An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to Circa 2020 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15475 entries, 13329 authors and 1903 subjects. Updated: November 30, 2021

Browse by Publication Year 1860–1869

549 entries
  • 4535

De l’état nerveue aigu et chronique ou nervosisme.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1860.

First adequate description of neurasthenia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 4736

Paralysie musculaire progressive de la langue, du voile du palais et des lévres; affection non encore décrite comme espèce morbide distincte.

Arch. gén. Méd., 5 sér., 16, 283-96, 431-45, 1860.

First description of chronic progressive bulbar paralysis (“Duchenne’s paralysis”).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4737

Atrophie musculaire progressive. Lésions histologiques de la substance grise de la moëlle épinière.

Gaz. méd. Paris, 3 sér., 15, 505, 1860.

Luys was the first to note the degeneration of the anterior horn cells in progressive muscular atrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 1361

Beiträge zur feineren Anatomie des menschlichen Rückenmarks.

Denkschr. med.-chir. Ges. Kanton Zürich, pp. 130-71, 1860.

Includes description of “Golls column” or “tract”, the posterior column of the spinal cord.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 776

Recherches sur le pouls au moyen d’un nouvel appareil enregistreur le sphygmographe.

Paris: E. Thunot et Cie, 1860.

Invention of the modern sphygmograph. Also published in C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 1860, 51, 281-309. Preliminary paper in same journal, 1860, 50, 634-37.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Sphygmogram, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • 777

Sur la pression du sang dans le système artériel.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 51, 238-42, 1860.


Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 534.62

Untersuchungen über die Entstehung der Missbildungen Zunächst in den Eiem der Vögel.

Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1860.

The first monograph on experimental teratology.



Subjects: TERATOLOGY, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 1778

Handbuch der historisch-geographischen Pathologie. 2 vols.

Erlangen: Ferdinand Enke, 18601864.

This is perhaps the greatest historical classic on the subject. Vol.1 appeared in 2 parts, with the first part issued in 1859 and the second part issued in 1860. 



Subjects: Bioclimatology, Geography of Disease / Health Geography, PATHOLOGY
  • 1612

Notes on nursing: what it is, and what it is not.

London: Harrison & Sons, 1860.

After receiving training in Germany and France, Florence Nightingale had some nursing experience in England. The Crimean war gave her an opportunity to demonstrate the value of trained nurses. Within a few months of her arrival at Scutari, the mortality rate among soldiers there fell from 42% to 2%. Florence Nightingale lived to become the greatest figure in the history of nursing. Facsimile reproduction (? of first edition), Philadelphia, 1946. Biographies by Sir E.T. Cook, 1913, and Cecil Woodham-Smith, 1950. See also Bio-bibliography of Florence Nightingale by W. J. Bishop & S. Goldie, 1962.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE › Crimean War, NURSING, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 1864

Du coaltar saponiné, désinfectant énergique, arrètant les fermentations, de ses applications a l'hygiène, la thérapeutique, a l'histoire naturelle.

Paris: Germer Baillière, 1860.

Lemaire was first to point out the antiseptic properties of carbolic acid. Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Disinfectants, SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis
  • 1865

Ueber eine neue organische Base in den Cocablättern.

Göttingen: E. A. Huth, 1860.

Isolation of cocaine, 1859, from the coca leaf, brought from Peru by Scherzer.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Cocaine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cocaine
  • 2104

Researches upon the venom of the rattlesnake.

Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1860.

See No. 2106.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 2249

Contributions to the natural history of insolatio.

Madras quart. J. med. Sci., 1, 347-95, 1860.

Barclay, an army surgeon in India, wrote an important paper on heat-stroke.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, Diseases Due to Physical Factors, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 2451

Traité des entozoaires et des maladies vermineuses.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1860.


Subjects: PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms
  • 2474

Expériences relatives aux générations dites spontanées.

C. R. Acad. sci. (Paris), 50, 303-07, 849-54; 51, 348-52, 675-78, 1860.


Subjects: MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2616

Clinical memoirs on abdominal tumours and intumescence.

London: New Sydenham Society, 1860.


Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 2586
  • 3169.1

On asthma: its pathology and treatment.

London: John Churchill, 1860.

The best work on asthma to appear during the 19th century. Salter, who had suffered from asthma from childhood, may be considered the first modern student of the condition. He called special attention to asthma from animal emanations (cats, rabbits, horses, dogs, cattle, etc.).



Subjects: ALLERGY, ALLERGY › Asthma
  • 3333

Praktische Anleitung zur Laryngoscopie.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1860.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Laryngoscope, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology › Laryngoscopy
  • 3371

De la trépanation de l’apophyse mastoïde et des lésions morbides qui rendent cette opération nécessaire.

Union méd., n.s. 6, 193-200, 1860.

Operative treatment of acute otitis by drainage through the antrum.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3373

The diseases of the ear; their nature, diagnosis, and treatment.

London: John Churchill, 1860.

The foundation of aural pathology. In this book Toynbee described the method of removing the temporal bone and discussed the post mortem appearances in relation to the symptoms observed during life. He made over 2,000 dissections of the ear. 



Subjects: OTOLOGY , OTOLOGY › Aural Pathology
  • 3374

Die Untersuchung des Gehörgangs und Trommelfells. Ihre Bedeutung. Kritik der bisherigen Untersuchungsmethoden und Angabe einer neuen.

Dtsch. Klinik, 12, 113-15, 121-23, 131-35, 143-46. 151-55, 1860.

Invention of the modern otoscope.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Otoscope, OTOLOGY › Otologic Instruments, OTOLOGY › Otologic Instruments › Otoscope
  • 4291

Die Harnconcretionen.

Vienna: Tendler u. Comp, 1860.

Heller introduced several urine tests and wrote (above) an important work on urinary calculi.



Subjects: UROLOGY, UROLOGY › Urinary Calculi
  • 4048

Traité pratique des maladies de la peau. 3 éd., 2 vols.

Paris: H. Plon, 1860.

Gibert’s name is associated with pityriasis rosea, which he first established as a definite clinical entity. His complete and accurate description of this condition is on page 402 of vol. 1 of the above work.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4049

Das umschriebene Eczem. Eczema marginatum. In Virchow’s Handbuch der spec. Path. u. Therap., 3, 1 Abt., 361-63.

Erlangen, 1860.

Complete description of tinea cruris (eczema marginatum), first described by Bärensprung in 1854.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4050

De l’hypertrophie générale du système sébacé.

Paris, 1860.

First description of keratosis follicularis.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4419

New treatment for fractures of the femur.

Bull. N.Y. Acad. Med., 1, 181-88, 18601862.

Buck’s extension apparatus, an improved method of treating fractures of the femur. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1939, 3, 764-82.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 4420

A practical treatise on fractures and dislocations.

Philadelphia: Blanchard & Lea, 1860.

The first comprehensive treatise in English on the treatment of fractures and dislocations. See No. 1742.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 4421

Luxation traumatique suivie de luxation volontaire du fémur droit.

Bull. Soc. Chir. Paris, (1859), 10, 12-21, 1860.

“Perrin–Ferraton disease” of the hip, later more fully dealt with by L. Ferraton, Rev. Orthop. (Paris), 1905, 2 sér., 6, 45-51.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 4422

A new instrument for the treatment of fractures of the lower extremity.

Maryland & Virginia med. surg. J., 14, 1-5, 177-181, 1860.

Smith devised an anterior or suspensatory splint for use in the treatment of fractures of the femur. The apparatus was heavily used during the U.S. Civil War and was especially valuable in treating compound fractures.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 4972

Elemente der Psychophysik. 2 vols.

Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1860.

The first treatise on the subject. Fechner applied the laws of mathematical physics to the physiology of sensation. He discussed the functional relations of the dependence between mind and body and investigated the cutaneous and muscular senses. Translated into English by Helmut E. Adler as Elements of psychophysics. New York: Holt, Rinhart & Winston, 1966. See also No. 1464.



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, PSYCHOLOGY › Biological, PSYCHOLOGY › Experimental, PSYCHOLOGY › Psychophysics
  • 5342

Ueber die Trichinen-Krankheit des Menschen.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 18, 561-72, 1860.

The intestinal and muscular forms of trichinosis were first noted by Zenker, who established their connection with the disease. English translation in Kean (No. 2268.1).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Food-Borne Diseases › Trichinosis, PARASITOLOGY › Trichinella
  • 5343

Untersuchungen über Trichina spiralis.

Leipzig: C. F. Winter, 1860.

Leuckart provided an articulate and detailed description of Trichinella spiralis.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Food-Borne Diseases › Trichinosis
  • 5885

Ueber Complication von Sehnervenentzündung mit Gehimkrankheiten.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 7, 2 Abt., 58-71, 1860.

Graefe showed that most cases of blindness and impaired vision connected with cerebral disorders are a result of optic neuritis rather than of paralysis of the optic nerve.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 5887

Schriftskalen. 3te. Aufl.

Vienna: L. W. Seidel, 1860.

Jaeger first introduced his test types in 1854; Emil Fuchs improved them in 1895.



Subjects: Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5888

On the production of cataract in frogs by the administration of sugar.

Amer J. med. Sci., n.s., 39, 106-10, 1860.


Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 6043.1

On diseases peculiar to women, including displacements of the uterus.

Philadelphia: Blanchard & Lea, 1860.

Chapter 5 includes a lengthy description of the “Hodge pessary”. See No. 6185.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6047

Case of successful operation for vesico-vaginal fistula.

Amer J. med. Sci., n.s., 39, 67-82, 1860.

Atlee’s operation for vesicovaginal fistula.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Vesicovaginal Fistula
  • 6048

Clinique médicale sur les maladies des femmes. 2 vols.

Paris: F. Chamerot, 18601862.

One of the most important texts on the subject during the mid-nineteenth century. English translation, New Sydenham Society, 1867.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6183

De optima in partu naturali placentum amovendi ratione.

Leipzig: A. Edelmann, 1860.

Credé’s method of removing the placenta by external manual expression. It is first mentioned in his Klinische Vorträge über Geburtshilfe, Berlin, 1854, 599-603.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6615

The medical knowledge of Shakespeare.

London: Longman, 1860.


Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Drama, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Drama › Shakespeare
  • 6649.9

Medicine as a profession for women.

New York: Trustees of the New York Infirmary for Women, 1860.


Subjects: WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 3459.1
  • 6357.52

A practical treatise on the aetiology, pathology, and treatment of the congenital malformations of the rectum and anus.

New York: Samuel & William Wood, 1860.

The first systematic treatise on the subject, and a landmark in pediatric surgery. Includes an early account of colostomy and one of the earliest histories of that procedure. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Atresia, Pediatric Surgery, TERATOLOGY
  • 6504

La médecine du Prophète, traduit de l'arabe par M. le docteur Perron.

Alger, Algeria: Tissier & Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1860.

First appeared in Gaz. méd. d’Algerie, 1859, 4

 

 



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Algeria, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE, ISLAMIC OR ARAB MEDICINE › History of Islamic or Arab Medicine, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 4536

Ueber Complication von Sehnervenentzündung mit Gehimkrankheiten

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 7, 2 Abt., 58-71., 1860.

Graefe showed that most cases of blindness and impaired vision connected with cerebral disorders can be traced to optic neuritis rather than paralysis of the optic nerve.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 7262

On the occurrence of flint-implements, associated with the remains of animals of extinct species in beds of a late geological period, in France at Amiens and Abbeville, and in England at Hoxne.

Phil. Trans., 150, 277-317, 1860.

This paper is a key record of the early recognition of the antiquity of man by the scientific establishment. Having returned from a visit to Abbeville, France, in May 1859, where he viewed the evidence for the antiquity of man collected by Boucher de Perthes, Prestwich delivered a convincing argument for the validity of Boucher de Perthes’ discoveries of flint implements in association with the remains of extinct animals. Prestwich also showed that the flint implements and bones from Abbeville were found in and contemporaneous with deposits laid down at an early stage in the development of the Somme Valley, and were thus of an age to be measured in tens of thousands of years. Digital facsimile from the Royal Society at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 7439

The Malay archipelago: The land of the orang-utan and the bird of paradise. 2 vols.

London: Macmillan, 1860.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Indonesia, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Singapore, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists, ZOOLOGY
  • 8376

On the law of mortality and the construction of annuity tables.

J. Inst. Actuaries and Assur. Mag., 8, 301-310, 1860.

Gompertz-Makeham law. Makeham proposed the age-independent Makeham term that, together with the exponentially age-dependent Gompertz term, compose the Gompertz-Makeham law of mortality--one of the most effective theories to describe human mortality. See No. 8375.



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics, GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging
  • 8818

Remarks on the uses of some bazaar medicines, and on a few of the common indigenous plants of India, according to European practice.

Travancore, India: Sirrar Press, 1860.

At the time of publication of this work, which contained texts in both Sanskrit and English, Waring was "Physician to His Highness The Maha Rajah of Travancore." Digital facsimile of the 1860 edition from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

Expanded fifth edition: Remarks on the uses of some of the bazaar medicines and common medical plants of India: With a full index of diseases, indicating their treatment by these and other agents procurable throughout India: To which are added directions for treatment in cases of drowning, snake-bites, &c. (London, 1897). At this point Waring was "Surgeon-Major (Retired) Her Majesty's Indian Army." Digital facsimile of the 1897 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, Emergency Medicine › Resuscitation, INDIA, Practice of Medicine in, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, TOXICOLOGY › Venoms
  • 8890

Etude médico-légale sur les sévices et mauvais traitements exercés sur des enfants.

Annales d'hygiène publique et de médecine légale, 2e Serie, 13, 361-398, 1860.

The first medical-legal study of child abuse, including sexual abuse, incest, and the "battered child" syndrome. Tardieu described 32 cases in detail, 18 of which resulted in death. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), PEDIATRICS, PSYCHIATRY › Child Psychiatry
  • 8971

Colección de medicamentos indigenas y sus aplicaciones, estraidos de los reinos vegetal, mineral y animal, recogidos y anotados por [...], segunda edición corregida y aumentada.

Caracas, Venezuela: George Corser, 1860.

Digital facsimile of the 5th edition (1875) from the National Library of Medicine, Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Ethnobotany, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Venezuela, Latin American Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 9584

Surgical and practical observations on the diseases of the human foot, with instructions for their treatment. To which is added advice on the management of the hand.

New York: Charles B. Norton, 1860.

A controversial, and not necessarily original work, notable as having been written by Abraham Lincoln's chiropodist (podiatrist), who gained the confidence of Lincoln and served as Lincoln's representative to the Jewish community in America. Zacharie may also have worked as an intelligence operative for Lincoln during the American Civil War. Zacharie characterized himself as "Chiropodist-General, United States Army." Digital facsimile of the revised London, 1876, edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Podiatry
  • 10337

Ichthyology of South Carolina. Vol. 1 (All Published).

Charleston, SC: Published by Russell and Jones, 1860.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: NATURAL HISTORY, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › South Carolina, ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology
  • 10495

Illustrated wholesale catalogue of surgical and dental instruments, elastic trusses, medical saddle bags, abdominal supporters, shoulder braces and druggists sundries, offered by Snowden & Brother.

Philadelphia: Snowden & Brother, 1860.

Snowden & Brother provided an excellent selection of the exact types of equipment used by the Union Army during the Civil War. Facsimile reprint, with John Weiss & Son 1863 catalogue, with a new introduction by James M. Edmonson, entitled Surgical and dental instrument catalogues from the Civil War era (San Francisco: Norman Publishing in association with The National Museum of Health and Medicine Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1997).



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, DENTISTRY › Dental Instruments & Apparatus, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Dental Instruments, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments
  • 11344

On the occurrence of flint implements in undisturbed beds of gravel, sand, and clay.

Archaeologia, 38, 280-307, 1860.

In the spring of 1859, in the company of Joseph Prestwich, Evans visited Abbeville to view Boucher de Perthes’ collection of flint artifacts and to observe a hand-axe in situ at St. Acheul in a deposit containing the bones of extinct animals. Both men came away convinced that Boucher de Perthes had found evidence of prehistoric man, and both issued papers on what they had seen, Evans’ paper emphasizing the archaeological point of view, and Prestwich’s report emphasizing the geological one. With the publication of Prestwich’s and Evans’ papers, the scientific establishment finally began to be convinced of the validity of Boucher de Perthes evidence for human prehistory. Prestwich delivered his paper to the Royal Society in May, 1859, and Evans delivered his paper to the Society of Antiquaries on June 2, of that year. Evans’ paper was the first to appear in print, however, since the publication of Prestwich’s paper was delayed until 1861. 

For offprints of his paper Evans took the unusual step of changing the title to Flint implements in the drift; being an account of their discovery on the Continent and in England. In the process he also had the pages renumbered from 1-28, and had two plates from John Frere's paper published in Archaeologia in 1800 (No. 7291) reprinted and included as  extra illustrations in the offprints only. Digital facsimile of the offprint from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 11434

Catalogue de la bibliothèque d’histoire naturelle, de médecine et d’ autres sciences de feu M. G. Vrolik.

Amsterdam: Frederik Muller, 1860.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 11805

Actinologia Britannica. A history of the British sea-anemones and corals. With coloured figures of the species and principal varieties.

London: van Voorst, 1860.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, ZOOLOGY › Anthozoology, ZOOLOGY › Illustration
  • 935.2

Les altitudes de l’Amérique tropicale comparées au niveau des mers au point de vue de la constitution médicale.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1861.

Jourdanet discovered the anoxemia theory of high altitude sickness. See No. 943.1. Digital facsimile of the 1861 edition from bibliotecavirtual.ranm.es at this link.



Subjects: Altitude or Undersea Physiology & Medicine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Latin America, Latin American Medicine, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 813

Loi qui préside à la fréquence des battements du coeur.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 53, 95-8, 1861.

Marey’s law of the heart. Marey was the first to realize the relationship between the blood pressure and the heart rate.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 4619

Perte de la parole; ramollissement chronique et destruction partielle du lobe antérieur gauche du cerveau.

Bull. Soc. Anthrop. Paris, 2, 235-38, 1861.

Broca localized the speech center in the left frontal lobe. He asserted that aphasia was associated with a lesion on the left third frontal convolution of the brain – “Broca’s center”. He was preceded in this discovery by Marc Dax, a student who recorded in his unpublished thesis submitted to the Faculty of Medicine in Montpellier in 1836 his observations that the left hemisphere was usually found damaged in aphasics. English translation in J. Neurosurg., 1964, 21, 426-27. The standard biography is Paul Broca, founder of French anthropology, explorer of the brain by F. Schiller. Berkeley, University of California Press, [1979]. See also No. 1400.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 1003

Beiträge zur Lehre von der Verdauung.

S.B.k. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-nat.Kl., 43, Abt.2, 601-23, 1861.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 869

Ueber den Faserstoff und die Ursachen seiner Gerinnung.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 545-87, 675-721; 428-69, 533-64, 1861, 1862.


Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 688

Liquid diffusion applied to analysis.

Phil. Trans., 151, 183-224, 1861.

Graham’s method of separating animal and other fluids by dialysis introduced the distinction between colloidal and crystalloid substances.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, Chemistry, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Dialysis
  • 4693

Klinik der Leberkrankheiten. Bd. 2.

Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn, 1861.

Pp. 62-64: First description of progressive familial hepatolenticular degeneration (“Kinnier Wilson’s disease”; see No. 4717).



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Metabolic Disorders, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Metabolic Disorders › Wilson's Disease, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 421

An elementary treatise on human anatomy.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1861.

Leidy illustrated this book himself. He was professor of anatomy at Philadelphia and the leading American anatomist of his time.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century
  • 1107

Untersuchungen über den Bau der Lymphdrüsen.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1861.

Histology of the lymphatics. His drew the illustrations.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), Lymphatic System
  • 486

Ueber den Bau und die Entwickelung der Wirbelthier-Eier mit partieller Dottertheilung.

Arch. Anat. Physiol wiss. Med., 491-529, 1861.

Proof that the ovum is unicellular in all vertebrates.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 487

Entwicklungsgeschichte des Menschen und der höheren Thiere.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1861.

First book on comparative embryology.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 534.63

Die Missbildungen des Menschen, systematisch dargestellt. 2 vols.

Jena: Friedrich Mauke, 1861.

An encyclopedia of cases from the literature and from Forster’s personal experience. It contains an extremely useful bibliography of teratology, which served as the basis for all subsequent bibliographies of the subject.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, TERATOLOGY
  • 1400

Remarques sur le siège de la faculté du langage articulé, suivie d’une observation d’aphémie (perte de la parole).

Bull. Soc. anat., Paris, 36, 330-57, 1861.

Broca claimed the third left frontal convolution of the brain as the center of articulate speech – a point now disputed. He was first to trephine for a cerebral abscess diagnosed by this theory of localization of function. He introduced term “aphemia” (“motor aphasia”, “Broca’s aphasia”). English translation in von Bonin. Some papers on the cerebral cortex, Springfield: Charles C Thomas, 1960. See No. 4619



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 1401

On the cerebellum, as the centre of co-ordination of the voluntary movements.

Amer. J. med. Sci., n.s. 41, 83-88, 1861.


Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 117

Ueber Muskelkörperchen und das, was man eine Zelle zu nennen habe.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 1-27., 1861.

Schultze showed the cell to be a clump of nucleated protoplasm, stating that each muscle fibre or primitive muscle bundle was developed from a single myoblast by successive divisions of its cell or nucleus. His work settled the controversy with regard to the place of the cell in muscle tissue and stimulated the histologists to investigate the nature of intercellular tissue. Partial English translation in No. 143.1.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, BIOLOGY › Developmental Biology, MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2475

Mémoire sur les corpuscles organisés qui existent dans l’atmosphère. Examen de la doctrine des générations spontanées.

Ann. Sci. nat. (Zool), 16, 5-98, 1861.

In these easily reproducible experiments, prefaced by an important historical introduction, Pasteur demonstrated beyond dispute that fermentation is caused by the action of minute living organisms, and that if these are excluded or killed fermentation does not occur. The heating process which Pasteur recommended for sterilization was the earliest form of “pasteurization”. The above paper marks the downfall of the theory of spontaneous generation. Pasteur’s researches on fermentation led him to the discovery of the bacteria and yeasts and hence to the germ theory of disease; from this all modern bacteriology and immunology have developed.



Subjects: MICROBIOLOGY, Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 2475.1

Animalcules infusoires vivant sans gaz oxygène libre et déterminant des fermentations.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 52, 344-47, 1861.

The discovery of strict anaerobiosis, important for general biology since it shows that oxygen gas is not a requisite for life.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, MICROBIOLOGY, Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 164

Unité de l’espèce humaine.

Paris: L. Hachette, 1861.

De Quatrefages was one of the most eminent French anthropologists.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY
  • 2387

Untersuchungen über den constitutionellen Mercurialismus und sein Verhältniss zur constitutionellen Syphilis.

Würzburg: Stahel, 1861.


Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 2221
  • 4830

Clinique médicale de l’Hôtel Dieu de Paris. 2 vols.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1861.

Trousseau, clinician of the Hôtel-Dieu, made important advances in the treatment of diphtheria, typhoid, scarlet fever and other conditions. In his book he emphasized the value of bedside observation. He supported the doctrine of the specific nature of disease and realized the significance of Pasteur’s work on fermentation. On pp. 112-14 of vol. 2 Trousseau described the phenomenon in tetany which now bears his name. This is produced by pressure upon the arm sufficient to stop the circulation; the result is a sudden contraction of the fingers and hand into the so-called “obstetrical position”. English translation, 1868-72.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works, NEUROLOGY › Tetany
  • 3267

The breath of life; or mal-respiration, and its effects upon the enjoyments and life of man.

New York: John Wiley, 1861.

Catlin, the famous American artist, was the first in America to call attention to the bad effects of mouth-breathing. He based his book on observations of native American practices, and illustrated his book with humorous sketches. Digital facsimile from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat)
  • 2762

Du double souffle intermittent crural, comme signe de l’insuffisance aortique.

Arch. gén. Méd. 5 sér., 17, 417-43, 588-605, 1861.

The double intermittent murmur over the femoral arteries, diagnostic of aortic insufficiency, has become known as “Duroziez’s sign.” Partial English translation in No. 2241.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 2763

Short account of cardiac murmurs.

Edinb. med. J., 7, 438-53, 1861.

The murmur which Fauvel (No. 2754) had called “presystolic” was described by Gairdner, who called it “auricular-systolic.” This paper is important as being largely responsible for the recognition in Britain of the presystolic murmur, previously discounted by most authorities.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 3372

Mémoire sur des lésions de l’oreille interne donnant lieu à des symptomes de congestion cérébrale apoplectiforme.

Gaz. méd. Paris, 16, 88-89, 239-40, 379-80, 597-601, 1861.

First description of aural vertigo (“Menière’s syndrome”). First appeared in summary form in Bull. Acad. imp. Méd., 1860-61, 26, 241, and in Gaz. méd. Paris, 1861, 16, 29, with title: Surune forme de surdité grave dépendant d’une lésion de l’oreille interne. Menière’s case was a symptomatic form of the disorder.



Subjects: OTOLOGY , OTOLOGY › Vestibular System › Vertigo
  • 3375

Ein Fall von Anbohrung des Warzenfortsatzes bei Otitis interna mit Bemerkungen über diese Operation.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 21, 295-314, 1861.

The first modern mastoid operation was devised by von Tröltsch.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3993

On the parasitic affections of the skin.

London: John Churchill, 1861.

Anderson was Professor of Clinical Medicine at Glasgow. Digital facsimile of the second edition (1868) from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, PARASITOLOGY
  • 2968

Der erste Fall von erfolgreicher Unterbindung der Art. hepatica propria gegen Aneurysma.

