations from the literature and illustrations of instruments. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5801

Hundert Jahre Chirurgie.

Verh. Ges. dtsch. Naturf. Aerzte, 70, 1 Heft, 38-60, 1898.

History of 18th-century German surgery.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Germany, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5943

Die Erkrankungen des Auges im Zusammenhang mit anderen Krankheiten.

Vienna: A. Hölder, 1898.

Like Förster (No. 5915), Schmidt-Rimpler was interested in the relationship between eye diseases and general organic diseases; like Cohn (No. 5931), he was an advocate of the routine examination of the eyes of schoolchildren.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 5445

Recherches expérimentales sur la transmissibilité de la rougeole animaux.

Méd. mod. (Paris), 9, 153, 1898.

Measles transmitted to animals.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Measles
  • 6107

Enucleation of uterine fibroids.

Brit. gynaec. J., 14, 47-61, 1898.

An outstanding account of myomectomy.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6108