An Interactive Annotated World Bibliography of Printed and Digital Works in the History of Medicine and the Life Sciences from Circa 2000 BCE to 2022 by Fielding H. Garrison (1870-1935), Leslie T. Morton (1907-2004), and Jeremy M. Norman (1945- ) Traditionally Known as “Garrison-Morton”

15969 entries, 13962 authors and 1940 subjects. Updated: June 12, 2024

LAVOISIER, Antoine Laurent de

10 entries
  • 922

Mémoire sur la nature du principe qui se combine avec les métaux pendantleur calcination, et qui en augmente le poids.

Hist. Acad. roy. Sci. (1775), 520-26, 1778.

Although Priestley isolated oxygen, it was Lavoisier who discovered its real significance. He showed the true nature of the interchange of gases in the lungs and exploded Stahl’s phlogiston theory. Lavoisier was guillotined during the French Revolution.

Subjects: Chemistry, RESPIRATION
  • 592

Mémoire sur la chaleur.

Hist. Acad. roy. Sci. (Paris), (1780), 335-408, 1784.

These workers invented an ice calorimeter, with it measured the respiratory quotient of a pig, and demonstrated the analogy between respiration and combustion.

Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Physiology
  • 923

Mémoire sur la formation de l’acide, nommé air fixe ou acide crayeux, et que je désignerai désormais sous le nom d’acid du charbon.

Hist. Acad. roy. Sci. (1781), 448-67, 1784.

  • 4992.2

Rapport des commissaires chargés par le roi, de l’examen du magnétisme animal. Edited by Antoine Laurent Lavoisier.

Paris: L’Imprimerie Royale, 1784.

Responding to Mesmer’s growing notoriety, the Medical Faculty of Paris became alarmed, and urged the King to appoint a blue-ribbon committee of inquiry. The committee included Benjamin Franklin, Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, Michael Joseph Majault, Jean Sylvain Bailly, Jean d'Arcet. Finding no evidence of a magnetic fluid, these scientists attributed the power of mesmerism to the “imagination” and so drove Mesmer from Paris. Lavoisier may have been the author of the report. English translation, London, 1785. Digital facsimile of the 1784 edition from BnFgallica at this link.

Subjects: Mesmerism, PSYCHOTHERAPY › Hypnosis, Quackery
  • 924

Mémoire sur l’affinité du principe oxygine avec les différentes substances auxquelles il est susceptible de s’unir.

Hist. Acad. roy. Sci., (1782), 530-40, 1785.

Subjects: Chemistry, RESPIRATION
  • 13176

Académie Royale des Sciences. Extrait des registres . . . du 22 novembre 1786. Rapport des commissaires charges par l'Académie, de l'examen du project d'un nouvel Hotel-Dieu.

Paris: De l'Imprimerie Royale, 1786.

Lavoisier was a member of the committee appointed by the French Academy of Sciences to report on the state of Parisian hospitals and on the plan to construct a new hospital on the Isle des Cygnes. The committee's report described the wretched conditions found in the Hôtel-Dieu-- overcrowding, filth, indiscriminate mixing of contagious and non-contagious diseases, high mortality rate-- and called for immediate reform; however, the committee rejected the Isle de Cygnes plan in favor of four smaller hospitals, which the King ordered to be constructed on June 22, 1787. The report was signed by Lassone, d'Aubenton, Tenon, Bailly, Lavoisier, LaPlace, Coulomb, and d'Arcet. Digital facsimile from BnF Gallica at this link.

  • 594

Premier mémoire sur la respiration des animaux.

Hist. Acad. Sci. (Paris), (1789), 566-84, 1793.

Séguin and Lavoisier measured the metabolism of a man (Séguin himself). They made three observations of fundamental importance in this respect; that the intensity of oxidation in man is dependent upon (1) food, (2) environmental temperature, and (3) mechanical work.

Subjects: BIOCHEMISTRY › Metabolism, RESPIRATION › Respiratory Physiology
  • 11218

A bibliography of the works of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier, 1743-1794. By Denis I. Duveen and Herbert S. Klickstein. 2 vols.

London: Wm. Dawson & E. Weil, 19541965.

Mostly written by Herbert S. Klickstein for the collector Denis Duveen.

Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Chemistry / Biochemistry, BIBLIOGRAPHY › Bibliographies of Individual Authors, Chemistry › History of Chemistry
  • 9572

Bibliotheca Lavoisieriana: The catalogue of the library of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier.

Florence: Leo S. Olschki, 1995.

Subjects: BIBLIOGRAPHY › Catalogues of Physicians' / Scientists' Libraries, Chemistry, Chemistry › History of Chemistry
  • 14052

The arsenal of eighteenth-century chemistry: The laboratories of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743-1794) by Marco Beretta and Paolo Brenni.

Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2022.

"The substantial collection of Antoine Laurent Lavoisier’s apparatus is not the only surviving collection of eighteenth-century chemical apparatus and instrumentation, but it is without question the most important. The present study provides the first scientific catalogue of Lavoisier’s surviving apparatus. This collection of instruments is remarkable not only for the quality of many of them but, above all, for the number of items that have survived (ca. 600 items). Given such a wealth and variety of instruments, this study also offers the first comprehensive attempt to reconstruct the cultural and social context of Lavoisier’s experimental activities" (publisher).

Subjects: Chemistry › History of Chemistry, INSTRUMENTS & TECHNOLOGIES › History of Biomedical Instrumentation