Münch. med. Wschr., 50, 1861-1867, 18611867.

Successful ligation of the hepatic artery.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 4047

On a new and striking form of fungus disease, principally affecting the foot, and prevailing endemically in many parts of India.

Trans. med. phys. Soc. Bombay, (1860), n.s. 6, 104-42, 1861.

First modern description of mycetoma of the foot – “Madura foot”, “Carter’s mycetoma”. It was mentioned by E. Kaempfer in his Amoenitates exoticae, Lemgo, 1712, p. 561. Colebrook at the Madura Dispensary is said to have given it the name “Madura foot” in 1846. See also No. 4066.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, Mycology, Medical, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 4051

Leçons théoriques et cliniques sur la scrofule considérée en elle-même et dans ses rapports avec la syphilis, la dartre et l'arthritis. 2me édition.

Paris: A. Delahaye, 1861.

Erythema induratum scrophulosorum (“Bazin’s disease”) first described.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4052

A peculiar atrophy of the skin (Lineae atrophicae).

Guy’s Hosp. Rep. 3 ser., 7, 197-301, 1861.

First description of lineae atrophicae.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 3460

Ueber polypöse Vegetationen der gesammten Dickdarmschleimhaut.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 20, 133-42, 1861.

First authentic description of polyposis of the colon.



Subjects: Colon & Rectal Diseases & Surgery
  • 4210

Case of encephaloid disease of the kidney; removal, etc.

Med. Surg. Reporter (Philad.), 7, 126-27, 1861.

Erastus Bradley Wolcott (1804-1880) was first to excise the kidney (for renal tumor). The preoperative diagnosis had been tumor of the liver. Only after the operation did the surgeons realize that they had removed the kidney. The patient lived 15 days after the operation. The operation was recorded by Stoddard.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery
  • 5028

Die Hydrotherapie des Typhus.

Stettin (Szczecin), Poland: T. von der Nahmer, 1861.

Brand’s cold bath treatment of typhoid fever consisted of total immersion in water at 65°F. and the pouring of cold water over the neck and shoulders. The cold bath treatment of fevers was instituted by Currie (see No. 1988).



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Typhus, THERAPEUTICS › Balneotherapy, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy
  • 6049

Amputation of the cervix uteri.

Trans. N.Y. med. Soc., 367-71, 1861.

Sims’s method for amputating the cervix.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6184

Ueber das technische Verfahren bei vernachlässigten Querlagen und über Decapitationsinstrumente.

Wien. med. Wschr., 11, 713-16, 1861.

Braun’s decapitation hook.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6715

The roll of the Royal College of Physicians of London; comprising biographical sketches. (Lives of the fellows.) 12 vols.

London: The College, 18612005.

“Munk’s Roll”. Covers the period 1518-2005 and onward. The entire work is available as a searchable electronic resource from the Royal College of Physicians at this link.

"The first volume in this series of obituaries was published in 1861. It was compiled by the Harveian Librarian, William Munk. He researched and complied entries for all fellows (voting members) and licentiates (non-voting members), from the RCP’s foundation in 1518to 1825. Subsequent Harveian Librarians have continued this work, commonly called Munk’s Roll in honour of its original compiler. Volumes from 1825 onwards only include past fellows due to rising numbers of fellows, licentiates and later, members.

"The RCP now has a near-complete collection of obituaries for past fellows, from 1518 to the present (and licentiates from 1518 to 1825), making it an invaluable biographical resource for those interested in medical and social history, and family historians.

"Eleven printed volumes were published covering 1518 to 2004. Entries for 2005 onwards are published online as Volume XII.

"All entries from volume I (1518-1700) to volume XI (1998-2004) have been published online.

"There is a searchable index to all entries.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Reference Works Digitized and Online, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works), Societies and Associations, Medical
  • 6263

Die Formen des Beckens, insbesondere des engen weiblichen Beckens.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 1861.

Litzmann devised a clinical classification of pelves which was for many years generally used, and he described various deformities of the female pelvis.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Pelvis: Pelvic Anomalies
  • 6277

Die Aetiologie, der Begriff und die Prophylaxis des Kindbettfiebers.

Pest (Budapest), Vienna, und Leipzig: C. A. Hartleben, 1861.

Semmelweis, who earlier had shown puerperal fever to be a septicemia, strove to improve conditions in the lying-in wards of Vienna and Budapest. Misunderstood and maligned by many, he eventually published this book in support of his views on the etiology of puerperal sepsis. He had no literary style and his book is difficult reading; it had an overwhelming mass of badly-presented statistics. Sir W. J. Sinclair, his biographer, said of him that “if he could have written like Oliver Wendell Holmes, his ‘Aetiology’ would have conquered Europe in 12 months”. Semmelweis died in an asylum on 13 August 1865. An English translation of the book, by F. P. Murphy, is in Med. Classics, 1941, 5, 350-773. This translation was reprinted with translations of Semmelweis’s other works by Ferenc Gyorgyey, Birmingham, Classics of Medicine Library, 1980. Original edition reprinted, Budapest, 1970. New English translation, somewhat abridged, Madison, Wisc., 1983. Digital facsimile from deutschestextarchiv.de at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Sepsis / Antisepsis, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 6336

Beiträge zur Kinderheilkunde.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1861.


Subjects: PEDIATRICS
  • 4640

Die Gürtelkrankheit.

Ann. Charité-Krankenh. Berlin, 9, 2 Heft, 40-128 10, 1 Heft, 37-53; 11, 2 Heft, 96-116, 18611862, 1863.

Herpes zoster first ascribed to a lesion of the spinal ganglia.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Herpes › Herpes Zoster (Shingles), NEUROLOGY › Inflammatory Conditions, VIROLOGY › VIRUSES (by Family) › Herpesviridae › Varicella zoster virus
  • 7608

Essays and observations on natural history, anatomy, physiology, psychology, and geology by John Hunter, F.R.S. Being his posthumous papers on those subjects, arranged and revised, with notes; to which are added the introductory lectures on the Hunterian collection of fossil remains delivered in the theatre of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, March 8th, 10th and 12th, 1855 by Richard Owen .... 2 vols.

London: John van Voorst, 1861.

Digital facsimiles from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 18th Century, NATURAL HISTORY, PHYSIOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY
  • 7735

Handbook for the military surgeon: Being a compendium of the duties of the medical officer in the field, the sanitary management of the camp, the preparation of food, etc.; with forms for the requisitions for supplies, returns, etc.; the diagnosis and treatment of camp dysentery; and all the important points in war surgery: Including gunshot wounds, amputation, wounds of the chest, abdomen, arteries and head, and the use of chloroform.

Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co., 1861.

Digital facsimile of second edition (1861) from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 7811

A manual of military surgery: for the use of surgeons in the Confederate army: with an appendix of the rules and regulations of the medical department of the Confederate army.

Charleston, SC: Evans & Cogwell, 1861.

Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General
  • 7814

A treatise on gun-shot wounds: written for and dedicated to the surgeons of the Confederate States Army.

New Orleans, LA: Bulletin Book and Job Office, 1861.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American South, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General , U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Louisiana
  • 7815

A manual of military surgery: or, hints on the emergencies of field, camp and hospital practice.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1861.

Digital facsimile of the second edition (1862) from the Hathi Trust at this link. Notably in 1862 this small work written for Union surgeons was reprinted in Richmond, Virginia for the use of Confederate surgeons. The Richmond publisher J. W. Randolph, published an informative note on the source of this edition on the verso of the title page. It reads:

"In view of the great want of some convenient work on Military Surgery, we present a valuable little Treatise recently published by Dr. S.D. Gross, of Philadelphia. The book trade between the two sections of the continent having been interrupted, it has rendered it impossible for Dr. Gs publishers to furnish the work to the Southern Public. We avail ourselves of the copy recently published in the Southern Medical and Surgical Journal, Augusta, Geo."

Digital facsimile of the Richmond edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, Emergency Medicine, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 7867

A manual of etherization: Containing directions for the employment of ether, chloroform, and other anaesthetic agents, by inhalation, in surgical operations, Intended for military and naval surgeons, and all who may be exposed to surgical operations, with Instructions for the preparation of ether and chloroform, and for testing them for Impurities. comprising, also, a brief history of the discovery of anaesthesia.

Boston, MA: Published for the Author by J. B. Mansfield, 1861.

Jackson's most detailed exposition of anesthesia, including a summary of the early history of its discovery, written for American Civil War physicians and surgeons. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA, ANESTHESIA › Chloroform, ANESTHESIA › Ether, ANESTHESIA › History of Anesthesia, American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE
  • 8110

De Mexique au point de vue de son influence sur la vie de l'homme.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1861.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Mexico, Geography of Disease / Health Geography, Latin American Medicine
  • 8914

On the various contrivances by which British and foreign orchids are fertilised by insects, and on the good effects of intercrossing.

London: John Murray, 1861.

Darwin's first work on plant fertilization and the first volume of evidence that he published to support the theories advanced in On the origin of species (1859). This was also the only book by Darwin that was issued by Murray in distinctive purple cloth (first edition only).



Subjects: BOTANY, EVOLUTION
  • 8915

On the origin of species by means of natural selection....Third edition with additions and corrections (Seventh thousand).

London: John Murray, 1861.

Extensively revised, and the first edition to include the "historical sketch" crediting the historical precursors to the theory of evolution by natural selection. Darwin added this chapter in response to writings by Samuel Butler and others.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION
  • 9171

Flora hongkonensis: A description of the flowering plants and ferns of the island of Hongkong.

London: Lowell Reeve, 1861.

The first comprehensive work on any part of the flora of China and Hong Kong. It included the first published description of Hong Kong Croton, or Croton hancei. 



Subjects: BOTANY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of
  • 10039

Ueber die Beziehungen der darstellenden Kunst zur Heilkunst. Aus dem zehnten Bande der Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen.

Göttingen: Verlag der Dieterichschen Buchhandlung, 1861.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology
  • 10049

The eastern, or Turkish bath: Its history, revival in Britain, and application to the purposes of health.

London: John Churchill, 1861.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Turkey, THERAPEUTICS › Balneotherapy, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy
  • 10460

La chirurgie d'Abulcasis. Précédée d'une introduction. Avec planches.Traduite par le Dr. Lucien Leclerc.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1861.

First translation into French. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link


  • 11583

Lectures on the germs and vestiges of disease, and on the prevention of the invasion and fatality of disease by periodical examinations.

London: John Churchill, 1861.

Dobell was the first physician to propose periodic health examinations. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: PREVENTATIVE MEDICINE, PREVENTATIVE MEDICINE › Periodic Health Examinations
  • 12462

Bibliotheca zoologica. Verzeichniss der Schriften über zoologie, welche in den Periodischen werken enthalten und vom Jahre 1846-1860 selbständig erschienen Sind. Mit Einschluss der allgemein-naturgeschichtlichen periodischen und palaeontologischen Schriften. 2 vols.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1861.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Natural History, ZOOLOGY
  • 12813

Lives of eminent American physicians and surgeons of the nineteenth century. Edited by Samuel D. Gross.

Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1861.

Digital facsimile from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works)
  • 12983

Nouvelles recherches sur la coexistence de l’homme et des grands mammifères fossiles réputés caractéristiques de la dernière période géologique.

Ann. Sci. nat (Paris), 15, 177-253, 1861.

In this lengthy paper of nearly 80 pages Lartet proposed “the first chronological framework into which both human skeletal and cultural remains could be fitted, based on fossil animal bones recovered from French cave sites” (Spencer 1997, 606). Cultural remains included flints and bone carvings. The first figure in plate 10 shows Lartet’s original concept of how the human skeletons in the Aurignac had been arranged in the chamber; he subsequently altered his opinion based on discoveries made in 1862. In the final plate of this paper Lartet published an illustration of two deer carved on a reindeer bone which had been found between 1834 and 1845 by Pierre-Amédée Brouillet in the cave of Chauffaud in the Vienne. Brouillet and others had thought the engraving to be Celtic, but Lartet declared it be much earlier; his appreciation of the significance and true date of the finds from Chaffaud, Aurignac and Massat was “the first clear statement of what we now call Franco-Cantabrian Upper Palaeolithic art.” (Daniel 1981, 62). An English translation of the first part of this paper, including a reproduction of Lartet’s reconstruction of the burial chamber, was published as "New researches respecting the co-existence of man with the great fossil mammals, regarded as characteristic of the latest geological period," The Natural History Review, 2, no. 5 (January 1862) 53–71.



Subjects: EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 13270

(1) Zwei offene Briefe an Hofrath Dr. Eduard Casp. Jac. v. Siebold, . . . und an Hofrath Dr. F. W. Scanzoni . . .Ofen... 1861. (2) Zwei offene Briefe an Dr. J. Spaeth, Professor der Geburtshilfe an der k. k. Josefs-Akademie in Wien, und an Hofrath Dr. F. W. Scanzoni, Professor der Geburtshilfe zu Würzburg. Pest...1861. (3) Offener Brief an sämmtliche Professoren der Geburtshilfe. Ofen...1862.

Ofen: K. ungar. Universitäts-Buchdruckerei & Pest: Gustav Emich, 18611862.

Semmelweis’s last publications on antisepsis in obstetrics. Although the information and conclusions that Semelweis drew in his Die Aetiologie, der Begriff und die Prophylaxis des Kindbettfiebers (1861) were of the first importance, its publication failed to bring about a widespread acceptance of Semmelweis’s views and methods; instead, the connection he had made between cadaverous infection and puerperal fever was rejected by a large proportion of the medical establishment. Die Aetiologie was subject to several unfavorable reviews, to which Semmelweis responded with a series of “Open Letters”, published in pamphlet form in 1861 and 1862, in which he bitterly attacked his critics. These he wrote to “Joseph Späth, Friedrich Wilhelm Scanzoni von Lichtenfels, and [Franz???] Siebold in 1861 full of desperation and fury for reluctance to accept his doctrine. He called upon Siebold to arrange a meeting of German obstetricians somewhere in Germany to provide a forum for discussions on puerperal fever where he would stay “until all have been converted to his theory.” (Hauzman, Erik E [2006]. “Semmelweis and his German contemporaries”. 40th International Congress on the History of Medicine, ISHM 2006. The abusive language Semmelweis used in these letters was an indicator of his increasing mental instability. He eventually suffered a mental breakdown in 1865 and died the same year—ironically, due to septicemia from an infected finger.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Sepsis / Antisepsis, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Puerperal Fever
  • 13416

Verzeichniss der hinterlassenen Bibliothek des Geh. Medicinalrathes Dr. v. Ammon in Dresden, welch nebst mehreren anderen Bibliotheken, sowie einem Anhange von Musikalien und Büchern über Musik....

Leipzig: T. O. Weigel, 1861.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 13465

On the absorption and radiation of heat by gases and vapours, and on the physical connexion of radiation, absorption and conduction.

Phil. Trans., 151, 1-36, 1861.

Demonstration that gases including carbon dioxide and water can absorb heat, aand could change climate. Digital facsimile from royalsocietypublishing.org at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment › Climate Change
  • 936

Untersuchungen über den Bau der Nasenschleimhaut, namentlich die Structur und Endigungsweise der Geruchsnerven bei dem Menschen und den Wirbelthieren.

Abh. naturf. Ges. Halle, 7, 1-100, 1862.

Schultze’s classic paper on the nerves to the neuro-epithelium in the special sense organs marks an epoch in histology. He described the cells of the olfactory muccous membrane, “Schultze’s cells”.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy › Comparative Neuroanatomy
  • 938

Untersuchungen über die Respiration.

Ann. Chem. Pharm. (Heidelberg), Suppl. 2, 52-70, 18621863.

The first combined feeding–respiration experiments. Pettenkofer and Voit devised an apparatus for their important experiments on respiration and metabolism. They were first to estimate the amounts of protein, fat, and carbohydrate broken down in the body.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism, RESPIRATION
  • 937

Ueber die Respiration.

Ann. Chem. Pharm (Heidelberg), Suppl. 2, 1-52, 18621863.


Subjects: RESPIRATION
  • 814

Ueber Reflexionen von und zum Herzen (Klopfversuch).

Königsb. med. Jb., 3, 271-4, 1862.

Rapidly-repeated blows on the belly of a frog caused cessation of the heart-beat, which Goltz concluded was brought about by reflex inhibition through the vagus, an important contribution to the knowledge of the mechanism of shock.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Shock, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1004

Ueber specifisch wirkende Körper des natürlichen und künstlichen pancreatischen Saftes.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 25, 279-307, 1862.

Discovery of trypsin.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion, HEPATOLOGY › Hepatic Physiology
  • 1005

Experimental researches into a new excretory function of the liver, consisting in the removal of cholesterine from the blood and its discharge from the body in the form of stercorine.

Amer. J. med. Sci., n.s. 44, 305-65, 1862.

Discovery, in the feces, of “stercorine” (coprosterol).



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion, HEPATOLOGY › Hepatic Physiology
  • 870

Ueber das Verhalten des Blutfarbstoffe im Spectrum des Sonnenlichtes.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 23, 446-49, 1862.

See No. 873.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 4695

Case of progressive atrophy of the muscles of the hands: enlargement of the ventricle of the cord in the cervical region, with atrophy of the gray matter.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 8, 244-50, 1862.

First description of syringomyelia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 2166

Un souvenir de Solferino.

Geneva: J. G. Fick, 1862.

Dunant’s account of the great sufferings endured by the wounded at Solferino inspired the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 1863, and resulted in the Geneva Convention of 1864. In 1901 Dunant was awarded the first Nobel Peace Prize. English translations, Washington, 1939 and London, 1947. Digital facsimile of the 1862 edition from the Hathi Trust at this link. Dunant took the unusual step of having "Ne se vend pas" (Not for sale) printed on the title page of the first edition. Presumably he distributed the first 400 copies free of charge. BnF, En français dans le texte (1990) No. 284 notes that only 400 of the 1600 copies originally printed were issued with the first edition title page in 1862; later in 1862 Dunant had the remaining copies reissued with a cancel title page indicating that they represented a second edition. Altogether 7 editions were issued in French during Dunant's lifetime.



Subjects: Global Health, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2166.1

Notes on arrow wounds.

Am. J. med. Sci., 154, 365-87, 1862.

The definitive work on American Indian arrow wounds suffered by U. S. troops and settlers in frontier warfare during the Western expansion of the United States. Bill eventually developed a "Forceps for the Extraction of Arrow-Heads," which he illustrated and described in Medical Record 1876, 11, 245. Digital facsimile of Bill's 1862 paper from Google Books at this link. Digital facsimile of vol. 11 of Medical Record in which Bill's follow-up note appears from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American West, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Forceps, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, NATIVE AMERICANS & Medicine
  • 1108

Die Lymphgefässe und ihre Beziehung zum Bindegewebe.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1862.

“Recklinghausen’s canals”, the lymph canaliculi.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, Lymphatic System
  • 1613

Ueber eine Methode die Kohlensäure in der atmosphärischen Luft zu bestimmen.

J. prakt. Chem., 85, 165-84, 1862.

Pettenkofer was the founder of experimental hygiene; he was the first to institute a laboratory for hygienic investigation.



Subjects: Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1269

Ueber die peripherischen Endorgane der motorischen Nerven.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1862.

Kühne described the neuromuscular end organ (“Kühne’s spindle”) and introduced the term “telolemma” for the outer covering of its sheath.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 2453
  • 5344

Die menschlichen Parasiten und die von ihnen herrührenden Krankheiten. 2 vols.

Leipzig: C. F. Winter, 18621876.

Includes the first complete and accurate account of the life history and morphology of Taenia echinococcus. Leuckart proved the relationship between hydatid cysts and minute tape-worms in dogs. English translation, Edinburgh, 1886. Digital facsimile of the German edition from Google Books at this link; facsimile of the English translation at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms
  • 167

On the methods and results of ethnology.

Proc. Roy. Inst. Gr. Brit., 4, 461-63., 18621866.

Includes Huxley’s classification of mankind by means of the hair. The full text was originally published in the Fortnightly Review, I, 1865, 257-76. The full text was reprinted in Huxley's Critiques and addresses (1873).



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY
  • 2388

Della trasmissione delle sifilide mediante la inoculazione del sangue.

Florence, 1862.

Proof of the possibility of transmission of syphilis by blood transfusion.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis, THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 2220

A treatise on the continued fevers of Great Britain.

London: Parker, Son, & Bourn, 1862.

Murchison was one of the greatest clinical teachers London has ever known; of his many writings his book on continued fever is probably the most important. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), INFECTIOUS DISEASE, Medicine: General Works
  • 3268

Die erste Ausrottung eines Polypen in der Kehlkopfshöhle durch Zerschneiden ohne blutige Eröffnung der Luftwege.

Tübingen: H. Laupp, 1862.

First enucleation of a laryngeal polyp by the bloodless method. Digital facsimile of the second edition (1862) from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3269

Beiträge zur Laryngoscopie.

Allg. med. Cent.-Ztg, 31, 9, 33, 1862.

Lewin was probably the first to extirpate a laryngeal growth with the aid of the laryngoscope. Bruns claimed this distinction, but may not have heard of Lewin.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Laryngoscope, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology › Laryngoscopy
  • 220.1

Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley: Lepidoptera: Heliconidae.

Trans. Linn. Soc., 23, 495-566, 1862.

Bates spent eleven years in the Amazon and there collected 8,000 species of insects new to science. In the above paper he clearly stated and solved the problem of “mimicry”, known today as “Batesian mimicry”. The superficial resemblance of a palatable species (mimic) to an unpalatable species (model) is a form of protective coloration that has evolved by natural selection. (See also No. 228.1)



Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION, ZOOLOGY › Arthropoda › Entomology, ZOOLOGY › Arthropoda › Entomology › Lepidoptera
  • 220.2

On our knowledge of the causes of the phenomenon of organic nature.

London: Robert Hardwicke, 1862.

This series of six lectures delivered to “working men” in November and December, 1862 includes Huxley’s first book-form exposition of Darwin’s theories, of which he was probably the greatest popular exponent. A prolific essayist as well as author of hundreds of scientific papers, Huxley was one of the most eloquent of all English writers on the natural sciences. 



Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION
  • 2704

De l’asphyxie locale et de la gangrène symétrique des extrémités.

Paris: Rignoux, 1862.

First description of “Raynaud’s disease.” For a translation by T. Barlow, see Selected Monographs, London, 1888, pp. 1-199, New Sydenham Society, which also contains a translation of Raynaud’s second paper on the subject.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2764

On cardiac murmurs.

Amer. J. med. Sci. n.s., 44, 29-54, 1862.

First description of the “Austin Flint murmur,” present at the apex beat in aortic regurgitation. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1940, 4, 864-900.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aortic Diseases, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Auscultation and Physical Diagnosis
  • 3376

Die Krankheiten des Ohres.

Würzburg: Stahel, 1862.

Tröltsch was Professor of Otology as Würzburg. He was the founder of the Archiv für Ohrenheilkunde. English translation, 1874.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear
  • 2961

Case of iliac aneurism.

Med. -chir. Trans., 45, 381-87, 1862.

Syme treated a case of iliac aneurysm by opening the sac and ligating the common iliac and the internal and external iliac arteries.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 3936

Researches on the nature and treatment of diabetes

London: John Churchill, 1862.

Pavy devoted many years to the study of diabetes. He concluded that there was a definite relationship between the degree of hyperglycemia and glycosuria.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 3007

Beiträge zur normalen und pathologischen Anatomie der Lungen.

Dresden: G. Schönfeld’s Buchhandlung, 1862.

First description of pulmonary fat embolism in man.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Thrombosis / Embolism, PATHOLOGY
  • 3008

Experimentelle Beiträge zur Lehre von der Embolie.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 25, 308-38, 433-530, 1862.

Experimental study of the effects of ligation of coronary vessels.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Thrombosis / Embolism, CARDIOVASCULAR (Cardiac) SURGERY
  • 4053

Disease of the skin produced by post mortem examinations, or verruca necrogenica.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep. 3 ser., 8, 263-65, 1862.

Description of dissecting-room warts (verrucae necrogenicae),tuberculosis verrucosa cutis (also known as Lupus verrucosus, Prosector's wart, and "Warty tuberculosis"[ the cutaneous tuberculosis of Laennec, sometimes called “Wilks’s disease”.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 4422.1

Handbuch der Lehre von den Knochenbruchen. 2 vols.

Berlin: Max Hirsch & Hamm, Germany: G. Grote, 18621865.

Gurlt, the celebrated historian of surgery (see No. 5800), wrote an exhaustive and detailed review of the literature on fractures. As a source of obscure and arcane information it is unsurpassed. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › History of Orthopedics, Fractures, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 4973

Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou analyse électro-physiologique de l’expression des passions applicable à la pratique des arts plastiques. Premier fascicule. [All published]. 1 volume of text plus atlas of photographs by Duchenne.

Paris: Vve. J. Renouard, 1862.

Duchenne studied the mechanism of facial expression during emotion; his atlas of photographs was the first medical book illustrated with photographs of living subjects. Darwin reproduced a number of his photographs in The expression of the emotions (No. 4975).



Subjects: IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography , PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology, PSYCHOLOGY
  • 5748

Die Uranoplastik mittelst Ablösung es mucös-periostalen Gaumenüberzuges.

Arch. klin. Chir., 2, 205-87, 1862.

Langenbeck has several operations named after him, one of the most important being that for cleft palate. Abridged English translation in No. 5768.2.



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Cleft Lip & Palate
  • 5344.1

Ein Beitrag zur Pathologie der Trichinenkrankheit beim Menschen.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 25, 399-413, 1862.

