COMMELIN, Jan [COMMELIJN]
Hortus Indicus Malabaricus: Continens regni Malabarici apud Indos cereberrimi onmis generis plantas rariores, Latinas, Malabaricis, Arabicis, Brachmanum charactareibus hominibusque expressas ....12 vols.Amsterdam: sumptibus Johannis van Someren, et Joannis van Dyc, 1678 – 1703.
The earliest comprehensive printed work on the flora of Asia and the tropics in 12 folio volumes written and published under the supervision of van Rheede tot Drakenstein, a colonial administrator of the Dutch East India Company and naturalist. This set describes plants of the Malabar region which at time of publication referred to the stretch along the Western Ghats mountains from Goa to Kanyakumari. It describes 742 different plants and their indigenous science, employing a system of classification based on the traditions adopted by the practitioners of that region. In addition to their Latin names the work records plant names in Malayalam, Konkani, and Arabic. Digital facsimile of the complete set from the Biodiversity Heritage Library at this link.
Botanists collaborating in this set included:
Almeloveen, Theodoor Jansson ab, 1657-1712
Casearius, Johannes, ca. 1642-1677
Commelin, Johannes, 1629-1692
Dyck, Jan van.
Munniks, Johannes, 1652-1711
Poot, Abraham van, b. ca. 1617.-
Someren, Joannes van.
Syen, Arnold, 1640-1678
Boom, Henrik & Dirk.
Subjects: BOTANY, COUNTRIES, CONTINENTS AND REGIONS › India, PHARMACOLOGY › PHARMACEUTICALS › Materia medica / Herbals / Herbal Medicines
Amsterdam: Arnold Ooasaen for J. Commelin, 1689.
First published catalogue of plants of the Hortus Medicus, precursor of the Hortus Botanicus. The Hortus Medicus, founded in 1682 under Commelin's guidance, was ranked among the most comprehensive in Europe, including exotic species collected by he captains of the VOC and WIC from their voyages. Pars prior was all published. Digital facsimile from Googel Books at this link.
Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Gardens, BOTANY › Medical Botany › Medical Botany
Horti medici Amstelodamensis rariorum tam orientalis, quam occidentalis Indiae, aliarumque peregrinarum plantarum magno studio ac labore, sumptibus civitatis Amstelodamensis, longâ annorum serie collectarum, descriptio et icones ad vivum æri incisæ. Opus posthumum, latinitate donatum, notisque & observationibus illustratum, à Frederico Ruyschio & Francisco Kiggelario. 2 vols.Amsterdam: Pieter & Joan II Blaeu, 1697 – 1701.
In 1682 Jan Commelin helped establish the Amsterdam Botanical Garden, which introduced many new exotic plants to Europe, collected during the voyages of the Dutch East and West India Companies (VOC and WIC) in the East Indies, the Americas, Africa and the Far East. From these many new herbal remedies were created. Commelin's nephew Caspar Commelin took charge of the garden's foreign plants in 1696, while Frederik Ruysch took charge of the domestic plants. Jan Commelin prepared most of vol. 1, with special emphasis on plants of the East and West Indies. The set was posthumously published by Caspar, who also prepared most of vol. 2, with special emphasis on South African plants. Frederik Ruysch and Frans Kiggelaar provided editorial help and contributed additional notes. This work includes 225 botanical engravings after drawings by Jan Moninckx (ca. 1655/56–1714) and his daughter Maria (1673–1757). Digital facsimile from the Biodiviersity Heritage Library at this link.
Subjects: BOTANY › Botanical Gardens, BOTANY › Botanical Illustration, BOTANY › Medical Botany