First confirmed diagnosis of trichinosis in a living person.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Food-Borne Diseases › Trichinosis
  • 5889

Astigmatisme en cilindrische glazen.

Utrecht: Post, 1862.

Includes statement of “Donders’s law” – the rotation of the eye around the line of sight is not voluntary. French and German translations, 1862.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision, Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 5890

Probebuchstaben zur Bestimmung der Sehschärfe.

Utrecht: P. W. van de Weijer, 1862.

Snellen’s test-types (“Optotypi”) which soon gained acceptance in all civilized countries. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 6050

On vaginismus.

Trans. obstet. Soc. Lond., (1861), 3, 356-67, 1862.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6525

Compendium der Geschichte der Medicin von den Urzeiten bis auf die Gegenwart, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Neuzeit und der Wiener Schule. 2te Aufl.

Vienna: Braumüller, 1862.


Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Austria
  • 7621

Catalogue of the osteological portion of specimens contained in the Anatomical Museum of the University of Cambridge.

Cambridge, England: at the University Press, 1862.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 7737

The hospital steward's manual; for the instruction of hospital stewards, wardmasters, and attendants, in their several duties; prepared in strict accordance with existing regulations and the customs of service in the armies of the United States of America, and rendered authoritative by order of the Surgeon-General.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1862.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Arhive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 7792

Poetae bucolici et didactici: Theocritus, Bion, Moschus....Phile De animalibus, elephanti, plantis....

Paris: Ambroise Firmin Didot, 1862.

Manuel Philes of Ephesus wrote didactic poems on the characteristics of animals, chiefly based upon Aelian and Oppian, and a didactic poem of some 2000 lines, dedicated to Michael IX Palaiologos; on the elephant, and another poem on plants. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, Byzantine Zoology, NATURAL HISTORY
  • 7817

Regulations for the Medical Department of the C. S. Army.

Richmond, VA: Ritchie & Dunnavant, Printers, 1862.

Electronic edition from unc.edu, Documenting the American South, at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 9173

Genera plantarum: Ad exemplaria imprimis in Herberiis Kewensibus servata definita; auctoribus G. Bentham et J.D. Hooker. 3 vols. in 9 parts.

London: A. Black, Hookerian Herbarium, Kew et al, 18621883.

First publication of the Bentham & Hooker taxonomic system for seed plants published before there were internationally accepted rules for botanical nomenclature. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Archive at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Classification / Systemization of Plants
  • 9678

Notes on Chinese materia medica. Reprinted, with some corrections, from the Pharmaceutical Journal and Transactions.

London: John E. Taylor, 1862.

Reprinted, with continuous pagination, and index from the Pharmaceutical Journal for July and August, 1860, for November and December, 1861, and for February 1862. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Chinese Medicine , PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 10440

Chinese immigration and the physiological causes of the decay of a nation.

San Francisco, CA: Agnew & Deffenbach, Printers, 1862.

Medical justification for racism, racial prejudice, and xenophobia in its purest sense. The author, a physician, also published several works of conventional medicine. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › California
  • 10619

Étude sur les hôpitaux considerés sour le rapport de leur construction de la distribution de leurs batiments de l'ameublement, de l'hygiène & du service des salles de malades.

Paris: Paul Dupont, 1862.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: HOSPITALS
  • 11311

Health: Its friends and foes.

Boston: Gould and Lincoln, 1862.

This work, which promoted vegetarianism and abstinence from tobacco along with other hygiene and overall health advice, was written as the author stated in his preface, "to meet the comprehension of the general reader, and, at the same time, to present some suggestions which, it is hoped, the young physician may find not wholly beneath his regard."

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Household or Self-Help Medicine, Hygiene, NUTRITION / DIET, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Tobacco
  • 11625

An inquiry into the medicinal value of the excreta of reptiles, in phthisis and some other diseases.

London: Longman & Co., 1862.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis, ODDITIES & Curiosities, Biomedical
  • 548.1

Ueber Eiter- und Bindegewebskörperchen.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 28, 157-97, 1863.

Recklinghausen described granular cells in the frog mesentery, later named “mast cells” by Ehrlich (No. 553.1).



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), MICROBIOLOGY
  • 815

Untersuchungen über die Innervation des Herzens

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1863.

Discovery of the accelerator or excitatory nerve fibres of the heart (pp. 191-232), “Bezold’s ganglia”.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Anatomy of the Heart & Circulatory System
  • 816

Appareils et expériences cardiographiques.

Mém. Acad. imp. de Méd. (Paris), 26, 268-319, 1863.

First direct records of the heart impulse by means of a “cardiac sound” and the sphygmograph – recording tambours, which wrote on a moving drum covered with smoked paper.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Sphygmogram, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • 4538

A contribution to the pathology of the crura cerebri.

Med.-chir. Trans., 46, 121-39, 1863.

“Weber’s syndrome”or “Weber–Gubler syndrome” – hemiplegia associated with disease of the crura cerebri; first described by Gubler (No. 4531).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System
  • 1006

Ueber einen Plexus gangliosus myogastricus.

Jber. schles. Ges. vaterl. Cultur, (1862), 40, 103-04, 1863.

Auerbach’s plexus and ganglion. See also his book Ueber einen Plexus myentericus, Breslau, Morgenstern, 1862.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 871

On the coagulation of the blood.

Proc. roy. Soc. (Lond.), (1862), 12, 580-611, 1863.

In his Croonian Lecture Lister exploded the theory that blood coagulation is due to ammonia and showed that, in the blood vessels, it depends upon their injury. He further showed that by carrying out the strictest precautions he could keep blood free from putrefaction indefinitely, thus supporting his theory that bacteria were the cause of wound suppuration.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Coagulation , SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 872

On the reduction and oxidation of the colouring matter of the blood.

Proc. roy. Soc. (Lond.), 13, 355-64, 18631864.

Discovery that oxygen can be removed from hemoglobin by reducing agents.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 690

Zur Kenntnis der zuckerbildenden Fermente.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 28, 241-53, 1863.

Investigation of the sugar-forming ferments.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 1109

Ueber das Epithel der Lymphgefässwurzeln und über die von Recklinghausen’schen Saftcanälchen.

Z. wiss. Zool 13, 455-73, 1863.


Subjects: Lymphatic System
  • 1562

Die Lehre von der Tonempfindungen als physiologische Grundlage für die Theorie der Musik.

Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn, 1863.

Helmholtz’s theory of hearing, upon which all modern theories of resonance are based. This exhaustive study of acoustics ranks as one of the greatest books on the subject and shows that Helmholtz was, besides being a great physicist and physician, an accomplished musician. English translation of 3rd edition, London, 1875.



Subjects: Music and Medicine, OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 488

Observationes nonnulae de ovorum ranarum segmentatione, quae “Furchungsprocess” dicitur.

Bonn: Formis C. Georgi, 1863.

Best contemporary description of the segmentation furrowing of the egg.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 4816

Unilateral epileptiform seizures, attended by temporary defect of sight.

Med. Times Gaz., 1, 588-89, 1863.

“Jacksonian epilepsy” is so called from the excellent account of unilateral epilepsy with spasm given by Jackson. Actually, Bravais (No. 4810) was first to note the condition.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Epilepsy
  • 1362

Physiologische Studien über die Hemmungsmechanischen für die Reflexthätigkeit des Rückenmarks im Gehirn des Frosches.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1863.

Sechenov discovered the cerebral inhibition of spinal reflexes. He was Professor of Physiology at St. Petersburg and Moscow, and the “father of Russian physiology”.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord, Neurophysiology
  • 1223

Untersuchungen über die Erection des Penis beim Hunde.

Beitr. Anat. Physiol., 3, 123-70, 1863.

Important studies of the erector mechanism.



Subjects: Genito-Urinary System, PHYSIOLOGY › Comparative Physiology
  • 1401.1

Considérations sur les localisations cérébrales et en particulier sur le siège de la faculté du langage articulé.

Gaz. hebd. Méd. Chir., 10, 318-21, 348-51, 397-402, 455-58, 1863.

Auburtin did much to establish the principle of cerebral localization. He demonstrated on a patient whose frontal lobe was exposed following a gunshot wound that merely touching the uninjured lobe with a spatula would abolish speech, which would return immediately when the spatula was removed. Digital facsimile of the separate offprint version from the Hathitrust at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 118

Das Protoplasma der Rhizopoden und der Pflanzenzellen.

Leipzig: Engelmann, 1863.

Schultze showed that protoplasm is practically identical in all living cells.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1270

Die Muskelspindeln. Ein Beitrag zur Lehre von der Entwickelung der Muskeln und Nervenfasem.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 28, 528-38, 1863.

The best early description of proprioceptive receptors in muscles.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1465

Recherches sur la transmission des impressions de tact, de chatouillement, de douleur, de température et de contraction (sens musculaire) dans la moëlle épinière.

J. Physiol. (Paris), 6,124-45, 232-48, 581-646, 1863.

Among Brown-Séquard’s best work was his study of the pathways of conduction in the spinal cord.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1865.1

Resources of the southern fields and forests, medical, economical, and agricultural: Being also a medical botany of the Confederate States; with practical information on the useful properties of the trees, plants and shrubs.

Charleston, SC: Cogswell, 1863.

The first extensive treatise on the botany of the Southern States of the US and the only Confederate manual of materia medica. This is also a manual of “survival information”, teaching how live off the land and how to make medicines from indigenous plants, because the Union blockade of Confederate ports prevented the importation of medicines from Europe. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, BOTANY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American South, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › South Carolina
  • 2476

Nouvel exemple de fermentation determinée par des animalcules infusoires pouvant vivre sans gaz oxygène libre, et en dehors de tout contact avec l’air de l’atmosphere.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 56, 416-21, 1863.

Pasteur confirmed the fact, established by Schwann (No. 674) that putrefaction was a biological process.



Subjects: MICROBIOLOGY, Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 2477

Examen du rôle attribué au gaz oxygène atmosphérique dans la destruction des matières et végétales après la mort.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 56, 734-40, 1863.


Subjects: MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2478

Recherches sur la putréfaction.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 56, 1189-94, 1863.

Pasteur was the first to differentiate between aerobic and anaerobic organisms. (See also Nos. 2476-77.)



Subjects: MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1744

Klinische Novellen zur gerichtlichen Medizin.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1863.


Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine)
  • 2617

Die krankhaften Geschwülste. Vol. 1-3, Heft 1.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 18631867.

Although tumours were perhaps his greatest interest, Virchow never completed this work which was intended to have 30 lectures. Instead he stopped with the 25th lecture, on carcinoma, probably because of the vigorous attack which Remak and others were making on his conception of the histogenesis of epithelioma. Virchow’s 25th lecture records one of his mistakes – his theory of the connective-tissue origin of carcinoma. So great was Virchow’s influence that this error was not generally recognized until the work of Waldeyer (see No. 2620).



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 165

Evidence as to man’s place in nature.

London: Williams & Norgate, 1863.

Huxley showed that in the visible characters man differs less from the higher apes than do the latter from lower members of the same order of primates. He also provided the first thorough and detailed comparative description of the Neanderthal remains in English. See No. 204.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, EVOLUTION, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Primatology
  • 2389

On the syphilitic affections of internal organs.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 24, 1-63, 1863.

Wilks’s outstanding work was on visceral syphilis, a subject which he was one of the first to study.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 204.1

The geological evidences of the antiquity of man with remarks on theories of the origin of species by variation.

London: John Murray, 1863.

Lyell’s summary discussion of the evidence for human antiquity “introduced a wide readership to the new view and to the facts that supported it, thus laying the synthetic foundation for future work” (Grayson). This work also contained Lyell’s first published statements about Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, EVOLUTION, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 3270

Studien und Beobachtungen über Stimmbandlähmung.

Virchows Arch. path. Anal, 27, 68-98, 296-321, 1863.

An important study of paralysis of the vocal cords was made by Gerhardt. He diagnosed the growth in the larynx of Friedrich III, Emperor of Germany, whose eventual death from this condition was to have such disastrous effects on German history.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 3592

Ueber einen Fall nicht incarcerierter, aber mit Incarceration des Ileum durch das Omentum complicirter Hernia interna mesogastrica.

Oest. Z. prakt. Heilk, 9, 325-30, 341-45, 1863.

“Gruber’s hernia” – internal mesogastric hernia.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Hernia
  • 3377

Ueber ein neues Heilverfahren gegen Schwerhörigkeit in Folge von Unwegsamkeit der Eustachischen Ohrtrompete.

Wien. med. Wschr., 13, 84-87, 102-04, 117-19, 148-52, 1863.

Politzer’s method of effecting permeability of the Eustachian tube.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3914

Letter on corpulence; address to the public.

London: Harrison & Sons, 1863.

Banting, a prominent English undertaker, and formerly obese, was the first to popularize a weight loss diet based on limiting intake of refined and easily digestible carbohydrates. He changed his diet at the suggestion of Dr. William Harvey, who in turn had learned about this diet in the context of diabetes management from lectures in Paris by Claude Bernard. Banting accounted all of his unsuccessful fasts, diets, spa and exercise regimes in his past; he then described the dietary change which finally had worked for him. His own diet was four meals per day, consisting of meat, greens, fruits, and dry wine. The emphasis was on avoiding sugar, saccharine matter, starch, beer, milk and butter. The diet that Banting promoted became known as “Bantingism” or the “Banting diet”. The first 3 editions sold 63,000 copies in England, and the book was translated and sold heavily in France, Germany and the U.S. The expanded 4th Edition (1869) included letters of testimony from a selection of at least 1800 readers who wrote to Banting supporting his assertions and praising his diet. Banting's book is probably the first of the endless stream of best-selling books on how to lose weight. Digital facsimile of the third edition, 1864, from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders, NUTRITION / DIET, Obesity Research, Wine, Medical Uses of
  • 4054

Fall einer selten Muskelkrankheit.

Arch. Heilk., 4, 282-83, 1863.

First recorded case of dermatomyositis, now regarded as a connective tissue disease.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4332

Hochgradige Dislocation der Scapula.

Arch. klin. Chir., 4, 304-11, 1863.

First description of congenital high-scapula “Sprengel’s deformity”; see also No. 4359.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Shoulder
  • 4333

Contractur des Metatarsus.

Z. rat. Med., 3 R., 17, 188-94, 1863.

Congenital metatarsus varus described.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Hereditary Disorders of the Skeleton › Metatarsus Adductus, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton › Congenital Diseases
  • 5097
  • 5330

Report on fever (Malta).

Army med. Dept, statist. Rep. (Lond.), (1861), 3, 486-521, 1863.

Marston wrote the first description of Malta fever as a distinct disease. He contracted the disease while serving in the Mediterranean area and described his own case.

Marston was apparently the first to describe “Weil’s disease” (p. 513).



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Malta, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Brucellosis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Leptospiroses
  • 5165

Recherches sur les infusoires du sang dans la maladie connue sous le nom de sang de rate.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 57, 220-23, 351-53, 1863.

Davaine showed that anthrax could be transmitted to sheep, horses, cattle, guinea-pigs, and mice, and that in such animals the bacilli did not appear in the blood until 4-5 hours before death.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Bacillus › Bacillus anthracis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Anthrax, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 5767

Die Literatur and Geschichte der plastichen Chirurgie.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1863.

A history of plastic surgery and an annotated bibliography of its literature prior to 1860. Nachträge, 1864. Reprint, including Nachträge, Bologna, 1963. The main bibliography has 2008 references, the supplement 275 more. Both parts were collated and translated, with additions and revisions by T.J.S. Patterson, as The Zeis index and history of plastic surgery, and published as volume 1 of No. 5768.2. See also No. 5743.4.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographical Classics, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › History of Plastic Surgery
  • 5344.2

On the structure and nature of the Dracunculus or Guinea worm.

Trans. Linn. Soc., 24, 101-34, 1863.

First detailed description.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES › Guinea Worm Disease (Dracunculiasis), PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms, ZOOLOGY › Helminthology
  • 5344.3

Note sur une tumeur des bourses contenant un liquide laiteux (galactocèle de Vidal) et renfermant de petits êtres vermiformes que l’on peut considérer comme les helminthes hèmatoïdes à l’étatd’embryon.

Gaz. méd. Paris, 33, 665-67, 1863.

Description of the embryonic stage of Wuchereria bancrofti in hydrocele fluid.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Lymphatic Filariasis (Elephantiasis), PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 5608

Die allgemeine chirurgische Pathologie und Therapie.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 1863.

Billroth, professor of surgery at Zürich and Vienna, was the founder of the Vienna School of Surgery. He has also been called the founder of modern abdominal surgery, and he was one of the first to introduce antisepsis into the Continental operating room. The above work, which placed him in the front rank, was translated into ten languages. English translation from the 4th edition as General surgical pathology and therapy, N. Y., 1871, and from the 8th German edition, 2 vols., London, New Sydenham Society, 1877-78. Biography by K. B. Absolon, 3 vols., Lawrence, Kansas, 1979-1987.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 5609

On the influence of mechanical and physiological rest in the treatment of accidents and surgical diseases, and the diagnostic value of pain.

London: G. Bell, 1863.

Hilton, surgeon to Guy’s Hospital, suggested that symptoms are disordered reflexes. He advocated complete rest in the treatment of surgical disorders of all parts of the body. Second and later editions were entitled On rest and pain. The timeless aspect of Hilton's basic advice that rest frequently eliminates pain, and that much pain will pass if the afflicted part of the body is rested, caused the book to remain in print for more than a century.



Subjects: PAIN / Pain Management, SURGERY: General
  • 5891

Ein neues und gefahrloses Operations-Verhfahren zur Heilung des grauen Staares.

Berlin: Peters, 1863.

Jacobson used a peripheral incision in his operation for cataract.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5892

Atlas der Ophthalmoscopie. Darstellung des Augengrundes im gesunden und krankhaften Zustande enthalten.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1863.

First atlas of the fundus. The author was an assistant to Helmholtz at the time of the invention of the ophthalmoscope. The work is illustrated with reproductions of his own paintings. Text in French and German. English translation by M. R. Swanzy, 1870 and 1884. Leibreich became ophthalmic surgeon to St. Thomas’s Hospital, London.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 6051

De l’ovariotomie.

Mém. Acad. imp. Méd (Paris), 26, 321-472, 1863.

The introduction of ovariotomy into France was in part due to Koeberlé. He made great advances in gynecological operative technique.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 6052

Exstirpation de l’utérus et des ovaires.

Gaz. méd. Strasbourg, 23, 101, 1863.

First successful excision of uterus and ovaries for tumor.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Hysterectomy, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 6615.1

A study of Hamlet.

London: E. Moxon, 1863.

The first psychiatric study of Hamlet. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Drama › Shakespeare, PSYCHIATRY
  • 6492.2

La médecine chez les Chinois par Le capitaine P. Dabry. Ouvrage corrigé et précédé d’une préface par J. Léon Soubeiran.

Paris: Henri Plon, 1863.

The best account of Chinese medicine published in Europe during the 19th century, including translations from original Chinese medical texts. Dabry was French consul at Hang-Keou. Soubeiran, a pharmacist, edited his work for publication. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, Chinese Medicine , PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS
  • 6759

Biographisch-literarisches Handwörterbuch zur Geschichte der exacten Wissenschaften. 8 vols. in 11 pts.

Leipzig: J. A. Barth, 1863.

Brief biographies, fuller bibliographies.  

  • Erster Band. A–L. 1863 .
  • Zweiter Band. M–Z. 1863 .
  • Dritter Band (1858 bis 1883). 1898 
  • Vierter Band (Die Jahre 1883 bis zur Gegenwart umfassend). 1904: T. 1. A-L. T. 2. M-Z 
  • Fünfter Band: 1904 bis 1922. 1926 
  • Bd. 6. (1923 bis 1931): T. 1. A-E. 1936, T. 2. F-K. 1937, T. 3. L-R. 1938, T. 4. S-Z. 1940
  • Bd. 7a. (Berichtsjahre 1932 bis 1953): T. 1. A-E. 1956, T. 2. F-K. 1958, T. 3. L-R. 1959, T. 4:Hälfte 1. S-Thor. 1961, T. 4:Hälfte 2. Thorb-Z. 1962
  • Bd 7a. Suppl. 1971
  • Bd. 7b (Berichtsjahre 1932 bis 1962): T. 1. A-B. 1967, T. 2. C-E. 1968, T. 3. F-Hem. 1970, T. 4. Hen-K. 1973, T. 5. L-M. 1976,T. 6. N-Q. 1980, T. 7. R-Sm. 1985, T. 8. Sn-Vl. 1989, T.8.T.2. Doppellieferung. T. 9. Vo-Z. 1992
  • Bd. 7b. (Suppl.) Bibliographie der Periodika. 1994.
  • Bd. 8.T.2. Doppelieferung 3/4


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • 4696

Ueber degenerative Atrophie der spinalen Hinterstränge.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 26, 391-419, 433-59; 27, 1-26; 68, 145-245; 70, 140-52, 1863, 18761877.

Friedreich was the first to describe a form of ataxia (“Friedreich’s ataxia”), hereditary, attended with impairment of speech, lateral curvature of the spine, and with paralysis of the muscles of the lower limbs. The titles of the last two papers vary.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Inherited Neurological Disorders › Hereditary Ataxias › Friedreich's Ataxia, NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 4537

Observations on defects of sight in brain disease.

Ophthal. Hosp. Rep., , 4, 10-19, 389-446; 5, 51-78, 251-306., 18631865, 18651866.

In this work Jackson showed the importance of the ophthalmoscope in the investigation of diseases of the nervous system. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1939, 3, 918-26.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Ophthalmoscope, NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 7419

Hospital sketches.

Boston, MA: James Redpath , 1863.

Digital facsimile of the 1863 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. Alcott expanded the work for the edition of 1869. Edited, with an extensive introduction by Bessie Z. Jones (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960).



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 7442

The naturalist on the river Amazons, a record of adventures, habits of animals, sketches of Brazilian and Indian life, and aspects of nature under the equator, during eleven years of travel. 2 vols.

London: John Murray, 1863.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Brazil, EVOLUTION, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists, ZOOLOGY
  • 7736

A manual of military surgery, prepared for the use of the Confederate States Army by order of the Surgeon-General [Samuel P. Moore].

Richmond, VA: Ayres & Wade, Illustrated News Steam Presses, 1863.

". . . confined to those affections most intimately connected with gun-shot wounds and operations, as Shock, Tetanus, Hospital Gangrene, Pyaemia, &c." (from the preface). This is the only extensively illustrated Confederate surgical manual. Digital facsimile from Jefferson Digital Commons, Thomas Jefferson University, at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 7738

Outlines of the chief camp diseases of the United States Army as observed during the present war.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1863.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 7739

A manual of instructions for enlisting and discharging soldiers. With special reference to the medical examination of recruits, and the detection of disqualifying and feigned diseases.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1863.

Digital facsimile of the 1864 printing from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 7812

An epitome of practical surgery for field and hospital.

Richmond, VA: West & Johnston, 1863.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General
  • 7813

Notes and observations on army surgery.

New Orleans, LA: L. E. Marchand, Printer, 1863.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States › American South, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, SURGERY: General , U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Louisiana
  • 9161

A brief plea for an ambulance system for the army of the United States, as drawn from the extra sufferings of the late Lieut. Bowditch and a wounded comrade.

Boston, MA: Ticknor & Fields, 1863.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE
  • 9172

Flora Australiensis: A description of the plants of the Australian territory by George Bentham, assisted by Ferdinand Mueller. 7 vols.

London: Lowell Reeve, 18631878.

The first comprehensive flora of any large continental area. It included descriptions of 8125 species. "Bentham prepared the flora from Kew; with Mueller, the first plant taxonomist residing permanently in Australia, loaning the entire collection of the National Herbarium of Victoria to Bentham over the course of several years. Mueller had been dissuaded from preparing a flora from Australia while in Australia by Bentham and Joseph Dalton Hooker since historic collections of Australian species were all held in European herbaria which Mueller could not access from Australia.[2] Mueller did eventually produce his own flora of Australia, the Systematic Census of Australian Plants published in 1882 extended the work of Bentham with the addition of new species and taxonomic revisions.

Flora Australiensis was the standard reference work on the Australian flora for more than a century. As late as 1988, James Willis wrote that "Flora Australiensis still remains the only definitive work on the vascular vegetation of the whole continent."[3] According to Nancy Burbidge, "it represents a prodigious intellectual effort never equalled."[4]" (Wikipedia article on Flora Austaliensis, accessed 02-2017).

Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, Biogeography, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Australia
  • 10496

A catalogue of surgical instruments, apparatus, appliances, etc. Manufactured and sold by John Weiss & Son.

London: John Weiss & Son, 1863.

Though based in England, John Weiss & Son's catalogue offered and illustrated a wide range of equipment that would have been used in the American Civil War or the Crimean War. Facsimile reprint, with Snowdon & Brother 1860 catalogue, with a new introduction by James M. Edmonson, entitled Surgical and dental instrument catalogues from the Civil War era (San Francisco: Norman Publishing in association with The National Museum of Health and Medicine Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, 1997). 



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments
  • 10531

Geregtelijke geneeskunde, uit het Chineesch vertaald.

Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, 30 (3), Batavia (Jakarta), Indonesia, 1863.

Translation into Dutch of the 13th century Chinese text on forensic medicine entitled Xiyuan lu jizheng huizuan. de Grijs's translation was retranslated into German by Henry Breitenstein as Gerichtliche Medizin der Chinesen von Wang-in-Hoai. Nach der holländlischen Übersetzund des Hernn C. F. M. de Grys (Leipzig, 1908). Digital facsimile of the German translation from Google Books at this link. For de Grijs and his translation see Koos Kuiper, The early Dutch sinologists 1854-1900 (2017) Chapter 4, 188ff, especially 191-193.



Subjects: Chinese Medicine , Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine)
  • 10894

On Australasian climates and their influence in the prevention and arrest of pulmonary consumption.

Melbourne, Australia, 1863.

Digital facsimile from wellcomecollection.org at this link.



Subjects: Bioclimatology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Australia, PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  • 11318

Catalogue of the New-York Museum of Anatomy No. 618 Broadway, New-York. Principals: Drs. Jordan & Beck No. 40 Bond Street. Open daily, for gentlemn only, from 10 A.M. till 10 P. M. Admission, 25 cents.

New York: Bloom & Smith, 1863.

30-page catalogue of a commercial medical museum "for gentlemen only" and clearly operated as an advertisement for Jordan and Beck's medical practice. A great deal of the displayed material was intended to be titillating in view of the limited information about female anatomy available to most people at the time. The exhibits also pointed to the evils of masturbation, and other sexual issues,  alluded to the "cures" available in the medical practice of the authors in advertisements at the end of the brochure.

Digital facsimile from the U.S.National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , SEXUALITY / Sexology
  • 11690

Physiologie médicale de la circulation du sang basée sur l'étude graphique des mouvements du coeur et du pouls artériel avec application aux maladies du l'appareil circulatoire.

Paris: Adrien Delahaye, 1863.

Marey first recorded atrial fibrillation in this work work in which he used pulse tracings to establish the interelationship of heart rate and blood pressure. The work also includes the first detailed description of the technique of cardiac catheterization that Marey developed with Jean Baptiste Chauveau. "With Chauveau he was the first to perform cardiac catheterization on living horses" (Bedford 260). Digital facsimile from BnFGallica at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arrythmias, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › Interventional Cardiology › Cardiac Catheterization
  • 12167

A report on hospital gangrene, eryipelas and pyaemia, as observed in the departments of the Ohio and the Cumberland, with cases appended. Published by permission of the Surgeon General U.S.A.

Louisville, KY: Bradley & Gilbert, 1863.

Middleton, surgeon in the U.S. Volunteers, recommended the placement of volatile bromine in all patient wards. He developed a method of applying bromine deep into muscular layers after wound debridement then injecting bromine subcutaneously and applying it topically to exposed surfaces. A second application was only applied in cases where the gangrene odor returned. Through this process Goldsmith achieved a mortality of 2.6 percent for those treated with bromine, as against 43.3 percent with those treated by other methods.
Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.

 



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE
  • 12657

Monograph on the Aye-Aye (Chiromys madagascariensis, Cuvier).

London: Printed by Taylor and Francis, 1863.

For the first 100 years after the first aye-aye was brought to Europe from Madagascar in the 1780s, debate persisted over whether it was a rodent, a primate, or most closely related to the kangaroo. Classification of the Aye-Aye remained debatable because of the aye-aye’s odd  combination of behavioral and morphological traits: continuously growing front teeth, batlike ears, a foxlike tail, abdominal mammary glands, claws on most digits, and spindly, dexterous middle fingers. It uses its middle finger to tap along a branch and moves its ears forward and back to help locate hollow channels within the wood created by wood-boring insect larvae. Once it detects a channel, the aye-aye uses its specialized front teeth to pry open the wood and then inserts one of its fingers to extract the larvae.

All of these unique specialized features caught the attention of comparative anatomist Richard Owen who presented the evidence for classifying the Aye-Aye as a primate in this monograph that is beautifully illustrated by Joseph Wolf.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Madagascar, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Primatology
  • 13431

The Humboldt Library. A catalogue of the library of Alexander von Humboldt. With a bibliographical and biographical memoir by Henry Stevens.

London: Henry Stevens, American Agency, 1863.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 4468

On amputation by a single flap.

Brit. med. J., 1, 416-21, 1864.

Carden devised a single flap operation, cutting through the femur just above the knee-joint. He published a book on the subject in 1864.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 335

A history of the fishes of the British Islands. 4 vols.

London: Groombridge and Sons, 18641865.

Couch, a general practitioner at Polperro, Cornwall, became one of the greatest authorities on British fishes. The work, a monument of industry and patience, includes 252 hand-colored plates, also by Couch. Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), ZOOLOGY › Ichthyology, ZOOLOGY › Illustration
  • 622

Du rôle des actions réflexes paralysantes dans le phénomène des sécrétions.

J. Anat. Physiol. (Paris), 1, 507-13, 1864.

Studies of the “paralytic secretions” occasioned by section of glandular nerves.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 623

Untersuchungen über elektrische Nervenreizung.

Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg, 1864.

Among the instruments introduced by Fick for the study of muscle and nerve physiology were the myotonograph, the cosine lever, and an improved thermopile.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 4620

Loss of speech: its association with valvular disease of the heart, and with hemiplegia on the right side. Defects of smell. Defects of speech in chorea. Arterial regions in epilepsy.

Clin. Lect. Rep. Land. Hosp., 1, 388-471, 1864.

Jackson studied aphasia for 30 years. He emphasized its psychological aspects and laid the foundation for present knowledge of the condition, but he was ahead of his time and the value of his work was not recognized for many years.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders › Chorea, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 873

Ueber den chemischen und optischen Eigenschaften des Blutfarbstoffs.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 29, 233-35, 597-600, 1864.

Hoppe-Seyler obtained hemoglobin in crystalline form and made other important discoveries in hematology. See also No. 870.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 2167
  • 4544

Gunshot wounds and other injuries of nerves.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1864.

Mitchell, Morehouse, and Keen were army surgeons during the American Civil War; their book was the first exhaustive study of the traumatic neuroses. Includes the first description of ascending neuritis, and also of the treatment of neuritis by cold and splint rests. Reprinted, San Francisco: Norman Publishing, 1989. 



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, NEUROLOGY
  • 1614

A manual of practical hygiene.

London: John Churchill & Sons, 1864.

First important English treatise on hygiene.



Subjects: Hygiene
  • 119

The principles of biology. 2 vols.

London: Williams & Norgate, 18641867.

In vol. 1 of this work written after Spencer read Darwin's On the origin of species, Spencer originated the express "survival of the fittest." Spencer conceived that every species is endowed with its own type of physiological unit, each unit being capable, under certain circumstances, of reproducing the whole organism. Spencer set forth doctrines of evolution some years before the appearance of the Origin of species. 



Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION
  • 1866
PHARMACOPOEIA

British pharmacopoeia, published under the direction of the General Council of Medical Education and Registration of the United Kingdom, pursuant to the Medical Act, 1858.

London: General Medical Council, 1864.

First official British pharmacopoeia.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), PHARMACOLOGY › Pharmacopeias
  • 145.59

Man and nature; or, physical geography as modified by human action.

New York: Charles Scribner, 1864.

“The fountainhead of the conservation movement” (Mumford). This is a comprehensive scientific account of humanity's enormous and often destructive impact on the physical world. Marsh warned of the dangers of the reckless misuse of land then endemic in the United States, using the ruined lands of the Mediterranean region as an example of America’s probable future, and called for a scientific program to restore the land. Reprint edited by David Lowenthal, Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1965. Reprint of the 1965 edition with a foreward by William Cronon and a new introduction by David Lowenthal, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2003. Digital facsimile of the 1864 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. Revised second edition retitled The earth as modified by human action (1874). Digital facsimile of the second edition from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Ecology / Environment, Environmental Science & Health
  • 1700.1

English life table. Tables of lifetimes, annuities, and premiums.

London: Longman, 1864.

First extensive application of a mechanical computer to medical statistics. The appendix details the use of the Scheutz version of Charles Babbage’s calculating machine in the construction of English Life Table No. 3. However, the machine required constant attention, and the G.R.O. soon reverted to manual calculations employing logarithms until conversion to mechanical calculation methods in 1911. See J.M. Eyler, Victorian social medicine: the ideas and methods of William Farr, Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press, [1979].



Subjects: COMPUTING/MATHEMATICS in Medicine & Biology, DEMOGRAPHY / Population: Medical Statistics
  • 2452

Entozoa. 2 pts.

London: Groombridge & Sons, 18641869.

Cobbold was the most distinguished helminthologist of his time. He named Filaria bancrofti, Bilharzia haematobia, and several other parasites. He was a friend of Manson, several of whose papers he communicated to the Linnean Society and the Quekett Microscopical Club.



Subjects: PARASITOLOGY › Helminths, PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 2676.2

Ueber dasverschiedene Verhalten gelähmter Muskeln gegen den constanten und inducirten Strom und die Erklärung desselben.

Dtsch. Klinik, 16, 65-69, 1864.

One of the first publications on electrodiagnosis.



Subjects: PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS
  • 203.1

Crania Helvetica: Sammlung schweizerischer Schädelformen.

Basel & Genf, Switzerland: H. Georg's Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1864.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Craniology, ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Switzerland
  • 221

Für Darwin.

Leipzig: Engelmann, 1864.

Müller, the first German to support Darwin, studied the development of the Crustacea in Brazil and published some of his results in the above little book, which contains much original information. He realized the bearing of individual development on the theory of evolution. English translation as Facts and arguments for Darwin, London, 1869. Repr., 1968.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, EVOLUTION
  • 3820

Ueber Basedow’sche Krankheit.

Dtsch. Klinik, 16, 158-59, 1864.

“Graefe’s sign” – the discovery by von Graefe of the failure of the eyelid to follow the eye when it is rolled downward – diagnostic of exophthalmic goitre. Partial English translation in No. 2241.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 2962

Ligature of the left subclavian inside the scalenus muscle, together with common carotid and vertebral arteries for subclavian aneurism haemorrhage from the distal end of the subclavian; death on 42nd day.

Amer. Med. Times, 8, 114-16, 1864.


Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 2980

On a new method of procuring the consolidation of fibrin in certain incurable aneurisms.

Med.-chir. Trans., 47, 129-49, 1864.

Moore and Murchison introduced the method of treating aneurysm by passing wire into the aneurysmal sac.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms
  • 4055

On impetigo contagiosa, or porrigo.

Brit. med. J., 1, 78-79, 467-68, 495-96, 553-55, 607-09, 1864.

“Impetigo of Tilbury Fox”, impetigo contagiosa, first described.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4334

Lectures on orthopaedic surgery.

Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston, 1864.

Before emigrating to America, Bauer studied under Stromeyer. Hugh Owen Thomas considered him “the first exponent of American orthopaedics”. This is the first comprehensive American textbook of orthopedics. First published in Phila. med. surg. Rep., 1862.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments
  • 3461

Das perforirende Geschwür im Duodenum.

Tübingen: Ernst Riecker, 1864.

The first comprehensive study of duodenal ulcer. Commercial edition, Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1865. Digital facsimile of the 1864 edition from the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek at this link. Digital facsimile of the 1865 edition from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Diseases of the Digestive System › Gastric / Duodenal Ulcer
  • 4335

Ueber einen Fall von cystoider Entartung des ganzen Skelettes.

Giessen: F. C. Pietsch, 1864.

First description of osteitis fibrosa cystica – hyperparathyroid bone disease, also known as “von Recklinghausen’s disease of bone”.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4211

Wandernde Nieren und deren Einklemmung.

Wien. med. Wschr., 14, 563-66, 579-81, 593-95, 1864.

“Dietl’s crisis”. Dietl described the sudden severe attacks of nephralgic or gastric pain, chills, fever, nausea and vomiting, and general collapse, ascribing them to partial turning of the kidney upon its pedicle. First published in Przeglad Lekarski, 1864, 3, 225, 233, 241.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, PAIN / Pain Management
  • 5344.4

Entozoa.

London: Groombridge & Sons, 1864.

Cobbold suggested (p. 36) that a mollusc was the intermediate host in bilharziasis.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Aquatic Snail-Borne Diseases › Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis), ZOOLOGY › Helminthology
  • 5344.5

On the endemic haematuria of the Cape of Good Hope.

Med.-chir. Trans., 47, 55-74, 1864.

Like Cobbold, Harley expressed the view that a mollusc was the intermediate host in bilharziasis.



Subjects: BIOLOGY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › South Africa, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Aquatic Snail-Borne Diseases › Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis)
  • 5667

Ueber die Einwirkung von Wasserstoff auf Einfach-Chlorkohlenstoff.

Jena. Z. Naturw., 1, 123-24, 1864.

Discovery of trichlorethylene by Emil Fischer while working on the preparation of tetrachloroethylene. 



Subjects: ANESTHESIA
  • 6054

Observations on ovariotomy, statistical and practical. Also, a successful case of entire removal of the uterus and its appendages.

Trans. obstet. Soc. Lond., (1863), 5, 58-74, 1864.

For many years Clay was the most eminent ovariotomist in Great Britain. In all, he performed 395 ovariotomies, with a mortality of 25 percent.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Oophorectomy
  • 5893

On the anomalies of accommodation and refraction of the eye… Translated from the author’s manuscript by W.D. Moore.

London: New Sydenham Society, 1864.

Donders’s greatest work, the basis for all succeeding studies of the subject, and a classic of physiological optics. It contains Donders’s explanation of astigmatism, his definition of aphakia and hypermetropia, his sharp distinctions between myopia and hypermetropia, etc. This English translation from the Dutch is the first published edition.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 6185

The principles and practice of obstetrics.

Philadelphia: Blanchard & Lea, 1864.

Hodge, nearly blind, dictated this superb textbook from memory to his son. It includes his concept of “parallel planes” at the various levels of the pelvic canal, and his placental forceps for the completion of abortion. The book is very well illustrated. Hodge invented the “Hodge pessary”. See No. 6043.1.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Forceps, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS › Abortion
  • 6186

On combined external and internal version.

Trans. obstet. Soc. Lond. (1863), 5, 219-67, 1864.

Introduction of combined podalic version.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6534

Leechdoms, wortcunning, and starcraft of early England. Being a collection of documents, for the most part never before printed, illustrating the history of science in this country before the Norman Conquest. Collected and edited by Oswald Cockayne. 3 vols.

London: Longman, Green, Longman, Roberts and Green, 18641866.

This set contains many texts relating to medieval English medicine and the Anglo-Saxon language. It contains the Herbal of Apuleius in Anglo-Saxon and modern English, the Leechbook of Bald, the text of Sextus Placitus, etc., etc. Some of its scholarship has been superceded. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › England › Anglo-Saxon Medicine, Magic & Superstition in Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 4498

Contributions à l’étude des altérations anatomiques de la goutte.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Mémoires), 3 sér., 5, 139-63, 1864.

Charcot and Cornil gave an important description of the renal lesions in gout.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY, RHEUMATOLOGY › Gout (Podagra)
  • 4499

Mémoire sur les coincidences pathologiques du rhumatisme articulaire chronique.

C. R. Soc. Biol. (Paris), (Mémoires), 4 sér., 1, 3-25, 1864.

First description of chronic arthritis in childhood.



Subjects: PEDIATRICS, RHEUMATOLOGY › Arthritis
  • 7258

Cavernes du Périgord. Objets gravés et sculptés des temps pré-historiques dans l’Europe occidentale.

Revue archéologique, 9, 233-67, 1864.

In 1863 Lartet and Christy began systematically examining the caves in the Périgord (Dordogne) region of France. This study of mobiliary or portable art, such as carved stones, carved ivory, carved bones, or carved reindeer antlers, is the founding work on Upper Paleolithic art, and one of the earliest publications to illustrate Paleolithic art. Digital facsimile of the separate offprint from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ART & Medicine & Biology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 7331

The gray substance of the medulla oblongata and trapezium.

Philadelphia: Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge, 1864.

The first American medical book illustrated with photomechanically reproduced plates. Oliver Wendell Holmes praised the book for its remarkable photomicrographs, which may be the first published of brain cross-sections. On pp. 66-69 Dean described his method of preparing specimens using a modified Clarke technique, and photographing with a common camera fitted with an adapter of his design to his Smith & Beck microscope.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Cross-Sectional, ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 7740
Confederate States of America, Surgeon-General's Office

Confederate States Medical and Surgical Journal.

Richmond, VA: Ayres & Wade, Illustrated News Steam Presses, 18641865.

Issued monthly from January 1864 to February 1865. (Ordinarily this bibliography does not cite complete runs of periodicals; however, because the Confederate States of America issued so few medical publications, and this periodical is unique in the range of information it made available to Confederate physicians and surgeons, I have included it.) Digital facsimile of complete run and prospectus from the Medical Heritage Library, Internet Archive, at this link



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 8109

Le Mexique et l'Amérique tropicale: climats, hygiène et maladies.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1864.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: Bioclimatology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Latin America, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Mexico, Geography of Disease / Health Geography, Latin American Medicine, TROPICAL Medicine
  • 8975

The muscles and their story, from the earliest times: Including the whole text of Mercurialis, and the opinions of other writers, ancient and modern, on mental and bodily development. By John F. W. Blundell.

Chapman & Hall, 1864.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness › History of Exercise / Training / Fitness, Sports Medicine
  • 8994

The female spy of the union army. The thrilling adventures, experiences, and escapes of a woman nurse, spy, and scout, in hospitals, camps and battlefields.

Hartford, CT: W. S. Williams & Co., 1864.

Digital facsimile of a reprint of the 1864 edition from the Internet Archive at this link. Reissued in 1865 as Nurse and spy in the Union Army: Containing the adventures and experience of a woman in hospitals, camps, and battle-fields. Digital facsimile of the 1865 version from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, NURSING, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 11385

Notices sur la chirurgie des enfants.

Paris: P. Asselin, 18641867.

The first general treatise on pediatric surgery. From parts publication. Translated into English by Richard J. Dunglison as Surgical diseases of infants and children, Philadelphia: Henry C. Lea, 1873. Digital facsimile of the English translation from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Pediatric Surgery
  • 11578

Medical diagnosis with special reference to practical medicine: A guide to the knowledge and discrimination of diseases.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1864.

During the Civil War Da Costa was an acting surgeon in Philadelphia where he supervised a ward for patients with heart disease. In this book he presented the first description of a condition that he called "irritable heart." This was later termed "Da Costa's syndrome."

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS
  • 11617

Acupressure: A new method of arresting surgical haemorrhage and of accelerating the healing of wounds.

Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1864.

In 1858 Simpson described a new method of controlling blood loss during surgical operations – acupressure, not to be confused with the traditional Chinese medical technique similarly named. Simpson's technique, though developed further and found successful, failed to gain Simpson the recognition he was expecting. Simpson succeeded in creating a vogue for acupressure that lasted at least thirty years, though it did not lessen the mortality rates in British hospitals.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: SURGERY: General
  • 11905

Narrative of privations and sufferings of the United States officers and soldiers while prisoners of war in the hands of the rebel authorities. Being the report of a commission of inquiry, appointed by the United States Sanitary Commission. With an appendix, containing the testimony. Edited by Valentine Mott.

Philadelphia: Printed for the U.S. Sanitary Commission, 1864.

Includes four engravings based upon photographs of Union soldiers who were emaciated following imprisonment at Belle Isle. The contributors included Dorothea Dix and several military surgeons, including William Ely, G. B. Parker, and J. Woodbridge. Mott's commission was charged with "ascertaining, by inquiry and investigation, the true physical condition of prisoners, recently discharged by exchange, from confinement at Richmond and elsewhere, with in the Rebel lines; whether they did, in fact, during such confinement, suffer materially from want of food, or from its defective quality, or from other privations, or sources of disease; and whether their privations and sufferings were designedly inflicted on them by military or other authority of the Rebel Government, or were due to causes which such authorities could not control. And that the gentleman above named be requested to visit such camps of paroled or discharged prisoners as may be accessible to them, and to take, in writing, the depositions of so many of such prisoners as may enable them to arrive at accurate results."

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE
  • 12726

Recherches sur la bibliothèque de la Faculté de médecine de Paris, d'après des documents entièrement inédits, suivies d'une notice sur les manuscrits qui y sont conservés.

Paris: Auguste Aubry, 1864.

Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this liink.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Institutional Medical Libraries, Histories of
  • 13122

The origin of races and the antiquity of man deduced from the theory of "natural selection."

J. Anthrop. Soc. London, 2, clviii-clxxxvii, 1864.


Subjects: EVOLUTION, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution › Paleoanthropology
  • 534.64

Diploteratology.

Trans. med. Soc. N. Y., 232-68; 206-96; 396-430; 276-306., 1865, 1866.

Includes a valuable history of teratology with a detailed bibliography. Fisher assembled one of the largest of all libraries on teratology. Digital facsimile from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: TERATOLOGY
  • 817

Ueber mechanische Vagus-Reizung beim Menschen.

Jena. Z. Med., Naturw., 2, 384-6, 18651866.

“Czermak’s vagus pressure”. Czermak found that mechanical pressure on a spot of the carotid triangle in the neck produced lowering of the heart rate.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 818

Ueber periodische Thätigkeits-Aeusserungen des vasomotorischen und Hemmungs-Nervencentrums.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 3, 881-5, 1865.

First description of the rhythmic variations in tone of the vasoconstrictor center (Traube-Hering waves).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1007

Ueber eine neue Methode den Dünndarm zu isolieren.

S.B.k. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-nat. Kl., Abt. I, 50, 77-96, 1865.

Thiry-Vella fistula. See also No. 1014.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 4738

Ueber Muskelhypertrophie.

Arch. Heilk., 6, 1-13, 1865.

Progressive muscular dystrophy with pseudo-hypertrophy. From the description given later by Duchenne (No. 4739) the condition has been named “Duchenne-Griesinger disease”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 489

Beobachtungen über den Bau des Säugethier-Eierstockes.

Arch mikr. Anat., 1, 151-202, 1865.

His was the greatest of the 19th-century embryologists.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 490

Die Häute und Höhlen des Körpers.

Basel: Schwighauser, 1865.

A new classification of tissues based on histogenesis.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY
  • 778

Die physiologischen Leistungen des Blutdrucks.

Leipzig: S. Hirzel, 1865.

Ludwig’s inaugural address at Leipzig, in which he introduced the idea of keeping alive excised portions of organs by means of artificial circulation, or perfusion. He suggested that the blood-pressure had a stimulating effect on the vagus.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY
  • 1996.2

Gimnástica, hygiénica, medica, y ortopédica.

Madrid: M. Galiano, 1865.

Busqué developed the modern concept of rehabilitation.



Subjects: PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Exercise / Training / Fitness, PHYSICAL MEDICINE / REHABILITATION › Physical Therapy, THERAPEUTICS › Hydrotherapy
  • 1224

Ueber die Samenkörperchen und ihre Entwicklung.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 1, 309-35, 1865.

Proof that the spermatozöon possesses a nucleus and cytoplasm.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Cell Biology, Genito-Urinary System
  • 1402

Recherches sur le système nerveux cérébro-spinal; sa structure, ses fonctions, et ses maladies. 1 vol. and atlas.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1865.

The beginning of knowledge of thalamic function. This work contains Luys’s descriptions of the two structures which bear his name: the subthalamic nucleus and the center median of the thalamus.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1271

Untersuchungen über Gehirn und Rückenmark des Menschen und der Säugethiere. Nach dem Tode des Verfassers Herausgegeben und Bevortwortet von Max Schultze.

Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg & Sohn, 1865.

Deiters showed that each nerve-cell possesses an axis-cylinder or nerve-fiber process. His name is perpetuated in “Deiters’ cells” and “nucleus”. Dieters died of typhus in 1863 at the age of 29; his book was edited from Deiters' notes by the histologist, Max Schultze. See Clarke & O'Malley, The Human Brain and Spinal Cord, p. 66.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1271.1

Mikroskopischische Analyse der Anastomosen der Kopfnerven: gekrönte Beantwortung der von der medizinischen Fakultät zu München im Jahre 1863 ausgesetzten Preisfrage. Mit 43 Steindrucktafeln.

Munich: J. J. Lentner, 1865.

Bischoff demonstrated conclusively that there are many interconnections between the trigeminal, facial, nervus intermedius, acoustico-vestibular complex, glosso-pharyngeal, vagus, spinal-accessory, hypoglossal and the upper three cervical nerves. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.
Translated into English by Ernest Sachs, Jr. and Eva W. Valtin as Microscopic analyses of the anastomoses between the cranial nerves. Hannover, NH: University Press of New England, 1977.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1678

Die grossen Volkskrankheiten des Mittelalters. Historischpathologische Untersuchungen. Von J. F. K. Hecker. Gesammelt und in erweiteter Bearbeitung hrsg. von A. Hirsch.

Berlin: T. C. F. Enslin, 1865.

A collection of essays on the Black Death, the dancing mania, and the English sweat, published 1832-34 and later in a collective English edition, The epidemics of the Middle Ages, 2 pts., London, 1833-35; reprinted 1844, 1846,1859. In the first English edition the general title accompanies Part 2 only; the work entitled “The sweating sickness”, which completes the series, was not included in this edition.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Flea-Borne Diseases › Plague (transmitted by fleas from rats to humans) › Plague, History of, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 1511.1

Method att objectivera effecten av ljusintryck pa retina.

Läkaref. Förh., 1, 177-91, 1865.

Discovery of the electroretinogram, the beginning of the use of electrophysiological methods for studying visual systems.



Subjects: Electrodiagnosis, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye › Retinal Diseases, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 2618

Der Epithelialkrebs namentlich der Haut. 1 vol. and atlas.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1865.

Thiersch, Professor of Surgery at Erlangen, and inventor of the method of skin grafting which bears his name, also made an important contribution to the knowledge of the histogenesis of cancer. He disproved Virchow’s theory of the connective-tissue origin of cancer, and advanced evidence of its epithelial cell origin. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 1766.501

Introduction à l’étude de la médecine expérimentale.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1865.

Probably the greatest classic on the principles of physiological investigation and of the scientific method as applied to the life sciences. The English translation, New York, 1927, has been frequently reprinted. See P.F. Cranefield, Claude Bernard’s revised edition of his Introduction à l’étude de la médecine expérimentale, New York, 1976.



Subjects: Education, Biomedical, & Biomedical Profession, Medicine: General Works › Experimental Design
  • 168

De la chevelure comme caractéristique des races humaines.

Mém. Soc. Anthrop. Paris, 2, 1-35; 3, 77-92, 1865, 1872.

Pruner-Bey did the first important work on the classification of races according to texture and shape in section of hair. Digital facsimile from Persee.fr at this link.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, DERMATOLOGY
  • 2390

Sulla sifilide per allattamento.

Sperimentale, 4 ser., 15, 328-38, 339-418, 1865.

Profeta’s law – a non-syphilitic child born of syphilitic parents is immune.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 3064.2

Hereditary epistaxis.

Lancet, 2, 362-63, London, 1865.


Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › GENETIC DISORDERS › Osler-Weber-Rendu Disease, HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders
  • 3271

Die Laryngoskopie und die laryngoskopische Chirurgie. 1 vol. and atlas.

Tübingen: H. Laupp, 1865.

Bruns claimed to have been the first to remove a tumor from the larynx with the aid of the laryngoscope.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Laryngoscope, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology › Laryngoscopy
  • 3272

Case of cancer of the larynx, successfully removed by laryngotomy.

N. Y. med. J., 1, 110-26, 1865.

Laryngectomy for papillomata.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 3334

The use of the laryngoscope in diseases of the throat; with an appendix on rhinoscopy.

London: R. Hardwicke, 1865.


Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Laryngoscope, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology › Laryngoscopy
  • 3378

Die Beleuchtungsbilder des Trommelfells im gesunden und kranken Zustande.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1865.

Politzer was the first to obtain pictures of the membrana tympani by means of illumination. English translation, New York, 1869.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Otologic Instruments, OTOLOGY › Otologic Surgery & Procedures
  • 3378.1

A new otoscope or speculum auris.

Lancet, 2, 617-18, 1865.

Brunton’s otoscope.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Otoscope, OTOLOGY › Otologic Instruments › Otoscope
  • 3915

Glycosurie, diabète sucré. In his Clinique médicale de l’Hôtel-Dieu, 2me. éd., 2, 663-98.

Paris, 1865.

First description of hemochromatosis.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Blood Disorders › Hemochromatosis, Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders
  • 3937

Diabetes mellitus und Aceton.

Wien. med. Presse, 6, 672, 1865.

Gerhard’s iron-chloride reaction for aceto-acetic acid in acetonaemic urine.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes
  • 4336

A description of the diseased conditions of the knee-joint which require amputation of the limb, and those conditions which are favourable to excision of the joint.

London: John Churchill, 1865.

A valuable contribution to the knowledge and surgical treatment of diseases of the knee-joint.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Knee
  • 4171

On intermittent haematuria; with remarks upon its pathology and treatment.

Med.-chir. Trans., 48, 161-73, 1865.

Harley’s classic description of paroxysmal hemoglobinuria, “Harley’s disease”.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4172

De l’endoscope et de ses applications au diagnostic et au traitement des affections de l’urèthre et de la vessie.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1865.

Desormeaux was a pioneer of endoscopy. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Endoscope, UROLOGY
  • 5166

Recherches sur la nature et la constitution anatomique de la pustule maligne.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 60, 1296-99, 1865.

Davaine was the first conclusively to prove that a definite disease (anthrax) was due to a definite micro-organism (B. anthracis), and was thus one of the first to prove the germ theory of disease. He showed that the virulence of anthrax was in proportion to the number of bacteria present.



Subjects: BACTERIOLOGY › BACTERIA (mostly pathogenic; sometimes indexed only to genus) › Gram-Positive Bacteria › Bacillus › Bacillus anthracis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Anthrax, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › GENERAL PRINCIPLES of Infection by Microorganisms, VETERINARY MEDICINE
  • 4211.1
  • 6357.53

Hydronephrosis in a boy four years old, repeatedly tapped; recovery.

Proc. Roy. Med. Chir. Soc., 5, 59-60, 1865.

Hillier performed the first therapeutic percutaneous nephrostomy for giant hydronephrosis with ureteropelvic junction obstruction in a four-year old boy.



Subjects: NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease, NEPHROLOGY › Renal Disease › Kidney Surgery, Pediatric Surgery
  • 5894

A method of operating for divergent squint.

Trans. Amer. Ophthal. Soc., 1, 3rd Ann. Mtg, 31-34, 18651872.

Agnew devised an operation for the treatment of divergent squint.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5895

Suture of the flap, after extraction of cataract.

Trans. Amer. ophthal Soc., 1, 3rd Ann. Mtg, 45-46, 18651872.

A method of suturing the flap after cataract extraction was introduced by Williams.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5897

Ueber mordificirte Linearextraction.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 11, 3 Abt., 1-106; 12, 1 Abt., 150-223; 1868, 14, 3 Abt., 106-48, 1865, 1866.

Graefe’s improvement of the operation for cataract by the modified linear extraction reduced the incidence of eye loss from 10 to 2.3 per cent.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 6053

Documents pour servir à l’histoire de l’extirpation des tumeurs fibreuses de la matrice par la méthode suspubienne.

Mém. Soc. de Méd. de Strasbourg, (1863-64),4, 84-158, 1865.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › History of Gynecology, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 6055

On the treatment of dysmenorrhoea and sterility, resulting from anteflexion of the uterus.

N.Y. med. J., 1, 205-19, 1865.

Emmet, a disciple of Sims, was an outstanding gynecological surgeon.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Menstruation
  • 6056

Diseases of the ovaries.

London: John Churchill, 1865.

Wells was perhaps the greatest of the pioneer ovariotomists; he performed his first ovariotomy in 1858. The title page to this work states that a second volume would be published. By the time Wells issued the intended Volume two he considered it an entirely separate work and not a continuation of his 1865 treatise. The second work, published in 1872, has frequently been miscatalogued as Volume two because it bears the same title and was issued by the same publisher. However, it is not called Volume two on its title page.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6474

La médecine dans Homère, our études d'archéologique sur les médecins, l'anatomie, la physiologie, la chirugie et la médecine dans les poèmes Homériques.

Paris: Librairie Académique, Didier et Cie, 1865.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: › Homer, ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece
  • 6359

Skull-cap showing congenital deficiencies of bone.

Trans. path. Soc. Lond., 16, 224-25, 1865.


Subjects: Conditions & Syndromes Not Classified Elsewhere, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS
  • 4469

On excision of the wrist for caries.

Lancet, 1, 308-12, 335-38, 362-64, 1865.


Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Amputations: Excisions: Resections
  • 6873

Photographs (coloured from life) of the diseases of the skin.

London: John Churchill & Sons, 1865.

The first dermatologic publication illustrated with photographs.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 6938

Catalogue de la superbe bibliothèque d'ethnographie, de zoologie, d'anatomie comparée, etc....

Amsterdam: Frederik Muller, 1865.

The auction catalogue of Vrolik's library, sold two years after his death, organized by subject. Prefaced by an essay about Vrolik's life and work by J. van der Hoeven, and a chronological list of Vrolik's publications. Contains over 2000 works in comparative anatomy, zoology, embryology, teratology, ethnography, medicine and related subjects. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, EMBRYOLOGY, TERATOLOGY, ZOOLOGY
  • 7257

Pre-historic times, as illustrated by ancient remains, and the manners and customs of modern savages.

London: Williams & Norgate, 1865.

Lubbock introduced the terms "Paleolithic" and "Neolithic". His work addressed not only the topic of human antiquity but also the lives and cultures of people in the Stone Age. In contrast to researchers who focused on the geology of the prehistoric sites or on the tools found in them, Lubbock studied the artifacts of prehistoric cultures in order to shed light on their function, as part of an overall attempt to reconstruct what stone age life might have been like. In order to gain further insight he also studied a wide variety of non-western peoples, some of whose lives and cultures appeared to him to provide strong analogues to life during the Stone Age. 



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Cultural Anthropology, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 7612

Memoir on the Gorilla (Troglodytes Gorilla, Savage).

London: Printed by Taylor and Francis, 1865.

This reset monograph version consists of revised and augmented portions of the author's "Contributions to the natural history of the Anthropoid Apes," which appeared in the Transactions of the Zoological Society of London as follows:--Pp. 1-21 in Contrib. VIII, Trans. Zool. Soc., Vol. V, 1865 (1866), pp. 243-260; pp. 21-30 in Contrib. IV, op. cit. iv, 1853 (1862), pp. 77-86; and pp. 30-52 in Contrib. VIII, op. cit. V, 1865 (1866), pp. 260-281. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Illustration, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Primatology
  • 8071

Dictionnaire encyclopédique des sciences médicales. Directeur: A. Dechambre. 100 vols.

Paris: Victor Masson et Fils & P. Asselin, 18651889.

A massive encyclopedia based on historical principles, written by the leading authorities, and with detailed bibliographical references. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Dictionaries, Biomedical › Lexicography, Biomedical, Encyclopedias
  • 8910

On the movements and habits of climbing plants.

J. Linn. Soc., 9 (33 &34) 1-118., 1865.

Darwin's report on his discoveries concerning the adaptive value of climbing for certain plants, including the development of circumnutation. Darwin waited ten years to publish the first edition in book form (1875) with the same title. That edition included data published by Fritz Muller and Hugo de Vrie's as well as darwin's own folllow-up research. The illustrations in the book form edition were drawn by the author's son George Darwin.



Subjects: BOTANY, EVOLUTION
  • 9529

Reports on the extent and nature of the materials available for the preparation of a medical and surgical history of the Rebellion.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1865.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Civil War Medicine
  • 10273

Wandtafeln zur Schwangerschafts- und Geburtskunde. Text volume in quarto format plus atlas in double elephant folio format (915 x 650mm.)

Leipzig: Ernest Julius Günther, 1865.

This huge atlas of obstetric wall charts contains 20 chromolithographed plates measuring over 3 feet by 2 feet, illustrating the female reproductive anatomy, stages of pregnancy, normal and breech presentations of the fetus, and various types of vaginal delivery. These plates were intended to be mounted on the wall; they are probably the largest obstetrical charts ever published in book form. Included is an illustration of “Schultze’s mechanism” of normal placental separation and expulsion, in which the placenta slips “through the same rent in the membranes from which the fetus emerged . . . pulling its attached membranes along, inner surface showing, like a sock turned inside out” (Speert, Obstetrics and Gynecology: A History and Iconography, p. 250). Schultze, a professor of obstetrics at the University of Jena, is also known for his invention of the Schultze obstetric simulator, a dummy or manikin of the female pelvis used to demonstrate the mechanism of childbirth; this device was widely used in both Germany and the United States. Digital facsimile of the text from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, ANATOMY › Anatomical Illustration, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 11300

Musée Vrolik. Catalogue de la collection d'anatomie humaine, comparée et pathologique de M.M. Ger. et W. Vrolik. par J. L. Dusseau.

Amsterdam: Imprimerie de W. J. de Roever Kröber, 1865.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological
  • 11316

Hand-book & descriptive catalogue of the Pacific Museum of Anatomy and Natural Science, now open at the Eureka Theatre, Montgomery St., between California and Pine, San Francisco.

San Francisco, CA: [Privately Printed], circa 1865.

A commercial medical and "natural science" museum operated by Jordan. This may have been the earliest commercial medical museum in California. Pages 50 onward describe what Jordan called the "Pathological Room, For reference and use of Medical Gentlemen and Students-only." "The wages of Sin is Death." This facility, which was presumably off-limits to women, clearly was intended to elicit guilt regarding sexuality, and to dramatize venereal disease, and "diseases caused by masturbation," and to encourage visitors to consult Dr. Jordan for a cure. Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , SEXUALITY / Sexology, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › California
  • 11384

La Commission Sanitaire des États-Unis, son origine, son organisation et ses résultats avec une notice sur les hôpitaux militaires aux États-Unis et sur la réforme sanitaire dans les armées Europénnes.

Paris: E. Dentu, 1865.

Digital facsimile from BnFGallica at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, HOSPITALS
  • 11493

Medicinische Blumenlese aus Shakespeare zu eigener und seiner Collegen Kurzweil gesammelt von Georg Cless.

Stuttgart: J. G. Cotta, 1865.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Drama › Shakespeare
  • 11562

Organization of nursing: An account of the Liverpool Nurses' Training School, its foundation, progress, and operation in hospital, district, and private nursing by a member of the Committee of the Home & Training School. With an introduction, and notes, by Florence Nightingale.

Liverpool: A. Holden, 1865.

The Liverpool Training School and Home for Nurses was established in 1865, from which a district nursing system was implemented in Liverpool through the 1860s. This system eventually spread throughout England.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: NURSING
  • 12357

History of the discoveries of the circulation of the blood, of the ganglia and nerves, and of the action of the heart.

London: Richard Bentley, 1865.

Lee, an obstetrician, published one of the earliest studies of the history of the circulation of the blood in English. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › History of Cardiology, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 12659

The North-West passage by land. Being the narrative of an expedition from the Atlantic to the Pacific, undertaken with the view of exploring a route across the continent to British Columbia through British territory, by one of the northern passes in the Rocky Mountains.

London: Cassell, Petter, and Galpin, 1865.

Together with William Fitzwilliam (Viscount Milton), Cheadle travelled up the Athabasca River and in 1863 they became the first "tourists" to travel through the Yellowhead Pass. Arriving in Quebec City in July 1862, they travelled across the continent, wintering near Fort Carlton. After a challenging and at times humorous summer they reached Victoria, BC.



Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Canada, VOYAGES & Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientists
  • 13516

Principles of psychology.

London: Longman, 1865.

"Spencer's second book, Principles of Psychology, published in 1855, explored a physiological basis for psychology, and was the fruit of his friendship with Evans and Lewes. The book was founded on the fundamental assumption that the human mind was subject to natural laws and that these could be discovered within the framework of general biology. This permitted the adoption of a developmental perspective not merely in terms of the individual (as in traditional psychology), but also of the species and the race. Through this paradigm, Spencer aimed to reconcile the associationist psychology of Mill's Logic, the notion that human mind was constructed from atomic sensations held together by the laws of the association of ideas, with the apparently more 'scientific' theory of phrenology, which located specific mental functions in specific parts of the brain.[12]

Spencer argued that both these theories were partial accounts of the truth: repeated associations of ideas were embodied in the formation of specific strands of brain tissue, and these could be passed from one generation to the next by means of the Lamarckian mechanism of use-inheritance. The Psychology, he believed, would do for the human mind what Isaac Newton had done for matter.[13] However, the book was not initially successful and the last of the 251 copies of its first edition were not sold until June 1861." (Wikipedia article on Herbert Spencer, accessed 8-2021).



Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY › Biological
  • 939

Zur Gasometrie des Blutes.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 4, 305-8, 1866.

Pflüger showed that respiratory changes take place in the tissues.



Subjects: RESPIRATION › Respiratory Physiology
  • 336

On the anatomy and physiology of the vertebrates. 3 vols.

London: Longmans, Green, 18661868.

Vol1. Fishes and reptiles; Vol. 2. Birds; Vol. 3. Mammals. The most important work on the subject after Cuvier, based entirely on personal observations.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY › Comparative Physiology
  • 4538.1

On railway and other injuries of the nervous system.

London: Walton & Maberly, 1866.

The first book to discuss the injuries now widely known as whiplash, which first appeared as the by-product of the increased speed of railway travel. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 4621

Notes on the physiology and pathology of language.

Med. Times. Gaz., 1, 659-62, 1866.


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 4775

Douleurs fulgurantes de l’ataxie sans incoordination des mouvements; sclérose commençante des cordons postérieurs de la moëlle épinière.

Gaz. méd. Paris, 3 sér., 21, 122-24, 1866.

First clinical description of the electric pains in tabes.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 4776

Des troubles gastriques dans l’ataxie locomotrice progressive. Thèse pour le doctorat en médecine. No. 250.

Paris: A. Parent, 1866.

Tabetic gastric crises first described. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 1363

Ueber die Erweiterung von Arterien in Folge einer Nervenerregung.

Ber. k. sachs. Ges. Wiss. Lpz. 18, 85-110, 1866.

The “Lovén reflex”, vasodilatation of an organ when its afferent nerve is stimulated.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 1615

Metropolitan Board of Works Report on experiments with respect to the ventilation of sewers. 3 parts.

London: Brickhill & Bateman, 18661869.

Bazalgette planned the sewers of London.



Subjects: PUBLIC HEALTH, Ventilation, Health Aspects of
  • 1512

Zur Anatomie und Physiologie der Retina.

Bonn: M. Cohen & Sohn, 1866.

One of the greatest of all histologists, Max Schultze is remembered by ophthalmologists for his monograph on the nerve-endings in the retina.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Anatomy of the Eye & Orbit, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 2479

Études sur le vin.

Paris: Imp. impérial, 1866.

Although Pasteur’s method of preserving wine by partial heat sterilization (“pasteurization”) turned out to be a revival of Appert’s invention (No. 2467.1), Pasteur did rescue the method from oblivion and established on the basis of rigorous scientific experiments what had been only a poorly tested and entirely empirical technique.



Subjects: Winemaking (Oenology), Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 2390.1

Traité historique et pratique de la syphilis.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1866.

A complete review of contemporary knowledge. English translation, 2 vols., 1868-69.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis › History of Syphilis
  • 3273

Klinik der Krankheiten des Kehlkopfes und der Luftröhre. 1 vol. and atlas.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1866.

On p. 295 is a classic description of laryngitis sicca – “Türck’s trachoma”.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 222

Versuche über Pflanzen-Hybriden.

Verh. naturf. Vereins Brünn (1865), 4, 3-47., 1866.

Discovery of the Mendelian ratios, the most significant single achievement in the history of genetics. The story of how Mendel published his paper in this relatively obscure journal only to have his discovery ignored during his lifetime has been frequently retold. In 1900 Correns and de Vries (Nos. 239.01 and 239.1) rediscovered the Mendelian ratios almost simultaneously. William Bateson first translated the above work into English in J. Roy. Hort. Soc., 1901, 26, 1-32. The following year he published his first monograph on Mendel (No. 241).



Subjects: BOTANY, EVOLUTION, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 223

Generelle Morphologie der Organismen. 2 vols.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 1866.

Haeckel accepted the general principles of Darwinism, disagreeing on some points. He was the first to promote Darwin’s theories in Germany. This work contains the first statement of his theory that “ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny”. See No. 224.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY, EVOLUTION
  • 3753

Traité de la pellagre et des pseudo-pellagres.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1866.

Roussel was awarded a prize of 5,000 francs for this work.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Pellagra
  • 3119
  • 3766

Ein Fall von Anaemia splenica bei einem Kinde

Berl. klin. Wschr., 3, 212-14, 1866.

First reported case of (infantile) splenic anemia.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis, PEDIATRICS, Spleen: Lymphatics
  • 2764.1

Ueber einen sehr seltenen Fall von Insufficienz der Valvula tricuspidalis, bedingt durch eine angeborene hochgradige Missbildung derselben.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 238-54, 1866.

“Ebstein’s anomaly,” a congenital abnormality of the tricuspid valve. Translation in Amer. J. Cardiol, 1968, 22, 867-72.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › Congenital Heart Defects
  • 2906

Ueber eine bisher noch nicht beschriebene eigenthümliche Arterienerkrankung (Periarteritis nodosa), die mit Morbus Brightii und rapid fortschreitender allgemeiner Muskellähmung einhergeht.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 1, 484-518, 1866.

First description of periarteritis nodosa.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Arterial Disease
  • 2963

Successful operation for subclavian aneurism.

Amer. J. med. Sci., 52, 280-82, 1866.

First successful ligation of the innominate artery, 1864. A report on the condition of the patient in 1869 is given in New Orleans J. Med.,1869, 22,464-69.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 2996

On gouty and some other forms of phlebitis

St. Barth. Hosp. Rep., 2, 82-92, 1866.

Paget-Schroetter syndrome, venous obstruction in the upper extremity.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Venous Disease, RHEUMATOLOGY › Gout (Podagra)
  • 4056

Das Colloid-Milium der Haut.

Arch. Heilk. 7, 463-64, 1866.

Colloid degeneration of the skin (“Wagner’s disease”) was first described by Wagner who gave it the name “Colloid milium”.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4936

Observations on an ethnic classification of idiots.

Lond. Hosp. clin. Lect. Rep., 3, 259-62, 1866.

Langdon Down suggested that the physiognomical features of certain defectives enabled them to be arranged in ethnic groups; of these he differentiated Mongolian, Ethiopian, Caucasian, and American Indian. Such an ethnic classification has been abandoned, but the term “mongolism” has been used to describe one important variety of ailment, although recently giving way to “Down’s syndrome”, for an explanation of which, see N. Howard-Jones, Med. Hist., 1979, 23, 102-04.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Down Syndrome, PEDIATRICS
  • 5502

History of an epidemic of rötheln, with observations on its pathology.

Edinb. med. J., 12, 404-14, 1866.

Veale introduced the term “rubella” to describe German measles.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Rubella & Allied Conditions
  • 4994

Le sommeil et les états analogues considérés sur au point du vue de I’action du moral et de physique.

Paris: Victor Masson et Fils, 1866.

The substitution of psychotherapy for hypnotic suggestion starts with the work of Liébeault. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis
  • 5792

De veterum Indorum chirurgia. Dissertatio inauguralis.

Berlin: Gustavus Schade, 1866.

Trendelenburg’s graduation thesis on the ancient Hindu systems of medicine. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India › History of Ancient Medicine in India, INDIA, Practice of Medicine in › History of Practice of Medicine in India
  • 5898

Zur Lehre der sympathischen Ophthalmie.

v. Graefes Arch. Ophthal., 12, 2 Abt., 149-74, 1866.

A classic contribution to the literature of sympathetic ophthalmia.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 6057

Clinical notes on uterine surgery, with reference to the management of the sterile condition.

London: R. Hardwicke, 1866.

A revolutionary and controversial work, written in Paris while Sims was in voluntary exile because of the U.S. Civil War, and first serialized in Lancet 2 (1864) and 1 (1865). Includes, pp. 16-18, the description of Sims’s duck-billed speculum. Also includes important and pioneering work on the treatment of infertility, including analysis of the conditions essential to conception, and record of a successful artificial insemination. American edition, N.Y., 1866.



Subjects: EMBRYOLOGY › Infertility, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 5896

Ueber die Extraktion des grauen Staares bei uneröffneter Kapsel durch den Scleralschnitt. IN Klinische Beobachtungen aus der Augenheilanstalt zu Wiesbaden, hrsg. von E.H. Pagenstecher u. T. Saemisch, Heft 3.

Wiesbaden: J. Niedner, 1866.

Extraction of the lens in the closed capsule through a scleral incision, for the treatment of cataract.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 5204

Coincidence du chancre syphilitique primitif avec la gale, la blénorrhagie, le chancre simple et la vaccine.

Gaz. méd. Lyon, 18, 160-63, Lyon, 1866.

Rollet recognized the possibility of mixed infection of one sore with syphilis and chancroid, thus establishing the dualist theory of venereal infection. The mixed chancre is named “Rollet’s disease”.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis
  • 6368

Four cases of “retinitis pigmentosa”, occurring in the same family, and accompanied by general imperfections of development.

Ophthal. Rev., 2, 32-41, 1866.

Laurence–Moon (–Biedl) syndrome first described. See also No. 6369.



Subjects: Conditions & Syndromes Not Classified Elsewhere
  • 4621.1

Aphasie, aphémie, alalie.

Dict. encycl. Sci. méd., Paris, 5, 605-644, 1866.

Includes a history of aphasia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 7378

Notes bibliographiques pour servir à l'histoire du magnétisme animal: Analyse de tous les livres, brochures, articles de journaux publiés sur le magnétisme animal, en France et à l'étranger, à partir de 1766 jusqu'en 1866.

Paris: Bureau du journal , 1866.

Later issue: Paris: chez l'auteur, Joubert, 1869.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Specific Subjects, Mesmerism, PSYCHIATRY › History of Psychiatry, PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis, PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis › History of Psychotherapy: Hypnosis
  • 7799

History of the United States Sanitary Commission: being the general report of its work during the War of the Rebellion.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1866.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE › History of U.S. Civil War Medicine, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 8963

Botanik der spaeteren Griechen vom dritten bis dreizehnten Jahrhuntert.

Berlin: F. Berggold, 1866.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece, BOTANY › History of Botany, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › History of Medieval Medicine
  • 9214

Medical recollections of the Army of the Potomac.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1866.

Letterman originated modern methods for medical organization in armies and on the battlefield. His system of organization enabled thousands of wounded men to be recovered and treated during the American Civil War. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE
  • 9969

Diseases of the skin, including the exanthemata by Ferdinand Hebra. Vol. 1: Translated and edited by C. Hilton Fagge. Vol. 2: Tr. and ed. by C. Hilton Fagge and P. H. Pye-Smith. Vols. 3-5 are by Ferdinand Hebra and Moritz Kaposi, tr. and ed. by Waren Tay. 5 vols.

London: New Sydenham Society, 18661880.

Digital facsimile of vol. 1 from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY
  • 10375

Catalogue of the surgical section of the United States Army Medical Museum.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1866.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › United States , MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Washington, DC
  • 10378

Catalogue of the pathological museum of St. George's Hospital.

London: J. Wertheimer and Co., 1866.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › England (United Kingdom), MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , PATHOLOGY
  • 11487

Asiatic cholera: Its origin, history, and progress, for over two hundred years, and the devastations it has caused in the East and West; Its ravages in Europe and America in 1831-2, in 1848-9, in 1854-5, and in 1865-6 with a full description of the causes, nature, and character of the disease, its means of propagation, whether by the atmosphere or by contagion; its premonitory and distinctive symptoms; the best known means of preventing its attack both in communities and individuals; and the most effectual remedies for it according to the celebrated physicians who have treated It; Together with simple and plain directions for the care of those who from any cause can not obtain medical aid.

Hartford, CT: L. Stebbins & Chicago, IL: A. Kidder, 1866.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Cholera, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › History of Infectious Disease
  • 11761

The cattle plague; with office reports of the International Veterinary Comgresses, held in Hamburg, 1863, and in Vienna, 1865.

London: Robert Hardwicke, 1866.

"Druing the cattle plague crisis of 1865-66, Gamgee was one of the prtincipal witnesses called to give evidence by the Cattle Plague Commissioners and amongst the first to recommend a policy of restriction of movement and mass slaughter. He was also the first veterinary surgeon to successfully use the thermometer for clinical purposes, measuring body temperatures of animals in the incubative and clinical stages of cattle plague" (Hunter, Veterinary medicine: A guide to historical sources). Digital facsimile from Google Books at this liink.



Subjects: VETERINARY MEDICINE, VETERINARY MEDICINE › Epizootics
  • 12347

Die Meningitis cerebro-spinalis epidemica vom historisch-geographischen und pathologisch-therapeutischen Standpunkte.

Berlin: August Hirschwald, 1866.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: Biogeography › History of Biogeography, EPIDEMIOLOGY › History of Epidemiology, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis
  • 12358

Recopilación histórico-bibliográfica de la circulación de la sangre en el hombre y los animales.

Zaragoza: Agustín Pieró, 1866.

Digital facsimile from bdh-rd.bne.es at this link.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › History of Cardiology, PHYSIOLOGY › History of Physiology
  • 12476

The new and heretofore unfigured species of the birds of North America. 2 vols.

New York: Published by the Author, 18661868.

Elliot described his aims for this work in the preface:

"Since the time of Wilson and Audubon, no work has been published upon American Ornithology, containing life-size representations of the various species that have been discovered since the labors of those great men were finished. The valuable productions of Cassin, as well as the revised edition of the ninth volume of the Pacific Rail Road Report, the joint labor of Messrs. Baird, Cassin and Lawrence had indeed appeared...but no attempt had been made to continue the works of the first great American naturalists in a similar manner [i.e. with the birds represented full-size where possible]....It was, therefore, with the desire to contribute...towards the elucidation of the comparatively little known species of the Birds of North America, their habits and economy, as well as to render their forms familiar so far as life-size representation of them might serve to do, that I undertook the present publication."

The work includes 72 handcolored lithographed plates, including 55 by Elliot, and 15 by Joseph Wolf (1820-1899).

Digital facsimile of the 1869 issue from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 13196

A treatise on the principles and practice of medicine.

Philadelphia: Henry C. Lea, 1866.

Digital facsimile of the 1868 third edition from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works
  • 13251

On uncontrollable drunkenness considered as a form of mental disorder. With suggestions for its treatment, and the organization of sanitoria for dipsomanics.

London: Robert Hardwicke, 1866.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction
  • 13278

Ein Fall von Sprachstörung, anatomisch begründet.

Med. Jb., 12, 152-189, 1866.
"Carl Wernicke (1848-1905) is traditionally considered the first to have described the features of, and the brain pathology underlying, impaired auditory comprehension and related symptoms. Although Wernicke (1874) clearly and repeatedly indicates his indebtedness to Theodor von Meynert (1833-1892). this is usually understood as an acknowledgment that Meynert taught Wernicke neuroanatomy (Eggert, 1977); Wernicke′s own words in part support this interpretation. A more sophisticated historical analysis notes that, prior to Wernicke, both Johann Schmidt in 1871 and Charlton Bastian in 1869 had described the concept of receptive aphasia, but neither had supported their analyses with autopsy evidence as did Wernicke, thus not dislodging Wernicke′s claim of priority. However, a virtually unknown work by Theodor von Meynert, published in 1866, has recently been rediscovered by us ["Ein Fall von Sprachstörung, anatomisch begründet." Medizinische Jahrbücher. XII Band der Zeitschrift der K. K. Gesellleschaft der Ärzte in Wien, 22.Jahr. Pp. 152-189]. In this paper Meynert analyzes the anatomical basis for localizing the comprehension of language in the superior temporal gyros, he argues that lesions in this area should (by analogy to Broca′s earlier observations on language expression) cause impairments in language comprehension, and he presents a case of receptive aphasia with autopsy evidence of destruction of the superior temporal gyros in the left hemisphere. The patient′s aphasia was classic: impaired auditory comprehension, and fluent speech with paraphasias. It is clear that Meynert should be given historical credit for his work" (Whitaker, "Theodor Meynert's contirubtion to classical 19th century aphasia studies, " Brain and Language, 45 (1993) 560-571.)


Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia
  • 13706

A journal of hospital life in the Confederate Army of Tennessee from the Battle of Shiloh to the end of the war: With sketches of life and character, and brief notices of current events during that period.

Louisville, KY: John P. Morton & Co., 1866.

"[B]y far the fullest and most informative of narratives of the Confederate women who served as nurses" (In Tall Cotton). Cumming responded to calls for volunteers and worked as a field nurse from 1862 through the end of the war. "She describes with unusual realism hospital life and scenes, the horrors of amputations..., pathetic cases of gangrene, the difficulties of securing proper food for patients, and frequent moving of hospitals to keep out of reach of the enemy...As a realistic description of the Confederate hospital service, this journal is of first-rate importance" (Coulter p.61).
Digital facsimile from U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, NURSING, WOMEN, Publications by
  • 819

Die Reflexe eines der sensiblen Nerven des Herzens auf die motorischen der Blutgefässe.

Arb. physiol Anst. Leipzig, (1866), 1, 128-49, 1867.

Discovery of the vasomotor reflexes.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 624

Physiologie des mouvements demontrée à l’aide de l’expérimentation électrique et de l’observation clinique, et applicable à l’étude des paralysies et des déformations.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1867.

A monumental work, the result of twenty years’ study of electro-muscular stimulation “to determine the proper action which the muscles possess in life”. The book contains an excellent record of the kinesiology of the entire muscular system. English translation by E. B. Kaplan, Phila-delphia, 1949.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Movement Disorders, NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology, PHYSIOLOGY › Electrophysiology
  • 625

Untersuchungen über den Stoffwechsel der Muskeln, ausgehend vom Gaswechsel derselben. 3 vols.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 18671868.

Hermann’s views on nitrogen metabolism in muscular work correctly anticipated the later conclusions of Fletcher, Hopkins, and others.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism
  • 692

Experimente zur Theorie der Zellenbildung und Endosmose.

Arch. Amt. Physiol, wiss. Med., 87-165, 1867.

Employing, for the first time, copper ferrocyanide as a semi-permeable membrane, Traube investigated osmosis and the permeability of membranes.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, Chemistry
  • 4697

On a case of muscular atrophy, with disease of the spinal cord and medulla oblongata.

Med.-chir. Trans., 50, 489-96, 1867.

First important account of syringomyelia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders
  • 1996.3

On the electrolytic treatment of tumors, and other surgical diseases.

London: John Churchill, 1867.

Althaus introduced Duchenne’s methods into England. He was the first to employ electrolysis for medical purposes. Greatly expanded third edition, 1873.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER, SURGERY: General , THERAPEUTICS › Medical Electricity / Electrotherapy
  • 1792

Alberti Magni ex ordine praedicatorum de vegetabilibus libri VII: Historiae naturalis pars XVIII. Editionem criticam ab Ernesto Meyero coeptam: Absolvit Carolus Jessen.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 1867.

One of the best works on natural history produced during the Middle Ages, and, like most of Albertus's works, influential throughout the medieval period, though it does not appear to have been published in print until 1867. It was written about 1250, and is based on Albertus's own accurate botanical observations, also containing some therapeutic material. See Karen Reeds, "Alberto e la philosophia naturale della vita della plante," IN: Weisheipl (ed.) Albertus Magnus and the Sciences (1994) 367-380. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , NATURAL HISTORY
  • 1403

Der Bau der Gross-Hirnrinde und seine örtlichen Verschiedenheiten, nebst einem pathologisch-anatomischen Corollarium.

Vjschr. Psychiat., 1, 77-93, 198-217; 2, 88-113, 1867, 1868.

Meynert noticed regional variations in the histological structure of different parts of the gray matter in the cerebral hemispheres. He is credited with beginning the study of cytoarchitecture. Meynert described the fountain decussation of the tegmental tract (“Meynert’s decussation”) and several other structures in the brain. Published in book form, 1868.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Neuroanatomy › Cytoarchitecture, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid
  • 1866.1

On the physiological action of the Calabar bean (Physostigma venenosum, Balf).

Trans. roy. Soc. Edinb. (1866), 24, 715-88, 1867.

Isolation of eserine (physostigmine).



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Physostigma venenosum (Calabar Bean)
  • 2080

Micro-chemistry of poisons.

New York: Baillière Bros, 1867.

The first American book entirely devoted to toxicology and an important contribution to the identification of poisons.



Subjects: TOXICOLOGY
  • 1513

Handbuch der physiologischen Optik. 1 vol. and atlas.

Leipzig: L. Voss, 1867.

Includes Helmholtz’s revival of the Young theory of color vision. English translation by J.P.C. Southall of 3rd German edition, 3 vols., Menasha, Wis., 1924-25.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision, Optics
  • 2125

De maxillarum necrosi phosphorica.

Leipzig: apud A. Edelmannum, 1867.

Classical description of phosphorus necrosis of the jaw, or "phossy jaw". 



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE
  • 2125.1

Ueber Staubinhalationskrankheiten der Lungen.

Dtsch. Arch. kiln. Med., 2, 116-72, 1867.

Zenker described siderosis and suggested the term “pneumonokoniosis” as a suitable general title for diseases due to inhaled dust.



Subjects: OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & MEDICINE , PATHOLOGY
  • 1745

Etude médico-légale et clinique sur l’empoisonnement.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1867.


Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), TOXICOLOGY
  • 2619

On the influence of inadequate operations on the theory of cancer.

Med.-chir. Trans. 50, 245-80, 1867.

Modern surgical treatment of cancer is based upon principles laid down by Moore. For cancer of the breast he showed that recurrence was not due to the development of an entirely new tumor because of constitutional susceptibility, as was then generally theorized, but to incomplete removal of the original tumor. He insisted that the entire breast be carefully removed in every case of breast cancer.



Subjects: ONCOLOGY & CANCER
  • 2620

Die Entwicklung der Carcinome.

Virchows Arch. path, Anat. 41, 470-523, 55, 67-159, 1867, 1872.

Waldeyer confirmed the work of Thiersch (No. 2618) on the epithelial origin of cancer, disproving Virchow’s theory (No. 2617). So great was the authority of the latter that it was not until the appearance of the second of the above papers that Virchow’s error was finally recognized.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, ONCOLOGY & CANCER › Carcinoma
  • 2222

Leçons sur les maladies des vieillards et les maladies chroniques.

Paris: A. Delahaye, 1867.

Charcot inaugurated a course of study of geriatrics, at the Salpêtrière, in 1866; his lectures are embodied in the above work. English translation, 1881.



Subjects: GERIATRICS / Gerontology / Aging
  • 3120

Beiträge zur Pathologie und Therapie der Chlorose.

S.B. k. Akad. Wiss., math.-nat. Cl. (Wien), II Abt., 55, 516-22, 1867.

Duncan showed that the essential feature in chlorosis is a quantitative change in the hemoglobin content and not a great reduction in the number of red blood cells.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Anemia & Chlorosis
  • 3274

Removal of a fibrous polyp from the inferior anterior surface of the right vocal cord with the aid of the laryngoscope.

Amer. J. med. Sci., n.s. 53, 404-07; 54, 565-66, 1867.

First successful operation for cancer of the larynx.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Laryngoscope, ONCOLOGY & CANCER, OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology, SURGERY: General › Surgical Oncology
  • 3275

Die Anwendung der Galvanokaustik im Innern des Kehlkopfes und Schlundkopfes.

Vienna: W. Braumüller, 1867.

Voltolini was the first to use the galvanocautery in laryngeal surgery.



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology, THERAPEUTICS › Medical Electricity / Electrotherapy
  • 3564

An operation for abscess of the appendix vermiformis caeci.

Med. Rec. (N.Y.), 2, 25-27, 1867.

Parker was the first American to operate for appendicitis. In this paper he described a case from 1864, but mentioned a case he had operated on as early as 1843. He advocated the opening of the appendicular abscesses at an early stage; until his time such abscesses had been opened only when they pointed on the surface.



Subjects: SURGERY: General , SURGERY: General › Appendicitis
  • 2890

On the use of nitrite of amyl in angina pectoris.

Lancet 2, 97-98, 1867.

Lauder Brunton was responsible for the introduction of amyl nitrite for the alleviation of angina. Reprinted in F. A. Willius & T. E. Keys: Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 561-64.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Angina Pectoris, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Cardiovascular Medications
  • 2891

Angina pectoris vasomotoria.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 3, 309-322, 1867.

Nothnagel, himself a victim of angina, described the vasomotor form of the disease.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Coronary Artery Disease › Angina Pectoris
  • 2705

Zur Lehre von den vasomotorischen Neurosen.

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med. 2, 173-91, 1867.

Nothnagel described the vasomotor type of acroparaesthesia, sometimes called after him.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY
  • 2765

Krankheiten des Herzens. 2te. Aufl.

Erlangen: Ferdinand Enke, 1867.

First appeared in Virchow’s Handbuch der speciellen Pathologie und Therapie, Erlangen, 1854, 5, 1 Abt., 385-530.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 2766

Des mouvements et des bruits qui se passent dans les veines jugulaires.

Bull. Soc. méd. Hôp. Paris (Mémoires), 2 sér., 4, 3-27, 1867.

Classic account of the movements and murmurs in the jugular veins, important in the diagnosis of heart diseases. Potain’s writings were models of clarity and style. A translation of this paper is to be found in Willius & Keys, Cardiac classics, 1941, pp. 533-56.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  • 3378.2

Ueber eine neue Methode zur Untersuchung des Gehörorgans zu physiologischen und diagnostischen Zwecken mit Hülfe des Interferenz Otoscopes.

Arch. Ohrenheilk., 3, 186-229, 1867.

Lucae described an interference otoscope, precursor of auditory impedance devices.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Otoscope, OTOLOGY › Audiology › Hearing Tests, OTOLOGY › Otologic Instruments › Otoscope
  • 3379

Die akute Entzündung des heutigen Labyrinthes, gewöhnlich für Meningitis cerebro-spinalis gehalten.

Mschr. Ohrenheilk., 1, 9-14, 1867.

First description of “Voltolini’s disease” – an acute painful inflammation of the internal ear, followed by fever, delirium, and loss of consciousness. Voltolini was the founder of the Monatsschrift.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Neuroinfectious Diseases › Meningitis, OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear
  • 3380

Sechs Fälle von Myringomykosis (Aspergillus glaucus Lk.).

rch. Ohrenheilk., 3, 1-21, 1867.

Wreden, otologist to the Czar, was the first to call special attention to otomycosis.



Subjects: OTOLOGY › Diseases of the Ear
  • 3821

Ueber die totale Exstirpation einer kropfig entarteten Schilddrüse, und über die Rückwirkung dieser Operation auf die Circulationsverhältnisse im Kopfe.

Med. CorrespBl. württemb. ärztl. Vereins, 37, 199-205, 1867.

Sick is credited with being the first to notice symptoms of loss of thyroid function following thyroidectomy. According to Halsted, the above is the first report of total thyroidectomy and “the first report of the condition which we now recognize as status thyreoprivus”.



Subjects: ENDOCRINOLOGY › Thyroid
  • 3914.1

On researches intended to promote an improved chemical identification of diseases.

10th Rep. Med. Offr. Privy Council. With appendix, London, 1867, 1868.

Discovery of the first porphyrin, hematoporphyrin (p. 227). Hematoporphyrin has also been used as an antidepressant and antipsychotic since the 1920s,



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology
  • 3462

Intestinal obstruction.

London: John Churchill, 1867.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 4336.1

Traité expérimentale et clinique de la régenération des os. 2 vols.

Paris: Victor Masson, 1867.

Ollier pioneered research in bone allografting.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Bone Grafts
  • 4423

Treatment of fractures of the lower extremity, by use of the anterior suspensory apparatus.

Baltimore, MD: Kelly & Piet, 1867.


Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Devices, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations
  • 4423.1
  • 5634

On a new method of treating compound fracture, abscess, etc., with observations on the conditions of suppuration.

Lancet, 1, 326-29, 357-59, 387-89, 507-09; 2, 95-96, 1867.

Lister’s work on the antiseptic principle in surgery. He believed that bacteria could enter wounds and cause suppuration and putrefaction and that it was necessary to kill the bacteria already in wounds and to apply dressings impregnated with some bactericidal substance. He finally hit on carbolic acid for this purpose. When this work was done it had not yet been proved that bacteria were the cause of disease. The above work is reprinted in Med. Classics, 1937, 2, 28-71.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations, SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 5001

The mad folk of Shakespeare. 2nd ed.

London: Macmillan, 1867.

First published as The psychology of Shakespeare, London, 1859.



Subjects: LITERATURE / Philosophy & Medicine & Biology › Drama › Shakespeare, PSYCHOLOGY › History of Psychology
  • 5793

Lectures on the progress of anatomy and surgery during the present century.

London: John Churchill & Sons, 1867.


Subjects: SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 5635

On the antiseptic principle in the practice of surgery.

Lancet, 2, 353-56, 668-69, 1867.

Having realized the significance of Pasteur’s work on fermentation, Lister evolved the idea of the antiseptic prevention of wound infection. This and the preceding entry represent two of the most epoch-making contributions to surgery. The paper in reprinted in Med. Classics, 1937, 2, 72-83.



Subjects: SURGERY: General › Antisepsis / Asepsis, SURGERY: General › Wound Healing
  • 5668

Description of a new apparatus for administering narcotic vapors.

Med. Times Gaz., 2, 590; 1, 171-73, 1867, 1868.

Junker’s chloroform inhaler.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Inhalers, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Anesthesia Inhalers
  • 5899

Symptomenlehre der Augenmuskellähmungen.

Berlin: H. Peters, 1867.

The first thorough account of paralysis of the eye muscles, and the basis for their surgical treatment. The first section describes conditions resulting from injuries to the eye muscles. The second part outlines physiologic laws governing eye movements and the effects of impaired function in each of the ocular muscles.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY , OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures
  • 5901

Sur un nouvel instrument pour la détermination de l’astigmatisme.

Ann. Oculist. (Brux.), 57, 39-43, 1867.

Javal invented the astigmometer, and described it in the above paper.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, Optometry › Vision Tests
  • 6760

Catalogue of scientific papers. Compiled and published by the Royal Society of London. 19 vols.

London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 18671925.

An author index to scientific papers contained in the transactions of societies, journals, and other periodical works, published from 1800 to 1900. Continued by the international catalogue of scientific literature, which deals with literature published after 1900. Complemented by the society's "Catalogue of scientific papers, 1800-1900. Subject index.Vol. 1-7: Digital facsimile of all 19 vols. from the Hathi Trust at this link.

 



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY , BIBLIOGRAPHY › Periodicals
  • 6862

The application of the principles and practice of homoeopathy to obstetrics, and the disorders peculiar to women and young children.

Philadelphia: F. E. Boericke, 1867.

Digital facsimile from the Medical Heritage Library at the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ALTERNATIVE, Complimentary & Pseudomedicine › Homeopathy, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, PEDIATRICS
  • 7704

Cas singulier de trépanation chez le Incas.

Bulletin Mémoire Société Anthropologie de Paris, 2, 403-08, 1867.

Broca attributed a defect in an ancient Peruvian skull to antemortem trepanation; prior to this paleopathologists and paleoanthropologists were unaware that the Incas practiced trepanation.



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Medical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Peru, NEUROSURGERY, PATHOLOGY › Paleopathology
  • 7748

Woman's work in the Civil War: A record of heroism, patriotism and patience.

Philadelphia: Zeigler, McCurdy & Co., 1867.

Details the work of women in the American Civil War in the fields of nursing, supply and sanitary organization (i.e. the Sanitary Commission) with biographies of notable women. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 8210

Review of the history of medicine. 2 vols.

London: J. Churchill & Calcutta: Wm. Thacker & Co., 1867.

Vol. 1, Part 1: "Primitive period among the Asiatic nations," i.e. Hindus. Vol. 2, Part 1: "Ancient state of medicine among the Hindus (continued)". Part 1: "Review of the Buddhist systems of medicine." Part 3: "Review of the history of the Chinese system of medicine." Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › India, Chinese Medicine › History of Chinese Medicine, RELIGION & Medicine & the Life Sciences
  • 9019

Donnolo, Fragment des ältesten medicinischen Werkes in hebräischer Sprache.... von M. Steinschneider.

Berlin: Albert Lewent, 1867.

Written about 970 CE, this is the earliest surviving medical treatise written in Hebrew to which an approximate date can be assigned. Donnolo, who was at one time Byzantine court physician, is one of the earliest Jewish writers on medicine, and one of the few medieval Jewish scholars of South Italy at this early time. What remains of his medical work, Sefer ha-Yaḳar (Precious Book), was published by Moritz Steinschneider in 1867, from MS. 37, Plut. 88, in the Medicean Library at Florence. It contains an "antidotarium," or book of practical directions for preparing medicinal roots. Donnolo's medical science is based upon Greco-Latin sources; only one Arabic plant-name occurs. Donnolo is also the earliest known authority to quote the Sefer Refuot , of Asaph ben Berechiah, the earliest known Hebrew medical author. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BYZANTINE MEDICINE, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Jewish Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 9869

Prize essay. Ancient transfusion and infusion compared with modern transfusion, infusion, and hypodermic or subcutaneous injections. Translated by Charles F. Wittig.

Transactions of the Medical Society of the State of Pennsylvania at its 18th Annual Session, 4th series, part III, 385-460., 1867.

A comprehensive review, for the time, of the historical literature on these subjects. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Hypodermic Needle , THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion › History of Blood Transfusion
  • 10369

Catalogue of the medical and microscopical sections of the United States Army Medical Museum. Catalogue of the medical section... prepared under the direction of the Surgeon General, U.S. Army by Brevet Lieutenant Colonel J. J. Woodward. Catalogue of the microscopical section...by Brevet Major Edward Curtis.

Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1867.

Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, MUSEUMS › Medical, Anatomical & Pathological , U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Washington, DC
  • 10603

Diseases of the heart: Their diagnosis and treatment.

San Francisco, CA: H. H. Bancroft and Company, 1867.

The first medical book, as distinct from a pamphlet, that was written and published in California.  See Shapiro, "California's 'first' medical book. David Wooster's Diseases of the heart (1867)," Calif. Med., 108 (1968) 255-262.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › California
  • 10718

Mechanical therapeutics. A practical treatise on surgical apparatus, appliances, and elementary operations; embracing bandaging, minor surgery, orthopraxy, and the treatment of fractures and dislocations.

Philadelphia: Henry C. Lea, 1867.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Surgical Instruments, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations, SURGERY: General
  • 11596

Contributions relating to the causation and prevention of disease, and to camp diseases; together with a report of the diseases, etc., among the prisoners at Andersonville, GA. Edited by Austin Flint.

New York: Published for the U.S. Sanitary Commision & By Hurd and Houghton, 1867.

Includes contributions by Roberts Bartholow, Jacob Mendez DaCosta, Paul Eve, Frank Hamilton, Joseph Jones, S. Wier Mitchell, etc. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE
  • 11641

Catalogue and report of obstetrical and other instruments exhibited at the Conversazione of the Obstetrical Society of London...held, by permission, at the Royal College of Physicians, March 28th, 1866.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1867.

“ A key reference source for mid-19th century [obstetrical] instruments. Many of these instruments became incorporated into the Museum of the Obstetrical Society of London, the contents of which became the property of the Royal Society of Medicine, who in turn presented it as a loan collection to the Royal College of Surgeons of England in 1912.... Regrettably this outstanding collection was almost totally destroyed by bombing during the Second World War” (Hibbard, The Obstetrician’s Armamentarium pp vii-ix).



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 11705

Sketches of the inhabitants, animal life and vegetation in the lowlands and high mountains of Ceylon: As well as of the submarine scenery near the coast taken from a diving bell.

Vienna: Printed for the author by Gerold & sold by Robert Hardwicke, London, 1867.

This work was illustrated with 26 tinted lithographs of natives and scenery in Sri Lanka after drawings from nature by the author, of which four were colored reproductions of underwater scenes made by the author using a diving bell he commissioned for the purpose. The plates were captioned in German, English, and French. An edition in German was issued from Braunschweig in 1868. Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BIOLOGY › Marine Biology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Sri Lanka, Travels by Physicians, Surgeons & Scientsts
  • 11883

Lois de la nomenclature botanique rédigées et commentées par M. Alph. de Candolle. Texte préparé sur la demande da Comité d'organisation du Congrès international de botanique de Paris, du 16 août 1867, pour servir de base aux discussions sur les points controversés en nomenclature.

Paris: V. Masson, 1867.

This was the first system of botanical nomenclature adopted by an international governing body. Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.

Translated into English as Laws of botanical nomenclature adopted by the International Botanical Congress, held at Paris in August 1867; together with an historical introduction and a commentary. London: L. Reeve & Co., 1868. Digital facsimile of the English translation from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: BOTANY › Classification / Systemization of Plants
  • 12508

Traité de la carie dentaire: Recherches expérimentales et thérapeutiques.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière et fils, 1867.

From the English translation:

"The proceding considerations tend to establish that dental caries results from a purely chemical alteration of the enamel and ivory of the teeth either by the products of acid fermentation developed in the saliva or by active agents introduced directly into the mouth. Now, if this theory be correct, we should be able to obtain the same effects by subjecting sound human teeth out of the body and deprived of life to the direct action of the same agents which produce this affection in the economy. This is in fact possible, and we shal lrelate and develop a series of experments by which, sometimes in the mouth and under the ordinary conditions of develpment of natural caries, sometimes in liquids artifically prepared, we have produced changes identical with that of this malady.
"Thus will be demonstrated, as it seems, without doubt, the true nature of dental caries, which it will be impossible to regard henceforward as an affection of internal and organic origin or a vital lesion of nutrition, as has been generally believed up to this time"

Digital facsimile from Wellcomecollection.org at this link. Translated into English by Thomas H. Chandler as Treatise on dental caries. Experimental and therapeutic investigations. Boston: Houghton, Osgood and Company, 1878. Digitial facsimile of the English translation from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Dental Pathology › Tooth Decay
  • 13345

Three years in field hospitals of the Army of the Potomac.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1867.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, HOSPITALS › History of Hospitals, NURSING, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 13481

Catalogue of the very extensive and valuable library of works on anatomy, physiology, medicine, natural history, and relative sciences, which belonged to the late Professor Goodsir, comprising ... to be sold by auction, by Mr. Dowell, within his book rooms, 18 George Street, Edinburgh, on Thursday and Friday, 28th and 29th November, 1867. Commencing at twelve o'clock each day. On view on Tuesday and Wednesday, 26th and 27th November.

Edinburgh: Lorimer and Gillies, Printers, 1867.

Digital facsimile from wellcomecollection.org at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 940

Ueber die Ursache der Athembewegungen, sowie der Dyspnoë und Apnoë.

Pflüg. Arch. ges. Physiol., 1, 61-106, 1868.

Pflüger investigated the cause of the initiation of respiration in newborn animals. English translation in No. 1588.16.



Subjects: RESPIRATION
  • 941

Die Selbststeuerung der Athmung durch den Nervus vagus.

S.B.k. Akad. Wiss., math.-nat. Cl. (Wien), 2. Abt., 57, 672-77, 1868.


Subjects: Neurophysiology › History of Neurophysiology, RESPIRATION
  • 942

Die Selbststeuerung der Athmung durch den Nervus vagus.

S.B.k. Akad. Wiss., math.-nat. Cl. (Wien), 2. Abt., 58, 909-37, 1868.

“Hering-Breuer reflex”; see also the previous entry. English translation of both papers in R. Porter (ed.), Hering–Breuer Centenary Symposium, London, Churchill, 1970. Digital facsimile of the 1868 edition from the Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology, RESPIRATION
  • 819.1

Über den zeitlichen Verlauf der negativen Schwankung des Nervenstroms.

Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol., 1, 173-207, 1868.

Bernstein introduced the differential rheotome, and the first electrocardiograms were obtained with it by Marchand in 1877 (No. 823.1).



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY › Cardiac Electrophysiology, CARDIOLOGY › Tests for Heart & Circulatory Function › Electrocardiography, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • 4539

Drunkard’s or alcoholic paraplegia.

Med. Times Gaz., 2, 470, 1868.

Classic account of alcoholic paraplegia.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction, TOXICOLOGY › Drug Addiction › Alcoholism
  • 1008

Beiträge zur Lehre von der Speichelsecretion.

Stud, physiol. Inst. Breslau, 4, 1-124, 1868.


Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion
  • 873.1

Sulla funzione ematopoietica del midollo delle ossa.

R. C. R. Ist. Lomb. Sci. Lett., 2 ser., 1, 815-18, 1868.

Bizzozero demonstrated that erythropoiesis and leucopoiesis take place in the bone marrow.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 693

Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Gallen-und Harnpigmente.

J. prakt. Chem., 104, 401-06, 1868.

Jaffe discovered urobilin in the urine.



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, BIOCHEMISTRY › Clinical Chemistry
  • 873.2

Ueber die Bedeutung des Knochenmarkes für die Blutbildung.

Zbl. med. Wiss., 6, 689; Arch. Heilk., 10, 68-102, 1868, 1869.

Independently of Bizzozero (No. 873.1), Neumann showed that erythropoiesis and leucopoiesis take place in the bone marrow.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY
  • 4698

Histologie de la sclérose en plaques.

Gaz. Hôp. (Paris), 41, 554-55, 557-58, 566, 1868.

An important description of multiple sclerosis. Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Degenerative Disorders › Multiple Sclerosis
  • 1563

Die Mechanik der Gehörknöchelchen und des Trommelfells.

Pflügers Arch. ges. Physiol 1, 1-60, 1868.

Helmholtz’s study of the mechanism of the tympanum and ossicles of the middle ear did much to elucidate the phenomenon of audition. It includes a description of “Helmholtz’s ligament” of the malleus. Separate offprint, Bonn, 1869. English translation, London, 1873.



Subjects: OTOLOGY , OTOLOGY › Physiology of Hearing
  • 4739

Recherches sur la paralysie musculaire pseudo-hypertrophique, ou paralysie myo-sclérosique.

Arch. gén. Méd., 6 sér., 11, 5-25, 179-209, 305-21, 421-43, 552-88, 1868.

“Duchenne muscular dystrophy”. English translation of first portion in Bick, Classics of orthopaedics, 72-75.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4337
  • 4777

Sur quelques arthropathies qui paraissent dépendre d’une lésion du cerveau ou de la moëlle épinière.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 1, 161-78, 1868.

Charcot called attention to tabetic arthropathy, a condition which has since borne his name, while the tabetic joints he so well described are now known as “Charcot’s joints”.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis, ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4778

Case of cerebral disease in a syphilitic patient.

St. George’s Hosp. Rep., 3, 55-65, 1868.

Syphilitic endarteritis of cerebral arteries described.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 779

Die Ausmessung der strömenden Blutvolumina.

Arb. physiol. Anst. Lpz. (1867), 2, 196-271, 1868.

Invention of the Stromuhr, for measurement of the velocity of the blood. Dogiel was a pupil of Ludwig.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR PHYSIOLOGY, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES
  • 1616

Ueber die Canalisation von Berlin.

Vjschr. gerichtl. öff. Med., n.F. 9,1-43, 1868.

Virchow advocated a canal sewer system for Berlin. Such a system was constructed by Hobrecht. See No. 1624.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Germany, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1466

Ueber die Haut-Sensibilitätsbezirke der einzelnen Rückenmarks-nervenpaare.

Denkschr. k. Akad. Wiss. (Wien), math.-nat. Cl., 29, 299-326, 1868.

Investigation of the cutaneous distribution of the separate pairs of spinal nerves.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › Neurophysiology
  • 1867

On the connection between chemical constitution and physiological action.

Trans. roy. Soc. Edinb. 25, 151-203, 693-739, 18681869.

Brown and Fraser were the first to investigate the relationship between the chemical constitution of substances and their action upon the body.

"Although Crum Brown apparently never contemplated the practice of medicine, his training as a medical student gave him an interest in physiology and pharmacology which led him to collaborate during 1867–8 with T. R. Fraser, a distinguished medical graduate a few years younger than himself, in a pioneering investigation of fundamental importance on the connection between chemical constitution and physiological action. Their method "consists in performing upon a substance a chemical operation which shall introduce a known change into its constitution, and then examining and comparing the physiological action of the substance before and after the change." The change considered was the addition of ethyl iodide to various alkaloids and comparison of the iodides (and the corresponding sulfates) thus obtained with the hydrochlorides of the original alkaloids. Striking regularities were observed, amongst others "that when a nitrile [tertiary] base possesses a strychnialike action, the salts of the corresponding ammonium [quaternary] bases have an action identical with curare [poison]."[6] (Wikipedia article on Alexander Crum Brown, accessed 4-2020).



Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY, PHARMACOLOGY › Pharmacodynamics
  • 1868

Recherches chimiques et physiologiques sur l’erythroxylum coca du Pérou et la cocaïne.

Paris: L. Leclerc, 1868.

The author, formerly a surgeon in the Peruvian army, issued the first study of the pharmacological action of cocaine, containing the earliest suggestion of its use as a local anesthetic. Leclerc issued the commercial edition of this thesis for the doctorate in medicine at the Faculté de Médecine in Paris. The thesis edition of this work, with a different title page, and perhaps other printing differences, was published by A. Parent, Imprimeur de la Faculté de Médecine, also in 1868.

"Obviously, the nationality and the culture of Moreno y Maïz led him to consider coca as a topic of study. His laboratory experiments, in continuation of physiologic experimentation in animals previously defined by Claude Bernard (1813–1878), may be considered a model of basic research in physiology. They were performed in a variety of animals, including rats, guinea pigs, and frogs. In the first experiments, he described the systemic effects of local anesthetics, including seizures and mydriasis related to the injection of high doses of cocaine. In addition, he observed that the spinal cord remained intact when systemic effects could alter sensibility. In an experiment performed in guinea pigs, he observed paralysis on the side where cocaine was injected subcutaneously. In other studies, he noted the local effect of cocaine in frogs. To separate systemic and local effects, he applied the model used by Claude Bernard to study muscle relaxants, in which one leg was protected by vascular ligature. He demonstrated that the anesthetic effect of cocaine on peripheral nerve was independent of the systemic effects. Then, he injected cocaine into the left lower limb of a frog with isolated heart and isolated right lower limb to suppress the systemic diffusion and observed complete paralysis of the left limb 35 min after the injection. The frog did not remove this limb in response to painful stimulation applied locally or on the contralateral limb. Consequently, Moreno y Maïz wondered on page 77 of his medical thesis, “Could one utilize it [cocaine] as local anesthetic? We cannot state with so few experiments; the future must decide.” More surprising is that these results and considerations remained futile, although the author was already a surgeon in Peru and members of the jury of his thesis were also academic surgeons in Paris...." (Emmanuel Marret , Marc Gentili, Francis Bonnet, "Moreno y Maïz: A Missed Rendezvous with Local Anesthesia," Anesthesiology, 100 (2004) 1321-1322) .



Subjects: ANESTHESIA › Cocaine, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Peru, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Botanic Sources of Single Component Drugs › Cocaine
  • 1513.1

Die Lehre vom binokularen Sehen.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 1868.

Hering’s law: that the corresponding muscles of the two eyes are always equally innervated. The book includes classic experiments and observations on eye movement control. English translation by B. Bridgeman and L. Stark (New York: Plenum, 1977).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Physiology of Vision
  • 2324

Etudes sur la tuberculose; preuves rationelles et expérimentales de sa spécifité et de son inoculabilité.

Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1868.

Villemin inoculated guinea-pigs and rabbits with sputum, caseous material, and miliary tubercles, with resulting development of tuberculosis. His brilliant experimental work proved tuberculosis to be a specific infection transmissible by an inoculable agent.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Tuberculosis
  • 2480

Études sur le vinaigre.

Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1868.

Pasteur proved that a microorganism was essential to acetification and developed a patented method which greatly increased the efficiency of production.



Subjects: MICROBIOLOGY, Winemaking (Oenology), Zymology (Zymurgy) (Fermentation)
  • 1746

Die gerichtlich-chemische Ermittelung von Giften in Nahrungsmitteln, Luftgemischen, Speiseresten, Körpertheilen, etc.

St. Petersburg, Russia: H. Schmitzdorff, 1868.

Dragendorff, Professor of Pharmacy at Dorpat, Marburg, and Vienna, contributed an important book on forensic chemistry. He was responsible for the introduction of several methods for the detection of poisons in the human body.



Subjects: Forensic Medicine (Legal Medicine), TOXICOLOGY
  • 2677

Das Verhalten der Eigenwärme in Krankheiten.

Leipzig: O. Wigand, 1868.

This classic work on temperature in disease laid the foundation of modern knowledge regarding clinical thermometry. Garrison has said of Wunderlich that he “found fever a disease and left it a symptom.” The book was translated into English and published by the New Sydenham Society in 1871.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Medical Instruments › Thermometer, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS
  • 3065

Über den Zusammenhang von Purpura und Intestinalstörungen.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 5, 517-19, 1868.

“Henoch’s purpura”. Henoch described a form of purpura with abdominal symptoms first mentioned by Heberden (No. 3053). See also the same journal, 1874, 11,622, 641-43. This paper is translated into English in No. 2241.



Subjects: HEMATOLOGY › Blood Disorders
  • 2223

A collection of the published writings.

London: New Sydenham Society, 1868.

Addison was a contemporary of Bright at Guy’s Hospital and a fine lecturer.



Subjects: Medicine: General Works
  • 3276

Om adenoide Vegetationer i Naesesvaelgrummet.

Hospitalstidende, 11, 177-81, 1868.

First clinical description of adenoid growths. For an English translation of the paper see Med. -chir. Trans., 1870, 53, 191-215



Subjects: OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY (Ear, Nose, Throat) › Laryngology
  • 224

Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte. Gemeinverständlich wissenschaftliche Vorträge über die Entwickelungslehre im Allgemeinen und diejenige von Darwin, Goethe und Lamarck im Besonderen, über die Anwendung derselben auf den Ursprung des Menschen . . .

Berlin: Georg Reimer, 1868.

Haeckel constructed the first of the now commonplace ancestral trees, depicting the evolution of life from the simplest organisms through 21 stages of development to modern man – the 22nd and final stage. Within this general scheme he created the concept of the Phylum (i.e. stem) to accommodate all organisms descended from a common form, and created the word Phylogeny to describe their evolutionary development from common form to distinct species. He suggested that within each species the term Ontogeny should describe the development of the individual from conception to maturity. From this he proposed his famous biogenetic law, “Ontogeny recapitulated Phylogeny”. English translation, 2 vols., London, 1876. Darwin wrote in The Descent of man (No. 227) “if [the English translation of] this work had appeared before my essay [Descent…] had been written, I should probably never have completed it. Almost all the conclusions at which I have arrived I find confirmed by this naturalist, whose knowledge on many points is much fuller than mine”. 

Haeckel differed from Darwin in advocating a polygenist theory of human evolution. He traced human lineage back to a hypothetical ancestral form, intermediate between humans and apes, that he named Pithecanthropus. “It was from the ‘Pithecanthropoi,’ Haeckel contended, that primeval humanity (which he termed Homo primigenius) was derived.... The various human races were considered to have been derived from Homo primigenius by natural selection, resulting in the formation of two quite divergent forms of humanity: (i) ‘the wooly-haired men’ (Ulotrichi); and (ii) ‘the straight-haired men’ (Lisotrichi). The Ulotrichi, Haeckel said, initially spread south from their primeval homeland, and then east and west. The remnants of the eastern branch being the peoples of New Guinea and Melanesia, while the negroes of Africa were considered representatives of the western branch. The remainder of modern humanity, the Lisotrichi, consisted of several divergent branches of what he called the ‘primeval Malays, or Promalays.’ The ‘Indo-Germanic race’ was a branch of the Lisotrichi, which he considered to have deviated furthest from the common ancestry. The chief representatives of this group were the Germans and English, who he said ‘are in the present age laying the foundation for a new period of higher mental development’” (Spencer, Ecce Homo [1986] 156.)



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY, EVOLUTION, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution, GENETICS / HEREDITY
  • 224.1

The variation of animals and plants under domestication. 2 vols.

London: John Murray, 1868.

Darwin carried out numerous investigations with pigeons and various plants. He recognized continuous and discontinuous variation; he concluded that crossing tends to keep populations uniform.



Subjects: BOTANY, EVOLUTION, GENETICS / HEREDITY, ZOOLOGY, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 3621

Case of lithotomy of the gall-bladder.

Trans. med. Soc. Indiana, 68-73, 1868.

First cholecystotomy for the removal of gallstones.



Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Gallbladder, Biliary Tract, & Pancreas › Gallstones, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › Indiana
  • 3622

Clinical lectures on diseases of the liver.

London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1868.


Subjects: HEPATOLOGY › Diseases of the Liver
  • 2981

Om Haemoptyse navnlig den lethale, i anatomisk og klinisk Henseende.

Hospitalstidende, 11, 33-36, 37-40, 41-43, 45-46, 49-52; 12, 41-42, 45-48, 1868, 1869.

Tuberculous aneurysm of the lung (“Rasmussen’s aneurysm”). English translation in Edinb.med.J.,1868, 14,385-401, 486-503; 1869, 15,97-104, 228-36.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Aneurysms, PULMONOLOGY › Lung Diseases › Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  • 4056.1

Ueber Cataracten in Verbindung mit einer eigenthümlichen Haut-de-generation.

Graefe’s Arch. Ophthal.14, 159-82, 1868.

Poikiloderma congenitale (Rothmund).



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses, GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS › Congenital Skin Disorders › Congenital Poikiloderma, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ocular Surgery & Procedures › Cataract
  • 4338

Case of osteoporosis, or spongy hypertrophy of the bones (calvaria, clavicle, os femoris, and rib).

Trans. path. Soc. Lond., 20, 273-77, 18681869.

A classic account of osteitis deformans. Wilks was associated with Guy’s Hospital all his life. A kindly, charming man, he was described by Osler as one of the handsomest men in London in his time, even until the age of 70.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Diseases of or Injuries to Bones, Joints & Skeleton
  • 4173

Clinical lectures on diseases of the urinary organs.

London: John Churchill, 1868.

Thompson was Professor of Clinical Surgery at University College, London, and an eminent genito-urinary surgeon. He performed the operation of lithotrity upon Leopold I and Napoleon III; he also developed the two-glass urine test in gonorrhoea. The versatile Victorian, a biography of Thompson, was published by Sir Zachary Cope in 1951.



Subjects: UROLOGY
  • 4974

Die Schnelligkeit psychischer Prozesse.

Arch. Anat. Physiol. wiss. Med., 657-81, 1868.

Donders was the first to measure the reaction-time of a psychical process.



Subjects: PSYCHOLOGY › Biological, PSYCHOLOGY › Experimental, PSYCHOLOGY › Psychophysics
  • 5344.6

Noticiar preliminar sobre vermes de uma especie ainda nao descripta, encontrados na urina de doentes de hematuria intertropical no Brazil.

Gaz. med. Bahia, 3, 97-99, 1868.

In 1866 Wucherer saw the embryo form of the filaria worm. Later the name Wuchereria bancrofti was applied to it. English translation in Kean (No. 2268.1).



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Brazil, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Mosquito-Borne Diseases › Lymphatic Filariasis (Elephantiasis), PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 5376

Ueber den Hungertyphus und einige verwandte Krankheitsformen.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1868.

Virchow was instrumental in introducing into Germany an epidemiology based on the study of multiple factors – sociological as well as bacteriological. In the above report on the reappearance of typhus in Berlin and East Prussia, he showed the connection between famine conditions and typhus outbreaks and strongly emphasized the social element in the generation of typhus. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link. English translation, as On famine fever and some of the other cognate forms of typhus. A lecture for the benefit of the sufferers in East-Prussia. London: Williams and Norgate, 1868. Digital facsimile of the English translation from wellcomelibrary.org at this link.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Typhus, PUBLIC HEALTH, SOCIAL MEDICINE
  • 5669

The oxygen mixture; a new anesthetic combination.

Med Examiner, 9, 665-61., 1868.

Andrews advocated the use of an oxygen-nitrous mixture.



Subjects: ANESTHESIA
  • 5425.1

Nature des virus vaccin. Détermination expérimentale des éléments qui constituent le principe virulent dans le pus varioleux et le pus morveux.

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris), 66, 359-63, 1868.

Chauveau first used the term “elementary bodies” to describe the minute bodies inside the inclusions and which were the infective particles.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Smallpox
  • 5900

Ueber Ceratoconus.

Berl. klin. Wschr., 5, 241-44, 249-254, 1868.

Classic description of conical cornea (keratoconus).



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Diseases of the Eye
  • 5902

Die intraocularen Geschwülste nach eigenen klinischen Beobachtungen und anatomischen Untersuchungen.

Carlsruhe: C. F. Müller, 1868.

English translation, New York, 1869.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 6058

Vesico-vaginal fistula from parturition and other causes: with cases of recto-vaginal fistula.

New York: William Wood, 1868.

A comprehensive account of the management of vesicovaginal fistula based on Sims’s technique.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY › Vesicovaginal Fistula
  • 6060

A practical treatise on diseases of women.

Philadelphia: H. C. Lea, 1868.

The most complete and systematic treatise on the subject in its day.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 5558
  • 5733.51

Pfolspeundt: Buch der Bündth-Ertznei. Hrsg. von H. Haeser und A. Middeldorpf.

Berlin: G. Reimer, 1868.

Although not printed until 1868, this treatise was written about 1460, and is the first work of the early German surgeons. Pfolspeundt was a Bavarian army surgeon; his book includes the first allusion to the extraction of bullets, and gives an account of rhinoplasty. Some authorities have used the name “Pfolsprundt”; for an explanation of this mistake, see Muffat, in S. B. k. bayer. Akad. Wiss. München, 1869, 1, 564. It includes the earliest western account of rhinoplasty after Celsus, probably learned from one of the Brancas, itinerant Sicilian surgeons of the early 15th century. Pfolspeundt also described harelip and its treatment. Digital facsimile from Heinrich Heine Universität Dusseldorf at this link.

 



Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE , MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Germany, MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Rhinoplasty
  • 5749

Mittheilungen aus der chirurgischen Klinik des Rostocker Krankenhauses während der Jahre 1861-65. I. Abtheilung: Summarische Berichte. Chirurgische Mittheilungen mit Beschreibung interessanter Krankheitsfälle. (Separat-Abdruck aus der 'Deutschen Klinik' vom Jahre 1866 und 1867.) II. Abtheilung. Beiträge zur plastischen Chirurgie, vorzugsweise zu den plastischen Operationen an den Wandungen der zugängigen Körperhölen. Separat-Abdruck aus der 'Prager Viertelhahrschrift für prakt. Heilkunde' vom J. 1866 u. 1867.

Prague: Carl Reichenecker, 1868.

Subtitle of II Abtheilung: ..."zugängigen Körperhöhlen: des Mundes, der Scheide und des Mastdarmes verbunden mit einem Berichte über meine plastischen Operationen von Ostern 1861 - Ostern 1866." Simon was the first to report a procedure capable of preserving the cupid’s bow in repair of the lip – a critical procedure for the development of cheiloplasty. 

Digital facsimile of Vol. 1 from Google Books at this link, and of Vol. 2 at this link.

As the title of the separate edition indicates, this work first appeared in serial publications. Thanks to my colleague Fritz-Dieter Söhn who supplied the following collation for the periodical publication of Simon's treatise on plastic surgery that first appeared in 1866-67:

Beiträge zur plastischen Chirurgie, vorzugsweise zur operativen Plastik der Defecte in den Wandungen der zugängigen Körperhöhlen: des Mundes, der Scheide und des Mastdarms (Plastik der Höhlenwanddefecte) verbunden mit einem Berichte über meine plastischen Operationen während der Zeit von Ostern 1861 bis Ostern 1866. Vierteljahrschrift für die Praktische Heilkunde. Prag, Verlag von C. Reichenecker, 92 (1866/4): pp.1-44; 93 (1867/1): pp.1-61; 94 (1867/2): pp.61-169; 95 (1867/3): pp.54-133;  96 (1867/4): pp.1-18.

A.: Allgemeiner Theil (92: pp.1-44, 3 Fig. Abb.):

Verzeichniss der Operationen.

I. Ueber den Begriff und die Eintheilung der plastischen Operationen;

II. Textur der zur Plastik benutzten Theile;

III. Methoden der plastischen Operationen (Transplantationen);

IV. Vorschriften zur Plastik durch Drehung der Ränder, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der plastischen Operationen an den Wandungen der zugängigen Körperhöhlen.

 

B.: Specieller Theil  (93:pp.1-61, Fig. 4-14)*:

I. Plastische Operationen an den Wandungen der Mundhöhle: Operation der Lippenspalten (Hasenscharten); Operationen der Spalten des harten und weichen Gaumens, Uranoplastik und Staphylorrhaphie; Ueber die Indication zur Operation Neugeborener, welche an Lippen und Gaumenspalten (Wolfsrachen leiden.

 B.: Specieller Theil, I. (94: pp.61-169, Fig.15-20, 4 lith. Taf.):

II. Plastische Operationen bei Defecten der Scheidewand zwischen Harn und Geschlechtswegen. Operationen der Urinfisteln des Weibes.

A. Operationen zur Wiederherstellung der defecten Blasenscheidewand.

B. Scheideverfahren durch Vereinigung der Scheidenwandungen (Kolopkleisis) unterhalb der Fistel bei Unmöglichkeit der Fistelheilung.

 

B.: Specieller Theil, II.: Fortsetzung (95: pp.54-133, Fig. 21-34, 1 lith. Taf.):

II. Plastische Operationen an der Scheidewand zwischen Harn- und Geschlechtswegen; Operationen bei Urinfisteln des Weibes.

Der Verschluss der Scheide durch Vereinigung der Scheidewandungen, Kolpokleisis.I

III. Plastische Operationen an der Scheidewand zwischen Mastdarm und Genitalcanal (Scheide und Schamspalte.)

A. Plastische Operationen am unteren (Damm-) Theile der Mastdarmscheidewand.

B.: Specieller Theil, III.: Schluss (96: pp.1-18, 1 lith. Taf.):

B. Plastische Operationen an der Mastdarmscheidenwand oberhalb des Dammes.

 



Subjects: PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Cleft Lip & Palate
  • 6187

On the condition of the uterus in obstructed labour.

Trans. obstet. Soc. Lond., (1867), 9, 207-39, 1868.


Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS
  • 6872

Clinique photographique de l'hôpital Saint-Louis.

Paris: Chamerot et Lauwereyns, 1868.

The first French dermatologic book illustrated with photographs. Originally issued in fascicules, 1867-68. The first edition includes 49 or 50 albumin photographs; second edition, entitled Clinique photographique des maladies de la peau (1872) includes 60 albumin photographs. Hand-coloring was applied to some of the photographs in the first two editions. Montmeja took the photographs for all three editions, and supervised the hand-coloring of the photographs in first edition. The third edition (1882) contains photographs reproduced through the woodburytype process. Digital facsimile of the first edition from BnF Gallica at this link.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, IMAGING › Photography / Photomicrography
  • 7252

Mémoire sur une sépulture des anciens troglodytes du Périgord.

Annales des sciences naturelles, 5th series, zoologie et paléontologie, 10, 133-145, 1868.

In March 1868, railway workers clearing away debris from a rock shelter known locally as the Abri de Crô-Magnon (shelter of Crô-Magnon) at Les Eyzies, Dordogne, noticed stone tools and pieces of skeleton imbedded in the dirt. In April Louis Lartet, son of paleontologist Edouard Lartet, began excavating the site, finding numerous animal remains, flint and bone artifacts, and, at the rear of the shelter, five human skeletons—the first early modern humans of the Upper Paleolithic to be discovered. This find became known as Crô-Magnon I.

English translation of this and related papers on Crô-Magnon fossils in Lartet & Christy, Reliquiae Aquitanicae; being contributions to the archaeology and palaeontology of Périgord and the adjoining provinces of southern France. Edited by Thomas Rupert Jones (1875).



Subjects: ANTHROPOLOGY › Physical Anthropology, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › France, EVOLUTION › Human Origins / Human Evolution
  • 8817

Pharmacopoeia of India, prepared under the authority of Her Majesty's Secretary of State for India in Council. By Edward John Waring, assisted by a committee appointed for the purpose. India Office: 1868.

London: W. H. Allen & Co., 1868.

Waring was "Surgeon in Her Majesty's Indian Army." Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, INDIA, Practice of Medicine in, PHARMACOLOGY › Pharmacopeias
  • 8998

Hospital days.

New York: D. Van Nostrand, 1868.

Woolsey participated in the first meetings of the Women's Central Relief Association, which preceded the U.S. Sanitary Commission. In 1863 she became Superintendent of Nurses at Fairfax Seminary Hospital, and served there until the end of the American Civil War. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: American (U.S.) CIVIL WAR MEDICINE, HOSPITALS, WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About, WOMEN, Publications by › Years 1800 - 1899
  • 9020

Donnolo. Pharmakologische Fragmente aus dem zehnten Jahrhundert, nebst Beiträgen zur Literatur der Salternitaner hauptsächlich nach handschriftlichen hebräischen Quellen. (Sonderabdruck in 50 Expl. aus d, "Archiv f. patholog. Anatomie u.s.w. "herausg. von Rud. Virchow, Bd. 38-42). Als Beilagen: Constantinus Africanus und seine arabischen Quellen (aus demselben Archiv, Bd. 37)., Donnolo, Fragment des ältesten medicinischen Werkes in hebräischer Sprache, zum ersten Mal herausgegeben von M. Steinschneider.

1868.


Subjects: MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Italy, MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Jewish Medicine, PHARMACOLOGY
  • 9351

On the animals which are most nearly intermediate between birds and reptiles.

Annals & Magazine of Nat. Hist., 2, 66-75, 1868.

Huxley proposed a close relationship between birds and dinosaurs after the discovery in Germany of the primitive fossil bird Archaeopteryx. He made detailed comparisons of Archaeopteryx with various prehistoric reptiles and found that it was most similar to dinosaurs like Hypsilophodon and Compsognathus. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: EVOLUTION, ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 9470

Accidents et maladies: Premier soins a donner avant l'arrivée du médecin.

Paris: Victor Masson et Fils, 1868.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: Emergency Medicine, Household or Self-Help Medicine
  • 10180

Zakarīyā b. Muḥammad al-Qazwīnī's Kosmographie. Nach der Wüstenfeldschen Textausgabe, mit Benutzung und Beifügung der reichhaltigen Anmerkungen und Verbesserungen des Herrn Prof. Dr. Fleischer in Leipzig, aus dem Arabischen zum ersten Male vollständig übersetzt von Dr. Hermann Ethé. Die Wunder der Schöpfung. 1. Halbband

Leipzig: Fues Verlag, 1868.

Digital facsimile from Bayerische StaatsBibliothek at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Iran (Persia), MEDIEVAL MEDICINE › Medieval Persian Islamic Medicine, Zoology / Natural History, Islamic
  • 12404

Memoir of Valentine Mott, M.D., LL.D., Professor of surgery in the University of the City of New York; member of the Institute of France.

New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1868.

An insightful biography written by a colleague in surgery. Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, SURGERY: General › History of Surgery
  • 12887

Dental materia medica. Compiled by James W. White.

Philadelphia: Samuel S. White, 1868.

The first American treatise on materia medica written specifically for dentists.

Digital facsimile from the Hathi Trust at this link.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
  • 13197

The birds of Berkshire and Buckinghamshire: A contribution to the natural history of the two counties.

Eton: Ingalton and Drake & London: Simpkin, Marshall, 1868.

The first book on ornithology illustrated with original photogaphs. In this case the four photographs were also hand-tinted. Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: ZOOLOGY › Ornithology
  • 13221

The anatomical memoirs of John Goodsir F.R.S. Edited by William Turner. With a biographical memoir by Henry Lonsdale. 2 vols.

Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1868.


Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, BIOGRAPHY (Reference Works) › Biographies of Individuals, Collected Works: Opera Omnia
  • 13444

Recherches pour servir à l'histoire naturelle des mammifères comprenant des considérations sur la classification de ces animaux. 2 vols.

Paris: G. Masson, 18681874.

Concerns primarily the mammals of China and Tibet. Volume 2 is an atlas of 108 plates. Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › China, People's Republic of, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Tibet, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy
  • 13492

Catalogue des livres de la bibliothèque de feu M. de Docteur E. Follin.

Paris: Auguste Aubry, 1868.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 13493

Notice de livres d'histoire naturelle, de médecine et de la litérature composant la bibliothèque de fe M. E. R. A. Serres.

Paris: Baillière, 1868.


Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries
  • 549

Die Einschmelzungs-Methode, ein Beitrag zur mikroskopischen Technik.

Arch. mikr. Anat., 5, 164-6, 1869.

Introduction of paraffin embedding



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology)
  • 550

Handbuch der Lehre von den Geweben des Menschen und der Thiere. Edited by Salomon Stricker. 2 vols.

Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann, 18691872.

 Digital facsimile from the Internet Archive at this link. Translated into English by Henry Power as Manual of human and comparative histology. Edited by S. Stricker. 3 vols. London: New Sydenham Society, 1870-73. Digital facsimile of the English translation from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology)
  • 4622

On the various forms of loss of speech in cerebral disease.

Brit. for. Med.-chir. Rev., 43, 209-36, 1869.

Bastian’s first important paper on aphasia. His axiom “We think in words” explains his whole work on the subject. See also his later paper on pp. 470-92 of the same volume.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Aphasia, Agraphia, Agnosia, Speech, Anatomy and Physiology of › Speech Disorders
  • 1009
  • 1203

Beiträge zur mikroskopischen Anatomie der Bauchspeicheldrüse. Inaugural-Dissertation.

Berlin: Gustav Lange, 1869.

First account of the islets of Langerhans. In 1893 E. Laguesse attached the name of Langerhans to the structures. Langerhans did not suggest any function for them. The book was reprinted with an English translation by H. Morrison, Bull. Hist. Med., 1937, 5, 259-97.



Subjects: ANATOMY › 19th Century, Ductless Glands: Internal Secretion › Pancreas, GASTROENTEROLOGY › Anatomy & Physiology of Digestion, HEPATOLOGY › Hepatic Anatomy
  • 2168

Der erste Verband auf dem Schlachtfelde.

Kiel: Schwers, 1869.

Esmarch introduced the first-aid bandage on the battlefield.



Subjects: MILITARY MEDICINE & HYGIENE
  • 4740

Deux cas d’atrophie musculaire progressive avec lésions de la substance grise et des faisceaux antéro-latéraux de la moëlle épinière.

Arch. Physiol. norm. path., 2, 744-60, 1869.

Description of the lesions of the spinal cord in muscular atrophy.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 4741

Ueber Myositis ossificans progressiva.

Z. rat. Med., 3 R., 34, 9-41, 1869.

Münchmeyer described a form of progressive ossifying myositis (“Münchmeyer’s disease”).



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Myopathies
  • 1328
  • 5903

Ueber eine Form von Ptosis.

Klin. Mbl. Augenheilk, 7, 193-98, 1869.

“Horner’s syndrome”, due to lesion of the cervical sympathetic. The same syndrome was evoked in animals by Pourfour du Petit in 1727 (see No. 1313). It is a proof that the sympathetic governs the pupillary, vasomotor, sudomotor, and pilomotor functions. It was also described by Claude Bernard, Leçons sur la physiologie et la patbologie du système nerveux, 1858, 2, 473-74, and, less impressively, by E. S. Hare, Lond. med. Gaz., 1838-39, 1, 16-18.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Autonomic Nervous System, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 4779

Remarks on a case of locomotor ataxy with hydrarthrosis.

St. George’s Hosp. Rep., 4, 259-60, 1869.

An early description of the joint symptoms in tabes dorsalis.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Neurosyphilis
  • 1364

Beiträge zur Lehre von den Functionen der Nervencentren des Frosches.

Berlin: A. Hirschwald, 1869.

Goltz made important observations on the decerebrate frog. He showed it to possess no volitional powers except after stimulation, no memory and no intelligence. His experiments on frogs deprived of their spinal cords showed them to have intelligence but lessened powers of co-ordination and adaptation.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord
  • 1617

Ueber gewisse, die Gesundheit benachtheiligende Einflüsse der Schulen.

Virchows Arch. path. Anat., 46, 447-70, 1869.

Improvements in school hygiene and the regular inspection of school children were brought about by the efforts of Virchow. English translation, New York, 1871. Virchow’s papers on public health were collected, annotated, and translated into English by L.J.Rather as Collected essays on public health and epidemiology, 2 vols., [Canton, Mass.,1985].



Subjects: Hygiene, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 1618

Das Kanal- Oder Siel-System in München.

Munich: H. Manz, 1869.

Pettenkofer was responsible for the installation of the modern system of sewage disposal in Munich, and thus succeeded in almost completely ridding that city of typhoid.



Subjects: INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Salmonellosis › Typhoid Fever, PUBLIC HEALTH
  • 2017.1

Cases of transfusion, with some remarks on a new method of performing the operation.

Guy’s Hosp. Rep., 14, 1-14, 1869.

Sodium phosphate used as anticoagulant in blood transfusion.



Subjects: THERAPEUTICS › Blood Transfusion
  • 1404

Researches on the physiology of the cerebellum.

Amer. J. med. Sci., n.s. 57, 320-38, 1869.

Mitchell, leading American neurologist of his time, performed over 350 experiments upon the cerebellum. He emphasized its co-ordinating function, first postulated by Flourens, and he proposed his “augmentor” theory of cerebellar function.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Brain, including Medulla: Cerebrospinal Fluid, Neurophysiology
  • 2028.58

Plain rules for the restoration of persons apparently dead from drowning.

New York: E.B. Treat & Co, 1869.

Howard’s method of artificial respiration is taught for resuscitation from drowning.



Subjects: RESPIRATION › Artificial Respiration, Resuscitation
  • 1272

On the changes in the nervous system which follow the amputation of limbs.

J. Anat. Physiol. (Lond.), 3, 88-96, 1869.

Demonstration that the proximal end of a severed nerve eventually atrophies.



Subjects: NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Peripheral Nerves / Nerve Impulses
  • 1869

Das Chloral, ein neues Hypnoticum.

Arch. dtsch. Ges. Psychiat.16, 237, 1869.

Demonstration of the value of chloral hydrate as a hypnotic. See also his monograph Das Chloralhydrat, Berlin, 1869.



Subjects: PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS, PSYCHIATRY › Psychopharmacology
  • 2300

Manuel d’histologie pathologique. 3 pts.

Paris: Germer Baillière, 18691876.

English translations, Philadelphia, 1880, and London, 1882-86.



Subjects: ANATOMY › Microscopic Anatomy (Histology), PATHOLOGY
  • 2678

On markings of furrows on the nails as the result of illness.

Lancet, 1, 5-6, 1869.


Subjects: DERMATOLOGY, PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS
  • 4843

Neurasthenia, or nervous exhaustion.

Boston med. surg. J., 80, 217-21, 1869.

“Beard’s disease” (neurasthenia) first described. See also No. 4846.



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, PSYCHIATRY › Neuroses & Psychoneuroses
  • 226

Hereditary genius.

London: Macmillan, 1869.

Galton investigated the families of great men and suggested that genius was hereditary, and thus founded the science of Eugenics, although he did not coin the word until 1883 (see No. 230). Karl Pearson’s, The life, letters and labours of Francis Galton, 3 vols. in 4, Cambridge, 1914-30, is one of the most remarkable biographies ever published on a scientist.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY, GENETICS / HEREDITY › Eugenics
  • 3754

Studii clinici ed esperimentali sulla natura, causa e terapia della pellagra.

Bologna: F. E. Garagnani, 1869.

Lombroso upheld the maize theory of the origin of pellagra. He believed that the symptoms were caused by a toxin which developed in deteriorated maize. Reprinted from Riv. clin. Bologna, 1869, 8, 289-314, 321-44.



Subjects: NUTRITION / DIET › Deficiency Diseases › Pellagra
  • 2767

Mycosis endocardii.

Norsk Mag. Laegevid. (Förh. Norske med. Selskab), 23, 78-82, 1869.

Winge first suggested that endocarditis was due to microbial infection. A translation of part of his paper is in Major, Classic descriptions of disease, 3rd ed., 1945, p. 472.



Subjects: CARDIOLOGY › CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE › Endocarditis, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › Endocarditis
  • 2964

Observations on ligature of arteries on the antiseptic system.

Lancet, 1, 451-55, 1869.

Lister evolved a carbolized catgut ligature, better than any previously produced. He was able to cut short the ends of his ligature, closing the wound tightly and eliminating the necessity for bringing the ends of ligatures out through the wound.



Subjects: VASCULAR SURGERY › Ligations
  • 3938

Retinitis in glycosuria.

Trans. Amer. Ophthal. Soc, (1867-68), 71-75, 1869.

First investigation of retinitis accompanying glycosuria.



Subjects: Metabolism & Metabolic Disorders › Diabetes, OPHTHALMOLOGY
  • 4057

Chronic urticaria leaving brown stains: nearly two years’ duration.

Brit. med. J., 2, 323, 1869.

Urticaria pigmentosa, described by Nettleship, is named eponymically “Nettleship’s disease”.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4058

On a diseased condition of the hairs of the axilla, probably of parasitic origin.

J. cutan. Med., 3, 133-36, 1869.

Tinea nodosa (trichorrhexis nodosa, “Paxton’s disease”) first described.



Subjects: DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 4059

Lafa Tokelau, or Tokelau ringworm.

Glasg. med. J., 2, 510-12, 18691870.

First description, tinea imbricata. Turner described the disease while serving as a medical missionary in Samoa.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Samoa, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › South Pacific, DERMATOLOGY › Specific Dermatoses
  • 3463

Ueber die Behandlung der Magenerweiterung durch eine neue Methode (mittelst der Magenpumpe).

Dtsch. Arch. klin. Med., 6, 455-500, 1869.

In 1867 Kussmaul used the stomach pump for gastric dilatation due to pyloric obstruction. Although his advocacy of gastric lavage established this method of treatment in medical practice, the instrument had already been used many years previously.



Subjects: GASTROENTEROLOGY › Esophagus: Stomach: Duodenum: Intestines
  • 3684.1

A treatise on the diseases and surgery of the mouth, jaws, and associated parts.

Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1869.

The first modern textbook of oral surgery. Garretson received the first official hospital appointment as “oral surgeon”. He helped to establish oral surgery as a specialty.



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Oral Surgery
  • 4424

The mechanism of dislocation and fracture of the hip. With the reduction of the dislocations by the flexion method.

Philadelphia: H. C. Lea, 1869.

Bigelow was the first to describe in detail the mechanism of the iliofemoral (Bigelow’s) ligament, and to show its importance in the reduction of dislocation by the flexion method.



Subjects: ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Fractures & Dislocations, ORTHOPEDICS › Orthopedic Surgery & Treatments › Hip
  • 5312

Fièvre à rechutes. (Thesis.)

Paris, 1869.

Silliau gave a good account of the epidemic of relapsing fever at Réunion, 1865. He showed the contagious nature of the disease.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › VECTOR-BORNE DISEASES › Lice-Borne Diseases › Relapsing Fever
  • 5610

Collezione della memorie chirurgiche ed ostetriche. 2 vols.

Bologna: Regia Tipog, 1869.

Rizzoli was Professor of Surgery at Bologna and an outstanding operative surgeon. He introduced a compressor for aneurysms, a tracheotome, cystotome, lithotrite, enterotome, osteoclast, and performed acupressure as early as 1854. Digital facsimile from the Wellcome Library, Internet Archive at this link.



Subjects: INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › Surgical Instruments, OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › OBSTETRICS, SURGERY: General
  • 5904

Opthalmoskopischer Hand-Atlas.

Vienna, 1869.

A fine atlas which was for many years unsurpassed. The illustrations were reproduced from Jaeger’s own paintings, each of which required from 20 to 50 sittings of from two to three hours each. English translation, London & New York, 1890. Jaeger’s original paintings were reproduced in color with new descriptions, and revisions, by Daniel M. Albert as Atlas of diseases of the ocular fundus, Philadelphia, Saunders, 1972.



Subjects: OPHTHALMOLOGY › Ophthalmoscopy
  • 6059

Surgery of the cervix in connection with the treatment of certain uterine diseases.

Amer J. Obstet. Dis. Worn., 1, 339-62, 1869.

Surgical repair of lacerations of the cervix.



Subjects: OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY › GYNECOLOGY
  • 6475

État de la médecine entre Homère et Hippocrate: Anatomie, physiologie, pathologie, médecine militaire, histoire des écoles médicales pour fair suite à la médecine dans Homère.

Paris: Didier et Cie, 1869.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: ANCIENT MEDICINE › Greece › History of Ancient Medicine in Greece, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Greece
  • 5344.7

On the structure and reproduction of Filaria medinensis L.

Izvest. imp. Obsh. Liub. Estes. (Mosk.), 8, 71-82, 18691870.

Fedchenko, a Russian naturalist and explorer of central Asia, elucidated the life cycle of Dracunculus medinensis, the parasite of dracontiasis. English translation in Amer. J. Med., 1971, 20, 511-23, and in Kean (No. 2268.1) pp. 426-34.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Russia, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › DISEASES DUE TO METAZOAN PARASITES › Guinea Worm Disease (Dracunculiasis), PARASITOLOGY › Helminths › Parasitic Worms › Filaria
  • 4540

On an interesting series of eye symptoms in a case of spinal disease, with remarks on the action of belladonna on the iris.

Edinb. med. J., 14, 696-708., Edinburgh, 1869.

“Argyll Robertson pupil” first described. See also his later paper in the same journal, 1869, 15, 487-93. Reprinted in Med. Classics, 1937, 1, 851-76.



Subjects: NEUROLOGY › Diseases of the Nervous System, NEUROSCIENCE › NERVOUS SYSTEM › Spinal Cord, OPHTHALMOLOGY › Neuro-ophthalmology
  • 6876

Atlas zur Pathologie der Zahne . . . Atlas to the Pathology of the Teeth [in German and English].

Leipzig: Arthur Felix, 1869.

The first atlas of dental pathology, a "beautifully made, richly illustrated work" (Hoffmann-Axthelm, p. 399). "In these plates we find numerous anomalies of the teeth and jaw in delicate, clear drawings. . . . Occasionally certain parts (vessels etc.) are tinted in red. Macroscopic and microscopic images are equally represented" (Goldschmid, p. 206).

 



Subjects: DENTISTRY › Dental Pathology
  • 7076

Die Konträre Sexualempfindung.

Arch. f. Psych. u. Nervenkrankheiten, 2, 73-108, 1869.

The first "scientific" paper on homosexuality. In this paper the psychiatrist Westphal described two cases at length: "The first was of a young woman who from her earliest years liked to dress as a boy and engage in boys' games and who found herself attracted only to women; the second was of a man who wanted to wear women's clothes and act the part of a woman. In attempting to give a diagnostic category to these cases Westphal coined the phrase Konträre Sexualempfindung, usually translated as 'contrary sexual feeling' " (Bullough, Science in the bedroom: A history of sex research [1994] 38).



Subjects: PSYCHIATRY, SEXUALITY / Sexology, SEXUALITY / Sexology › Homosexuality
  • 9473

De l'espèce et de la classification en zoologie. Traduction de l'anglais par Félix Vogeli. Édition revue et agumentée par l'auteur.

Paris: Germer Baillière, 1869.

While Agassiz often wrote in general terms regarding his virulent opposition to Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection, he provided his scientific rationale for that opposition only in an appendix to the French translation of his Essay on classification: Part 3, Chapter 7: Le Darwinisme. - Classification de Haeckel. Digital facsimile from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link. See Morris, P.J., "Louis Agassiz's additions to the French translation of his Essay on Classification," Journal of the History of Biology, 30 (1997) 121-134 . Morris's English translation is available from athro.com at this link.

 



Subjects: EVOLUTION, ZOOLOGY › Classification of Animals
  • 9660

Leçons cliniques sur les maladies chirurgicales des enfants, professées par M. J. Giraldès. Recueillies et publiées par MM. Bourneville et E. Bourgeois; revues par le professeur.

Paris: Adrien Delahaye, 1869.


Subjects: Pediatric Surgery
  • 10292

Ostéographie des cétacés vivants et fossiles, comprenant la description et l'iconographie du squelette et du système dentaire de ces animaux, ainsi que des documents relatifs à leur histoire naturelle. Folio atlas + 3 vols. text.

Paris: Arthus Bertrand, 18691880.

Digital facsimile from Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.



Subjects: COMPARATIVE ANATOMY, ZOOLOGY › Mammalogy › Marine Mammals › Cetacea
  • 10890

Syphilis: Its nature & diffusion popularly considered.

Melbourne, Australia: George Robertson, 1869.

The first work on dermatology or syphilology written, printed and published in Australia. This work is illustrated with chromolithographed plates printed in Australia. This may be the earliest medical book printed in Australia with chromolithographed illustrations. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › Australia, DERMATOLOGY, INFECTIOUS DISEASE › SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES › Syphilis, Illustration, Medical
  • 11144

Des difformités congénitales et acquises des doigts et des moyens d’y remédier. Thèse présentée au concours pour l’agrégation (section de chirurgie).

Paris: A. Delahaye, 1869.

This exceptionally long and comprehensive (246pp., 39 text illustrations) thesis was the first French work on hand surgery. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: GENETICS / HEREDITY › HEREDITARY / CONGENITAL DISEASES OR DISORDERS, PLASTIC & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY › Hand, Surgery of
  • 11305

Medical history of the year 1868, in California. A paper read before the "Sacramento Society for Medical Improvement," February 16th, 1869. And published by order of the society.

San Francisco, CA: Printed by F. Clarke, 1869.

Digital facsimile from the U.S. National Library of Medicine at this link.



Subjects: EPIDEMIOLOGY, Topography, Medical, U.S.: CONTENT OF PUBLICATIONS BY STATE & TERRITORY › California
  • 11703

Woman: Her rights, wrongs, privileges, and responsibilities . . . Her relations to man, physiological, social, moral, and intellectual: Her ability to fill the enlarged sphere of duties and privileges claimed for her: Her true position in education, professional life, employments, and wages considered. Woman suffrage, its folly and inexpediency, and the injury and deterioration which it would cause in her character shown . . .

Hartford, CT: L. Stebbins, 1869.

Also published in Cincinnati, Ohio by Howe's Subscription Book Concern, 1869.  The author, a physician and semi-popular writer, appears mainly to be writing in opposition to woman suffrage or to granting to women any form of social equality. Two years previously he issued a book (No. 7748) celebrating the achievements of women in the Civil War in the fields of nursing, supply and sanitary organiztion. Apparently he considered those roles approriate for women. The 1869 work contains unusual satirical plates. Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: WOMEN in Medicine & the Life Sciences, Publications About
  • 12126

The nomenclature of diseases drawn up by a joint committee appointed by the Royal College of Physicians of London. (Subject to decennial revision).

London: Printed for the Royal College of Physicans, 1869.

"The first authoritative source of disease terminology, with the names in English, Latin, French, German and Italian. Standardization of disease terminology was necessary for accurate recording and study of mortality, etc. The Committee was greatly aided by William Farr. Joseph Dalton Hooker revised the botanical names. Digital facsimile from wellcomecollection.org at this link.



Subjects: DEATH & DYING › Mortality Statistics, Nosology
  • 13430

Catalogue de la bibliotheque delaissé par Mr. J. van der Hoeven.

Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1869.

Digital facsimile from Google Books at this link.



Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries